SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Kodeksi

Kodeksi was a cover band from Sarajevo, SR Bosnia-Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia that existed from 1965 until 1971. It is most notable as one of the predecessors to Bijelo dugme, the most commercially successful band to come out of SFR Yugoslavia. Key future members of Bijelo dugme — Goran Bregović, Željko Bebek, Zoran Redžić, Milić Vukašinović — came up through Kodeksi; the band ended during fall 1970 via splitting off into two groups — Mića, Goran i Zoran and Novi Kodeksi — with both offshoots folding within a year. Kodeksi were formed in 1965 as a hobby cover band by Eduard "Edo" Bogeljić; the group featured Ismeta Dervoz on backing vocals and Luciano Paganotto on drums. Not too long after formation, Bogeljić invited Željko Bebek to join as a singer and rhythm guitarist. To their high school studies, Kodeksi members spent the rest of the decade playing local dance parties with a repertoire of covered tunes they would hear on Radio Luxembourg. In the process, they built up somewhat of a local youth following in Sarajevo.

As the band experienced continual problems filling the bass player spot all throughout this period, Bebek recommended 18-year-old Goran Bregović after seeing him play with another local cover band Beštije in 1969. Realizing Kodeksi were more established around town than his Beštije, teenage Bregović jumped at the opportunity; the band's musical activity began to assume a more serious form after Bregović's arrival. In the summer of 1969, Kodeksi secured a season-long gig at Hotel Splendid's bar in Dubrovnik, just before they were set to depart for Adriatic coast, Ismeta Dervoz left the band, choosing to devote her full attention to university studies, their Dubrovnik repertoire was aimed at tourists and consisted of pop covers, folk standards, easy-listening tunes. Though it didn't inspire much in terms of creativity, the Dubrovnik stay still proved useful as they got spotted by Italian club owner Renato Pacifico who offered a two-month gig in his Naples club. Infused with new energy, the band went back home to hone a new progressive rock set inspired by the likes of Cream and Jimi Hendrix, while obtaining the necessary paperwork in order to be able to travel and temporarily live and work in Italy.

Kodeksi left for Italy in early 1970. However, it soon became apparent that the Italian club owner was disappointed with their new musical shift, he wanted them to play kazachok and other similar Eastern European folkish stuff from their Dubrovnik repertoire and the band unwillingly acquiesced. Just before the first two-month stint ended, Kodeksi's founder and main decision-maker Edo Bogeljić quit and went back to Sarajevo, when Bregović assumed the lead guitar role for the first time. Local Italian musician was brought in to play the bass, but after he quit too, Bebek called up old friend Zoran Redžić. Redžić, in turn, brought along Milić Vukašinović as a replacement on drums for Paganotto who quit in the meantime. At that time, Kodeksi were enjoying a successful run on the club & bar circuit throughout southern Italy, playing a commercial repertoire and building up a devoted following. Vukašinović's arrival was significant in this regard as he brought new musical influences along the lines of what Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath were doing at the time.

Additionally, he convinced the rest of the band on incorporating the new sound into their set. Within two weeks of his arrival, Kodeksi were fired from all the places. With no gigs and little savings, the foursome of Bebek, Bregović, Redžić, Vukašinović stayed on the island of Capri, they found gigs hard to come by with the new sound but got a low-paying one on Ischia island. As the summer season of 1970 drew to a close that gig ended as well, they relocated back to Naples where they struggled to make ends meet; this is. In keeping with the Canned Heat-inspired boogie rock sound favoured by Vukašinović and Bregović, the two made Bebek stop playing the rhythm guitar reasoning it's no longer fashionable. Bebek had trouble adapting to the new material vocally — he'd sing the intro on most songs and step back as the other three members improvised for the remainder of songs. After being a key band member only months earlier, Bebek was seeing his role reduced, it was more than he was willing to take and in the fall of 1970, he left Kodeksi to return to Sarajevo.

For their part, Vukašinović, Bregović, Redžić remained in Italy and continued soldiering on under the new name Mića, Goran i Zoran, playing everything from clubs to weddings in the Naples area. They returned to Sarajevo in the spring of 1971 when Goran's mother and Zoran's brother Fadil came to Italy to bring them back. Upon returning, the trio continued playing and gigging around Sarajevo, however not for long as in late summer 1971 Vukašinović decided that he'd move to London. Shortly after coming back to Sarajevo from Italy, Bebek reunited with another former Kodeksi member Bogeljić who had previously left amid acrimony while the band gigged in Italy. Seeing that Vukašinović, Bregović, Redžić were out of sight in Italy performing as "Mića, Goran i Zoran", Bogeljić and Bebek reclaimed the Kodeksi name, getting a new rhythm section — bass guitarist Dražen Tuce and drummer Ljubo Pavlović — and forming Novi Kodeksi in late 1970. Conceptualized as a return to the original Kodeksi cover repertoire, Bogeljić's and Bebek's Novi Kodeksi gigged around Sarajevo, along with an odd gig out of town, with varying success as

Labrinth discography

The discography of British musician and producer Labrinth consists of one studio album, one soundtrack album, two extended plays, twenty-four singles and fourteen music videos. The musician released his debut single, "Let the Sun Shine", in September 2010 where it peaked at number three on the UK Singles Chart. A second single, "Earthquake", was released in November 2011 debuting at number two in the UK; the track attained international chart success, reaching number twelve in Ireland, number five in New Zealand and number four in Australia. Labrinth's debut studio album, Electronic Earth, was released on 2 April 2012 peaking at number two behind Nicki Minaj's Pink Friday: Roman Reloaded; the release was preceded by "Last Time", which became the artist's third consecutive top five hit in the UK. A further three singles were released from the album, "Express Yourself", "Treatment", which peaked at number twelve and number fifty respectively– and "Beneath Your Beautiful" featuring Emeli Sandé which became Labrinth's first number-one single in both the UK and Ireland.

Labrinth has appeared as a featuring artist on several occasions, notably alongside rapper Tinie Tempah. The pair first collaborated on the track "Pass Out" which having been released in February 2010 topped the UK chart. A second collaboration, "Frisky", was released several months peaking at number two in the UK and number three in Ireland; the musician has appeared as a featuring artist on Devlin's single "Let It Go" and as part of'The Collective' on the Children in Need record "Teardrop" which peaked at number fifty-nine and number twenty-four in the UK respectively. 2010: Gorillaz featuring Bobby Womack, Mos Def and Tinie Tempah – "Stylo" 2010: Jessie J – "Do It like a Dude" 2011: Loick Essien – "Love Drunk" 2012: Birdy Nam Nam – "Written in the Sand" 2013: Conor Maynard – "R U Crazy"