Les Baux-de-Provence is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southern France. It has a spectacular position in the Alpilles mountains, set atop a rocky outcrop, crowned with a ruined castle overlooking the plains to the south, its name refers to its site: in Provençal, a bauç is a rocky spur. The name bauxite is derived from the village name when it was first discovered there by geologist Pierre Berthier in 1821. Named after the province of Provence, it has been named one of the most beautiful villages in France and has over 1.5 million visitors per year although it has only 22 residents in the upper part of the commune and 436 for the whole commune. Inhabitants of the commune are known as Baussenques; the defensive capabilities of Baux have always made it an attractive location for human habitation. Traces of habitation have been found and dated to 6000 BC. in the Costapéra cave, discovered in 1928 and which houses a collective burial ground from the early Bronze Age.
The site was used by the Celts as a fort or oppidum around the 2nd century BC. Peripheral areas or castrum developed early as evidenced by the Trémaïé; the way from the Baux oppidum to the plains north of the Alpilles was by a protohistoric way through the valley of Laval and the town of Glanon which took the name Glanum. While Protohistory was marked by pastoralism and agriculture in the Alpilles, limestone was extracted from quarries around Baux where a workshop from the end of the 2nd and early 1st centuries BC has been found. In the second part of the Iron Age, the population began to build durable houses; the castrum was structured like a village with its houses. The process of permanent construction was in parallel with the intensification of economic exchanges with Mediterranean traders. In exchange for luxury goods, the inhabitants of the Alpilles produced grain and achieved a state of autarky with a real trading economy. Over the following centuries the population of the Alpilles decreased: the Greek colony at Arles attracted many people from across the region.
In the Middle Ages the area became the stronghold of a feudal domain covering 79 villages. The fortress was built from the 11th to the 13th century over seven hectares; the princes of Baux controlled Provence for many years and they gained a formidable reputation. They were said to be descended from the Biblical Magi Balthazar and their coat of arms was a silver star with sixteen branches as a reminder that, according to the Gospel, it guided the three wise men to Bethlehem, their motto was: "Au hasard, Balthazar". As a medieval stronghold on the borders of Languedoc, Comtat Venaissin and Provence, the fortress had a turbulent military history and has been the subject of many assaults; the solid dungeon that still dominates the village today reiterates the importance of this castle, a desirable possession in the Middle Ages. At the end of the Baussenque Wars in the 12th century the princes of Baux were defeated; the large castle began to be renowned for its cultivated court and chivalrous conduct.
The estate came to an end in the 15th century after the death of the last princess of Baux. The death of Queen Joanna I of Naples led to a crisis of succession to the County of Provence; the cities of the Aix Union supported Duke of Durazzo, against Louis I, Duke of Anjou. The King of France, Charles VI, intervened and sent the Seneschal of Beaucaire, Enguerrand d'Eudin, who rallied Guillaume III Roger de Beaufort. Les Baux, the possession of the Roger, was thus neutral at the beginning of war and on the Angevin side at the end of the decade. Les Baux, together with Provence, was attached to the crown of France. Under the rule of the Manville family, the village became a center of Protestantism and tried a rebellion against the crown. In 1631, tired of conflict, the people negotiated with the king for the redemption of the castle territory and the right to dismantle the fortifications, "which were a refuge for rebels". Louis XIII consented on 5 August. In 1642 the town was offered to the Grimaldi family as a marquisate in favour of Hercule de Grimaldi, Prince of Monaco.
The title Marquis of Baux is still carried by the Prince of Monaco. Administratively, the town is French and the title of Marquis of Baux is traditionally given to the heir to the throne of Monaco. Jacques, the son of the current Prince of Monaco Albert II, carries among his many titles that of Marquis of Baux. In 1822 bauxite was discovered in the area by geologist Pierre Berthier; the ore was intensively mined until its exhaustion at the end of the 20th century. Les Baux-de-Provence is located in the foothills of the Alpilles in the Parc Naturel Regional des Alpilles some 22 kilometers south of Avignon and 15 kilometers north-east of Arles. Access to the commune is by the D27 road from Maussane-les-Alpilles in the south which passes through the village and continues north to join the D99 east of Mas-Blanc-des-Alpilles; the D5 comes from Maussane-les-Alpilles in the south and passes through the east of the commune as it goes north to Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. The D27A links the two roads in the commune.
The D78F goes south-west to join the D17 west of Paradou. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Mes de Mai and Manville; the commune is farmland in the forested hills in the rest. The commune is traversed by numerous streams which are called "gaudres". A Gaudre refers to a river dry in summer
"Gold Dust" is a song by British-based DJ and record producer DJ Fresh. It is the third single released from his second album Kryptonite' Originally put out as a 12" in 2008, it was re-released in 2010 featuring vocals from Ce'cile although there is a version of the song on his album Nextlevelism which features Ms. Dynamite; the 2010 version of the song peaked at number 24 on the UK Singles Chart. The music video was edited by Jacek Zajkowski. In 2012, Shy FX made a're-edit' of the song, re-released to radio; this version reached number 22 on number 39 on the Irish Singles Chart. The sales of all versions are combined together enabling it to have sold in excess of 600,000 copies, receiving a Platinum certification, despite never reaching the top twenty of the UK Singles Chart; the official music video was filmed at the Brownsville Project in Brooklyn and captures some performances by American Double Dutch champions, Jumpers in Command. The youths are seen doing various activities including skateboarding and free running.
Fraser McAlpine of BBC Chart Blog gave the song a positive review stating: Sometimes the brightest gems are right in front of your eyes, hiding in plain sight. Or just obscured by people who know they are there, but have forgotten to tell you. With this song, its fantastic video, I will admit that my attention was miles away raking through some slower, less fun things. I had no idea something this ker-ay-zee, this life-affirming, this astonishingly chipper was released across on my beloved internet just seven days ago, until a friend dragged me over to look at what he called "the skipping video" on his phone. Yeah, that's a skipping video. I mean how impressive can a video which features people either or unsuccessfully jumping over a moving rope b...oh my LORD have you SEEN THE SKIPPING VIDEO? YOU'VE GOT TO SEE THE SKIPPING VIDEO! THE SKIPPING VIDEO IS AMAZING!. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Daniel Eduardo Bocanegra Ortiz, is a Colombian footballer who plays as a midfielder or rightback for Club Libertad in the Paraguayan Primera División. On 9 November 2014, Bocanegra received his first call-up to the Colombia national team for friendlies against the United States and Slovenia, he made his debut 18 November 2014, coming on for Santiago Arias in the 65th minute in a 1–0 victory over Slovenia. After more than a year from his last call-up, Bocanegra was included in manager José Pékerman's list to face Paraguay and Uruguay for the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifiers on 7 and 11 October 2016, respectively. Statistics accurate as of last match played on 26 November 2016.1 Includes cup competitions such as Copa Libertadores and Copa Sudamericana. 2 Includes. Independiente Santa Fe Copa Colombia: 2009Atlético Nacional Categoría Primera A: 2013-I, 2013-II, 2014-I, 2015-ll Copa Colombia: 2013, 2016 Superliga Colombiana: 2016 Copa Libertadores: 2016 Recopa Sudamericana: 2017