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Les Guignols

Les Guignols Les Guignols de l'info, was a daily satirical latex puppet show broadcast on the French TV channel Canal+. It was created in 1988, inspired by the 1984–1996 British Spitting Image. Using the same structure as a news programme, the show satirized the political world, celebrities, French society, international events. Throughout the years, it aired at 7:50 p.m. as a segment of other Canal+ shows, such as Nulle part ailleurs or Le Grand Journal. A weekly back-to-back replay of the week's five broadcasts was aired on Sunday afternoons, La Semaine des Guignols; the show started in 1988 as Les Arènes de l'info. It did not follow the news of the day, being written weeks in advance, wasn't popular. With the 1990–1991 season, the show took on the name Les Guignols de l'Info and began to follow the daily news, it enjoyed a tremendous growth in popularity with its different coverage of the first Gulf War, eclipsed its rival, Le Bébête Show. The structure of the show stayed constant throughout the years: a headline, a few quick stories, a pre-recorded video skit, an interview with a personality one last story.

It diverged from this layout only doing so to drive points across further. The Guignols have had a tremendous impact on French popular culture, in many cases introducing or popularizing phrases. For example, à l'insu de mon plein gré, repeated by Richard Virenque's puppet, is now attributed in jest to people who hypocritically deny having willfully committed attributed acts; the impact of political caricature in the Guignols is unclear, but some polls have shown that they have influenced voters. The show went far in how violently it challenged and portrayed public figures; some sketches displayed for example Raymond Barre, a former Prime Minister in a gonzo pornographic scene, President Jacques Chirac and his team in a Pulp Fiction–like destruction race to eliminate their competitors or the then-Minister of Interior Department Nicolas Sarkozy as a flip-flopping politician. The Guignols have displayed a left-leaning political outlook. While they focused on French politics, they often riffed off of international events, a key focal point being United States foreign policy in general, including Osama Bin Laden, the Iraq conflict and Saddam Hussein.

These spoofs on international events were presented in an anti-Bush manner, portraying the fictional "World Company" as being the true leaders, not the president himself. They regularly called out and mocked their own TV channel, Canal+, its executive staff during its 2002 crisis; the characters appearing in Les Guignols are based on real personalities of the political and artistic worlds. The show had a few dozen anonymous puppets at its disposal. PPD is a caricature of Patrick Poivre d'Arvor, a news anchor, on the TF1 network until 2008, he served as the main anchor of the show since its first season. He was depicted as a rather cowardly journalist who tries to get on with the mighty and the powerful, but used irony and sarcasm to get his point across, he sported a variety of hairstyles, in an attempt to mask his receding hairline. Despite the end of the news anchor career of the real Patrick Poivre d'Arvor, "PPD" wasn't retired until the 2015 season. Sylvestre, Commandant Sylvestre, Cardinal Sylvestre, many others, both named and unnamed, all with the same face and voice, were fictional characters based on the likeness of the American actor Sylvester Stallone, although when it was the actor himself, represented, or Rambo, he had a distinct appearance and a different voice.

The Sylvestres were parodies of "an ugly American", of greedy multinational corporations, the military-industrial complex. They always introduced themselves with "beuuarhh", a slurred version of "bonsoir". During the first Gulf War, the Guignols introduced, he would explain the war in broad oversimplified terms. After the gulf war, he was reintroduced as Mr. Sylvestre, an ubiquitous executive from the military-industrial complex, the corporate world, the CIA, all mixed into the fictional mega-corporation World Company. Sylvestre was tie, with a security badge. Other Sylvestres, dressed as Cardinals, Imams and other religious leaders, were portrayed as the Church Company, the twin sister of the World Company, specializing in "the business of religion". During the 2017 season, he was the show's main anchor. In the last episode, he was the CEO who fired PPD and Jacques Chirac. Jacques Chirac, the president of France from 1995 to 2007, was depicted as a beer-guzzling, incompetent liar, while coming off, at the same time, as relatable and well-loved.

The show introduced Super Menteur, a super hero into whom Jacques Chirac changes into at times of need. Super Menteur is capable of uttering unbelievable lies without getting caught. Only one person is a better liar, Ultra menteur, portrayed by French retired politician Charles Pasqua, convicted in some corruption cases. Chirac served as the show's main anchor in its last season, in 2018. George W. Bush was depicted as a cretin alon

Giorgio Chinaglia

Giorgio Chinaglia was an Italian footballer who played as a striker. He grew up and played his early football in Cardiff and began his career with Swansea Town in 1964, he returned to Italy to play for Massese, Internapoli and S. S. Lazio in 1969. Chinaglia led Lazio to the club's first league championship in the 1973–74 season, during which he was the league's leading scorer, he played international football for Italy, making 14 appearances and scoring 4 goals between 1972 and 1975, including two appearances at the 1974 FIFA World Cup. Chinaglia was the first player in Italian football history to be called up internationally from the second division. In 1976, Chinaglia left Lazio to sign with the New York Cosmos of the North American Soccer League. With the Cosmos team that featured Pelé and Franz Beckenbauer, Chinaglia won four league titles, retired in 1983 as the NASL's all-time leading goal scorer with 193 goals. In 1980 Chinaglia scored a record 50 goals in regular and post season play, plus another 26 in friendly matches.

In all matches played, including friendly and pre-season games, Chinaglia scored 734 goals, giving him a lifetime average of a goal a game. In 2000, Chinaglia was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame in the United States and was named the greatest player in Lazio's history during the club's centenary celebrations. A prolific goalscorer, some sources state that he is the highest scoring Italian player in all professional competitions, with 398 goals, ahead of Silvio Piola, although this claim is disputed, as the NASL did not abide to certain FIFA regulations at the time, he is the Italian player with the best goalscoring ratio in domestic championships, with 319 goals scored in 429 league matches played across both Italy and the United States. Chinaglia was given the nickname "Long John", a reference to Chinaglia's physical style of play, as well as his resemblance to the large Welsh footballing legend John Charles who played in Italy. Chinaglia was born in Carrara, Tuscany in 1947, but in 1955, he moved to Cardiff, Wales with his father Mario, mother Giovanna and his sister Rita, because of unemployment in Italy following World War II.

Because his family was poor, Chinaglia said, "All four of us lived in one room," he says, "My father was an ironworker and it was tough. I used to take the milk left on people's porches and drink it for breakfast." At age 13, Chinaglia was spotted scoring a hat trick for Cardiff Schools, joined Swansea Town in the Football League Third Division as an apprentice in 1962. Chinaglia made his senior debut for Swansea in October 1964 at Rotherham United, with his League debut following in February, his final Swans appearance was in March 1966. With Swansea, Chinaglia won the 1965 West Wales Senior Cup, scoring in the 3–0 victory in the final against Llanelli, represented the Swansea Senior Association Football League in 1964 in a representative match against the Birmingham & District Works Football Association. In 1966, because of the lack of interest from British clubs and his compulsory Italian military service, Chinaglia age 19, his family moved back to Carrara, he credited the military requirement with getting his career on track, saying, "Otherwise, I'd still be in Wales, slogging it out in the mud and drinking ale.

The Italian army has a special regiment for soccer players, so all I did in the service was to train all day, when my club had a game, get a pass."Chinaglia was banned from playing in Serie A, the top division, for three years because he had played professionally outside of Italy, his father fixed him up with Massese, a Serie C club in Massa near his home. The following season, he joined another Serie C club, Internapoli in Naples, where he played two seasons and scored 26 goals in 66 matches. Chinaglia rose to fame as a prolific goalscorer in Italy's Serie A, playing for S. S. Lazio, scoring 12 goals in his debut Serie A season, including a notable goal against European Cup holders Milan, led by Gianni Rivera, he scored 9 goals in his second season, insufficient to prevent Lazio from being relegated to Serie B the following season. Despite Lazio's poor league form that year, Chinaglia won the Coppa delle Alpi with Lazio in 1971, defeating Basel 3–1 in the final, he helped Lazio to gain promotion to Serie A during the following season, leading the club to a second-place finish in Serie B that year, finishing the season as the leading goalscorer in Serie B, with 21 goals.

The following season, Chinaglia scored 10 goals in Serie A, as Lazio narrowly missed out on the title, losing it to Juventus on the final matchday. During the 1973–74 season, he led the top Italian league in scoring, with 24 goals, he helped his team to the Serie A title that year, scoring the decisive goal from a penalty in a 1–0 win over Foggia, he was named the club's captain during his final season in Italy, concluding his European career with 14 goals. In total, he scored 98 league goals for Lazio in 209 appearances, 77 of which were scored in Serie A, in 175 appearances, he scored 122 goals in 246 appearances in all competitions for Lazio, scoring 13 goals in 28 Coppa Italia appearances, 9 goals in 11 European matches. In Rome, Chinaglia's family faced abuse from opposing fans and threats of kidnap by terrorist groups, he voiced frustration at Italian tax and corporate laws that he said led to business failures. 1972, Chinaglia began investing in American real estate while on a tour of the United States with Lazio.

And in 1975, his family bought a house in Englewood, New Jersey with the idea that he would commut

Walker's Court

Walker's Court is a pedestrian street in the Soho district of the City of Westminster, London. The street dates from around the early 1700s and escaped modernisation in the late nineteenth century so that it retains its original narrow layout. In the twentieth century the small shops that traded from the street closed and from the late 1950s the street became associated with Soho's sex trade; the Raymond Revuebar opened in 1958 and closed in 2004. There are now plans to redevelop the street; the street is pedestrianised and runs between Peter Street in the north and the junction of east Brewer Street and Rupert Street in the south. The two sides of Walker's Court are joined by a owned bridge halfway down; the vicinity of Walker's Court was built up in early eighteenth centuries. Building leases were granted in the area to a number of tradesmen in 1719 and 1720, one of whom was John Walker of St. Martin's, a bricklayer, but it is uncertain if, the source of the street name. Walker's Court is shown on Richard Horwood's map of 1813, by which time the street layout north of Little Pulteney Street was the same as it is today.

From 1873, attempts began to improve the south side of Little Pulteney Street, described as containing "narrow, ill ventilated Courts and Alleys, some of them open to the sky, but others running under portions of houses". The plans would have joined Rupert Street to Berwick Street in one broad road that would have destroyed narrow Walker's Court in the process but the plans were never carried out on the north side of the street and Walker's Court remains a narrow alley to this day. In the first half of the twentieth century, Walker's Court was made up of small shops, including an eel pie shop, a horse butcher, still trading in the 1950s. Isow's Kosher Restaurant was located in the street. In 1958, Paul Raymond opened a theatre and strip club at Maurice House, No. 11-12. It is now The Box Soho. Walker's Court is crossed at first floor level by an architecturally distinctive bridge with leaded bay windows which joins the entrance to the theatre to the main auditorium. In recent years a carousel horse and toy car have appeared in the window on the south side and an eclectic selection of objects on the north side which has led to speculation about their meaning.

In 2015, plans were underway for the redevelopment of the immediate area to include a new theatre and nightclub premises. The redevelopment is planned to include new headquarters for Soho Estates. Media related to Walker's Court, Soho at Wikimedia Commons

National Plan for Hispanic Ministry

The National Plan for Hispanic Ministry The 1988 General Conference of the United Methodist Church, the highest legislative body of the organization authorized the development of a comprehensive national plan for Hispanic ministries, but first a committee to gather information about demographic changes and trends, ministerial needs of 320 Hispanic congregations in the country was formed. The National Hispanic Ministries Committee, headed by Bishop Elias Gabriel Galvan of Phoenix, drafted a recommendation, presented at the 1992 General Conference of the United Methodist Church for approval; the church, upon seeing the significance of reaching out to the growing number of Hispanic/Latinos in the mainland U. S approved the establishment of the National Plan for Hispanic/Latino Ministry. There were 38 conferences in the US and Puerto Rico involved in some Hispanic/Latino ministry when the National Plan for Hispanic/Latino Ministry began in 1993. By 1999, 61 Annual Conferences joined in. To encourage the church and to push ahead with this growing ministry, it was reported in the 2000 General Conference through the General Board of Global Ministries that there were significant Annual Conference involvements in new and strengthened Hispanic ministries across the board.

At the UMC’s General Conference gathering in 2000, the church approved a total of $2.8 million intended to assist churches in the UMC to implement the program. By 2002 Annual Conferences reported 75 newly chartered churches and other ministries. Still, according to Rev. Saul Trinidad, the interim coordinator of the national plan for the quadrennial 2004-2008, the Hispanic population needs new models to develop ministries that address the socioeconomic and linguistic characteristics of the people. In a workshop facilitated by the Rev. Francisco Cañas, the national coordinator for the National Plan for Hispanic/Latino Ministry in the California-Pacific Conference, he explained why reaching out to the Latino population is a priority, he lists these major points. The United States is the 3rd country having the largest Latino population after México. In July 2007, there were 45.5 million documented Latinos in the US. 18 million reside in the Western Jurisdiction alone, the largest concentration of Latinos in any Jurisdiction.

California has the biggest concentration having 13.2 million Latinos, a third of California’s population. There are 13 local pastors in the entire California-Pacific Conference. In 2009, according to the U. S. Census Bureau there were more than 48 million Hispanics in the U. S. Another report foresees the Hispanic or Latino population rising from 16% today to 30% by 2050. There is no doubt ministry to Hispanic populations should be one of the greater priorities of any church in the U. S. if that church wants to become a vital part of society in the future. Yet churches are unsure of how to deal with immigration and the problems of immigrant communities. For instance a quarter of the Hispanic/Latino population which are illegal aliens and if churches want to serve and welcome “the strangers among their midst,” this is one issue which must be faced. Among U. S. Christians, there is much quandary as to. For instance, Evangelical Christians were asked, by Christianity Today, how illegal aliens should be dealt with.

A whopping 82% know that the Bible verses on “welcoming the stranger” has much to do with how we should deal with immigrants. However, within that same group, were varying opinions regarding how to deal with illegal immigration. Fifty four percent said the government should adopt policies giving illegal immigrants a better “path to citizenship” while 31% say there should be blanket amnesty while 15% say the current laws have to be enforced; the issue of illegal immigrants and how U. S. Christians think of the issue reflects the general uncertainty around the more general issue of changing demographics and the role churches will play in the lives of these people

Fender Jag-Stang

The Fender Jag-Stang is an electric guitar designed by Kurt Cobain, of the band Nirvana, intended as a hybrid of two Fender electric guitars: the Jaguar and the Mustang. Cobain suggested his idea for an instrument to Fender, resulting in two left-handed prototypes built by former Custom Shop Master Builder Larry L. Brooks, only one of, played by Cobain himself. In an interview from January 4, 1994, Cobain talked about designing the Jag-Stang, since it had not yet been produced, he stated to Nardwuar the Human Serviette that he designed it by taking a Polaroid of the Mustang and Jaguar, cutting them in half and combining them. It was shipped back to Fender for repairs before Cobain brought it with him on the European leg of Nirvana's In Utero tour in 1994, where the guitar was played live. Cobain sketched a basic design, sent to Fender, published as part of his Journals in 2002. Cobain played the Jag-stang live only a few times, however at Nirvana's concert at Tivoli Hall in Ljubljana, Slovenia, he used the Jag-Stang for the entire show.

“I’d say he played the Jag-Stang between two and five times on stage,” Bailey says. “There was an early show where he may have used it for a song or two, on he may have used it for an entire show.” Bailey says. “Kurt tended to record with guitars that he liked to play live, guitars he was real comfortable with,” Bailey says, “and at that point the Jag-Stang wasn’t one of them. I believe the guitar showed up not long before the In Utero tour began, there wasn’t a lot of recording going on anyway.” Though Fender had built the Jag-Stang to Cobain's specs, Bailey modified it as Cobain found things he wanted adjusted. “Basically everything that came in, including the Jag-Stang, I modified,” Bailey says. “Kurt’s older Jaguar was pretty modded and he liked it pretty much the way it was. But there were always changes of one kind or another to everything”. Cobain's prototype Jag-Stang had a Fender Texas Special pickup at the neck and a DiMarzio H-3 at the bridge; the production Jag-Stang includes a "vintage style" single coil pickup and one "special design" humbucker, each with its own toggle switch which a player can use to switch from "on", "off", or "out-of-phase" settings.

It employs the Mustang's "Dynamic Vibrato" bridge and like both of its predecessors, it has a 24" short scale neck. Produced in the fall of 1995, after Kurt Cobain's death, Fender Japan reissued the Jag-Stang two years after its 2001 cancellation due to popular demand. Fender once again discontinued importing the Jag-Stang from Japan as of May 2006. Kurt Cobain is the one who recommended the idea to Fender, picking up the "Jag-Stang." Kurt was the first to receive and play the guitar, which featured a mimic of his favorite guitar neck. He used it on rare occasions, he only used the bridge pickup, a DiMarzio H-3 humbucker, replaced by a Seymour Duncan JB SH-4 at some time. Cobain's Sonic Blue Jag-Stang was given to R. E. M.'s Peter Buck by Courtney Love after Cobain died. He can be seen playing it on the "What's the Frequency, Kenneth?" Music video. Mike Mills from R. E. M. Played this same guitar in concert during the song "Let Me In", itself a tribute to Kurt Cobain. An example of this can be seen on their Road Movie DVD.

TAS 1000 guitarist, Cass Picken is seen playing a Sonic Blue Jag-Stang at a TAS-A-Thon. Ruban Nielson, of the band Unknown Mortal Orchestra, uses a red Jag-Stang. Dallon Weekes of Panic! at the Disco uses a Fender bass that appears to be modeled after the Jag-Stang's body style. Molly Rankin of Alvvays plays a red Jag-Stang. Conor Walls of Irish rock band Turfboy uses a Sonic Blue Jag-Stang. Dylan Borkowski of alternative group Sixth In Line uses a disassembled red Jag-Stang. John McCauley of the band Deer Tick has been seen playing a Sonic Blue model, covered with stickers, live. Squier Ryan Jarman Signature Guitar Fender Jag-Stang Review


14-Methoxymetopon is an experimental opioid drug developed by a team led by Professor Helmut Schmidhammer at the University of Insbruck in the mid 1990s. It is a derivative of metopon, it is a potent analgesic drug, around 500 times stronger than morphine when administered systemically. It binds to the μ-opioid receptor and activates it to a greater extent than most similar opioid drugs; this produces an unusual pharmacological profile, although 14-methoxymetopon acts as a potent μ-opioid full agonist in regard to some effects such as analgesia, a ceiling effect is seen on other effects such as constipation and respiratory depression, believed to involve interaction with the κ-opioid receptor 14-Methoxydihydromorphinone