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Lemonade

Lemonade can be any variety of sweetened or unsweetened beverages found throughout the world, which are traditionally all characterized by a lemon flavor. Most lemonade varieties can be separated into two distinct types: clear. Cloudy lemonade found in North America and South Asia, is traditionally a homemade drink using lemon juice, a sweetener such as cane sugar or honey. In the United Kingdom and Australia, clear lemonade, also carbonated, dominates; the suffix "-ade" may be applied to other similar drinks made with different fruits, such as limeade, orangeade, or cherryade. As lemons and sugarcane are native to India, the Indians first consumed a type of lemonade called nimbu pani; the earliest written evidence of lemonade has been found in Egypt, dated to around AD 1000. It is believed that the fruit was introduced from Asia around AD 700. Here, a drink made with lemons and honey was enjoyed by peasants, bottles of lemon juice with sugar, known as qatarmizat were imported and consumed locally.

In 1676, a company known as Compagnie de Limonadiers was founded in Paris. Having been granted monopoly rights to sell lemonade, vendors roamed the streets serving the drink in cups from tanks on their backs. While carbonated water had been invented by Joseph Priestley in 1767, the first reference found to carbonated lemonade was in 1833 where the drink was available in British refreshment stalls. R. White's Lemonade, now produced and sold by Britvic, has been sold in the UK since 1845; the predominant form of lemonade found in the US, India, cloudy lemonade known as traditional or old fashioned lemonade in the UK and Australia, is non-carbonated and made with fresh lemon juice. Served cold, cloudy lemonade may be served hot as a remedy for congestion and sore throats, frozen, or used as a mixer. Traditionally, children in US and Canadian neighborhoods to start lemonade stands to make money during the summer months; the concept has become iconic of youthful summertime Americana to the degree that parodies and variations on the concept exist across media.

References can be found in comics and cartoons such as Peanuts, the 1979 computer game Lemonade Stand. A popular variation of cloudy lemonade, pink lemonade, is created by adding additional fruit juices, flavors, or food coloring to the recipe; the invention of pink lemonade was credited to Henry E. "Sanchez" Allott in his obituary in The New York Times, saying he had dropped in red cinnamon candies by mistake. The predominant form of lemonade in the UK and Australia is a clear, lemon-flavoured carbonated beverage. Schweppes and R. White's Lemonade are common brands, shops carry a store branded lemonade as well. Schweppes uses a blend of lime oils. Other fizzy drinks which are both lemon and lime flavoured may sometimes be referred to as lemonade, such as Sprite and 7 up. There are speciality flavours, such as Fentimans Rose Lemonade, sold in the UK, the US, Canada. Shandy, a mixture of beer and clear lemonade, is sold pre-bottled, or ordered in pubs. There are various drinks called brown lemonade.

In Northern Ireland, brown lemonade is flavoured with Brown sugar. A variant from Venezuela has cane lime. In India and Pakistan, where it is known as nimbu paani, in Bangladesh, lemonades may contain salt and/or ginger juice. Shikanjvi is a traditional lemonade from this region, can be flavored with saffron and other spices. Limonana, a type of lemonade made from freshly squeezed lemon juice and mint leaves, is a popular summer drink in Israel, Jordan and Syria. Limonana was created in the early 1990s in Israel after an advertising agency promoted the then-fictitious product to prove the efficacy of advertising on public buses; the campaign generated so much consumer demand that restaurateurs and manufacturers began producing the drink, which would become popular. In Northern Africa, a drink called cherbat is made of lemon and rose water. Switcha is a version of the drink made in the Bahamas and Turks & Caicos that can be made with limes instead of lemons. In France, it is common for restaurants to offer citron pressé, an unmixed version of lemonade in which the customer is given lemon juice and water separately to be mixed in their preferred proportions.

The high concentration of citric acid in lemon juice is the basis for popular culture recommendations of consumption of lemonade to prevent calcium-based kidney stones. Studies have not demonstrated that lemonade causes a sustained improvement of urine pH, increased citric acid concentration in urine, reduction in supersaturation by stone-forming salts, or prevention of recurrent stones. Hard lemonade Lemonade cocktail Lemon-lime drink Lemon squash Lemon and Bitters Chanh muối List of juices List of lemon dishes and beverages Ramune When life gives you lemons, make lemonade Of the Street Sale of Ginger-Beer, Lemonade,&C. from London Labour and the London Poor, Volume 1, Henry Mayhew, 1851.

Bareto

Bareto is a music group from Peru, famous for making their own versions of Peruvian Cumbia classic hits. They play and record their own material, had been nominated for the Latin Grammy Awards for their self penned albums "Ves lo que quieres ver" and "Impredecible"; the band’s musical explorations began with Jamaican ska and reggae and not giving up that original influence, Bareto focused in Amazonian Cumbia and its psychedelic universe. Soon the experiment took shape in the studio album “Cumbia”, released in 2008, which pushed Bareto to a national success in their hometown, a peak never reached before by a band from the alternative circuit; the band’s next step forward leads them to become a confirmed reference of contemporary music in Perú, which Bareto spreads around the world during various tours, last of them consisting in a month long trip connecting 7 concerts in Canada and 12 dates among Europe, including Portugal, France, Sweden and their first concert in Russia. The group was formed in 2003, following the tradition of 70’s Peruvian groups like Black Sugar and Los Belkings.

In 2005, they released the EP “Ombligo”: 5 songs recorded live of which only 500 copies were made. It featured 3 original songs as two covers, Cantaloop Island and Marcus Gravey; these last two were recorded live including a wind section for the first time. Ombligo Tarantino Bam Bam Cantaloop Island Marcus Garvey By 2006, they were ready to release their proper debut album, where the band mixed reggae and ska punk with Latin beats, including Cumbia, in songs like "La Calor" and their version of "La del Brazo"; the album was recorded at Iempsa Studios by Tato del Campo. It features nine original songs that combine reggae, ska punk and funk, with tropical and Latin moods; the album was an evolution in sound with the addition of percussion and a wind section to the lineup. "La fuga de Túnez" "Bam Bam" "Kincha" "Bebop Marley" "La del brazo" "La calor" "Boleto" "Ombligo" "Tarantino" "Choque y fuga" In September 2008, taking advantage of the newfound respect for typical Peruvian Cumbia, Bareto release their sophomore album “Cumbia”, composed by Peruvian Cumbia and popular Latin songs.

The album gave the band a strong commercial push, with versions of popular Amazonia and Andean cumbia from Juaneco y Su Combo and Los Shapis. The album features Wilindoro Cacique on vocals. "Cumbia" reached the gold record status for its sales in just 3 months. Vacilando con ayahuasca Ya se ha muerto mi abuelo Mujer hilandera A la fiesta de San Juan Soy provinciano El aguajal Caballo viejo El Brujo Un shipibo en España Llorando se fue La danza de los mirlos By the end of 2009, Bareto releases Sodoma y Gamarra, an album which has the band searching for new sounds, fusing Peruvian sounds with world music; the song “No juegue con el diablo” was part of the soundtrack for the soap opera “Los Exitosos Gomes”. The song “La Distancia” features Dina Paucar. Pa' todos hay No juegue con el diablo La distancia Ceja de selva El Chui Chui Sodoma y Gamarra In 2012, Bareto released “ves lo que quieres ver”, an album which goes deeper into the sounds they had worked with, but with a stronger social component in the lyrics.

The first single is called “Camaleon”. The new album marks the bands transition into the international market and was backed by tours in Japan, United States and Brazil; the group shared the stage in 2012 with successful Manu Chao, former Mano Negra, in his show in Peru. With Bareto’s last long effort, released in November 2015, the band is getting a deeper international reach thanks to the English label World Village; the tracks “La voz del Sinchi”, “Viejita guarachera” and “La semilla” has been aired in radios in France as Nova and Fip. Despite the enduring influence of Peruvian Psychedelic Cumbia, Bareto did not stick to this reference in their latest album, which takes us from instrumental cumbia with “La Voz del Sinchi,” to a deep dub atmosphere in “Viejita Guarachera” passing by festejo with the song “El Loco”; the Afro Peruvian diva Susana Baca featured this last track. The album has been the opportunity for the band to include electronic elements thanks to the support in production of Felipe Alvarez

William Benson Craig

Lieutenant William Benson Craig was a Canadian flying ace during World War I. He was credited with eight aerial victories over German fighter planes. William Craig Benson was born in Smiths Falls, Canada on 2 August 1896, he was working as a clerk when he enlisted in the 73rd Field Artillery Battery of the Canadian Expeditionary Force on 21 May 1917. He was five feet four inches tall, with black hair, brown eyes, a swarthy complexion. Craig transferred to the Royal Naval Air Service and was posted to 4 Naval Squadron as a Sopwith Camel pilot in May 1918, he scored his first aerial victories over German fighter planes on 15 August 1918, in just over a month, ran his total to eight, all against fighters. On 26 September 1918, two days after his final victory, he was killed in action off-shore of Blankenberge, Belgium, he was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross on 5 October 1918, though it would not be gazetted until 1 November 1918, ten days before war's end: Whilst acting temporarily as flight leader on one day last month he destroyed three enemy machines, the remainder of his flight accounted for three more.

Lt. Craig has been engaged in numerous air battles, always displays fine spirit and determination in carrying out his duties, he has brought down two enemy machines out of control, in addition to those referred to above. William Benson Craig was buried in Plot B.3, Blankenberge Communal Cemetery, Belgium

Vijaya Manikya I

Vijaya Manikya I was the Maharaja of Tripura during the late 15th century. A minor when he ascended the throne, Vijaya succeeded upon the assassination of his predecessor Pratap Manikya, who may have been his father, his reign is omitted from the Rajmala, the royal chronicle of Tripura, though a copper plate produced in 1488, inscribed with his name provides a timeframe for his rule. It is believed that the Rajmala confused Vijaya with his more famous relative of the same name, Vijaya Manikya II, conflicting some details of his life with the latter, he appears to have spent his reign under the control of his maternal uncle, the army chief Daityanarayan, the true power in the kingdom. The latter had his daughter married to the young king. However, Vijaya seems to have only held the throne and died young, with the coinage minted the following year bearing the name of Pratap's younger brother Mukut Manikya

Tom Price, Western Australia

Tom Price, situated in the Pilbara region of Western Australia, is a mining town. The town is located inland, at the edge of the Hamersley Range. Tom Price is the highest town above sea level in Western Australia, is dubbed "Top Town in WA". An iron ore mining town, the Mount Tom Price mine is under the control of mining giant Rio Tinto. Due to the recent resources boom in Western Australia Tom Price is one of the more affluent non-metropolitan regions in Australia, with the average Rio Tinto employee's wage being higher than the Australian average. Tom Price has a population of 3005, the median age of 31 reflecting Tom Price's young family-oriented community; the town is named after Thomas Moore Price, the vice-president of the U. S.-based steel company Kaiser Steel. Tom Price is the closest town to Karijini National Park and is serviced by the nearby Paraburdoo Airport. Tom Price was named after Thomas Moore Price, the vice-president of the giant United States steel company Kaiser Steel. Price was one of the main initiators and supporters of the opening up of the Pilbara region to iron ore mining.

Tom Price is a sports-oriented community due to the young population and the lack of other facilities within the town. Tom Price has a range of recreational activities including motocross, speedway, BMX, many sporting facilities including an Olympic-sized pool, well-equipped gym, squash, volleyball and basketball courts and three ovals used for football and soccer; the Fortescue National Football League organises Australian rules football in Tom Price and the nearby town of Paraburdoo. The town boasts an unusually high level of artists. Artists in Tom Price focus on painting and photography, such works focus on landscapes or linked with Aboriginal heritage. Being situated in the Pilbara, Tom Price is in a close proximity to many popular attractions, including Karijini National Park, Millstream and Mount Nameless/Jarndunmunha. Tourist season goes from May through to October; this is due to the heat in Australian Summer, the irregular cyclones from October to April. North Tom Price Primary School Tom Price Primary School Tom Price Senior High SchoolDue to its isolation and small population many parents choose to send their children away to boarding schools to further their secondary education university-bound students, as Tom Price Senior High lacks the student numbers to fulfil the required class numbers set by the Department of Education and Training for many Tertiary Entrance Examination subjects.

Some TEE subjects are available through distance education. Many students further their studies in areas linked to the mines such as through automotive and trade subjects linking into apprenticeships. Red Dog Story Travelmate - Tom Price SMH Travel - Tom Price

Bredenbury, Saskatchewan

Bredenbury is a town, in the rural municipality of Saltcoats, No. 213, in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. Bredenbury is located on Highway 16 in eastern Saskatchewan; as of the 2016 Canadian Census, the population of Bredenbury was 372. The main industries in the area are farming as well as potash mining near Esterhazy; the community is known in the area for its enthusiastic Christmas light displays which have won national awards. Bredenbury received a post office in 1890 and was incorporated in 1913; the town was named for Bredenbury Court, located near Herefordshire. The court was the manor home of William Henry Barneby, who traveled three times to western Canada and wrote books about his experiences. Bredenbury is located on the Yellowhead Highway, it is 50 km west of the Manitoba border. Bredenbury is 2.5 hours from Regina and four hours from Winnipeg. The surrounding land is used for agriculture and ranching. Bredenbury has an economy based on agriculture, potash mining and the railway, along with their supporting businesses.

A CPR main line runs through the town. There are railway car fertilizer plants in Bredenbury as well. There are no public schools in Bredenbury itself. Students are bussed to Yorkton for high school. Bredenbury Elementary School closed in 2001; the school building in the town is empty. The Mennonites operate a private parochial school: the Countryside School. Christmas in Bredenbury started out small with a single street that dubbed itself'Candy Cane Lane' and sported matching red and white candy canes down the length of the entire street. In subsequent years, the rest of the town has caught that same spirit, the town is home to a special'Light Up' ceremony at the beginning of December each year, along with elaborate displays at private homes and empty lots throughout the town. Bredenbury has won the national WinterLights competition for communities with populations under 1,000 in 2001, 2002 and 2005; as a result of the community involvement with the Christmas celebrations, Bredenbury has hosted the CPR Holiday Train, with performers such as Tom Jackson.

Bredenbury hosted the Holiday Train again in 2007, when the featured performers were Wide Mouth Mason and Melanie Doane. Bredenbury Cougars - Triangle Hockey League Bredenbury Golf Course - a nine-hole golf course with artificial greens, maintained by local volunteers. Government of Saskatchewan, Municipal Directory System, retrieved 2007-11-04 Government of Canada, 2006 Census Community Profiles, retrieved 2007-11-04 Saskatchewan Learning, Saltcoats School Profile, archived from the original on 2009-07-04, retrieved 2007-11-04 Sask Biz, Bredenbury Community Profile, archived from the original on 2007-10-16, retrieved 2007-11-04 Bredenbury Senior Citizens, Memory Lane: A Local History of Bredenbury and Districts, Sask: Bredenbury History Book Committee, p. 164, ISBN 0-88925-028-6 List of communities in Saskatchewan List of rural municipalities in Saskatchewan