click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lenticular galaxy

A lenticular galaxy is a type of galaxy intermediate between an elliptical and a spiral galaxy in galaxy morphological classification schemes. It does not have large-scale spiral arms. Lenticular galaxies are disc galaxies that have used up or lost most of their interstellar matter and therefore have little ongoing star formation, they may, retain significant dust in their disks. As a result, they consist of aging stars. Despite the morphological differences and elliptical galaxies share common properties like spectral features and scaling relations. Both can be considered early-type galaxies that are passively evolving, at least in the local part of the Universe. Connecting the E galaxies with the S0 galaxies are the ES galaxies with intermediate-scale discs. Lenticular galaxies are unique in that they have a visible disk component as well as a prominent bulge component, they have much higher bulge-to-disk ratios than typical spirals and do not have the canonical spiral arm structure of late-type galaxies, yet may exhibit a central bar.

This bulge dominance can be seen in the axis ratio distribution of a lenticular galaxy sample. The distribution for lenticular galaxies rises in the range 0.25 to 0.85 whereas the distribution for spirals is flat in that same range. Larger axial ratios can be explained by observing face-on disk galaxies or by having a sample of spheroidal galaxies. Imagine looking at two disk galaxies edge-on, one with a bulge and one without a bulge; the galaxy with a prominent bulge will have a larger edge-on axial ratio compared to the galaxy without a bulge based on the definition of axial ratio. Thus a sample of disk galaxies with prominent spheroidal components will have more galaxies at larger axial ratios; the fact that the lenticular galaxy distribution rises with increasing observed axial ratio implies that lenticulars are dominated by a central bulge component. Lenticular galaxies are considered to be a poorly understood transition state between spiral and elliptical galaxies, which results in their intermediate placement on the Hubble sequence.

This results from lenticulars having bulge components. The disk component is featureless, which precludes a classification system similar to spiral galaxies; as the bulge component is spherical, elliptical galaxy classifications are unsuitable. Lenticular galaxies are thus divided into subclasses based upon either the amount of dust present or the prominence of a central bar; the classes of lenticular galaxies with no bar are S01, S02, S03 where the subscripted numbers indicate the amount of dust absorption in the disk component. The surface brightness profiles of lenticular galaxies are well described by the sum of a Sérsic model for the spheroidal component plus an exponentially declining model for the disk, a third component for the bar. Sometimes there is an observed truncation in the surface brightness profiles of lenticular galaxies at ~ 4 disk scalelengths; these features are consistent with the general structure of spiral galaxies. However, the bulge component of lenticulars is more related to elliptical galaxies in terms of morphological classification.

This spheroidal region, which dominates the inner structure of lenticular galaxies, has a steeper surface brightness profile than the disk component. Lenticular galaxy samples are distinguishable from the diskless elliptical galaxy population through analysis of their surface brightness profiles. Like spiral galaxies, lenticular galaxies can possess a central bar structure. While the classification system for normal lenticulars depends on dust content, barred lenticular galaxies are classified by the prominence of the central bar. SB01 galaxies have the least defined bar structure and are only classified as having enhanced surface brightness along opposite sides of the central bulge; the prominence of the bar increases with index number, thus SB03 galaxies have well defined bars that can extend through the transition region between the bulge and disk. The properties of bars in lenticular galaxies have not been researched in great detail. Understanding these properties, as well as understanding the formation mechanism for bars, would help clarify the formation or evolution history of lenticular galaxies.

X-shaped core NGC 1375 is example for galaxy. They are classified as SB0 pec. Reasons for such cores are still unknown. X-shaped cores are only seen in edgewise galaxies to date. In many respects the composition of lenticular galaxies is like that of ellipticals. For example, they both consist of predominately older, hence redder, stars. All of their stars are thought to be older than about a billion years, in agreement with their offset from the Tully–Fisher relation. In addition to these general stellar attributes, globular clusters are found more in lenticular galaxies than in spiral galaxies of similar mass and luminosity, they have little to no molecular gas and no significant hydrogen α or 21-cm emission. Unlike ellipticals, they may still possess significant dust. Lenticular galaxies share kinematic properties with elliptical galaxies; this is due to the significant disk nature of lenticulars. The bulge component is similar to elliptical galaxies in that it

Television Addict

"Television Addict" was the A-side of the debut single by The Victims, an early punk rock band from Perth, Western Australia. The song is a mainstay of compilations of Australian punk from the 1970s, has been recorded by the Hoodoo Gurus, You Am I, The Hellacopters and Teengenerate, it was co-written by singer-guitarist Dave drummer James Baker. The slow, bass line, played by Rudolph V, is a prominent feature of the recording; the Victims released the single independently in late 1977 or early 1978, with "I'm Flipped Out Over You" on the B-side. Lyrically, "Television Addict" revolves around a youth "who went out and shot someone", whose lawyer attributes his actions to violence on television: "blame the ratings for his crime." The song is, in large part, a satirical comment on the tendency to blame popular culture for crime, rather than individuals, or broader social problems. The song ends by questioning why other social phenomena are not attributed to TV programs: "just because I watch Dinah Shore, doesn't mean my brain has slipped, doesn't mean anything — at all."

The band broke up in 1979. During the mid-1980s, Baker and Faulkner were reunited in the Hoodoo Gurus, who sometimes performed "Television Addict" as an encore; the Hoodoo Gurus recorded "Television Addict", issued it as a bonus track on Crank. "Victims Television Addict Australian Punk 1978" on YouTube

Camden, Michigan

Camden is a village in Camden Township, Hillsdale County in the U. S. state of Michigan. The population was 512 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.84 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 512 people, 176 households, 123 families living in the village; the population density was 609.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 211 housing units at an average density of 251.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.4% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population. There were 176 households of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 30.1% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.41. The median age in the village was 32.6 years. 31.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 50.6 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 550 people, 198 households, 134 families living in the village; the population density was 651.5 per square mile. There were 214 housing units at an average density of 253.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.27% White, 0.55% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.36% of the population. There were 198 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.3% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the village, the population was spread out with 34.0% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males. The median income for a household in the village was $34,028, the median income for a family was $36,429. Males had a median income of $29,643 versus $21,042 for females; the per capita income for the village was $13,846. About 9.2% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over. M-49 The local school district is Camden-Frontier, which incorporates residents from Camden as well as Frontier and Montgomery. Since Hillsdale County has county-wide school of choice, the local school district has many students from the surrounding areas. Camden Frontier High SchoolEnrollment: 196Class: DGrades: K-12Colors: Red & WhiteNickname: RedskinsPrimary League: Southern Central Athletic Association Camden Frontier Schools

Crisis on Infinite Earths

Crisis on Infinite Earths is an American comic book published by DC Comics. The series, written by Marv Wolfman and pencilled by George Pérez, was first serialized as a 12-issue limited series from April 1985 to March 1986; as the main piece of a crossover event, some plot elements were featured in tie-in issues of other publications. Since its initial publication, the series has been reprinted in various editions; the idea for the series stemmed from Wolfman's desire to abandon the DC Multiverse depicted in the company's comics—which he thought was unfriendly to readers—and create a single, unified DC Universe. The foundation of Crisis on Infinite Earths developed through a character introduced in Wolfman's The New Teen Titans in July 1982 before the series itself started. Pérez was not the intended artist for the series, but was excited when he learned of it and called illustrating it some of the most fun he had. At the start of Crisis on Infinite Earths, the Anti-Monitor is unleashed on the DC Multiverse and begins to destroy the various Earths that it comprises.

The Monitor tries to recruit heroes from around the Multiverse but is murdered, while Brainiac collaborates with the villains to conquer the remaining Earths. However, both the heroes and villains are united by the Spectre. Crisis on Infinite Earths is noted for its high death count; the story's events resulted in the entire DCU being rebooted. The series was a bestseller for DC and has been reviewed positively by comic book critics, who praised its ambition and dramatic events; the story is credited with popularizing the idea of a large-scale crossover in comics. "Crisis on Infinite Earths" is the first installment in. The story serves as inspiration for "Crisis on Infinite Earths", an Arrowverse crossover event consisting of an episode each of Arrow, The Flash, Legends of Tomorrow and Batwoman. DC Comics is an American comic book publisher best known for its superhero stories featuring characters including Batman and Wonder Woman; the company debuted in February 1935 with New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine.

Most of DC's comic books take place within a shared universe called the DC Universe allowing plot elements and settings to cross over with each other. The concept of the DCU has provided DC's writers some challenges in maintaining continuity, due to conflicting events within different comics that need to reflect the shared nature of the universe. "The Flash of Two Worlds" from The Flash #123, which featured Barry Allen teaming up with Jay Garrick was the first DC comic to suggest that the DCU was a part of a multiverse. The DC Multiverse concept was expanded in years with the DCU having infinite Earths. Since "Crisis on Earth-One!", DC has used the word "Crisis" to describe important crossovers within the DC Multiverse. Over the years, various writers took liberties creating additional parallel Earths as plot devices and to house characters DC had acquired from other companies, making the DC Multiverse a "convoluted mess". DC's comic book sales were far below those of their competitor Marvel Comics.

According to ComicsAlliance journalist Chris Sims, "the multiverse... felt old-fashioned.... Marvel, on the other hand, felt contemporary and when you stack them up against each other, there's one difference that sticks out above anything else: Marvel feels unified."During the Bronze Age of Comic Books, writer Marv Wolfman became popular among DC's readers for his work on Weird War Tales and The New Teen Titans. George Pérez, who illustrated The New Teen Titans began to rise to prominence in this era. In 1984, Pérez entered into an exclusive contract with DC, extended one year. Although The New Teen Titans was a major success for DC, the company's comic book sales were still below Marvel's. Wolfman began to attribute this to the DC Multiverse, feeling "The Flash of Two Worlds" had created a "nightmare": it was not reader-friendly for new readers to be able to keep track of and writers struggled with the continuity errors it caused. In The New Teen Titans #21, Wolfman introduced a new character: the shadowy villainous Monitor.

In 1981, Wolfman was editing Green Lantern. He got a letter from a fan asking why a character did not recognize Green Lantern in a recent issue despite the two having had worked together in an issue three years earlier. Soon afterward, Wolfman pitched Crisis on Infinite Earths as The History of the DC Universe, seeing it as a way to simplify the DCU and attract new readers; the History of the DC Universe's title was changed to Crisis of Infinite Earths because its premise, involving the destruction of entire worlds, sounded more like a crisis. Wolfman said when he pitched the series to DC, he realized it was going to be a new beginning for the DCU. "I knew up front, they did too, how big this was going to be," he said. "But, no-one knew whether it would sell at all. It was a risk DC was willing to take, because my thoughts were that DC needed a lot of help a

All About the Money

All About the Money is a 2017 American action comedy film directed by Blake Freeman and starring Eddie Griffin, Casper Van Dien, Danny Trejo, Jon Gries and Freeman. In 1986, three best friend are planning their future, they return a "lost" cat to the neighbor lady for a $40 reward. Fast forward thirty years and find Vince is living on Chris's couch, he just must quit. Chris works at a car repair garage, his wife comes to demands that he signs the divorce papers. He tells her he will sign, he quits his job. Kurt is freaked out over a big presentation, he is fired and has a nervous breakdown. All three friends are jobless. Vince sees a newspaper article offering a $25 million reward for the capture of a drug lord. Using Kurt's wife's credit card, they buy first class tickets to South America, they land in Columbia thinking its Mexico. Kurt is captured by Diego who wants to kill the gringo. Cartel boss Garcia likes Kurt's money saving ideas on drug distribution through Canada. Kurt falls for Maria. Chris and Vince have to find a way to capture Garcia for the reward money.

They find a crazy burnt out American special ops soldier to train them in guerrilla war tactics. John Waters dresses in his underwear and just seems never to die; the Columbian Army is planning an assault on the Garcia mansion at the same time as Waters and his two trained Americans are ready. An assault commences on the complex with lots of explosions, gun fire, killings. Kurt escapes, Maria is killed and the drug lord is captured. There is a television news account of the Columbia cartel raid with the result of a new cartel leader named Kurt Pomeroy, his two friends surround him with lots of beautiful women. They hear of an American reward for an Afghanistan terrorist and the stage is set for a sequel. All About the Money on IMDb All About the Money at Rotten Tomatoes

Il Facchino

Il Facchino is one of the talking statues of Rome. Like the other five "talking statues", pasquinades - irreverent satires poking fun at public figures - were posted beside Il Facchino in the 14th and 15th centuries. Il Facchino was sited on the via del Corso, on the main facade of the Palazzo De Carolis Simonetti, near the piazza Venezia. In 1874, it was moved to its current position, to the side of the same building, now the Banco di Roma, on the Via Lata. Unlike the other talking statues, which are all dated to Ancient Rome, Il Facchino is modern; the statue was created in around 1580, to a design by Jacopo del Conte for the Corporazione degli Aquaroli. It depicts a man wearing a cap and a sleeved shirt, carrying a barrel - an "acquarolo", who would take water from the Tiber to sell on the streets of Rome during the period before the Roman aqueducts were repaired at the orders of the Popes and the public fountains played again. Somewhat incongruously, water spouts from the centre of the barrel.

The man's face is badly damaged, the result of paving stones thrown at it over the years, in the popular misapprehension because of the soft cap, that it portrayed Martin Luther. The Scior Carera in Milan. Rendina, C. "Pasquino statua parlante”, ROMA ieri, domani, n. 20 – febbraio 1990 Roma Segreta: via del Corso: La fontana del Facchino The Insider's Guide to Rome, p.73 Chambers' Edinburgh Journal, p.106