Being Human (UK TV series)
Being Human is a British supernatural comedy-drama television series. It was written by Toby Whithouse for broadcast on BBC Three; the show blends elements of flatshare horror drama. The pilot episode starred Andrea Riseborough as Annie Sawyer, Russell Tovey as George Sands, Guy Flanagan as John Mitchell – all of whom are sharing accommodation and attempting as best as they can to live a "normal" life and blend in with the ordinary humans around them, striving to fit in more. Two of the main cast were replaced in the series by Lenora Crichlow. Russell Tovey is the only original main cast member. In the third series, Sinead Keenan became part of the main cast as Nina Pickering. In the fourth series, the ensemble was joined by Michael Socha as Tom McNair and Damien Molony as Hal Yorke; the fifth series added Kate Bracken as Alex Millar. The first two series were set in Totterdown and the third series onwards relocated to Barry, Wales. On 13 March 2011, series creator Toby Whithouse announced that Turner had left the show and that new characters would be introduced.
On 11 November 2011, Tovey announced that he was leaving Being Human after the first episode of Series 4 to work full-time on his other television series Him & Her. Furthermore, Keenan announced on 9 January 2012 that she had not filmed any scenes for Series 4, would exit the show off-screen; the series is one of the most popular shows on BBC's iPlayer. The second series premiered on BBC Three on 10 January 2010; the third series launched on 23 January 2011. The day following the final broadcast for Series 3, the BBC announced a fourth series would premiere on the BBC in 2012. Series 4 began airing on BBC Three on 5 February 2012; the BBC Media Centre announced a fifth series had been commissioned, which started broadcasting on 3 February 2013. The BBC announced on 7 February 2013; the final episode of Being Human was broadcast on 10 March 2013. The central premise of Being Human is that various types of supernatural beings exist alongside human beings, with varying degrees of menace, they are threatened with exposure or persecution, with pressure from other supernatural creatures, with problems caused by their attempts to deal with their own natures.
Series 1 introduces George Sands and John Mitchell. Both are attempting to reject their nature as supernatural predators – George by managing his transformations and their effect on others, Mitchell by abstaining from blood-drinking. Despite a long history of antipathy between the werewolf and vampire races and George have formed a deep friendship, they have low-profile, low-status jobs as hospital porters and live as housemates. Moving into a new house together, they discover that it has an occupant – Annie Sawyer, the ghost of a young woman in her mid-twenties. Annie had died after falling down the stairs, she has remained to haunt the property while Owen, unaware of her presence, has rented it out to Mitchell and George. As supernatural beings and Mitchell can see and communicate with Annie, delighted to have their company and becomes the third member of the surrogate family. All three have problems, Mitchell's central challenge is his struggle with his desire to feed. George's is to manage his monthly werewolf transformations in such a way that he does not kill anyone or pass on the werewolf affliction.
He considers his condition to be "a curse". Annie's challenge is to deal with her new existence as a ghost and to discover the reason why she has remained on Earth instead of passing over to the afterlife; the remainder of Series 1 deals with the protagonists' attempts to deal with these situations and with the various characters with whom they come into contact or conflict. All of the problems are brought to a ferocious climax which the trio survive but with their existence no less precarious. Series 2 deals with the aftermath of Series 1. Mitchell must struggle with the dual responsibilities of managing his own urges and attempting to manage the now scattered and rudderless Bristol vampire community. George must cope with the responsibilities of intimacy and the problem of having passed on his "curse" despite his best efforts. Annie must find a new purpose in her continued presence and must deal with the malignant attention of another type of supernatural being, resident in the afterlife but able to influence events in the earthly world.
The lives of Mitchell and Annie are further complicated by other new factors. There is now a need to fit George's girlfriend Nina into the household, deal with urgent new problems she is facing herself; the trio are subject to the growing attentions of a m
American Broadcasting Company
The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcast television network, a flagship property of Walt Disney Television, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company. The network is headquartered in Burbank, California on Riverside Drive, directly across the street from Walt Disney Studios and adjacent to the Roy E. Disney Animation Building, But the network's second corporate headquarters and News headquarters remains in New York City, New York at their broadcast center on 77 West 66th Street in Lincoln Square in Upper West Side Manhattan. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC has reduced its broadcasting operations exclusively to television; the fifth-oldest major broadcasting network in the world and the youngest of the Big Three television networks, ABC is nicknamed as "The Alphabet Network", as its initialism represents the first three letters of the English alphabet, in order. ABC launched as a radio network on October 12, 1943, serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, purchased by Edward J. Noble.
It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS and NBC. In the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop and greenlight many successful series. In the 1980s, after purchasing an 80 percent interest in cable sports channel ESPN, the network's corporate parent, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. merged with Capital Cities Communications, owner of several print publications, television and radio stations. In 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABC's assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company; the television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States and its territories. Some of the ABC-affiliated stations can be seen in Canada via pay-television providers, certain other affiliates can be received over-the-air in areas within the Canada–United States border.
ABC News provides news and features content for select radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting, which purchased the ABC Radio properties in 2007. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies: the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System, the National Broadcasting Company; the last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, which owned two radio networks that each ran different varieties of programming, NBC Blue and NBC Red. The NBC Blue Network was created in 1927 for the primary purpose of testing new programs on markets of lesser importance than those served by NBC Red, which served the major cities, to test drama series. In 1934, Mutual filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission regarding its difficulties in establishing new stations, in a radio market, being saturated by NBC and CBS. In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940.
The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC NBC Blue. At that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Having no power over the networks themselves, the FCC established a regulation forbidding licenses to be issued for radio stations if they were affiliated with a network which owned multiple networks that provided content of public interest. Once Mutual's appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, gave the mandate to do so to Mark Woods. RCA converted the NBC Blue Network into an independent subsidiary, formally divorcing the operations of NBC Red and NBC Blue on January 8, 1942, with the Blue Network being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network"; the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Between 1942 and 1943, Woods offered to sell the entire NBC Blue Network, a package that included leases on landlines, three pending television licenses, 60 affiliates, four operations facilities, contracts with actors, the brand associated with the Blue Network.
Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, but the offer was rejected by Woods and RCA president David Sarnoff. Edward J. Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million. Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCC's approval; the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12, 1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, the American Broadcasting System. Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Storer in 1944. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, which owned San Francisco radio station KGO, bought Los Angeles station KECA f
Harlesden is an area in the London Borough of Brent, northwest London. Its main focal point is the Jubilee Clock. Harlesden has been praised for its vibrant Caribbean culture and unofficially named London's reggae capital; the population includes people of Afro-Caribbean heritage, as well as Irish, Portuguese and smaller Latin Americans and East African groups within the community. In the 19th century, Harlesden a rural village, began to develop some of its urban appearance with the arrival of the railways. Willesden Junction, Kensal Green and Harlesden stations all had an effect on the developing village. Cottages for railway and industrial workers were built, as was grander housing for the local middle class. Harlesden lost its rural nature, with factories replacing farms and woodland. From late Victorian times until the 1930s, housing completed its spread across the area, Harlesden became part of the London conurbation. After World War I, one of Europe's biggest industrial estates was constructed at nearby Park Royal, large factories there included McVitie & Price from 1910, Heinz from 1919.
At 6am, January 16 1939, the Irish Republican Army blew up the Harlesden electricity cable bridge. The bridge crossed the Grand Junction Canal, carried the power line from Battersea Power Station. No one was injured in the attack; the image of Harlesden today began to take shape in the 1960s and 1970s. Continued immigration from Ireland and new immigration from the Caribbean, the Indian sub-continent and Africa changed the racial and cultural make up of the area. More the area has become home to Brazilian and Portuguese communities. In 2011, 71.4% of homes were apartments across the ward, 15.8% of homes were terraced houses, 8.6% semi-detached houses and 4% detached houses. Most of the terraces are pre-1920s and the flats converted from them. Many of the flats date to after the year 2000. Non-mixed use terraces and private sector built apartments are the main housing types that attract high prices from private sector owner-occupiers unable to afford similar properties in nearby Kensal Green and Queen's Park.
Starting in 1999, Harlesden and the nearby Stonebridge estate, witnessed a high number of murders and became a crime hotspot, because of several rival yardie gangs. During this time Harlesden turned into one of London's main crack cocaine trading centres, one of the yardies' strongholds. By 2001 the area had the highest murder rate in Britain. There were 26 shooting incidents that year alone. Crime rates were reduced in the late 2000s. During the nationwide riots of 2011, some shops in Harlesden were attacked by looters. On 15 May 2016, a route 18 bus lost control and crashed onto a shop in the town centre at two in the afternoon. 17 people, including three children, were injured. 19% of the population was Black Caribbean, followed by 19% Black African, 15% Other White, 14% White British. Stations in the area are: Willesden Junction Station Harlesden Station Gappy Ranks Ronny Jordan Sabrina Washington James DeGale Audley Harrison K Koke Nines George the Poet Chizzy Akudolu OG Anunoby Hastings Banda Dennis Brown Marlon Davis - comedian Anthony C. George Ian Hancock Paul Merson Shane Richie Louis Theroux Harlesden Town Centre Partnership at the Wayback Machine
In folklore, a werewolf or lycanthrope is a human with the ability to shapeshift into a wolf, either purposely or after being placed under a curse or affliction and on the night of a full moon. Early sources for belief in this ability or affliction, called lycanthropy, are Petronius and Gervase of Tilbury; the werewolf is a widespread concept in European folklore, existing in many variants, which are related by a common development of a Christian interpretation of underlying European folklore developed during the medieval period. From the early modern period, werewolf beliefs spread to the New World with colonialism. Belief in werewolves developed in parallel to the belief in witches, in the course of the Late Middle Ages and the Early Modern period. Like the witchcraft trials as a whole, the trial of supposed werewolves emerged in what is now Switzerland in the early 15th century and spread throughout Europe in the 16th, peaking in the 17th and subsiding by the 18th century; the persecution of werewolves and the associated folklore is an integral part of the "witch-hunt" phenomenon, albeit a marginal one, accusations of lycanthropy being involved in only a small fraction of witchcraft trials.
During the early period, accusations of lycanthropy were mixed with accusations of wolf-riding or wolf-charming. The case of Peter Stumpp led to a significant peak in both interest in and persecution of supposed werewolves in French-speaking and German-speaking Europe; the phenomenon persisted longest in Bavaria and Austria, with persecution of wolf-charmers recorded until well after 1650, the final cases taking place in the early 18th century in Carinthia and Styria. After the end of the witch-trials, the werewolf became of interest in folklore studies and in the emerging Gothic horror genre; the trappings of horror literature in the 20th century became part of the horror and fantasy genre of modern popular culture. The word werewolf continues a late Old English werwulf, a compound of were "man" and wulf "wolf"; the only Old High German testimony is in the form of a given name, although an early Middle High German werwolf is found in Burchard of Worms and Berthold of Regensburg. The word or concept does not occur in medieval German poetry or fiction, gaining popularity only from the 15th century.
Middle Latin gerulphus Old Frankish * wariwulf. Old Norse had the cognate varúlfur, but because of the high importance of werewolves in Norse mythology, there were alternative terms such as ulfhéðinn. In modern Scandinavian kveldulf "evening-wolf" after the name of Kveldulf Bjalfason, a historical berserker of the 9th century who figures in the Icelandic sagas; the term lycanthropy, referring both to the ability to transform oneself into a wolf and to the act of so doing, comes from Ancient Greek λυκάνθρωπος lukánthropos. The word does occur in ancient Greek sources, but only in Late Antiquity and only in the context of clinical lycanthropy described by Galen, where the patient had the ravenous appetite and other qualities of a wolf. Use of the Greek-derived lycanthropy in English occurs in learned writing beginning in the 16th century, at first explicitly for clinical lycanthropy, i.e. the type of insanity where the patient imagines to have transformed into a wolf, not in reference to real shape-shifting.
Use of lycanthropy for supposed shape-shifting is much introduced ca. 1830. Slavic uses the term vlko-dlak "wolf-skin", paralleling the Old Norse ulfhéðinn. However, the word is not attested in the medieval period; the Slavic term was loaned into modern Greek as Vrykolakas. Baltic has related Lithuanian vilkolakis and vilkatas, Latvian vilkatis and vilkacis; the name vurdalak for the Slavic vampire is a corruption due to Alexander Pushkin, widely spread by A. K. Tolstoy in his novella The Family of the Vourdalak. Greek λυκάνθρωπος and Germanic werewulf are parallel inasmuch as the concept of a shapeshifter becoming a wolf is expressed by means of a compound "wolf-man" or "man-wolf"; the werewolf folklore found in Europe harks back to a common development during the Middle Ages, arising in the context of Christianisation, the associated interpretation of pre-Christian mythology in Christian terms. Their underlying common origin can be traced back to Proto-Indo-European mythology, where lycanthropy is reconstructed as an aspect of the initiation of the warrior class.
This is reflected in Iron Age Europe in the Tierkrieger depictions from the Germanic sphere, am
The Seventh Doctor is an incarnation of the Doctor, the protagonist of the BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who. He is portrayed by Scottish actor Sylvester McCoy. Within the series' narrative, the Doctor is a centuries-old Time Lord alien from the planet Gallifrey who travels in time and space in his TARDIS with companions. At the end of life, the Doctor can regenerate his body. McCoy portrays the seventh such incarnation, a whimsical, thoughtful character who becomes more layered and manipulative, his first companion was Melanie Bush, a computer programmer who travelled with his previous incarnation, and, soon succeeded by troubled teenager and explosives expert Ace, who becomes his protégée. The Seventh Doctor first appeared on TV in 1987. After the programme was cancelled at the end of 1989, the Seventh Doctor's adventures continued in novels until the late 1990s; the Seventh Doctor made an appearance at the start of the 1996 movie before the character was replaced by the Eighth Doctor.
In his first season, the Seventh Doctor started out as a comical character, engaging in dundrearyisms, playing the spoons, making pratfalls, but started to develop a darker nature. The Seventh Doctor era is noted for the cancellation of Doctor, it is noted for the Virgin New Adventures, a range of original novels published from 1992 to 1997, taking the series beyond the television serials. The Seventh Doctor's final appearance on television was in the 1996 Doctor Who television movie, where he regenerated into the Eighth Doctor, played by Paul McGann. A sketch of him is seen in John Smith's A Journal of Impossible Things in the new series 2007 episode "Human Nature". Brief holographic clips of the Seventh Doctor appear in "The Next Doctor" and "The Eleventh Hour", as flashbacks in "The Name of the Doctor" and as a holographic representation in "Twice Upon a Time"; the Seventh Doctor appeared in the 50th anniversary special, "The Day of the Doctor" and can be seen standing beside all incarnations of the Doctor, at the time.
When the TARDIS was attacked by the Rani, the Sixth Doctor was forced to regenerate. After a brief period of post-regenerative confusion and amnesia, the Seventh Doctor thwarted the Rani's plans, rejoined his companion Mel for whimsical adventures in an odd tower block and a Welsh holiday camp in the 1950s. On the planet Svartos, Mel decided to leave the Doctor's company for that of intergalactic rogue Sabalom Glitz. At this time, the Doctor was joined by time-stranded teenager Ace. Although he did not mention it at the time, the Doctor soon recognised that an old enemy from a past adventure, the ancient entity known as Fenric, was responsible for the Time Storm which transported Ace from 1980s Perivale to Svartos in the distant future. Growing more secretive and driven from this point on, the Doctor took Ace under his wing and began teaching her about the universe, all the while keeping an eye out for Fenric's plot; the Doctor began taking a more scheming and proactive approach to defeating evil, using the Gallifreyan stellar manipulator named the Hand of Omega as part of an elaborate trap for the Daleks which resulted in the destruction of their home planet, Skaro.
Soon afterwards, the Doctor used a similar tactic and another Time Lord relic to destroy a Cyberman fleet. He engineered the fall of the oppressive government of a future human colony in a single night and encountered the Gods of Ragnarok at a circus on the planet Segonax, whom he had fought throughout time, he was reunited with his old friend, Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart while battling the forces of an alternate dimension on Earth. The Seventh Doctor's manipulations were not reserved for his rivals. With the goal of helping Ace confront her past, he took her to a Victorian house in her home town of Perivale in 1883 which she had burned down in 1983; the Doctor confronted and defeated Fenric at a British naval base during World War II, revealing Fenric's part in Ace's history. The Doctor continued returning her to Perivale; the circumstances of her parting from the Doctor were not shown on television. Near the end of his incarnation, the Seventh Doctor was given the responsibility of transporting the remains of his former enemy the Master from Skaro to Gallifrey.
This proved to be a huge mistake. He was taken to a hospital, where surgeons removed the bullets but mistook the Doctor's double heartbeat for fibrillation, he is thus the only Doctor to have died at the hand of one of his own companions. Due to the anaesthesia, the Doctor did not regenerate after death, unlike all previous occasions. In Time and the Rani, the Seventh Doctor gives his age soon after his regeneration as "exactly" 953 years, indicating that some two centuries of subjective time has passed since his fourth incarnation was revealed to be 756 in The Ribos Operation, half a century since Revelation of the Daleks in which the Sixth Doctor stated he was 900 years old; the revival of the ser
A vampire is a being from folklore that subsists by feeding on the vital force of the living. In European folklore, vampires were undead beings that visited loved ones and caused mischief or deaths in the neighborhoods they inhabited while they were alive, they wore shrouds and were described as bloated and of ruddy or dark countenance, markedly different from today's gaunt, pale vampire which dates from the early 19th century. Vampiric entities have been recorded in most cultures. Local variants in Eastern Europe were known by different names, such as shtriga in Albania, vrykolakas in Greece and strigoi in Romania. In modern times, the vampire is held to be a fictitious entity, although belief in similar vampiric creatures such as the chupacabra still persists in some cultures. Early folk belief in vampires has sometimes been ascribed to the ignorance of the body's process of decomposition after death and how people in pre-industrial societies tried to rationalise this, creating the figure of the vampire to explain the mysteries of death.
Porphyria was linked with legends of vampirism in 1985 and received much media exposure, but has since been discredited. The charismatic and sophisticated vampire of modern fiction was born in 1819 with the publication of "The Vampyre" by John Polidori. Bram Stoker's 1897 novel Dracula is remembered as the quintessential vampire novel and provided the basis of the modern vampire legend though it was published after Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's 1872 novel Carmilla; the success of this book spawned a distinctive vampire genre, still popular in the 21st century, with books, television shows, video games. The vampire has since become a dominant figure in the horror genre; the Oxford English Dictionary dates the first appearance of the English word vampire in English from 1734, in a travelogue titled Travels of Three English Gentlemen published in The Harleian Miscellany in 1745. Vampires had been discussed in French and German literature. After Austria gained control of northern Serbia and Oltenia with the Treaty of Passarowitz in 1718, officials noted the local practice of exhuming bodies and "killing vampires".
These reports, prepared between 1725 and 1732, received widespread publicity. The English term was derived from the German Vampir, in turn derived in the early 18th century from the Serbian vampir; the Serbian form has parallels in all Slavic languages: Bulgarian and Macedonian вампир, Bosnian: vampir / вампир, Croatian vampir and Slovak upír, Polish wąpierz, upiór, Ukrainian упир, Russian упырь, Belarusian упыр, from Old East Slavic упирь. The exact etymology is unclear. Among the proposed proto-Slavic forms are *ǫpyrь and *ǫpirь. Another less widespread theory is that the Slavic languages have borrowed the word from a Turkic term for "witch". Czech linguist Václav Machek proposes Slovak verb "vrepiť sa", or its hypothetical anagram "vperiť sa" as an etymological background, thus translates "upír" as "someone who thrusts, bites". An early use of the Old Russian word is in the anti-pagan treatise "Word of Saint Grigoriy", dated variously to the 11th–13th centuries, where pagan worship of upyri is reported.
The notion of vampirism has existed for millennia. Cultures such as the Mesopotamians, Ancient Greeks, Romans had tales of demons and spirits which are considered precursors to modern vampires. Despite the occurrence of vampire-like creatures in these ancient civilizations, the folklore for the entity known today as the vampire originates exclusively from early 18th-century southeastern Europe, when verbal traditions of many ethnic groups of the region were recorded and published. In most cases, vampires are revenants of evil beings, suicide victims, or witches, but they can be created by a malevolent spirit possessing a corpse or by being bitten by a vampire. Belief in such legends became so pervasive that in some areas it caused mass hysteria and public executions of people believed to be vampires, it is difficult to make a single, definitive description of the folkloric vampire, though there are several elements common to many European legends. Vampires were reported as bloated in appearance, ruddy, purplish, or dark in colour.
Blood was seen seeping from the mouth and nose when one was seen in its shroud or coffin and its left eye was open. It would be clad in the linen shroud it was buried in, its teeth and nails may have grown somewhat, though in general fangs were not a feature. Although vampires were described as undead, some folk tales spoke of them as living beings; the causes of vampiric generation were many and varied in original folklore. In Slavic and Chinese traditions, any corpse, jumped over by an animal a dog or a cat, was feared to become one of the undead. A body with a wound that had not been treated with boiling water was at risk. In Russian