Les Misérables, colloquially known in English-speaking countries as Les Mis, is a sung-through musical adapted from French poet and novelist Victor Hugo's 1862 novel of the same name by Claude-Michel Schönberg, Alain Boublil and Jean-Marc Natel, Herbert Kretzmer. The original French musical premiered in Paris in 1980 with direction by Robert Hossein, its English-language adaptation by producer Cameron Mackintosh has been running in London since October 1985, making it the longest-running musical in the West End and the second longest-running musical in the world after the original Off-Broadway run of The Fantasticks. Set in early 19th-century France, Les Misérables is the story of Jean Valjean, a French peasant, his desire for redemption after serving nineteen years in jail for having stolen a loaf of bread for his sister's starving child. Valjean decides to break his parole and start his life anew after a bishop inspires him by a tremendous act of mercy, but he is relentlessly tracked down by a police inspector named Javert.
Along the way, Valjean and a slew of characters are swept into a revolutionary period in France, where a group of young idealists attempt to overthrow the government at a street barricade. Les Misérables was released as a French-language concept album, the first musical-stage adaptation of Les Misérables was presented at the Palais des Sports in 1980. However, the production closed after three months due to the expiry of the booking contract. In 1983, about six months after producer Cameron Mackintosh had opened Cats on Broadway, he received a copy of the French concept album from director Peter Farago. Farago had been impressed by the work and asked Mackintosh to produce an English-language version of the show. Reluctant, Mackintosh agreed. Mackintosh, in conjunction with the Royal Shakespeare Company, assembled a production team to adapt the French musical for a British audience. After two years in development, the English-language version opened in London on 8 October 1985, by the Royal Shakespeare Company at the Barbican Centre the London home of the RSC.
The success of the West End musical led to a Broadway production. Critical reviews for Les Misérables were negative. At the opening of the London production, The Sunday Telegraph's Francis King described the musical as "a lurid Victorian melodrama produced with Victorian lavishness" and Michael Ratcliffe of The Observer considered the show "a witless and synthetic entertainment", while literary scholars condemned the project for converting classic literature into a musical. Public opinion differed: the box office received record orders; the three-month engagement sold out, reviews improved. The original London production ran from October 1985 to July 2019, playing over 13,000 performances and making it the second longest-running musical in the world after The Fantasticks, the second longest-running West End show after The Mousetrap, the longest-running musical in the West End. On 3 October 2010, the show celebrated its 25th anniversary with three productions running in London: the original production at the Queen's Theatre.
The Broadway production opened 12 March 1987 and ran until 18 May 2003, closing after 6,680 performances. At the time of its closing, it was the second-longest running musical in broadway history; as of 2019, it remains the sixth longest-running Broadway show. The show was nominated for 12 Tony Awards and won eight, including Best Musical and Best Original Score. Subsequently, numerous tours and international and regional productions have been staged, as well as concert and broadcast productions. Several recordings have been made. A Broadway revival opened in 2006 at the Broadhurst Theatre and closed in 2008, a second Broadway revival opened in 2014 at the Imperial Theatre and closed in September 2016; the show was placed first in a BBC Radio 2 listener poll of Britain's "Number One Essential Musicals" in 2005, receiving more than forty percent of the votes. A film version directed by Tom Hooper was released at the end of 2012 to positive reviews as well as numerous awards nominations, winning three Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards and four British Academy Film Awards.
The musical's emblem is a picture of the waif Cosette sweeping the Thénardiers' inn. It is cropped to a head-and-shoulders portrait, superimposed on the French flag; the image is based on an etching by Gustave Brion, which in turn was based on the drawing by Émile Bayard. Bayard's drawing appeared in several of the novel's earliest French-language editions. In 1815 France, prisoners work at hard labour. After 19 years in prison, Jean Valjean, "prisoner 24601", is released on parole by the prison guard Javert. By law, Valjean must display a yellow ticket of leave; as a convict, Valjean is shunned wherever he goes and cannot find regular work with decent wages or lodging, but the Bishop of Digne offers him food and shelter. Desperate and embittered, Valjean steals the Bishop's silver, angering a farmer and other merchants as he flees, he is captured by the police, but rather than turn him in, the Bishop lies and tells the police that the silver was a gift, giving Valjean a pair of silver candlesticks in addition.
The Bishop tells Valjean that he must use the silver "to become an honest man" and that he has "bought soul
Two Weeks Notice is a 2002 American romantic comedy film written and directed by Marc Lawrence and starring Hugh Grant and Sandra Bullock. Although critical response was mixed, the film was successful at the box office. Lucy Kelson is a frumpy, intelligent liberal lawyer who specializes in historic preservation, environmental law and pro bono causes in New York City. George Wade is an arrogant billionaire real estate developer and stylish womanizing playboy, quite naïve. Lucy's hard work and devotion to others contrasts with George's world-weary recklessness and greed. Lucy meets George in an attempt to stop the destruction of the Coney Island community center from her childhood. Discovering that she graduated from prestigious Harvard law school, he attempts to hire her to replace his old Chief Counsel, overlooking their opposing views of real estate development, she is willing to overlook it too—and his playboy tendencies—when he lures her in with the promise to protect the community center and an annual salary of $250,000 and other perks.
She soon finds that what he requires is advice in all aspects of his life. She becomes his indispensable aide, he calls her for every little thing at all hours. At a friend's wedding, her cell phone loudly rings and disrupts the proceedings before she runs off answering his urgent page; when she discovers the "emergency" is he needs her advice on what to wear to an important event, she gets fed up and gives him her two weeks' notice of resignation. Yet, her departure is not so easy. Lucy looks for work at other firms, but every one says no because George has called in advance asking them not to hire her, so that he can keep her on, he gives in, she offers to help him find a replacement, but the camera shows us that they are not aware of how close and interdependent they have become: they act like an old married couple at a restaurant, able to carry out a conversation while involuntarily exchanging food out of habit from knowing each other's food preferences. When the stylish and flirtatious June Carver shows up without an appointment seeking the position, Lucy speaks to her, but is concerned that June lacks real estate experience.
When George sees June he is attracted and is ready to hire her on the spot, with little regard for Lucy's concerns. Rather than look the other way and let her soon-to-be-former boss deal with the foolishness of his sexist hiring practices, Lucy instead becomes jealous and competitive with her replacement; when George invites June to be included to business social events that would be just between George and Lucy, Lucy perceives the business events to be more like dates, is angry that June is intruding on them. Lucy finds out that despite his promise, the community center is going to be knocked down and argues with George, she arrives at his hotel and finds June and George in his apartment in lingerie during a game of "strip chess". George sees, he confronts her the next day, her last day, saying that she must have feelings from what she saw the other night. Lucy, still upset about the community center, reminds him that he promised her to spare the community center and that she didn't promise to sleep with him.
George and Lucy have an argument after Lucy fight over a stapler. The argument ends when Lucy leaves after George tells her that she is a saint, making everyone else look bad because they are humans who make mistakes. After she's gone, George realizes that his time with her has changed him. Meanwhile, in her new job, Lucy is missing him terribly, he reveals he decided to keep his promise to her. Lucy rebuffs him but chases after him and they declare their feelings. George reveals. Two Weeks Notice received mixed reviews from critics, it holds a rating of 42% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 121 reviews. The site's consensus states: "Though Two Weeks Notice has nothing new to add to the crowded genre, Hugh Grant and Sandra Bullock make the movie a pleasant, if predictable, sit." The film opened at No. 2 at the U. S. Box office, raking in USD14,328,494 in its opening weekend, behind The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, it had a total domestic gross of $93,354,851 and an overall gross of $199,043,242. The soundtrack music to Two Weeks Notice was released on 28 January 2003.
In the best-selling book on punctuation Eats, Shoots & Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation, the author Lynne Truss points out that the spelling of the film's title is grammatically incorrect because it is missing an apostrophe. The book's original hardcover edition featured Truss in her author's photo, glaring at the poster and holding a marker where the apostrophe should be. Two Weeks Notice on IMDb Two Weeks Notice at the TCM Movie Database Two Weeks Notice at AllMovie Two Weeks Notice at the American Film Institute Catalog Two Weeks Notice at Rotten Tomatoes Two Weeks Notice at The Numbers https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0313737/releaseinfo?ref_=tt_ov_inf
Luis Cristián Sánchez Garfias is a Chilean film director and teacher. He is best known as one of the few who made underground film inside the repressive Pinochet regime and is a self-proclaimed adherent of the Poetics of Cinema of Raúl Ruiz whom he studied under at the Universidad Católica in the early 1970s and wrote a book about in 2011, his films El zapato chino and Los deseos concebidos were both shown at the Berlinale in 1983 and both figure in cinechile.cl's 2016 greatest Chilean films of all-time list. Vías paralelas El zapato chino Los deseos concebidos El otro round El cumplimiento del deseo Cuídate del agua Mansa Cautiverio feliz Camino de sangre Tiempos malos Cristián Sánchez Garfias. Aventura del cuerpo: El pensamiento cinematográfico de Raúl Ruiz. Ocho Libros Editores. ISBN 9789563350494. Jorge Ruffinelli, ed.. El cine nómada de Cristián Sánchez. Uqbar Editores. ISBN 9789568601034. Cristián Sánchez on IMDb El campo ausente: El cine de Cristián Sánchez