Man-Eaters of Kumaon
Man-Eaters of Kumaon is a 1944 book written by hunter-naturalist Jim Corbett. It details the experiences that Corbett had in the Kumaon region of India from the 1900s to the 1930s, while hunting man-eating Bengal tigers and Indian leopards. One tiger, for example, was responsible for over 400 human deaths. Man-Eaters of Kumaon is the best known of Corbett's books and contains 10 stories of tracking and shooting man-eaters in the Indian Himalayas during the early years of the twentieth century; the text contains incidental information on flora and village life. Seven of the stories were first published as Jungle Stories. Introduction by Sir Maurice Hallett Preface by Lord Linlithgow Authors Note: Causes of Man-eating in Tigers and Leopards Champawat Man-eater: The story of the first man-eating tiger shot by Corbett in 1907; the man-eater claimed 436 human victims in Nepal and India Robin: Stories of Corbett's hunting companion Robin, his faithful spaniel. The Chowgarh tigers: The first of three man-eaters Corbett was to shoot on government request at a 1929 district conference.
It turned out to be a pair of two tigers, a mother and its grown cub, which had together killed 64 people between 1925-30. The cub was shot in April 1929 and the mother on 11 April 1930; the Bachelor of Powalgarh: The exciting tale of how Corbett shot the much sought after trophy tiger in 1930. The Mohan Man-eater: The second of the three man-eaters Corbett was requested to shoot at the 1929 conference. Shot in May 1931. Fish of my Dreams: Corbett reflects on the joys of fishing for Mahseer in submontane rivers; the Kanda Man-eater: The third of the three man-eaters requested for dispatch at the 1929 conference. Shot in 1933; the Pipal Pani Tiger: Corbett traces 15 years of history of a local tiger, from its tracks in the mud as a cub, up until its death 15 years The Thak Man-eater: The last Man-eater Corbett shot in November 1938 Just Tigers: Corbett talks about the importance of conservation and his love of photographing tigers in the place of shooting them After much prompting by friends and family in 1935 Corbett put to paper seven accounts of his jungle encounters.
These were made into a small book and 100 copies were published under the title Jungle Stories and distributed amongst friends. The stories were titled, "Wild Life in the Village: An Appeal," "The Pipal Pani Tiger," "The Fish of My Dreams," "A Lost Paradise," "The Terror that Walks by Night," "Purnagiri and Its Mysterious Lights," and "The Chowgarh Tigers." In 1943, whilst Corbett was wheelchair bound recovering from typhus fever, his close friend and manager of India's branch of Oxford Press convinced him to write a book for publishing. Using the 1935 Jungle Stories as a basis, Corbett wrote Man-Eaters of Kumaon, first published by Oxford University Press in 1944. 1944 - First publication in India by Oxford University Press - with 8 black and white photographs 1946 - Published in UK and USA by Oxford University Press - with 5 black and white photographs 1948 - Abridged Educational Edition published for schools under the title'The Mohan Man-Eater and Other Stories' - illustrated by C. H. G. Moorhouse 1952 - Published in UK by Oxford University Press - illustrated by Raymond Sheppard 1953 - Published in USA by Pennant Paperbacks 1955 - Published in Paperback by Penguin 1962 - Published in Paperback by Bantam 1990-1995 Limited 1,500 Red Leather Bound set of Corbett's Complete works published by John Culler & Sons By May 1946 over half a million copies of Man-Eaters of Kumaon were in print.
The book had been translated into four Western languages as well as six Indian languages. By 1980 the book went on to sell over four million copies worldwide. In Chhindwara, India 1949 Jim Corbett's Man-Eaters of Kumaon was read out in court by defense for a murder charge. A villager by the name of Todal was found dead in the forest on 19 September 1949; the police's theory was that the accused conspired to murder the victim as he was in love with his wife, the defense was that the victim was killed by a man-eating tiger. Thus the defense produced Corbett's book and read passages relating relevant wounds and circumstances of an attack; the accused was found not guilty. In 1946 Universal Pictures made the film Man-Eater of Kumaon; the movie bore no relation to the book and centred on an American played by Wendell Corey who wounds a tiger and is killed by it. Corbett claimed that the best actor was the tiger. In 1986, the BBC produced a docudrama titled Man-Eaters of India with Frederick Treves in the role of Jim Corbett.
An IMAX movie, India: Kingdom of the Tiger, based on Corbett's books, was made in 2002. Corbett was played by Christopher Heyerdahl. Bengal tigers in literature Man-Eaters of Kumaon at Internet Archive Man-Eaters of Kumaon on IMDb
The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, the Crown dependencies. British nationality law governs modern British citizenship and nationality, which can be acquired, for instance, by descent from British nationals; when used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, Bretons. It may refer to citizens of the former British Empire. Though early assertions of being British date from the Late Middle Ages, the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707 triggered a sense of British national identity; the notion of Britishness was forged during the Napoleonic Wars between Britain and the First French Empire, developed further during the Victorian era. The complex history of the formation of the United Kingdom created a "particular sense of nationhood and belonging" in Great Britain and Ireland.
Because of longstanding ethno-sectarian divisions, British identity in Northern Ireland is controversial, but it is held with strong conviction by Unionists. Modern Britons are descended from the varied ethnic groups that settled in the British Isles in and before the 11th century: Prehistoric, Roman, Anglo-Saxon and Normans; the progressive political unification of the British Isles facilitated migration and linguistic exchange, intermarriage between the peoples of England and Wales during the late Middle Ages, early modern period and beyond. Since 1922 and earlier, there has been immigration to the United Kingdom by people from what is now the Republic of Ireland, the Commonwealth, mainland Europe and elsewhere; the British are a diverse, multinational and multilingual society, with "strong regional accents and identities". The social structure of the United Kingdom has changed radically since the 19th century, with a decline in religious observance, enlargement of the middle class, increased ethnic diversity since the 1950s.
The population of the UK stands at around 66 million, with a British diaspora of around 140 million concentrated in Australia and New Zealand, with smaller concentrations in the United States, Republic of Ireland, South Africa and parts of the Caribbean. The earliest known reference to the inhabitants of Great Britain may have come from 4th century BC records of the voyage of Pytheas, a Greek geographer who made a voyage of exploration around the British Isles. Although none of his own writings remain, writers during the time of the Roman Empire made much reference to them. Pytheas called the islands collectively αἱ Βρεττανίαι, translated as the Brittanic Isles, the peoples of what are today England, Wales and the Isle of Man of Prettanike were called the Πρεττανοί, Pritani or Pretani; the group included Ireland, referred to as Ierne "inhabited by the different race of Hiberni", Britain as insula Albionum, "island of the Albions". The term Pritani may have reached Pytheas from the Gauls, who used it as their term for the inhabitants of the islands.
Greek and Roman writers, in the 1st century BC and the 1st century AD, name the inhabitants of Great Britain and Ireland as the Priteni, the origin of the Latin word Britanni. It has been suggested that this name derives from a Gaulish description translated as "people of the forms", referring to the custom of tattooing or painting their bodies with blue woad made from Isatis tinctoria. Parthenius, a 1st-century Ancient Greek grammarian, the Etymologicum Genuinum, a 9th-century lexical encyclopaedia, mention a mythical character Bretannus as the father of Celtine, mother of Celtus, the eponymous ancestor of the Celts. By 50 BC Greek geographers were using equivalents of Prettanikē as a collective name for the British Isles. However, with the Roman conquest of Britain the Latin term Britannia was used for the island of Great Britain, Roman-occupied Britain south of Caledonia, although the people of Caledonia and the north were the self same Britons during the Roman period, the Gaels arriving four centuries later.
Following the end of Roman rule in Britain, the island of Great Britain was left open to invasion by pagan, seafaring warriors such as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Jutes from Continental Europe, who gained control in areas around the south east, to Middle Irish-speaking people migrating from what is today Northern Ireland to the north of Great Britain, founding Gaelic kingdoms such as Dál Riata and Alba, which would subsume the native Brittonic and Pictish kingdoms and become Scotland. In this sub-Roman Britain, as Anglo-Saxon culture spread across southern and eastern Britain and Gaelic through much of the north, the demonym "Briton" became restricted to the Brittonic-speaking inhabitants of what would be called Wales, North West England, parts of Scotland such as Strathearn, Morayshire and Strathclyde. In addition the term was applied to Brittany in what is today France and Britonia in north west Spain, both regions having been colonised by Britons in the 5th century fleeing the Anglo-Saxon invasions.
Rudraprayag is a town and a municipality in Rudraprayag district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. Rudraprayag is one of the Panch Prayag of Alaknanda River, the point of confluence of rivers Alaknanda and Mandakini. Kedarnath, a Hindu holy town is located 86 km from Rudraprayag; the man eating Leopard of Rudraprayag written about by Jim Corbett dwelled here. Rudraprayag is located at 30.28°N 78.98°E / 30.28. It has an average elevation of 895 metres. Many of the newer buildings and the sangam area was damaged in the 2013 Uttarakhand floods. A footbridge over the Mandakini river, a road bridge six km downstream at Raitoli was washed away; the layout of the sangam has altered significantly. The road along the Mandakini valley, leading to Kedarnath, was damaged at many points. 2011 census population of rudraprayag city is 9,313 of which 5,240 are males while 4,073 are females. Female Sex Ratio of Rudraprayag is 777 against state average of 963. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Rudraprayag is around 803 compared to Uttarakhand state average of 890.
Literacy rate of Rudraprayag city is 89.42 % higher than state average of 78.82 %. In Rudraprayag, Male literacy is around 93.43 % while female literacy rate is 84.24 %. The nearest airport is the Jolly Grant Airport near Dehradun 183 km away; the nearest railway station is at Rishikesh. However, Rishikesh is a small railway station not connected by fast trains. Haridwar railway junction, 24 km farther from Rishikesh, has train connections to most of the major cities in India and is, the railhead for Rudraprayag. Rudraprayag lies on national highway NH58 that connects Delhi with Badrinath and Mana Pass in Uttarakhand near Indo-Tibet border. Therefore, all the buses and vehicles that carry pilgrims from New Delhi to Badrinath via Haridwar and Rishikesh in pilgrim season of summer months pass through Rudraprayag on the way to Joshimath and further north. Rishikesh is a starting point for road journeys to Rudraprayag and regular buses operate from Rishikesh bus station to Rudraprayag; the road distance from Rishikesh to Rudraprayag is 141 km via Srinagar.
Haridwar to Rishikesh 24 km Rishikesh to Devprayag 74 km Devprayag to Srinagar 34 km Srinagar to Rudraprayag 33 km Rudranath Temple Rudraprayag is named after Lord Shiva and temple of lord Rudranath is situated at the confluence of Alaknanda and Mandakini. According to mythology Narada Muni worshiped god Shiva here to learn music from him; the god taught him music in his form of Rudra. There used to be a rock called Narad Shila. Dhari Devi mandir is situated at Kalyasaur in between Rudraprayag. Distance between Srinagar-Dhari Devi and Dhari Devi-Rudraprayag is 20 km respectively. One can reach here with no trouble by taxi or bus from Rudraprayag. Chamunda Devi Temple Chamunda Devi temple is situated at confluence of the holy rivers. Chamunda as wife of Lord Rudra is worshiped here. Koteshwar Koti means crore and Ishwar means god; this is again a temple of Lord Shiva made in natural caves. Shree Tungeshwar Mahadev Ji, Phalasi Near Chopta This temple has been here for centuries. Folklore has it. On the way from Chopta there were many small temples up to the Tunganath Temple, the remains of some are still there.
On the temple wall there are Shiva-Parvati figurines. Kartik Swami The Kartik Swami temple is dedicated to lord Kartikeya - son of Lord Shiva, it can be reached by a 3 km trek from Kanak Chauri village, located on the Rudraprayag-Pokhri route, 38 km from Rudraprayag. Visitors can see the snow-clad Himalayan range from the Kartik Swami temple. Basukedar Basukedar. It's a Shiva temple constructed by Pandava. Architecture and idols seems to be at least 1000 yrs old. A good place for meditation and dhyan yoga; this is around 35 km from Agustmuni. Around 1.30 hr by drive. This is an old track to visit Kedarnath, it is said that Lord Shiva stayed a night in Basukedar while he was travelling to Mount Kailash this is the reason this place is called Basukedar Leopard of Rudraprayag Rudraprayag city, Official website Rudraprayag district website Rudraprayag at wikimapia
Badrinath is a holy town and a nagar panchayat in Chamoli district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is one of the four sites in India's Char Dham pilgrimage and gets its name from the temple of Badrinath. Badri refers to a berry, said to grow abundantly in the area, nath means "Lord" / "Lord of" as per context in which it is referred. Badri is the Sanskrit name for the Indian Jujube tree, which has an edible berry; some scriptural references refer to Jujube trees being abundant in Badrinath. Badrinath was re-established as a major pilgrimage site by Adi Shankara in the 7th century. In earlier days, pilgrims used to walk hundreds of miles to visit Badrinath temple; the temple has been destroyed by earthquakes and avalanches. As late as the First World War, the town consisted only of the 20-odd huts used by the temple's staff, but the site drew thousands each year and up to 50,000 on its duodecennial festivals. In recent years its popularity has increased still more, with an estimated 600,000 pilgrims visiting during the 2006 season, compared to 90,676 in 1961.
The temple in Badrinath is a sacred pilgrimage site for Vaishnavites. Badrinath is gateway to several mountaineering expeditions headed to mountains like Nilkantha; the Badrinath temple is the main attraction in the town. According to legend Shankar discovered a black stone image of Lord Badrinarayan made of Saligram stone in the Alaknanda River, he enshrined it in a cave near the Tapt Kund hot springs. In the sixteenth century, the King of Garhwal moved the murti to the present temple; the temple is 50 ft tall with a small cupola on top, covered with a gold gilt roof. The facade is built with arched windows. A broad stairway leads up to a tall arched gateway, the main entrance; the architecture resembles a Buddhist vihara, with the brightly painted facade more typical of Buddhist temples. Just inside is the mandapa, a large pillared hall that leads to the garbha grha, or main shrine area; the walls and pillars of the mandapa are covered with intricate carving. According to the Bhagavata Purana, "There in Badrikashram the supreme being, in his incarnation as the sages Nara and Narayana, had been undergoing great penance since time immemorial for the welfare of all living entities."
The Badrinath area is referred to as Badarikaashram in Hindu scriptures. It is a place sacred to Vishnu in Vishnu's dual form of Nara-Narayana. Thus, in the Mahabharata, addressing Arjuna, says, "Thou wast Nara in a former body, with Narayana for thy companion, didst perform dreadful austerity at Badari for many myriads of years."One legend has it that when the goddess Ganga was requested to descend to earth to help suffering humanity on the request of suryavansh king bhagiratha, the earth was unable to withstand the force of her descent. Therefore, the mighty Ganga was split with Alaknanda one of them. Another Legend explains both name and sitting posture as this place was full of Badri bushes and Vishnu meditating for, beloved Lakshmi stood next to him sheltering him from scorching sunlight turned into a Badri herself called'BADRI VISHAL' and her lord became the BadriNath; the mountains around Badrinath are mentioned in the Mahabharata, when the Pandavas were said to have expired one by one, when ascending the slopes of a peak in western Garhwal called Swargarohini..
The Pandavas passed through Badrinath and the town of Mana, 4 km north of Badrinath, on their way to Svarga. There is a cave in Mana where Vyasa, according to legend, wrote the Mahabharata; the area around Badrinath was celebrated in Padma Purana as abounding in spiritual treasures. This place is considered holy in Jainism as well. In Jainism, Himalaya is called Ashtapad because of its eight different mountain range Gaurishankar, Badrinath, Drongiri, Narayan and Trishuli. Adinath has got Nirvan on Kailash mountain situated in the Himalayan range and according to Jain faith, From badrinath numerous jain Muni got Moksha by doing Tapsya. According to Shrimadbhagwat, at this place Rishabhdev’s father Nabhirai and mother Marudevi had done hard Tap after Rishabhdev’s Rajyabhishek and taken Samadhi. Today footprint of Nabhirai at Neelkanth mountain attracts everybody towards him. Badrinath has an average elevation of 3,100 metres, it is on the banks of the Alaknanda River. The town lies between the Narayana mountain ranges 9 km east of Nilkantha peak.
Badrinath is located 62 km northwest of 301 km north of Rishikesh. From Gaurikund to Badrinath by road is 233 km; as of 2001 India census, Badrinath had a population of 841. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Badrinath has an average literacy rate of 89%. 9% of the population is under 6 years of age. Badri Narayanan temple Vasudhara Falls Baynes, T. S. ed. "Badrinath", Encyclopædia Britannica, 3, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 229 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. "Badrinath", Encyclopædia Britannica, 3, Cambridge University Press, p. 190 Official website of Shri Badarinath - Shri Kedarnath Badrinath travel guide from Wikivoyage
Edward James Corbett was a British hunter, tracker and author who hunted a number of man-eating tigers and leopards in India. Corbett held the rank of colonel in the British Indian Army and was called upon by the Government of the United Provinces, now the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, to kill man-eating tigers and leopards that were preying on people in the nearby villages of the Garhwal and Kumaon regions, he authored Man-Eaters of Kumaon, Jungle Lore, other books recounting his hunts and experiences, which enjoyed critical acclaim and commercial success. On in life, Corbett became an avid photographer and spoke out for the need to protect India's wildlife from extermination. Corbett was born of Irish ancestry in the town of Nainital in the Kumaon of the Himalaya, he grew up in a large family of sixteen children and was the eighth child of Christopher William Corbett and his wife Mary Jane who had married Dr Charles James Doyle of Agra, who died at Etawah in 1857. His parents had moved to Nainital in 1862, after Christopher Corbett had quit military service and been appointed the town's postmaster.
In winters the family used to move to the foothills, where they owned a cottage named "Arundel" in the village now known as Kaladhungi. Mary Jane was influential in Nainital social life among Europeans and she became a kind of real estate agent for European settlers. Christopher William retired from the position of postmaster in 1878, he died a few weeks after a heart attack on 21 April 1881. Jim was aged six and his eldest brother Tom took over as postmaster of Nainital. From a early age, Jim was fascinated by the forests and wildlife around his home in Kaladhungi. Through frequent excursions, he learned to identify birds by their calls. Over time he became a good hunter, he studied at Oak Openings School. Before he was nineteen he quit school and found employment with the Bengal and North Western Railway working as a fuel inspector at Manakpur in the Punjab, subsequently as a contractor for the trans-shipment of goods across the Ganges at Mokameh Ghat in Bihar. During his life Corbett shot a number of leopards and tigers.
Corbett provided estimates of human casualties in his books, including Man-Eaters of Kumaon, The Man-Eating Leopard of Rudraprayag, The Temple Tiger, More Man-Eaters of Kumaon. Calculating the totals from these accounts, these big cats had killed more than 1,200 men and children, according to Corbett. There are some discrepancies in the official human death tolls that the British and Indian governments have on record and Corbett's estimates; the first designated man-eating tiger he killed, the Champawat Tiger, was responsible for 436 documented deaths. Though most of his kills were tigers, Corbett killed at least two man-eating leopards; the first was the Panar Leopard in 1910, which killed 400 people. The second was the man-eating Leopard of Rudraprayag in 1926, which terrorized the pilgrims on the holy Hindu shrines Kedarnath and Badrinath for more than eight years, was said to be responsible for more than 126 deaths. Other notable man-eaters he killed were the Talla-Des man-eater, the Mohan man-eater, the Thak man-eater, the Muktesar man-eater and the Chowgarh tigress.
Analysis of carcasses and preserved remains show that most of the man-eaters were suffering from disease or wounds, such as porcupine quills embedded deep in the skin or gunshot wounds that had not healed, like that of the Muktesar Man-Eater. The Thak man-eating tigress, when skinned by Corbett, revealed two old gunshot wounds. In the foreword of Man Eaters of Kumaon, Corbett writes: The wound that has caused a particular tiger to take to man-eating might be the result of a carelessly fired shot and failure to follow up and recover the wounded animal, or be the result of the tiger having lost his temper while killing a porcupine Corbett preferred to hunt alone and on foot when pursuing dangerous game, he hunted with Robin, a small dog he wrote about in Man-Eaters of Kumaon. Corbett bought his first camera in the late 1920s and—inspired by his friend Frederick Walter Champion—started to record tigers on cine film. Although he had an intimate knowledge of the jungle, it was a demanding task to obtain good pictures, as the animals were exceedingly shy.
A popular misconception is that Corbett never killed a tiger without confirmation of its killing people. However, Corbett killed the unusually large and most sought after Bachelor of Powalgarh though this tiger had never killed a human. Corbett took to lecturing groups of schoolchildren about their natural heritage and the need to conserve forests and their wildlife, he promoted the foundation of the Association for the Preservation of Game in the United Provinces and the All-India Conference for the Preservation of Wildlife. Together with Champion, he played a key role in establishing India's first national park in the Kumaon Hills, the Hailey National Park named after Lord Malcolm Hailey; the park was renamed in Corbett's honour in 1957. Corbett empathized with the poor living in and around the Corbett village or Kaladhoongi in the United Province; as a railway contractor, he employed scores of Indians at Mokameh Ghat. While dedicating his book My India to "...my friends, the poor of India", he writes "It is of these people
Man-eater is a colloquial term for an individual animal that preys on humans as a pattern of hunting behavior. This does not include the scavenging of corpses, a single attack born of opportunity or desperate hunger, or the incidental eating of a human that the animal has killed in self-defense. However, all three cases may habituate an animal to eating human flesh or to attacking humans, may foster the development of man-eating behavior. Although human beings can be attacked by many kinds of animals, man-eaters are those that have incorporated human flesh into their usual diet and hunt and kill humans. Most reported cases of man-eaters have involved lions, tigers and crocodilians. However, they are by no means the only predators. Tigers are recorded to have killed more people than any other big cat, tigers have been responsible for more human deaths through direct attack than any other wild mammal. About 1,000 people were killed each year in India during the early 1900s, with one individual tiger killing 430 people in India.
Tigers killed 129 people in the Sundarbans mangrove forest from 1969 to 1971. Unlike leopards and lions, man-eating tigers enter human habitations in order to acquire prey; the majority of victims are in the tiger's territory when the attack takes place. Additionally, tiger attacks occur during daylight hours, unlike those committed by leopards and lions; the Sundarbans is home to 600 royal Bengal tigers who before modern times used to "regularly kill fifty or sixty people a year". In 2008, a loss of habitat due to the Cyclone Sidr led to an increase in the number of attacks on humans in the Indian side of the Sunderbans, as tigers were crossing over to the Indian side from Bangladesh. A theory promoted to explain this suggests that since tigers drink fresh water, the salinity of the area waters serve as a destabilizing factor in the diet and life of tigers of Sundarbans, keeping them in constant discomfort and making them aggressive. Other theories include the sharing of their habitat with human beings and the consumption of human corpses during floods.
Tigers of Chowgarh Tiger of Mundachipallam Tiger of Segur Tigress of Champawat Tigress of Jowlagiri Man-eating lions have been recorded to enter human villages at night as well as during the day to acquire prey. This greater assertiveness makes man-eating lions easier to dispatch than tigers. Lions become man-eaters for the same reasons as tigers: starvation, old age and illness, though as with tigers, some man-eaters were in perfect health; the lion's proclivity for man-eating has been systematically examined. American and Tanzanian scientists report that man-eating behavior in rural areas of Tanzania increased from 1990 to 2005. At least 563 villagers were attacked and many eaten over this period—a number far exceeding the more famed "Tsavo" incidents of a century earlier; the incidents occurred near Selous National Park in Rufiji District and in Lindi Province near the Mozambican border. While the expansion of villagers into bush country is one concern, the authors argue that conservation policy must mitigate the danger because, in this case, conservation contributes directly to human deaths.
Cases in Lindi have been documented where lions seize humans from the centre of substantial villages. It is estimated. Man-eating lions studies indicate that African lions eat humans as a supplement to other food, not as a last resort. In July 2018, a South African News website reported that 3 rhino poachers were mauled and eaten by lions at Sibuya Game Reserve in Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Tsavo maneaters Lions of Njombe Mfuwe man-eater Man-eating leopards are a small percentage of all leopards, but have undeniably been a menace in some areas. Jim Corbett was noted to have stated that unlike tigers, which became man-eaters because of infirmity, leopards more did so after scavenging on human corpses. In the area that Corbett knew well, dead people are cremated but when there is a bad disease epidemic, the death rate outruns the supply of cremation pyre wood and people burn the body a little and throw it over the edge of the burning ghat. In Asia, man-eating leopards attack at night, have been reported to break down doors and thatched roofs in order to reach human prey.
Attacks in Africa are reported less though there have been occasions where attacks occurred in daylight. Both Corbett and Kenneth Anderson have written that hunting the man eating panther presented more challenges than any other animal. Leopard of the Central Provinces Leopard of Gummalapur Leopard of Panar Leopard of Rudraprayag Leopard of the Yellagiri Hills Jaguar attacks on humans are rare nowadays. In the past, they were more frequent; the risk to humans would increase if there were fewer capybaras, which the jaguars preyed on. Due to the expanding human population, cougar ranges overlap with areas inhabited by humans. Attacks on humans are rare, as cougar prey recognition is a learned behavior and they do not recognize humans as prey. Attacks on people and pets may occur when a puma habituates to humans or is in a condition of severe starvation. Attacks are most frequent during late spring and summer, when juvenile cougars leave their mothers and search for new territory. Unlike other big cat man-eaters