Hans Christian Andersen
Hans Christian Andersen was a Danish author. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues and poems, Andersen is best remembered for his fairy tales. Andersen's popularity is not limited to children: his stories express themes that transcend age and nationality. Andersen's fairy tales, of which no fewer than 3381 works have been translated into more than 125 languages, have become culturally embedded in the West's collective consciousness accessible to children, but presenting lessons of virtue and resilience in the face of adversity for mature readers as well, his most famous fairy tales include "The Emperor's New Clothes", "The Little Mermaid", "The Nightingale", "The Snow Queen", "The Ugly Duckling", "The Little Match Girl" and "Thumbelina". His stories have inspired ballets and animated and live-action films. One of Copenhagen's widest and busiest boulevards is named "H. C. Andersens Boulevard". Hans Christian Andersen was born in Odense, Denmark on 2 April 1805, he was an only child. Andersen's father Hans, considered himself related to nobility.
A persistent speculation suggests that Andersen was an illegitimate son of King Christian VIII, but this notion has been challenged. Andersen's father, who had received an elementary school education, introduced Andersen to literature, reading to him the Arabian Nights. Andersen's mother, Anne Marie Andersdatter, was an illiterate washerwoman. Following her husband's death in 1816, she remarried in 1818. Andersen was sent to a local school for poor children where he received a basic education and had to support himself, working as an apprentice to a weaver and to a tailor. At fourteen, he moved to Copenhagen to seek employment as an actor. Having an excellent soprano voice, he was accepted into the Royal Danish Theatre, but his voice soon changed. A colleague at the theatre told him. Taking the suggestion Andersen began to focus on writing. Jonas Collin, director of the Royal Danish Theatre, held great affection for Andersen and sent him to a grammar school in Slagelse, persuading King Frederick VI to pay part of the youth's education.
Andersen had by published his first story, "The Ghost at Palnatoke's Grave". Though not a stellar pupil, he attended school at Elsinore until 1827, he said his years in school were the darkest and most bitter of his life. At one school, he lived at his schoolmaster's home, where he was abused, being told that it was "to improve his character", he said the faculty had discouraged him from writing, driving him into a depression. A early fairy tale by Andersen, "The Tallow Candle", was discovered in a Danish archive in October 2012; the story, written in the 1820s, was about a candle. It was written while Andersen was still in school and dedicated to a benefactor in whose family's possession it remained until it turned up among other family papers in a local archive. In 1829, Andersen enjoyed considerable success with the short story "A Journey on Foot from Holmen's Canal to the East Point of Amager", its protagonist meets characters ranging from Saint Peter to a talking cat. Andersen followed this success with a theatrical piece, Love on St. Nicholas Church Tower, a short volume of poems.
Although he made little progress writing and publishing thereafter, in 1833 he received a small travel grant from the king, thus enabling him to set out on the first of many journeys through Europe. At Jura, near Le Locle, Andersen wrote the story "Agnete and the Merman", he spent an evening in the Italian seaside village of Sestri Levante the same year, inspiring the title of "The Bay of Fables". In October 1834, he arrived in Rome. Andersen's travels in Italy were to be reflected in his first novel, a fictionalized autobiography titled The Improvisatore, published in 1835 to instant acclaim. Andersen's initial attempts at writing fairy tales were revisions of stories that he heard as a child, his original fairy tales were not met with recognition, due to the difficulty of translating them. In 1835, Andersen published the first two installments of his Fairy Tales. More stories, completing the first volume, were published in 1837; the collection comprises nine tales, including "The Tinderbox", "The Princess and the Pea", "Thumbelina", "The Little Mermaid" and "The Emperor's New Clothes".
The quality of these stories was not recognized, they sold poorly. At the same time, Andersen enjoyed more success with two novels, O. T. and Only a Fiddler. Much of his work was influenced by the Bible as when he was growing up Christianity was important in the Danish culture. After a visit to Sweden in 1837, Andersen became inspired by Scandinavism and committed himself to writing a poem that would convey the relatedness of Swedes and Norwegians. In July 1839, during a visit to the island of Funen, Andersen wrote the text of his poem Jeg er en Skandinav to capture "the beauty of the Nordic spirit, the way the three sister nations have grown together" as part of a Scandinavian national anthem. Composer Otto Lindblad set the poem to music, the composition was published in January 1840, its popularity peaked in 1845, after which it was sung. Andersen returned to the fairy tale genre in 1838 with another collection, Fairy Tales Told for Children. New Collection. First Booklet (Eventyr, fortalte for Børn.
Nicolai Eigtved known as Niels Eigtved was a Danish architect. He introduced and was the leading proponent of the French rococo or late baroque style in Danish architecture during the 1730s–1740s, he designed and built some of the most prominent buildings of his time, a number of which still stand to this day. He played an important role in the establishment of the Royal Danish Academy of Art, was its first native-born leader, he was born Niels Madsen on the farm in the village of Egtved in the parish of Haraldsted on the island of Zealand, Denmark to Mads Nielsen and Dorthe Hansdatter. He was trained locally as a gardener, was promoted to a position at the Frederiksberg Palace Gardens ca. 1720. In July 1723 he got an opportunity to travel out of the country as a royal gardening apprentice, he travelled to Berlin and Dresden, among other places in Germany, earned his keep with jobs as a gardener, learned to speak German. From 1725 he lived in Warsaw, where he came to the attention of German architect and draughtsman Colonel Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, for whom he worked for several years.
Pöppelmann was connected to the Saxon-Polish court under Frederick Augustus I, got him a position as second lieutenant in the Saxon-Polish Engineer Corps. Eigtved came into a rich architectural environment, influenced by the presence of French immigrants including Jean de Bodt and Zacharias Longuelune; some of Pöppelmann's assignments in those years, on which Eigtved would have participated, were the Augustus Bridge in Dresden, the extension of the Japanese Palace in Dresden, drafts for the three-king church in Dresden new city, a new large lock for the Saxon dynasty. In 1730 Eigtved was promoted to lieutenant in Engineer Corps, participated in the building of the ruler's military camp near Zeithain, he made excellent military drawings, became acquainted with Danish statesman General Poul Vendelbo Løvenørn, who after his return to Denmark interested King Christian VI in Eigtved. The King summoned Eigtved to Denmark, with the title of captain he was dismissed from foreign service, he was made Danish lieutenant in 1732, Christian VI let Eigtved further educate himself in Italy between 1732 and 1735 in civil architecture.
On his travel back to Denmark, he stayed and made drawings in Vienna and Munich, where he became familiar with the rococo style seen in the design of French architect François de Cuvilliés for the newly built Amalienburg Palace near Nymphenburg Eigtved returned to Denmark in 1735 after twelve years’ absence. Building construction was at a fever pitch, with construction of Christiansborg Palace having been begun three years earlier, he was named captain in the Engineer Corps, named royal building master with supervisory responsibility for Jutland and Funen in 1735. Thus began a lifelong rivalry with colleague Lauritz de Thurah, another royal building master and the leading proponent of baroque architecture at the time. Eigtved became the king's preferred architect, Eigtved's rococo style was the preferred building style; as a result, de Thurah was overlooked, while Eigtved got the best assignments. He participated along with German architect Elias David Hausser and Lauritz de Thurah in the interior construction of Christiansborg Palace, with wood sculpting by Louis August le Clerc.
Eigtved and de Thurah, for the most part, divided up the interior assignments. Eigtved designed the king's apartments, the main staircase, the chapel's interior, the riding grounds, the Marble Bridge and its two pavilions, gave the castle its delicate Louis XIV style. Most of Eigtved's accomplishments at Christiansborg were lost in the fire of 1794. Hausser, the original architect for the project, lost his influence as the younger de Thurah and Eigtved took on larger assignments in the castle project. In 1738 the king set up a royal buildings commission that would lead the continued work on the castle; the commission would be led by State Minister Count Johan Sigismund Schulin. At the same time Eigtved and de Thurah switched areas of responsibilities, where de Thurah gave up Copenhagen and the island of Zealand, in exchange for Eigtved's Jutland Peninsula. In 1742 Eigtved was promoted to lieutenant colonel in the Engineer Corps, became a member of the Building Commission, took over the role of leading architect for Christiansborg Palace from Hausser.
Eigtved designed and built, along with Boye Junge, The Prince's mansion in Frederiksholm's Canal, 1743–1744, for the Crown Prince Frederik V. The building is now the National Museum. At the same time, he designed a mansion for Schulin of the Building Commission in Frederiksdal. Between 1744 and 1745, Eigtved built a small pavilion for Privy Councillor J. S. Schulin on the Furesø Lake called Frederiksdal Pavilion. Credited with being the earlier example of "maison de plaisance" in Denmark, "it jointly had large and small rooms symmetrically ordered around the main axis' vestibule and constervatory; the mansard roof is the result of an alteration carried out by J. G. Rosenberg in 1752–1753, who while working on Frederiksdal built Margård on northwest Funen inspired by French country estates." Around this same time he came in contact with the Drawing and Painting Academy, predecessor to the Royal Danish Academy of Art. Until the Academy has had an impoverished existence with weak leadership. Eigtved overtook administrative responsibility for the Academy in 1745 after the departure of Hieronimo Miani as leader from Denmark.
The Marble Bridge at Christiansborg was completed in 1744. He was named Church Inspector for Copenhagen, Kr
Vemmetofte Convent is a former manor house in Faxe Municipality south of Copenhagen, Denmark. It was turned into a convent by Princess Sophia Hedwig of Denmark in 1735. Since 1975 it has provided housing available to the general public; the oldest known reference to Vemmetofte Manor dates back to 1320 when it was owned by Johannes Offesen, a brother-in-law of Stig Andersen Hvide who owned land both in Skåneland and on Zealand. It was owned by members of the aristocratic Brock family from 1464 to 1639. During this early stage of its history it was a fortified house with a ring wall, double moats and draw bridges. After that it passed through the Brahe and Krabbe families before it was bought by Queen Consort Charlotte Amalie in 1694 as part of a larger acquisition of land in the area, she died in 1714 before they were carried out. The next owner was Prince Charles of Denmark, Charlotte Amalie's youngest son, who resided at Jægerspris Castle which he had been given by his brother, Frederick IV, who had become king in 1699.
Prince Charles embarked on a major renovation and expansion of his new property which it would take nine years to complete. When Frederick IV had Anne Sophie Reventlow, his spouse by bigamy, crowned as his queen in 1721, it led to a breach between the two brothers, Prince Charles and their sister, Princess Sophia Hedwig, showed their disapproaval by turning their backs on the Court in Copenhagen and taking up residence at Vemmetofte. At Vemmetofte Manor and Sophie Hedvig maintained an extravagant household, they had a staff of 70 people supervised by their chamberlain, Carl Adolph von Plessen, a close friend of Prince Charles since their youth When Prince Charles died in 1729, he left Vemmetofte to Sophie Hedevig who provided that the estate should be turned into a convent for unmarried women of noble descent on her death. The princess died on 13 March 1738 and Vemmetofte Convent was founded the same year with von Plessen as its first curator. From the beginning the convent suffered from a constrained economy and only survived due to considerable subsidies from von Plessen.
The number of women it accommodated varied over the years but was 11. According to the charter they either had to be noblewomen or daughters of men from the three highest ranking classes. Vemmetofte's architecture is a result of a number of successive adaptions; the current main building was first built in 1500 and expanded from 1600 to 1630. Prince Charles' expansion and redesign from 1714 to 1721 was undertaken with the assistance of Johan Conrad Ernst, it adapted the main building to the Baroque style and added a number of new estate buildings as well as a Baroque garden to the premisses. In 1882 and 1883, the architect Theodor Zeltner carried out a rather rough renovation to a Historicist style which resulted in an unfortunate attempt to recreate a Renaissance castle. In 1907 Acel Berg undertook another major renovation which changed its appearance. Since a revision of its charter in 1975, Vemmetofte has been open to other tenants; the estate covering 2,293 hectares includes Højstrup Manor Marelundsgård.
Johannes Offesen Jens Lauridsen Panter Jens Andersen Brock Iven Bryske Johanne Nielsdatter Brock, gift 1) Bryske, 2) von Witzen, 3) Thott Fikke von Witzen Johanne Nielsdatter Brock, gift 1) Bryske, 2) von Witzen, 3) Thott Oluf Axelsen Thott Johanne Nielsdatter Brock, gift 1) Bryske, 2) von Witzen, 3) Thott Lave Brock Boet efter Lave Esgesen Brock Niels Brock Truid Gregersen Ulfstand Jytte Podebusk, gift 1) Brock, 2) Gyldenstierne Knud Gyldenstierne Lauge Brock Jens Truidsen Ulfstand Margrete Esgesdatter Bille, gift Brock Jens Ulfstand Niels Ulfstand Sophie Ulfstand, gift Podebusk Claus Podebusk Esge Brock Tyge Brahe Axel Brahe Holger Rosenkrantz Palle Rosenkrantz Karen Krabbe, gift 1) Friis, 2) Rosenkrantz Iver Krabbe Niels Trolle Karen Marsvin, gift Krabbe Anne Sophie Krabbe, gift Urne Margrete Krabbe, gift 1) Ulfeldt, 2) Rosenkrantz Quuen Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel Prince Charles of Denmark Princess Sophia Hedwig of Denmark Vemmetofte Kloster
Kalundborg is a Danish city with a population of 16,523, the main town of the municipality of the same name and the site of its municipal council. It is situated on the northwestern coast of the largest Danish island, Zealand, on the opposite, eastern side of which lies Copenhagen, 110 km away. Kalundborg is famous as the location of the Kalundborg transmitter; the city is home to the largest coal-fired power station in Denmark. Kalundborg is a trading and industrial town, but is well known for the beautiful five-spired Church of Our Lady, associated with King Valdemar I and the famous Archbishop Absalon; the church itself is said to have been built by Esbern Snare. Kalundborg is the traditional seat of the aristocratic Lerche family, their stately home, the best example of rococo architecture in Denmark, can be seen in the town's outskirts. Ferries connect Kalundborg westward to the island of Samsø. Kalundborg is at latitude 55°41′N, longitude 11°6′E, about 110 km west of Copenhagen on the island of Zealand.
The Kalundborg area was first settled in 1170 at a natural harbour at the head of the narrow bay today known as Kalundborg Fjord. It became more urbanized during the nineteenth century and had grown into a major industrial centre by the mid-twentieth century. Kalundborg Municipality has 20,000 inhabitants, its network is the most published example of Industrial Symbiosis; the history of Kalundborg Industrial Symbiosis activities began in 1961 when a project was developed and implemented to use surface water from Lake Tisso for a new oil refinery, to save the limited supplies of ground water. The City of Kalundborg took the responsibility for building the pipeline while the refinery financed it. Starting from this initial collaboration, a number of other collaborative projects were subsequently introduced and the number of partners increased. By the end of the 1980s, the partners realised that they had "self-organised" into what is the best-known example of Industrial Symbiosis; the material exchanges in the Kalundborg region include: conservation of natural and financial resources.
Kalundborg Municipality is home to 19,000 jobs of which 13,000 are in the private sector. Novo Nordisk has extensive production facilities in Kalundborg with a total of more than 2,400 employees. Since 1999 they have invested more than DKK 7.5 billions in the complex. Pronova BioPharma Danmark, a bulk manufacturer of Omega-3 products, acquired by BASF in 2014 has a manufaction plant in Kalundborg; the port plays a central role in the town's economy. It is a municipal self-governing port with independent finances. Kalundborg Container Terminal is served by Unifeeder on a weekly basis. Schultz Shipping is a local shipping company; as of 2015, the port is being expanded with a new west harbor on the south side of the Asnæs peninsula. Statoil Refining Denmark operates Denmark's largest oil refinery on the harbor with a capacity of 6.6 million ton oil products per year. Haldor Topsøe is one of the companies. Jørgen Bjelke an exiled Norwegian officer and nobleman Hans Hagerup Gyldenpalm a Danish born, Norwegian jurist and civil servant Henrik Steffens Hagerup a Norwegian naval officer and politician who served as Minister of the Navy Johan Thomas Lundbye a young Danish painter and graphic artist, known for his animal and landscape paintings Wilhelm Hellesen a Danish helped invent the dry cell battery and industrialist Elisabeth Dons a Danish operatic mezzo-soprano, performed at the Royal Danish Theatre from 1885 Margrethe Lendrop a Danish operatic soprano, performed at the Royal Danish Theatre from 1898 Sigrid Undset a Norwegian novelist, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928, lived in Kalundborg for 2 years before emigrating to Norway in 1884 Viggo Rørup a Danish artist, joined the artists' colony the Odsherred Painters Thøger Birkeland a Danish teacher and writer known for his children's books Anne Elisabet Jensen a Danish politician and Member of the European Parliament Marianne Larsen a Danish poet and novelist Søren Ulrik Thomsen a Danish poet.
His debut was City Slang, 1981 Professor Claus Manniche a Danish rheumatologist and academic Christian E. Christiansen is a Danish filmmaker Axel Lerche a Danish sports shooter, competed at the 1936 and 1948 Summer Olympics Mogens Guldberg a former middle distance runner, competed at the 1988 Summer Olympics Claus Nielsen a Danish former football striker, 110 caps for Brøndby IF and 14 caps for Denmark Henrik Djernis a Danish cyclist Thomas Damgaard a Danish former professional boxer, competed from 1998 to 2007 Anders Nielsen a Danish association football player, 300 club caps Susanne Meyerhoff a Danish sport shooter, competed for Denmark in pistol shooting at the 1966 2000 and 2004 Summer Olympics Thomas Frandsen a former Danish professional football player 300 club caps Lasse Ankjær a Danish football forward, plays for Hobro IK Patrick da Silva a Danish-Brazilian professional football player, who plays for FC Nordsjælland Nearby towns: Hol
Nysø Manor, located near Præstø in the southeast of the Danish island of Sealand, was built in 1673 for Jens Lauridsen, a local functionary. It now houses the Thorvaldsen Collection, a group of works by the Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen, who lived and worked there in his years; the first manor house in Denmark to be designed in the Baroque style, it is built in red brick and sandstone with a red-tiled roof and a granite plinth as a foundation. It is thought to be the work of master builder Ewert Janssen who also built Charlottenborg Palace in Copenhagen shortly afterwards; the house consists of a main wing with 11 bays and lateral wings to the north with an entrance in between. The central projects on the north and south sides are decorated with four Ionic pilasters which support triangular pediments. On the north side, there is a clock with two figures. A moat encircled the entire building but in 1780 the moat on the north side was filled in to accommodate estate buildings; the Thorvaldsen Collection is housed in one of the red-brick buildings to the east.
The Nysø Estate extends over 1,041 hectares, encompassing Jungshovedgaard, Christinelund and Mariannelund. Nysø is known for its role in the Danish cultural Golden Age of the early-to-mid-19th century when Baron Henrik Stampe and his wife Christine played host to many famous writers and artists, including Hans Christian Andersen and the sculptor Thorvaldsen; the latter spent much of his last six years here, where he had a studio in the house and in the garden. In the 19th century, Nysø was a popular venue for Golden Age artists such as Hans Christian Andersen, Bertel Thorvaldsen, N. F. S. Grundtvig who visited Baron Henrik Stampe and his wife Christine. Thorvaldsen who had a studio in the house spent much of his last six years there. Today Nysø houses the Thorvaldsen Collection, open to the public in the summer months; the Thorvaldsen Collection is open for visitors from 12 noon to 4 pm on Saturdays and Sundays from 1 May to 31 August. The collection contains Thorvaldsen's clay models and drawings as well as artwork from other famous visitors.
Thorvaldsen Museum Thorvaldsensmuseum
Frederiksberg Palace is a Baroque residence, located in Frederiksberg, adjacent to the Copenhagen Zoo. It commands an impressive view over Frederiksberg Gardens designed as a palace garden in the Baroque style. Constructed and extended from 1699 to 1735, the palace served as the royal family’s summer residence until the mid-19th century. Since 1869, it has housed the Royal Danish Military Academy; as crown prince, Frederick IV had broadened his education by travelling in Europe. He was impressed by the architecture in Italy and, on his return to Denmark, asked his father, Christian V, for permission to build a summer palace on Solbjerg as the hill in Valby was known; the original building designed by Ernst Brandenburger, was completed in 1703 for Frederick IV as a small, one-storey summer residence. The first major extension, when it was converted into a three-storey H-shaped building, was completed in 1709 by Johan Conrad Ernst, giving the palace an Italian Baroque appearance, it was Lauritz de Thurah who executed the third and final extension from 1733 to 1738 when the palace received extensions to the lateral wings encircling the courtyard.
Frederick IV spent many happy years at the palace. In 1716, he received the Russian czar Peter the Great at Frederiksberg Palace and in 1721, shortly after the death of his first wife, Queen Louise, he married his mistress Anne Sophie Reventlow there. Christian VII, married to the English princess Caroline Matilda spent some time in the palace, their son, to become Frederick VI, loved the palace and lived there both as crown prince and as king. After Frederick VI's dowager wife Queen Marie died at the palace in March 1852, the building lay empty and fell into disrepair. In 1868, it was transferred to the War Ministry and the following year it became the Officers Academy; the building has twice undergone significant restoration work, first from 1927 to 1932 and from 1993 to 1998. During the construction of the original palace building, it was decided that there should be a chapel in the east wing; this explains why there is no indication of the chapel from the outside. It covers the space behind the six central windows on the ground floor.
Wilhelm Friedrich von Platen and Ernst Brandenburger designed the chapel in the Baroque style. It was inaugurated on 31 March 1710; when the palace was taken over by the Officers Academy, the chapel's furnishings, including the impressive pulpit, were transferred elsewhere. However, they can still be seen there today; the palace and the chapel can be visited. They contain imposing stucco work, ceiling paintings, an elegant marble bathroom with a secret access staircase, the Princesses' pancake kitchen. In 1854, British MP S. M. Peto gave an altar window to the King of Demark for the chapel. Since 1932, the chapel has been used as the local parish church; the palace overlooks Frederiksberg Gardens which dates back to the first palace in 1703. At that time, it was designed by H. H. Scheel with the assistance of garden architect J. C. Krieger as a symmetrical Baroque garden with waterfalls and rows of linden trees along the palace terrace. From 1795 to 1804, it was redesigned by Peter Pedersen as an English landscape garden with the winding paths, lakes and canals which can be seen today.
It was during this period that the Apis Temple were added. List of castles and palaces in Denmark Tourism in Denmark Media related to Frederiksberg Slot at Wikimedia Commons
Bernstorff Palace in Gentofte, Denmark, was built in the middle of the 18th century for Foreign Minister Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff. It remained in the possession of the Bernstorff family until 1812. In 1842, it was bought by Christian VIII. For many years, it was used as a summer residence by Christian IX until his death in 1906. Since and until it was used by the Danish Emergency Management Agency as an academy for non-commissioned officers, but it has now opened as a hotel and conference centre; the palace was designed by the French architect Nicolas-Henri Jardin, brought to Denmark to complete Frederick's Church in Copenhagen after the death of Nicolai Eigtved in 1754. It is one of the earliest examples of Neoclassical architecture in Denmark; the elaborately decorated two-storeyed building was completed in May 1765 at considerable cost. At the time, it had four small decorative garrets, attics with decorative vases and a wide balcony on the roof ridge itself. On the garden side, there is a dome-covered projection rising the full height of the building.
The palace's many rooms were modest in size and intended for domestic use rather than for display. Most are panelled with large mirrors and decorated ceilings; the four rooms on the south side have overdoors decorated by Johan Edvard Mandelberg. Bernstorff left Denmark in 1770, after being dismissed by Johann Friedrich Struensee; the estate remained in his family's hands until 1812 but was sold on several occasions. It was about to be demolished in 1842 when Christian VIII bought it and charged Jørgen Hansen Koch with its comprehensive renovation. A mezzanine was added and the layout of the first-floor rooms was changed. Fitting Jardin's decorative style, Norwegian marble fireplaces are to be found in three of the larger rooms. A sign above the entrance reads: "Honesto inter Labores otio sacrum" or "Reserved for honest rest during periods of work." In 1854, Bernstorff Palace was placed at the disposal of Crown Prince Christian who adopted it as his preferred summer residence. Indeed, it was to become a popular retreat for the royal couple and their extended family during the king's long reign.
Visitors included Edward VII of the United Kingdom. In 1888, after the Nordic Exhibition, Queen Louise bought the timbered Swedish pavilion and had it fitted out as guest quarters. On Christian IX's death in 1906, Prince Valdemar of Denmark inherited the palace, continuing to use it as a summer residence until his death in 1939. Since and until recently, it was used by the Danish Emergency Management Agency as an academy for non-commissioned officers. On 1 May 2009, after an agreement with Gitte Jensen and Kirsten Nielsen, Bernstorff Palace opened as a hotel and conference centre; the palace's extensive gardens were laid out are in the Romantic landscape style which had just been introduced to Denmark in the 1760s. In addition to the lawns and woods, they include an orchard and a tea house, it is believed that Jardin who designed the palace was responsible for their design as his plans refer to the emergence of landscape gardens as a new trend in Denmark. The Bernstorffs who took great interest in the gardens, planted apricots, grapes, rare apple and pear trees and plums in their kitchen garden together with rare varieties of cucumbers, artichokes and melons from France and the Netherlands.
They acquired a host of rare trees and bushes for the gardens including chestnuts, holly, tulip trees, plane trees, azaleas, barberries and lilacs, many of them new to Denmark at the time. Most of these exotic varieties had withered away by the time Christian IX bought the estate in 1854, he charged Rudolph Rothe, the royal garden inspector, to replace them with Danish oak and beech which can still be seen today. The beautiful Swedish Villa in the gardens was built in 1888 in the classic Swedish timbered style in connection with the Nordic Exhibition. Run by the Swedish Villa Foundation, it is used for art exhibitions, concerts and as a café. Bernstorffstøtten