Peter Edward Pete Rose Sr. known by his nickname Charlie Hustle, is an American former professional baseball player and manager. Rose played in Major League Baseball from 1963 to 1986, Rose, a switch hitter, is the all-time MLB leader in hits, games played, at-bats and outs. Rose won both of his Gold Gloves as an outfielder in 1969 and 1970, in 1991, the Baseball Hall of Fame formally voted to ban those on the permanently ineligible list from induction, after previously excluding such players by informal agreement among voters. In 2004, after years of denial, Rose admitted to betting on baseball and on, but not against. The issue of Roses possible reinstatement and election to the Hall of Fame remains a contentious one throughout baseball, on June 22,2015, ESPN concluded an investigation and determined that Rose bet on baseball while still a player-manager, from 1984 to 1986. The investigation made public the existence of records of bets made by Rose on baseball, in 2016, Rose was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame.
Rose was born April 14,1941 in Cincinnati, one of four born to Harry Francis Pete. He was a member of the Order of DeMolay as a young boy and he played baseball and football at Western Hills High School. Although Rose was small for his age, he earned the starting running back position on his football team. When he was not promoted to the varsity team in his sophomore year, Rose was dejected. At the end of the year, Roses teachers decreed he would have to attend summer school or be held back. His father decided it would be better for Pete to repeat a year of school than miss a summer playing baseball and it would give Pete an extra year to mature physically. He played catcher, second base and shortstop and compiled a.626 batting average and this would have been the pinnacle of Roses baseball career if not for the help of his uncle Buddy Bloebaum. Bloebaum was a Bird dog scout for the Reds and he pleaded the case for his nephew, the Reds, who had recently traded away a number of prospects who turned out to be very good, decided to take a chance on Pete.
Upon his graduation from school, Rose signed a professional contract. During a spring training game against the Chicago White Sox in 1963, during another spring training game against the New York Yankees, Whitey Ford gave him the derisive nickname Charlie Hustle after Rose sprinted to first base after drawing a walk. Despite the manner in which Ford intended it, Rose adopted that nickname as a badge of honor, Rose made his major league debut on April 8,1963 against the Pittsburgh Pirates and drew a walk. After going 0-for-11, Rose got his first Major League hit on April 13 and he hit.273 for the year and won the National League Rookie of the Year Award, collecting 17 of 20 votes
Pausanias noted that for about half a century the only event at the ancient Greek Olympic festival was the race that comprised one length of the stade at Olympia, where the word stadium originated. In modern times, a stadium is officially a stadium when at least 50% of the capacity is an actual building. If the majority of the capacity is formed by grasshills, the venue is not officially considered a stadium. Most of the stadiums with a capacity of at least 10,000 are used for football, or soccer. A large amount of sports venues are used for concerts. Stadium is the Latin form of the Greek word stadion, a measure of length equalling the length of 600 human feet, as feet are of variable length the exact length of a stadion depends on the exact length adopted for 1 foot at a given place and time. Although in modern terms 1 stadion =600 ft, in a historical context it may actually signify a length up to 15% larger or smaller. The equivalent Roman measure, the stadium, had a similar length — about 185 m -, the English use of stadium comes from the tiered infrastructure surrounding a Roman track of such length.
Most dictionaries provide for both stadiums and stadia as valid English plurals, although etymological purists sometimes apply stadia only to measures of length in excess of 1 stadium. The oldest known stadium is the one in Olympia, in the western Peloponnese, initially the Games consisted of a single event, a sprint along the length of the stadium. The stadion, a measure of length, may be related to the Stadium and Roman stadiums have been found in numerous ancient cities, perhaps the most famous being the Stadium of Domitian, in Rome. The excavated and refurbished ancient Panathenaic stadium hosted a version of the Olympic Games in 1870,1875,1896 and 1906. The excavation and refurbishment of the stadium was part of the legacy of the Greek national benefactor Evangelos Zappas, the first stadiums to be built in the modern era were basic facilities, designed for the single purpose of fitting as many spectators in as possible. One such early stadium was the Lansdowne Road Stadium, the brainchild of Henry Dunlop, banned from locating sporting events at Trinity College, Dunlop built the stadium in 1872.
Some 300 cartloads of soil from a trench beneath the railway were used to raise the ground, other early stadiums from this period in the UK include the Stamford Bridge stadium and Anfield stadium. In the U. S. However, many of these caught fire. All of the 19th-century wooden parks were replaced, some only a few years. Goodison Park was the first purpose-built football stadium in the world, walton-based building firm Kelly brothers were instructed to erect two uncovered stands that could each accommodate 4,000 spectators
Felipe Rojas Alou, is a former Major League Baseball outfielder, first baseman, and manager. He managed the Montreal Expos and the San Francisco Giants, batting regularly in the leadoff spot, he hit a home run to begin a game on 20 occasions. He became the most successful manager in Expos history, leading the team from 1992 to 2001 before rejoining the Giants in 2003, on February 4,2015, Alou was elected to the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame. Then in 2016, he was enshrined in the Caribbean Baseball Hall of Fame, Alou lived in poverty in the Dominican Republic and dreamed of escaping it by becoming a doctor. But switching from track and field to baseball at the Pan-American Games revealed talent for the latter as the Dominican team took gold. He still pursued a university career a while longer, but was forced to sign with the Giants in November 1955 for only $200 due to family financial problems. He made his league debut in 1958 and was an All-Star in 1962. Felipe was joined by his brothers, Matty in 1960, and Jesús in 1963, who, on September 15 of that became the first.
He was traded to the Braves before the 1964 season with Ed Bailey, Billy Hoeft and a player to be named for Del Crandall, Bob Hendley and Bob Shaw. Two years he enjoyed his best season, when he batted.327 with 31 home runs and led the league in runs, hits, at bats and total bases, he finished second in the batting race to his brother Matty. He had a year in 1968, batting.317 and leading the league in hits and at bats. After the 1969 season, the Braves traded him to the Athletics for Jim Nash, in April 1971, he was traded by the Athletics to the Yankees for Rob Gardner and Ron Klimkowski. In September 1973, he was selected off waivers by the Expos from the Yankees, after the end of his playing career, Alou joined the Montreal Expos organization in 1976, becoming a batting coach and a minor league manager. The Giants offered him the spot in 1985, but he remained with the Expos out of loyalty. On May 22,1992, he was promoted from coach to field manager of the Expos. The team was developing a core of young talent during this period, including Larry Walker, John Wetteland, Delino DeShields and Alous own son, Alou was named the NL Manager of the Year.
The Los Angeles Dodgers tried to lure him away in 1998, despite Alous popularity in Montreal, the Expos lackluster record after 1994 eventually led to his dismissal by new owner Jeffrey Loria, who replaced him with Jeff Torborg during the 2001 season. Several teams tried to lure him out of retirement, including the Boston Red Sox and he finally agreed to serve a single year as the bench coach for Detroit Tigers rookie manager Luis Pujols
St. Louis Cardinals
The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball team based in St. Louis, Missouri. The Cardinals compete in Major League Baseball as a club of the National League Central division. Busch Stadium has been their home ballpark since 2006, with origins as one of the early professional baseball clubs in St. Upon the discontinuation of the AA, St. Louis joined the NL in 1892, at time, they were called the Browns. One of the most successful franchises in history, the Cardinals have won 11 World Series championships. Their 19 National League pennants rank third in NL history, in addition, St. Louis has won 13 division titles in the East and Central divisions. While still in the AA, St. Louis won four league championships, the Cardinals have won 105 or more games in four different seasons and won 100 or more a total of nine times. Cardinals players have won 20 league MVPs, four batting Triple Crowns, and three Cy Young Awards. Baseball Hall of Fame inductees include Lou Brock, Dizzy Dean, Bob Gibson, Whitey Herzog, Rogers Hornsby, Joe Medwick, Stan Musial, Branch Rickey, Red Schoendienst, Ozzie Smith, and Bruce Sutter.
In 2016, Forbes valued the Cardinals at $1.6 billion, making them the 7th-most valuable franchise in MLB, their revenue the year was $300 million. Since their purchase in 1995, owner William DeWitt, Jr. s investment group has seen enormous growth from the $147 million purchase price, John Mozeliak is the general manager and Mike Matheny is the manager. Professional baseball began in St. Louis with the inception of the Brown Stockings in the National Association in 1875, the NA folded following that season, and the next season, St. Louis joined the National League as a charter member, finishing in third place at 45-19. George Bradley hurled the first no-hitter in Major League history, the NL expelled St. Louis from the league after 1877 due to a game-fixing scandal and the team went bankrupt. Without a league, they continued play as a barnstorming team through 1881. For the 1882 season, Chris von der Ahe purchased the team, reorganized it, and made it a member of the American Association. 1882 is generally considered to be the first year existence of the St.
Louis Cardinals, the next season, St. Louis shortened their name to the Browns. Soon thereafter they became the dominant team in the AA, as manager Charlie Comiskey guided St. Louis to four pennants in a row from 1885 to 1888. Pitcher and outfielder Bob Caruthers led the league in ERA and wins in 1885 and he led the AA in OBP and OPS in 1886 and finished fourth in batting average in 1886 and fifth in 1887
Puerto Cabello is a city on the north coast of Venezuela. It is located in Carabobo State, about 210 km west of Caracas, as of 2011, the city had a population of around 182,400. The city is home to the largest and busiest port in the country and is thus a vital cog in the countrys vast oil industry, the word cabello translates to hair. The Spaniards took to saying that the sea was so calm there that a ship could be secured to the dock by tying it with a single hair. Puerto Cabellos location made it an easy prey to buccaneers and was a trading post for Dutch smugglers during the 17th century. Most of the contraband trade consisted of cocoa with neighboring island Curaçao, Puerto Cabello was at that time under Dutch control. It was not until 1730 that the Spanish took over the port and this company built warehouses, wharves and an array of forts to protect the harbor. The commodore Charles Knowles at command of the 70-gun HMS Suffolk in 1743 received orders to carry out attacks on the Spanish settlements at Puerto Cabello, the Spanish governor Gabriel de Zuluaga, well informed of the plans, recruits extra defenders and were supplied with gunpowder by the Dutch.
Consequently, an attack on La Guaira, on 18 February 1743, Knowles withdrew his force and refitted at Curaçao before attempting an assault on Puerto Cabello on 15 April, and again on 24 April, but both assaults were beaten back. Knowles called off the expedition and returned to Jamaica, by the 1770s Puerto Cabello came to be the most fortified town on the Venezuela’s coast. The San Felipe castle and the Solano fortress remain from the period, the frigate Santa Cecilia, under the command of Captain Don Ramon de Chalas, sat in Puerto Cabello until Captain Edward Hamilton, aboard HMS Surprise cut her out of the harbour on 25 October 1799. The Spanish casualties included 119 dead, the British took 231 Spaniards prisoner, Hamilton had 11 men injured, four seriously, but none killed. The forces of the First Republic of Venezuela briefly held San Felipe castle, in 1812 Simón Bolívar, a colonel in the independist forces, was appointed commandante of Puerto Cabello. He left after a royalist rebellion broke out, in 1821 the Spanish retreated to the castle after their defeat at the decisive Battle of Carabobo.
Puerto Cabello was the last Spanish royalist stronghold during Venezuela’s war for independence, the harbour came under Anglo-German attack in the Venezuela Crisis of 1902-1903 and according to press reports was left in ruins. In 1962, Puerto Cabello was the site of an uprising, known as El Porteñazo, by pro-Fidel Castro naval officers and members of the FALN. Although loyalist naval forces were able to take back the base and arrest the rebels, they were unable to prevent the marines from occupying the city. Despite ambushes and bloody fighting, loyal National Guard and mechanized regular forces were able to retake Puerto Cabello
Regino José Otero Gómez was a Cuban baseball player who had a long career in the minor leagues in the United States, and played briefly with the Chicago Cubs in 1945. He played 13 years in the Cuban Professional League and he was a left-handed batter, but threw right-handed. After his playing career ended, he managed in Cuba, Reggie Otero made his organized baseball debut in 1936 with the York White Roses/Trenton Senators club of the New York–Penn League, where he hit.243 with 0 home runs and 22 RBI. He played for the International Leagues Albany Senators that year, the following year he returned to the Senators but still had trouble, hitting.136 with 0 HR and 3 RBI. In 1938 he moved south to the St. Augustine Saints, there he hit.308, still with 0 HR, but with 52 RBI. Otero played for the Greenville Spinners in 1939 and 1940. In his two seasons in the South Atlantic League he hit. 325-2-57 and then. 315-1-50 and he moved back north in 1941, when he played for the Springfield Nationals of the Eastern League and hit. 223-0-24.
Otero played for the Springfield clubs farm team, the Utica Braves of the Can-Am League, in 1942, inactive in 1943, Otero moved west in 1944, playing for the Los Angeles Angels of the Pacific Coast League. At the end of the 1945 season he was called up to the Chicago Cubs, after hitting.344 with 23 RBI, Otero appeared in 14 games for the Cubs, making his debut on September 2,1945. He had 9 hits in 23 at-bats, good for a.391 average with 5 RBI and this was his only major league experience. He returned to the Angels for the 1946 and 1947 seasons, Otero could not continue to put up those numbers and hit only. 273-1-46, and then. 231-0-7 in the following year. After the 1947 season, he joined the Portsmouth Cubs of the Piedmont League, in the league Otero hit over.300 four times with a high of.353, and had 4 home runs and 312 RBI. He joined the Springfield Cubs in 1953 and hit. 171-0-4 before retiring from the minor leagues, in his homeland, Otero played in 480 games in the Cuban Professional League for thirteen years from 1936 to 1953.
Otero hit.242 in the Cuban league with 499 hits in 2068 at-bats with 177 RBI, after his playing career ended, Otero managed the Havana Sugar Kings from 1954 through mid-1956. He managed in the Cuban league and the Mexican League, there he led the Industriales de Valencia to three titles and the Leones del Caracas to four titles. His seven championships are the most in the leagues history and he served as a coach for the Cincinnati Reds from 1959 to 1965, and was a member of the Cleveland Indians coaching staff in 1966. In 1967, he became a scout, working for Cleveland, Otero died of a heart attack on October 21,1988. List of Major League Baseball players from Cuba This article is based on the article Reggie Otero at Baseball-Reference. coms Bullpen, the Bullpen is a wiki and its content is available under the GNU Free Documentation License. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference Cubanball. com
Alejandro Eloy Carrasquel Aparicio, was a Venezuelan professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as a pitcher for the Washington Senators, Carrasquel became the first Venezuelan to play in Major League Baseball when he joined the Senators in 1939. Born in Caracas, Carrasquel had a fastball, which he complemented with an effective knuckleball. He started his league career with the Washington Senators in the American League on April 23,1939. Although World War II was officially over and baseballs finest players were back in their familiar ranks, the new Mexican League, headed by millionaire Jorge Pasquel, had lured a cluster of bigleaguers. On January 2,1946, the Chicago White Sox bought Carrasquels contract from the Senators, there were several other players who fled to Mexico, including outfielder Danny Gardella, pitchers Sal Maglie and Max Lanier and catcher Mickey Owen. Commissioner of Baseball Happy Chandler sought a suspension for them. In 1949, Carrasquel returned to the majors with three appearances for the White Sox before being farmed out.
When Chicago acquired his nephew Chico Carrasquel in that season, GM Frank Lane swapped Alex for reliever Witto Aloma, who acted strictly as an interpreter for the young Venezuelan shortstop. In an eight-season major league career, Carrasquel posted a 50–39 record with 252 strikeouts, a 3.73 ERA,30 complete games, four shutouts,16 saves, Carrasquel was married to Virginia Johnson. They had two sons and William and he died in Caracas, Venezuela at age 57. In his native country, Carrasquel was affectionately nicknamed Patón due to his shoe size
Alfonso Carrasquel Colón, better known as Chico Carrasquel, was a Venezuelan professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as a shortstop for the Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Kansas City Athletics, Carrasquel was the first in a long line of Major League shortstops from Venezuela including, Luis Aparicio, Dave Concepción, Ozzie Guillén and Omar Vizquel among others. He was known for his excellent defensive abilities and for being the first Latin American in MLB history to start in an All-Star Game and he was signed in 1949 by the Brooklyn Dodgers, and was immediately promoted to the Double-A Fort Worth Cats. Carrasquel provided good fielding and hit.315 during the season and his inability to speak English fluently may have caused Dodgers General Manager Branch Rickey to sell him to the Chicago White Sox although, Rickey admitted that the move was a mistake. Carrasquel joined the White Sox in 1950, becoming the third Venezuelan to play in Major League Baseball after his uncle, Alex Carrasquel and he became the White Soxs starting shortstop, replacing the forty-one-year-old Luke Appling, who had held the position since 1930.
Carrasquel soon established himself as an excellent defensive player, combining with second baseman Nellie Fox to make one of the best double play combinations in the league and his cheerful disposition and apparent love for playing baseball, made him extremely popular with Chicago fans. As a rookie, Carrasquel hit for a career-high.282 batting average in 141 games and, in September, he suffered a torn cartilage in his right knee and had to sit out the remainder of the season. In 1951, Carrasquel beat out the reigning American League Most Valuable Player, Phil Rizzuto and he became the first Latin American player to be selected to start in an All-Star Game. On July 19,1951, Carrasquel broke Rizzutos Major League record by handling 297 consecutive chances in 53 games without committing an error. The record would stand for 18 years until 1969, when Don Kessinger of the Chicago Cubs set a new record by playing in 54 games without committing an error and he ended the year leading the leagues shortstops in assists and in fielding percentage.
In November 1951, it was reported that Boston Red Sox manager, Lou Boudreau, wanted to trade Ted Williams for Carrasquel but, Lane refused the offer. Carrasquel had an off year in 1952 as, a broken finger, after the 1952 season, trade rumors reportedly had the Cleveland Indians offering the American Leagues runs batted in champion, Al Rosen, in exchange for Carrasquel but, the trade never transpired. In 1953, Carrasquel was once voted as the starting shortstop for the American League in the 1953 All-Star Game. During spring training in 1954, it was reported that White Sox manager Paul Richards was not pleased with Carrasquels lack of effort on the field and it was a charge that would continue to pursue Carrasquel for the remainder of his tenure with the White Sox. Batting as the White Sox leadoff hitter, he led the league in games played, defensively, he led the leagues shortstops in double plays and in fielding percentage. In July 1955, new White Sox manager, Marty Marion, replaced Carrasquel in favor of shortstop Jim Brideweser, citing Carrasquels lackadaisical efforts, there was some speculation among major league managers that, playing in the Venezuelan Winter League during the off-season might be wearing him down.
Between spring training, the major league season, and a season of winter baseball in Venezuela. Despite this setback, Carrasquel was still selected to his fourth All-Star game and he still showed flashes of his former self as in a game against the Baltimore Orioles on August 23 when, he scored from first base on a bunt
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital, the center of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela. Caracas is located along the Guaire River in the part of the country. Terrain suitable for building lies between 760 and 910 m above sea level, the valley is close to the Caribbean Sea, separated from the coast by a steep 2, 200-metre-high mountain range, Cerro El Ávila, to the south there are more hills and mountains. Libertador holds many of the government buildings and is the Capital District, the Distrito Capital had a population of 2,013,366 as of 2011, while the Metropolitan District of Caracas was estimated at 3,273,863 as of 2013. The Metropolitan Region of Caracas has an population of 5,243,301. Businesses that are located in the city include service companies, banks and it has a largely service-based economy, apart from some industrial activity in its metropolitan area. The Caracas Stock Exchange and Petróleos de Venezuela are headquartered in Caracas, PDVSA is the largest company in Venezuela.
Caracas is Venezuelas cultural capital, with restaurants, museums. Some of the tallest skyscrapers in Latin America are located in Caracas, in 2015, Venezuela and its capital, had the highest per capita murder rates in the world, with 119 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. Most murders and other violent crimes go unsolved, at the time of the founding of the city in 1567, the valley of Caracas was populated by indigenous peoples. Francisco Fajardo, the son of a Spanish captain and a Guaiqueri cacica, fajardos settlement did not last long. It was destroyed by natives of the led by Terepaima. This was the last rebellion on the part of the natives, on 25 July 1567, Captain Diego de Losada laid the foundations of the city of Santiago de León de Caracas. The foundation −1567 – I take possession of land in the name of God. In 1577 Caracas became the capital of the Spanish Empires Venezuela Province under Governor Juan de Pimentel, during the 17th century, the coast of Venezuela was frequently raided by pirates.
With the coastal mountains as a barrier, Caracas was relatively immune to such attacks, encountering little resistance, the invaders sacked and set fire to the town after a failed ransom negotiation. As the cocoa cultivation and exports under the Compañía Guipuzcoana de Caracas grew in importance, in 1777, Caracas became the capital of the Captaincy General of Venezuela. José María España and Manuel Gual led a revolution aimed at independence