click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Leonard Peltier

Leonard Peltier is an indigenous rights activist, convicted of murdering two FBI agents in a June 26, 1975, shooting on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. Peltier is an enrolled member of the Turtle Mountain Chippewa, of Lakota and Dakota descent, he is a member of the American Indian Movement. In 1977, he was convicted and sentenced to two consecutive terms of life imprisonment for first-degree murder in the shooting of two Federal Bureau of Investigation agents during a 1975 shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Peltier's indictment and conviction have been the subject of much controversy. In his 1999 memoir, Peltier admitted to involvement in the shootout but denied killing the FBI agents. Peltier is incarcerated at Coleman in Florida. Peltier became eligible for parole in 1993. On January 18, 2017, the Office of the Pardon Attorney announced that President Barack Obama had denied Peltier's application for clemency. Peltier was next eligible for commutation in 2018. Barring appeals, parole, or presidential clemency, Peltier will remain in prison for the rest of his life.

Peltier was born on September 12, 1944, at the Turtle Mountain Indian Reservation of the Turtle Mountain Chippewa near Belcourt, North Dakota, in a family of thirteen children. Peltier's parents divorced; therefore and his sister Betty Ann lived with their paternal grandparents Alex and Mary Dubois-Peltier in the Turtle Mountain Indian Reservation. In September 1953, at the age of nine, Leonard was enrolled at the Wahpeton Indian School in Wahpeton, North Dakota, an Indian boarding school run by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Leonard remained 150 miles away from his home at Wahpeton Indian School through the ninth grade, he graduated from Wahpeton in May 1957, attended the Flandreau Indian School in Flandreau, South Dakota. After finishing the ninth grade, he returned to the Turtle Mountain Reservation to live with his father. Peltier obtained a general equivalency degree. In 1965, Peltier relocated to Washington. Peltier was a welder, construction worker, the co-owner of an auto shop in Seattle in his twenties.

The co-owners of the shop in Seattle used the upper level of building as a stopping place for American Indians who had alcohol addiction issues or finished their prison sentences. However, the halfway house took a financial toll on the shop. In Seattle, Peltier became involved in a variety of causes championing Native American civil rights. In the early 1970s, he learned about the factional tensions at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota between supporters of Richard Wilson, elected tribal chairman in 1972, traditionalist members of the tribe. Peltier became an official member of the American Indian Movement in 1972. Wilson had created a private militia, known as the Guardians of the Oglala Nation, whose members were reputed to have attacked political opponents. Protests over a failed impeachment hearing of Wilson contributed to the AIM and Lakota armed takeover of Wounded Knee in February 1973, which resulted in a 71-day siege by federal forces, known as the Wounded Knee incident.

They demanded the resignation of Wilson. Peltier, spent most of the occupation in a Milwaukee jail charged with attempted murder; when Peltier secured bail at the end of April, he took part in an AIM protest outside the federal building in Milwaukee and was on his way to Wounded Knee with the group to deliver supplies when the incident ended. In 1975, Peltier traveled to the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation as a member of AIM to try to help reduce the continuing violence among political opponents. At the time, he was a fugitive, with a warrant issued in Wisconsin, it charged him with unlawful flight to avoid prosecution for the attempted murder of an off-duty Milwaukee police officer, a crime of which he was acquitted in February 1978. During this time period, Peltier adopted two children. On June 26, 1975, Special Agents Jack R. Coler and Ronald A. Williams of the Federal Bureau of Investigation were on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation searching for a young man named Jimmy Eagle, wanted for questioning in connection with the recent assault and robbery of two local ranch hands.

Eagle had been involved in a physical altercation with a friend, during which he had stolen a pair of leather cowboy boots. At 11:50 a.m. Williams and Coler, driving two separate unmarked cars, spotted and followed a red pick-up truck which matched the description of Eagle's. Soon after his initial report, Williams radioed into a local dispatch that he and Coler had come under fire from the occupants of the vehicle. Williams radioed, he next radioed. FBI Special Agent Gary Adams was the first to respond to Williams' call for assistance, he came under gunfire. At about 4:25 p.m. authorities recovered the bodies of Coler from their vehicles. The FBI reported that Williams had received a defensive wound to his right hand from a bullet which passed through his hand into his head, killing him instantly. Williams received two gunsh

Stanislav Kritsyuk

Stanislav Vasilyevich Kritsyuk is a Russian professional footballer who plays for FC Krasnodar as a goalkeeper. He made his Russian Premier League debut for FC Krasnodar on 5 March 2016 in a game against FC Zenit Saint Petersburg. After finishing the 2015–16 season with FC Krasnodar on loan from Braga, Kritsyuk's rights were bought out by Krasnodar and he signed a 4-year contract with the club on 30 May 2016. On 11 March 2016, he was called up to the Russia national football team for friendly games against Lithuania and France, he made his debut for the national team on 26 March in a game against Lithuania. As of 13 May 2018 Stanislav Kritsyuk at FootballFacts.ru

John Davis (Australian politician)

John Sydney Davis was an early pastoralist and MLC in colonial Western Australia. Born in Galway, Ireland in 1817, nothing is known of his life until he arrived in Western Australia on board the Trusty in about 1842, he lived at Australind moved to Hotham River to manage William Burges' station there. He was at York in partnership with Robert de Burgh. In 1850, Davis joined a group of pastoralists including Major Logue and Lockier Burges, Thomas and Kenneth Brown, in overlanding stock from York to Greenough. From 1852 he was partner in a lease of Glengarry, the following year he settled at Tibradden Station. On 12 March 1884, John Davis was elected to the Western Australian Legislative Council seat of Geraldton in a by-election, he held the seat until 27 October 1884. He died at Tibradden on 30 September 1893. In 1858 he became a Justice of the Peace. In 1854 he married Sarah Heal at Fremantle. Black, David. Biographical Register of Members of the Parliament of Western Australia, Volume One, 1870–1930.

Parliament House: Parliament of Western Australia. ISBN 0730738140

Peter Bromley

Peter Bromley was BBC Radio's voice of horse racing for 40 years, one of the most famous and recognised sports broadcasters in the United Kingdom. Born at Heswall on the Wirral Bromley was educated at Cheltenham College and Sandhurst, he served as a lieutenant in the 14th/20th King's Hussars, where he won the Bisley Cup for rifle shooting and came close to qualifying for Britain's modern pentathlon team for the 1952 Summer Olympics. He subsequently became the assistant to the British racehorse trainer Frank Pullen, rode as an amateur jockey until he fractured his skull when a horse he was riding collided with a lorry. In 1955 he became one of the first racecourse commentators in Britain, in four years he commentated at every course apart from Cartmel, he had begun to commentate on television for ITV, but from 1958 for the BBC. On 13 May 1959, at Newmarket, he gave his first radio commentary. From 1 December 1959, he became the BBC's first racing correspondent, the first time the Corporation had appointed a specialist correspondent on any sport.

This was a full-time job: no commercial involvements or advertisements were permitted, opening fetes was frowned upon. He would remain in this position until the summer of 2001, calling home the winners of 202 Classics, with the exception of the 1969 St Leger when he was on holiday - BBC colleague Julian Wilson covered for him - and the 1997 St Leger when Lee McKenzie stood in for him when he hurt his knee and could not climb up the stairs to the commentary box in Doncaster. By 1960, criticism from the racing fraternity of Raymond Glendenning's commentaries - he showed little interest in the sport and required the assistance of a race reader - was intensifying, the rise of television was making the field of commentary more specialised. Bromley was advised by Peter Dimmock not to go to radio because Peter O'Sullevan could not go on forever and he would be the next in line, but after commentating for radio on a number of races in 1960, Bromley became BBC Radio's main racing commentator from the beginning of 1961.

Bromley would, continue to commentate for BBC Television on occasions until around 1970. For forty years from 1961 to 2001, Peter Bromley gave the radio commentary on every major race in the United Kingdom, plus the Irish Derby and Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe on many occasions, races in the United States, Hong Kong and South Africa, where he stayed for some time in late 1974 and early 1975, he covered 42 Grand Nationals, 202 Classics, over 10,000 races in all. His commentaries were heard on the Light Programme, Network Three, Third Network, Radio 2, Radio 5 and Five Live, his voice became associated with racing among listeners all over the world as his commentaries went out on the BBC World Service, his stentorian military tones - which could turn instantly from calm Received Pronunciation to a roar of grand excitement - captured the drama and potency of horse racing, his tireless championing of the sport within the BBC led to a dramatic expansion in the number of races covered - from only 50 a year in the early 1960s to over 250 by the 1980s, although in his years that number would decline again.

He was responsible for the launch of a daily racing bulletin in 1964, cancelled in June 2007 when the bulletin was broadcast on Five Live. The more memorable the race, the more memorable his commentary seemed to be: Shergar's Derby in 1981 was heralded with the words "It's Shergar... and you'll need a telescope to see the rest!", encapsulating how far ahead of his field the horse was. The epic Grand National of 1973 was another example: "Red Rum wins it, Crisp second and the rest don't matter - we'll never see a race like this in a hundred years!". An emotional piece of Bromley's commentary was his call in 1981 of Bob Champion winning the Grand National on Aldaniti. Bromley, who never seemed to betray his partial deafness, was a conscientious professional, working hard to prepare for each commentary presenting winning trainers and owners with his charts, featuring the colours of each horse in a race, as souvenirs. In his years, he was angered when his broadcast of the Derby began as the runners were going in the stalls, when he was told through his earphones, near the end of a race at Royal Ascot on 16 June 1998, to finish after the race because Five Live needed to go over to the United States for the result of the Louise Woodward trial.

In his years Bromley seemed to work less, giving much of his previous work over to commentator Lee McKenzie and reporter Cornelius Lysaght. He had intended to retire when he turned 70 in 1999, but continued until the age of 72 because the BBC wanted him to commentate on 200 Classics, a record, unlikely to be broken, he retired after Galileo's Epsom Derby victory on 9 June 2001, 40 years after his first Derby commentary on Psidium's shock 66-1 win. Bromley's main pastimes were shooting game, he had hoped to continue these when he moved from Berkshire to Suffolk on his retirement, but he began to suffer from pancreatic cancer less than a year after his final broadcast, fell victim to the cancer 15 months later. He was survived by his second

Simon Basil

Simon Basil was an English surveyor or architect, who held the post of Surveyor of the King's Works, 1606-15. Simon Basil's first recorded appearance, in 1590, was drawing a plan of Ostend, a military objective at the time, for the previous Surveyor, Robert Adams. In 1597 he is mentioned in respect of a "modell" of Flushing. In that year he was Comptroller of the Royal Works. On 4 April 1606, the Scottish architect David Cunningham of Robertland resigned the Surveyorship to Basil. In July 1605 he built a house, "hovel" or "shed" for a lioness in the new court of the Tower of London, she had twin cubs on the same day he finished work. Basil worked on the New Exchange, his major patron was Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, in his London residence,'Salisbury' or'Cecil House' in the Strand, at Cecil's main seat, Hatfield House, Hertfordshire. It is unclear to what extent he was involved in design at Hatfield, where he served as clerk of the works. Basil sent a letter regarding his progress on Cecil House to Robert Cecil on 14 August 1601.

He explained that it was too late in the building season to complete the court with symmetry, but he could remedy the defect by painting the new plaster in imitation of brickwork. The new front would be completed with brickwork and Oxford stone ornaments, he doubted. In another letter to Robert Cecil written in September 1601, Basil mentioned that he was using windows salvaged from'clerestories' in Kent in one of his patron's houses, installing a stove. Basil's drawing of the lodge for Sir Walter Raleigh, expended as Sherborne Castle, shows by dashed lines that the unusual angle of the corner towers is centred in the opposite corner. Simon Basil's own background is obscure, he married Elizabeth Rainsford in 1605. Their son Simon, became a Clerk in the Royal Works and died in 1663. Simon Basil died in September 1615 and was buried at St Martins-in-the-Fields

Maurice Leblanc-Smith

Major Maurice Le Blanc-Smith was a British World War I flying ace credited with seven aerial victories. Le Blanc-Smith's great-grandfather was Henry Le Blanc, born in Cavenham, one of 13 children of Thomas Le Blanc and Felicia, née Pelham; the Le Blanc's trace their ancestry back to France. In 1792 Henry joined the 71st Regiment of Foot and served in India, Scotland and South Africa, before losing a leg to a Spanish cannonball while serving as a major in the Expedition to the Río de la Plata in 1806, he was invalided home to serve as lieutenant colonel of the 5th Royal Veteran Battalion in Guernsey as Captain of Invalids and Hospital Major at the Royal Hospital Chelsea. He somehow managed to see action during the battle of Waterloo in 1815, was promoted to colonel, he married Elizabeth McClintock of Drumcar, Ireland, in 1801 and they had four children. Their youngest child, Lucy Mary Le Blanc was born in Guernsey in 1813. Lucy Mary married the Reverend Thomas Tunstall Smith, rector of Wirksworth, Derbyshire.

Together they had eight children. All the boys took the surname Le Blanc-Smith, their fifth child, third boy, Stanley Le Blanc-Smith married Amy Harris in 1880 in Westmorland, lived in Leatherhead, while working as a stockbroker on the London Stock Exchange. They had three sons. Like his father, Maurice was educated at Radley College, rowed for the First VIII in 1914. Maurice Le Blanc-Smith entered the Royal Flying Corps as a Special Reserve officer, which meant he first had to learn to fly at his own expense before being commissioned, he was granted Royal Aero Club Aviators' Certificate No. 1440 after flying a Maurice Farman biplane at the Military School, Brooklands Aerodrome, on 14 July 1915, was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Royal Flying Corps the same day. He completed his military flight training, was appointed a flying officer and confirmed in his rank on 12 October 1915. Le Blanc-Smith served in No. 18 Squadron RFC as a bomber and reconnaissance pilot, flying the Airco DH.2 and the Vickers Gunbus.

He was appointed a flight commander with the rank of temporary captain on 20 July 1916, before being promoted to the rank of lieutenant on 1 September. In early 1918, he was reassigned to No. 73 Squadron RFC, flying the Sopwith Camel. With him he brought "Adolphus", a toy dog presented to him by a French girl, his mascot on his flying missions. Le Blanc-Smith's first aerial victory came on 10 March 1918 when he destroyed a Fokker Dr. I west of Bohain. On 1 April the Army's Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service were merged to form the Royal Air Force, his unit became No. 73 Squadron RAF. Le Blanc-Smith destroyed another enemy fighter on 16 May south of the Arras–Cambrai Road, on 6 June destroyed a Fokker D. VII south of Roye. On the morning of 12 June he destroyed an Albatros D. V north of Courcelles, in the evening drove down two aircraft, a Fokker D. VII and an Albatros D. V, west of Tricot about a half hour apart. Both were captured. On 21 July he shared in the destruction of another Fokker Dr.

I north-east of Oulchy-le-Château with seven other members of his squadron: Major R. H. Freeman, Lieutenants J. Balfour, Gavin L. Graham, William Sidebottom and William Stephenson, 2nd Lieutenants Robert Chandler and K. S. Laurie. Le Blanc-Smith was subsequently awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, gazetted on 2 August 1918, his citation read: Captain Maurice Le Blanc-Smith. "A efficient officer and successful patrol leader, during the late operations, has done great execution in attacking ground targets. On a recent occasion he attacked five enemy aeroplanes, destroying one and driving down another out of control."On 9 August 1918 he was promoted to the temporary rank of major, which he held until 24 April 1919, the reduction of the establishment following the end of hostilities. He was still listed a member of 73 Squadron when his name was among those mentioned in despatches by Sir Douglas Haig in his despatch of 16 March 1919, gazetted on 11 July, he was transferred to the unemployed list on 20 August 1919.

Le Blanc-Smith returned to RAF service, being recommissioned as a flight lieutenant on 9 April 1921, but was re-transferred to the unemployed list on cessation of temporary duty on 5 June. Le Blanc-Smith became a director of Bewlay Ltd. until retiring in 1959. In 1926 he married Margaret Chance, they had three children. Le Blanc-Smith died in a nursing home in Lyme Regis in 1986, aged 90