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1999 Liberal Democrats leadership election

The 1999 Liberal Democrats leadership election was called following the resignation of Paddy Ashdown as Leader of the Liberal Democrats. There were five candidates and all members of the party were ballotted using the Alternative Vote preference system; the election was won by Charles Kennedy, who served as leader until his resignation in 2006. The chief issue in the election was whether the party should continue its partial collaboration with the Labour Party, which had seen Ashdown and other senior Liberal Democrats appointed to a joint Cabinet committee on electoral reform. Most of the candidates were to various degrees sceptical about this approach, with Simon Hughes the most hostile and Charles Kennedy the strongest defender of Ashdown; the campaign was entirely free of bitterness and outspoken comments. Kennedy was favoured by the press because of his name recognition, which derived from his frequent appearances on light-hearted panel games on television. Supporters included: MPs: Peter Brand, Jenny Tonge.

Peers: Eric Avebury, Liz Barker, Sally Hamwee, Angie Harris, Sarah Ludford, Susan Miller, Conrad Russell, Susan Thomas. MEPs: Sarah Ludford. MSPs: Iain Smith, Margaret Smith. Other: Cllr Tony Greaves. Supporters included: MPs: Evan Harris Supporters included: MPs: Tom Brake, Steve Webb. Peers: Tim Beaumont, Margaret Sharp. MEPs: Graham Watson. MSPs: Robert Brown. Welsh AMs: Peter Black. Former MPs: Cyril Smith. Supporters included: MPs: Colin Breed, John Burnett, Vince Cable, Menzies Campbell, David Chidgey, Brian Cotter, Ronnie Fearn, Don Foster, Andrew George, Mike Hancock, Nick Harvey, Nigel Jones, Paul Keetch, Archie Kirkwood, Richard Livsey, Robert Maclennan, Ray Michie, Michael Moore, Mark Oaten, Lembit Öpik, Mathew Taylor, Paul Tyler, Phil Willis, Jim Wallace. Peers: Dominic Addington, John Alderdice, William Bradshaw, Navnit Dholakia, William Goodhart, Tim Clement-Jones, Richard Holme, Roy Jenkins, Russell Johnston, Anthony Lester, Veronica Linklater, Tom McNally, Emma Nicholson, Dick Newby, Tim Razzall, Rupert Redesdale, Dick Taverne, George Thomson, John Thurso, Alan Watson, Shirley Williams.

MEPs: Nick Clegg, Andrew Duff, Chris Huhne, Emma Nicholson, Diana Wallis. MSPs: Ian Jenkins, George Lyon, John Farquhar Munro, Keith Raffan, Tavish Scott, Nicol Stephen, Jamie Stone, Jim Wallace. Welsh AMs: Kirsty Williams. Other: Jane Bonham Carter, Richard Grayson, Gordon Lishman, Lindsay Granshaw, Matthew Oakeshott, Cllr Mike Storey. Supporters included: MPs: Donald Gorrie, Adrian Sanders. Other: Cllr Sal Brinton, Cllr Dave Hodgson; as a result of the first round, Rendel was eliminated. Those of his votes that includes further preferences were redistributed to the remaining four candidates; as a result of the second round, Ballard was eliminated. Those of her votes that includes further preferences were redistributed to the remaining three candidates; as a result of the third round, Bruce was eliminated. Those of his votes that includes further preferences were redistributed to the remaining two candidates. Colin Rosenstiel. "All-member ballot results". Liberal Democrats' election results 1998-2004.

Archived from the original on 20 February 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2006. David Boothroyd. "Liberal Party Leaders". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 11 January 2006. "Kennedy wins Lib Dem leadership", On This Day, BBC News, 9 August 1999

G.I. Joe (IDW Publishing)

G. I. Joe is a comic book series by IDW Publishing, based upon Hasbro's G. I. Joe characters and toy line; the series was marketed as two mini-series and a small series of one-shots. An issue #0, was released in October 2008, containing three stand-alone stories which acted as previews for the main G. I. Joe series, G. I. Joe: Origins, G. I. Joe: Cobra. A new mini-series, G. I. Joe: Infestation was released in March 2011. In the 12th issue of G. I. Joe: Cobra II, the original Cobra Commander was killed; this ended all three original ongoing series and resulted in a stand-alone G. I. Joe: Cobra Civil War #0; this issue spawned two new G. I. Joe and G. I. Joe: Cobra ongoing series, a G. I. Joe: Snake Eyes ongoing series which took the storyline into a new direction. IDW's approach to G. I. Joe is similar to their launch of The Transformers, where the history is rebooted and the creators have access to characters from any era of the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero line. Devil's Due Publishing lost the G. I. Joe comics license in January 2008, published their last G.

I. Joe comic in July 2008 with G. I. Joe: America's Elite #36; the license was given to IDW Publishing, announced on May 29, 2008. IDW's G. I. Joe series is a complete reboot of the property, ignoring the continuity from the Marvel and Devil's Due incarnations of the comic. On January 15, 2010, Hasbro stated the Devil's Due continuity was no longer canonical: "Fans can read it according to their personal preference, but we are taking the brand in a direction that does not take the Devil’s Due story into account." Issue #0 was released in October 2008, containing three stand-alone stories which acted as previews for the main G. I. Joe series, G. I. Joe: Origins and G. I. Joe: Cobra, it was solicited as G. I. Joe: A New Beginning #0. G. I. Joe is the main series of the new IDW continuity of G. I. Joe, it chronicles the new conflict between the G. I. Joe Team and Cobra as presented by the new IDW continuity. Contrary to what was believed, original G. I. Joe comic writer Larry Hama is not the writer for this series. Instead, veteran comic book writer Chuck Dixon is penning this series.

27 issues were released. In addition, a G. I. Joe: Special was published, to be an ongoing series of one-shot issues; each comic was to serve to focus on a particular character in the continuity established by IDW. The series was to be done with rotating creative teams. However, the series had only seen one issue - a Helix issue, it seems now that many of the stories intended to take place in Special issues were transferred over to the Origins series. G. I. Joe: Origins is a mini-series that became an ongoing series; the series was penned by original G. I. Joe writer Larry Hama, thought to be the scribe for the main series; the series explores the formation of G. I. Joe and the personalities that make up the team. 23 issues were released. G. I. Joe: Cobra is a four-issue mini-series that details the status quo of Cobra for the continuity by IDW as Joe member Chuckles spies on the threat; the story is written by Mike Costa and art by Antonio Fuso. The covers are illustrated by Howard Chaykin; the story was continued with a one-shot as part of the G.

I. Joe: Cobra: Special series; the story focused on Xamot. G. I. Joe: Cobra II was a four-issue mini-series, a direct continuation from the previous Cobra mini-series and one-shot special, it was continued as an ongoing series titled G. I. Joe: Cobra, starting with #5. 13 issues were released. In addition, during this time, a second G. I. Joe: Cobra: Special was published with the focus being on Chameleon. G. I. Joe: Hearts And Minds is a five-issue mini-series, written by Max Brooks; each issue focuses on each a day in the life of a Joe and a Cobra. G. I. Joe: Infestation is a two-issue mini-series; the two-issue IDW mini-series Infestation, which started in January 2011, is in essence a two-part bookend story, with the first issue showing the origins of the event in G. I. Joe: Infestation and the second finishing up the story after the G. I. Joe series. There was some connection in the final issue of Infestation with other IDW properties like Transformers, Star Trek and Ghostbusters. G. I. Joe: Cobra Civil War was released in April 2011.

It was released as an issue #0, the starting point for two new ongoing series, G. I. Joe and G. I. Joe: Cobra, a G. I. Joe: Snake Eyes ongoing series, all launched the next month. G. I. Joe started in May 2011, it was the second regular G. I. Joe ongoing series and starts from the G. I. Joe: Cobra Civil War #0, with the previous G. I. Joe series ending after the death of Cobra commander. 21 issues were released. G. I. Joe: Cobra started in May 2011, it was the third Cobra series and the second ongoing that starts from the G. I. Joe: Cobra Civil War #0, with the previous Cobra series ending after the death of Cobra commander. 21 issues were released. In addition, a one-shot issue was published, titled Cobra Annual 2012: The Origin of Cobra Commander, that explores the origins of the new Cobra Commander. G. I. Joe: Snake Eyes started in May 2011, it starts from the G. I. Joe: Cobra Civil War #0. Starting with issue 13, the title of the series was changed to G. I. Joe: Snake Eyes And Storm Shadow. 21 issues were released. Infestation 2: G.

I. Joe is a two-issue mini-series, released in March 2012; the two-issue IDW mini-series Infestation 2, which started in January 2012, is in essence a two-part bookend story, with the first issue showing the origins of the event that continues within Infestation 2: G. I. Joe and the second fi