click links in text for more info

Leopold von Sacher-Masoch

Leopold Ritter von Sacher-Masoch was an Austrian nobleman and journalist, who gained renown for his romantic stories of Galician life. The term masochism is derived from his name, invented by his contemporary, the Austrian psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing. Masoch did not approve of this use of his name. During his lifetime, Sacher-Masoch was well known as a man of letters, in particular a utopian thinker who espoused socialist and humanist ideals in his fiction and non-fiction. Most of his works remain untranslated into English; until his novel Venus in Furs was his only book available in English, but an English translation by William Holmes of Die Gottesmutter was released in 2015 as The Mother of God. Von Sacher-Masoch was born in the city of Lemberg, the capital of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, at the time a province of the Austrian Empire, into the Roman Catholic family of an Austrian civil servant, Leopold Johann Nepomuk Ritter von Sacher, Charlotte von Masoch, a Ukrainian noblewoman.

The father combined his surname with his wife's'von Masoch', at the request of her family. Von Sacher served as a Commissioner of the Imperial Police Forces in Lemberg, he was recognised with a new title of nobility as Sacher-Masoch awarded by the Austrian Emperor. Leopold studied law and mathematics at Graz University, after graduating moved back to Lemberg where he became a professor, his early, non-fictional publications dealt with Austrian history. At the same time, Masoch turned to the culture of his homeland, Galicia. Soon he became a free man of letters. Within a decade his short stories and novels prevailed over his historical non-fiction works, though historical themes continued to imbue his fiction. Panslavist ideas were prevalent in Masoch's literary work, he found a particular interest in depicting picturesque types among the various ethnicities that inhabited Galicia. From the 1860s to the 1880s he published a number of volumes of Jewish Short Stories, Polish Short Stories, Galician Short Stories, German Court Stories and Russian Court Stories.

His works were published in translation in Ukrainian, Polish and French. In 1869, Sacher-Masoch conceived a grandiose series of short stories under the collective title Legacy of Cain that would represent the author's aesthetic Weltanschauung; the cycle opened with the manifesto The Wanderer that brought out misogynist themes that became peculiar to Masoch's writings. Of the six planned volumes, only the first two were completed. By the middle of the 1880s, Masoch abandoned the Legacy of Cain; the published volumes of the series included Masoch's best-known stories, of them, Venus in Furs is the most famous today. The short novel fetishes, he did his best to live out his fantasies with his wives. Sacher-Masoch edited the Leipzig-based monthly literary magazine Auf der Höhe. Internationale Review, published from October, 1881 to September, 1885; this was a progressive magazine aimed at tolerance and integration for Jews in Saxony, as well as for the emancipation of women with articles on women's education and suffrage.

In his years, he worked against local antisemitism through an association for adult education called the Oberhessischer Verein für Volksbildung, founded in 1893 with his second wife, Hulda Meister, his assistant for some years. Fanny Pistor was an emerging literary writer, she met Sacher-Masoch after she contacted him, under the assumed name and fictitious title of Baroness Bogdanoff, for suggestions on improving her writing to make it suitable for publication. On 9 December 1869, Sacher-Masoch and Pistor, by his mistress, signed a contract making him her slave for a period of six months, with the stipulation that the Baroness wear furs as as possible when she was in a cruel mood. Sacher-Masoch took the alias of "Gregor", a stereotypical male servant's name, assumed a disguise as the servant of the Baroness; the two travelled by train to Italy. As in Venus in Furs, he traveled in the third-class compartment, while she had a seat in first-class, arriving in Venice, where they were not known, would not arouse suspicion.

Sacher-Masoch pressured his first wife – Aurora von Rümelin, whom he married in 1873 – to live out the experience of the book, against her preferences. Sacher-Masoch found his family life to be unexciting, got a divorce and married his assistant. In 1875, Masoch wrote The Ideals of Our Time, an attempt to give a portrait of German society during its Gründerzeit period. In his late fifties, his mental health began to deteriorate, he spent the last years of his life under psychiatric care. According to official reports, he died in Lindheim, Hesse, in 1895, it is claimed that he died in an asylum in Mannheim in 1905. Sacher-Masoch is the great-great-uncle to the British singer and actress Marianne Faithfull on the side of her mother, the Viennese Baroness Eva Erisso; the term masochism was coined in 1886 by the Austrian psychiatrist Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing in his book Psychopathia Sexualis:... I feel justified in calling this sexual anomaly "Masochism", because the author Sacher-Masoch made this perversion, which up to his time was quite unknown to the scientific world as such, the substratum of his writings.

I followed thereby the scientific formation of the term "Daltonism", from Dalton, the discoverer of colour-blindness. During recent years facts have been advanced which prove that Sac

Tauno Marttinen

Tauno Olavi Marttinen was a Finnish composer of contemporary classical music. Born in Helsinki, Marttinen studied in Helsinki, his earliest works are late romantic. His output includes ten symphonies, concertos for various instruments, chamber music, ballets, among others. In 1965, Marttinen was awarded a Pro Finlandia medal. Marttinen was named a professor by the president Urho Kekkonen in 1972. A long-time resident of Hämeenlinna, the composer spent his last years in Turenki; the only international foundation "Tauno Marttisen Kunniaksi" is located in The Netherlands, with Leeuwarden as residence. Symphonies Symphony no. 1, Op. 2 Symphony no. 2, Op. 4 Symphony no. 3, Op. 18 Symphony no. 4, Op. 31 Symphony no. 5, Shaman, op. 35 Symphony no. 6, Op. 92 Symphony no. 7, Op. 136 Symphony no. 8, Op. 224 Symphony no. 9, Op. 260 Symphony no. 10 Other orchestral works Linnunrata op. 7 Fauni, op. 26 Panu, tulen jumala op. 28 Manalan linnut op. 38 Parnassus for wind band op. 41/2 Mont Saint Michel op. 42 Vanha linna op. 49 Pentalia op. 50 Pohjolaisia for wind band op. 76 Yö linnakkeessa for wind band op. 150 Elegia for harp and strings op. 169 Voces Polaris op. 173 Sirius for wind band op.

181/2 Väinämöisen synty op. 201 Pohjolan neiti op. 213/1 Väinämöisin lähtö Pohjolaan 213/2 Concerto Grosso op. 216/2 Profeetta op. 234 Concerto for wind band op. 241/2 Matka aamun maahan for string orchestra Tiibetiläinen fantasia op. 250 Surumarssi for wind band op. 291 Lemminkäisen lähtö Pohjolaan op. 312 Maailman synty Concertos Rembrandt, op. 11 for cello and orchestra Violin concerto, op. 13 Piano concerto no. 1 op. 23 Cello concerto Dalai lama op. 30 Bassoon concerto op. 40 Flute concerto no. 1 op. 72 Piano concerto no. 2 op. 74 Clarinet concerto Hirvenhiihto op. 89 Hämäläinen rapsodia for piano and orchestra op. 103 Flute concerto no. 2 Concerto espagnole op. 144 Kantele concerto op. 145/2 Fantasia for cello and orchestra op. 154 Concertino for accordion and string orchestra op. 171 Piano concerto no. 3 op. 200 Piano concerto no. 4 op. 241/1 Chamber music Delta for clarinet and piano op. 9 Loitsu for three percussionists op. 15 Alfa for flute and 7 cymbals op. 16 Nonet no. 1 for wind quintet and string quartet op. 19 Nonet no. 2 op.

41/2 Vipusessa käynti for 7 contrabasses op. 44 String quartet no. 1 op. 50 String quartet no. 2 op. 63 Duo for clarinet and percussion op. 66/2 Nonet no. 3 op. 79 Ilmatar, ilman impi for solo piccolo op. 88 Johanneksen ilmestys, fantasia for piccolo trumpet and organ op. 95 Septemalia for 7 contrabasses op. 97 3 preludes for guitar op. 99/1 Divertimento for oboe and percussion op. 127 Intermezzo for flute and guitar op. 130 Impressio for solo cello op. 140 Piano trio op. 141 Kirinmyllyn tarinaa for solo clarinet op. 143 Punainen lanka for accordion op. 145 Duo for viola and piano op. 204 String trio Aube op. 207 String quartet no. 3 op. 228 Kantele sonata op. 233 Metamorfos for bass clarinet and marimba op. 245 Nonet no. 4 op. 248 Isis for cello and guitar op. 256 Soitto for four chromatic kantele op. 264 Osiris for violin and guitar op. 268 Harlekiini for violin and guitar op. 270 Vedenhaltia for piano or guitar trio op. 311 Solo Voice Aasi ja Satakieli Op. 292 No 4 Annan laulu lapselleen Op. 296a Appelsiinitarhassa Op. 285 No 2 Drei Lieder Op. 163 Elämä – kuin meri Op. 276 Faunit Op. 251 No 2 Glück der Liebe Op. 73b No 2 Joukahaisen äiti Jumalien keinu Kaksi laulua Eino Leinon runoihin Op. 323 Kehtolaulu Kolme laulua Kantelettaren sanoihin Op. 191 Kryloviana Op. 292 Kuoleman yö on lyhyt Kutsu matkalle Kuutamolla Käki ja Kukko Op. 292 No 1 Lapin lauluja Op. 161 Lapsifantasioita Op. 146 Lasimaalaus Laulu merestä Laulu oravasta Liebeslieder der Antike Op. 73 B Maisema Op. 285 No 1 Näktergalen Op. 94b Parnasso Op. 292 No 3 Pohjolan tytär Op. 148 Purppuralaiva Rannalla Op. 47 No 1 Ristirauta Op. 2 No 6 Sadun keiju Satama Op. 47 No 3 Simeoni saapasnahkatornissa Op. 78 Sinä Sydämeni laulu Tule, tuuli Varastettu hevonen Yö ylhäinen Yön musiikki YölauluSolo Piano 10 bagatelles op. 8 Titisee op. 22 4 preludes op. 24 Taara op. 34 Sonatine op. 52 Pääsiäinen op.

66/1 Sonata no. 1 op. 90 Kukonaskel for two pianos op. 100 Pisaroita op. 109 Kimalluksia op. 134 Japanilaisessa puutarhassa op. 217 Puro vuorella op. 221 Faustus op. 269 Organ Alussa oli sana Op. 95 Intrada Op. 36 Kupoli for organ and tam-tam Op. 65 Larghetto Largo religioso Op. 187 Muunnelmia lappajärveläisestä hengellisestä sävelmästä Op. 252 Notre Dame Op. 59 Orgelstück Op. 70 Preludi Op. 158 Profeetta Op. 234b Urkufantasia B-A-C-H Op. 84 Urkukoraali SVK 115 "Työn, Jeesus, täytit raskahan"Operas Neiti Gamardin talo op. 12 Päällysviitta op. 17 Kihlaus op. 20 Tulitikkuja lainaamassa op. 25 Lea op. 33 Poltettu oranssi op. 41 Mestari Patelin op. 69 (composer.

University of Auckland

The University of Auckland is the largest university in New Zealand, located in the country's largest city, Auckland. It is the highest-ranked university in the country, being ranked 83rd worldwide in the 2019/20 QS World University Rankings. Established in 1883 as a constituent college of the University of New Zealand, the university is made up of eight faculties, it has more than 40,000 students, more than 30,000 "equivalent full-time" students. The University of Auckland began as a constituent college of the University of New Zealand, founded on 23 May 1883 as Auckland University College. Stewardship of the University during its establishment period was the responsibility of John Chapman Andrew. Housed in a disused courthouse and jail, it started out with 95 students and 4 teaching staff: Frederick Douglas Brown, professor of chemistry. By 1901, student numbers had risen to 156. From 1905 onwards, an increasing number of students enrolled in commerce studies; the University conducted little research until the 1930s, when there was a spike in interest in academic research during the Depression.

At this point, the college's executive council issued several resolutions in favour of academic freedom after the controversial dismissal of John Beaglehole, which helped encourage the college's growth. In 1934, four new professors joined the college: Arthur Sewell, H. G. Forder, C. G. Cooper and James Rutherford; the combination of new talent, academic freedom saw Auckland University College flourish through to the 1950s. In 1950, the Elam School of Fine Arts was brought into the University of Auckland. Archie Fisher, appointed principal of the Elam School of Fine Arts was instrumental in having it brought in the University of Auckland; the University of New Zealand was dissolved in 1961 and the University of Auckland was empowered by the University of Auckland Act 1961. In 1966, lecturers Keith Sinclair and Bob Chapman established The University of Auckland Art Collection, beginning with the purchase of several paintings and drawings by Colin McCahon; the Collection is now managed by the Centre based at the Gus Fisher Gallery.

The Stage A of the Science building was opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother on 3 May. In 1975-81 Marie Clay and Patricia Bergquist, the first two female professors, were appointed. Queen Elizabeth II opened the new School of Medicine Building at Grafton on 24 March 1970; the Queen opened the Liggins Institute in 2002. The North Shore Campus, established in 2001, was located in the suburb of Takapuna, it offered the Bachelor of Information Management degree. At the end of 2006, the campus was closed, the degree relocated to the City campus. On 1 September 2004, the Auckland College of Education merged with the University's School of Education to form the Faculty of Education and Social Work; the faculty is based at the Epsom Campus of the former college, with an additional campus in Whangarei. Professor Stuart McCutcheon became Vice-Chancellor on 1 January 2005, he was the Vice-Chancellor of Victoria University of Wellington. He succeeded Dr John Hood, appointed Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford.

The University opened a new business school building in 2007, following the completion of the Information Commons. It has gained international accreditations for all its programmes and now completes the "Triple Crown". In 2009, the University embarked on a NZ$1 billion 10-year plan to redevelop and expand its facilities; the $240m Grafton Campus upgrade was completed in 2011. In May 2013 the University purchased a site for new 5.2-hectare campus on a former Lion Breweries site adjacent to the major business area in Newmarket. The Faculty of Engineering and the School of Chemical Sciences moved into the new faculties in 2015; the NZ$200 million new Science Centre was opened in July 2017. The NZ$280 million new Engineering Building was completed in 2019. In 2017, work started on the building of a new $116m medical school building in Grafton Campus. In 2019, work has begun with the redevelopment of the University Recreation Centre in the City Campus; the University of Auckland has built multiple student accommodation buildings, it became the largest provider of student accommodation in New Zealand.

The head of the University is the Chancellor Scott St John, however this position is only titular. The chief executive of the University is the Vice-Chancellor Professor Stuart McCutcheon, the University's fifth Vice-Chancellor; the Blazon of the Arms of the University of Auckland is: Azure between three mullets argent an open Book proper edged and bound Or with seven Clasps on either side Or, on a chief wavy argent three Kiwis proper. Translation of the Blazon; the shield is the first part. A "mullet" is a five pointed star and when there are three of them they are depicted two above and one below, their colour is silver Between these stars is an open book and "proper" means the book is shown in its natural colours – black and white. The edge of the book


Desmarestiales is an order in the brown algae. Members of this order have terete or ligulate pinnately branched thalli attached by discoid holdfasts, they have a sporphytic thallus aggregated to form a pseudo-parenchyma. The order gets its name from the genus Desmarestia, named after the French zoologist Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest; as the general name of the class suggests, their pigmentation is brown. Yang, Eun. "Ligulate Desmarestia revisited: D. japonica sp. nov. and D. dudresnayi differ from D. ligulata". Journal of Phycology. 50: 149–166. Doi:10.1111/jpy.12148. Hdl:2164/4222. PMID 26988016. AlgaeBase

Phantom (UAV)

The Phantom is a series of unmanned aerial vehicles developed by Chinese technology company DJI. DJI Phantom 4 Pro, released in November 2016, has a three-axis stabilized camera with a 1-inch 20 MP CMOS sensor, it upgrades its obstacle avoidance with five directional sensors. The Phantom 4 Pro offers one with a dedicated screen and one without, it integrates an upgraded Lightbridge HD video transmission system that adds 5.8 GHz transmission support and a maximum downlink video transmission range of 7 km. In addition - DJI released a set of Goggles, which can be used with various DJI equipment, including the Phantom 4 Pro, to allow First Person View flying. Announced on April 13, 2017, the Phantom 4 Advanced uses the same camera sensor as the Phantom 4 Pro. Designed to replace the original Phantom 4, the Phantom 4 Advanced uses the 2.4GHz frequency band, the rear vision sensors and two infrared sensors in the FlightAutonomy system in comparison to the Phantom 4 Pro model. It was shipped on April 30, 2017.

New pricing on the Phantom 4 Advanced has it in more in line with the original Phantom 4. Announced at the 2017 IFA trade show, it gives the option to have the Phantom 4 Pro painted in obsidian black; some build. The DJI Phantom 4 Pro V2.0, announced in May 2018, improves on the existing Phantom 4 Pro with an OcuSync transmission system, improved ESCs and low-noise propellers. It uses the same camera as the first iteration of the Phantom 4 Pro; this edition features expanded Flight Autonomy with 5-direction obstacle sensing and 4-direction obstacle avoidance. The 6-camera navigation system means the aircraft can avoid obstacles in its flight path, whilst flying at speeds of up to 31 mph. It's the first DJI drone to feature an infrared sensing system; the DJI Phantom 4 RTK, released in October 2018, was designed for accurate aerial mapping using real-time kinematic positioning. In addition to RTK, it uses a redundant GNSS module, installed to maintain flight stability in signal-poor regions such as dense cities.

The Phantom 4, released in March 2016, introduces the iconic white body Phantom 4 series design and a safer and better quick release propeller system. It improves usability by adding obstacle avoidance and an ability to track subjects, thanks to its many sensors; some of its features include GPS, GLONASS, five separate safety sensors, a camera gimbal and more. It is bigger and heavier than the Phantom 3 due to a larger battery, but it still maintains a longer flight time and greater top speed, it has a top speed of 20 metres per second in'sport mode'. The controller and camera are similar to Phantom 3 Pro The maximum video transmission technology on the Phantom 4 is same as the ones on Phantom 3 Pro and Adv, Lightbridge 2, it has a maximum FCC flying range of 5 km. On April 13, DJI announced the end of the Phantom 4's lifespan for April 30, 2017; the Phantom 3, released in April 2015, adds built-in lightbridge downlink, that gives the controller a maximum range of 4800 meters, the visual positioning system, that allows the Phantom 3 to better maintain its position at lower altitudes and indoors where GPS is weak or unavailable.

The remote for Professional and Advanced models has 2 antennas. There are five models of the Phantom 3: Records in 4K, includes a 100 W fast charger. Remote Controller with and USB in for tablets and smartphones to connect to controller. A bigger clamp allows this remote to hold up to a 9.7inch iPad. Records in 2.7 includes a 57 W charger. Remote Controller with optional HDMI out and USB in for tablets and smartphones to connect to controller. A bigger clamp allows this remote to hold up to a 9.7 inch iPad. The Standard was released in August 2015, it features 2.7K video recording. The standard is the basic model without lightbridge, instead it uses WiFi to transmit video and telemetry with a limited range compared to the Advanced and Professional models, no vision positioning systems, it includes features, as the other models do, such as Point of Interest, Follow Me, GPS Waypoints, Course Lock and Home Lock. For higher end needs one has to select a Phantom 4 model; the 4K was released in early 2016.

Although both the controller and the aircraft appear to look similar to the Phantom 3 Advanced/Professional, the system is much like the Phantom 3 Standard in that it uses 5.8 GHz for control and uses a 2.4 GHz wifi signal for FPV and telemetery. The range is improved; the controller lacks HDMI / USB ports. The aircraft includes the Visual Positioning System module seen on the Professional/Advanced models; the SE was released in China and for several months was unavailable elsewhere in the world. It became available in North America in August 2017, it was aptly named a "Special Edition". Although DJI claims it uses "improved... Wifi", the system between the controller and the aircraft is more like DJI's Lightbridge signals; the controller converts the data to wifi to allow communication with a mobile device without an attached cable. The active antennas on the controller which communicate with the Phantom are patch antennas hidden inside the controller - one is for transmission and the other is for receiving -, how the Lightbridge system works.

The visible antenna on the outside of the controller is used only to communicate with the mobile device. It has a maximum transmission range of up to 2.5 mi in FCC mode, it has a 4K video camera In the fall of 2014, the Phantom 2 Vision+ V3.0 was released which included si

Christian Gottlieb Geissler

Christian Gottlieb Geissler was a German-Swiss copperplate engraver and printmaker, specialising in natural history, who moved to Geneva in about 1771 where he became a Swiss citizen. He was the son of a garden designer. Geissler is best known for his illustrating of Tabulae Phytographicae, an encyclopaedic work published by the Zurich naturalist Johannes Gessner, whose natural history collection Geissler depicted. Between 1744 and 1749 Geissler was an apprentice of Samuel Baumeister, he subsequently went to Nurnberg where he helped to illustrate Franz Michael Regenfuss's work Choix de Coquillages et de Crustacés. In 1753 he travelled to Zurich to join Gessner in the production of the 24-part Tabulae Phytographicae, which first appeared in 1795. Following this he moved to Geneva where he worked with the enamel painter Süß, founded a school of drawing and worked as a copperplate engraver. -