James Goodwin

James Goodwin was a convict escapee and explorer in Van Diemen's Land. In March 1828, he escaped from the notorious Sarah Island prison with fellow convict, Thomas Connolly and the two were the first white men to pass through the Lake St Clair region. Assuming Goodwin was taken on to Hobart, he is the first white man to have traversed Tasmania from west to east. Goodwin was born in or near Northampton and was convicted of thieving at the Northampton Assizes on 3 March 1821, he was sentenced to seven years' penal servitude and, after several months on prison hulk Bellarophon in Woolwich, he sailed on the Lord Hungerford for Hobart. While a prisoner, he worked for Thomas Scott, assistant to Surveyor General, George Frankland and gained valuable knowledge about the Tasmanian interior. In March 1828, Goodwin and another convict, Thomas Connolly were part of a logging party on the Gordon River; the men took advantage of a job that didn't require them to return to Sarah Island at night and which provided them with rations in bulk which they could store for later.

Over a two-week period, they fashioned a boat out of a pine log which they used to escape up river and which they only abandoned when faced with some unpassable falls. They were assisted by a compass which he had stolen from Scott; the exact route the men took is unknown but they would have followed either the Franklin River or Denison River, both of which flow into the Gordon, before heading east into the Vale of Rasselas. From there they would have passed Wyld's Craig before emerging at the Ouse River; as well as their prison rations, they survived on grass roots, berries and food scavenged from Aborigines. Four weeks after their escape, the men split up near the settlement of Ouse and were both recaptured. Due to his feat of endurance and his unique experience of the South West Wilderness, Goodwin was pardoned and seconded to several surveying expeditions including John Charles Darke's unsuccessful 1832 exploration of the area to the South of Wyld's Craig. Goodwin's freedom was short-lived—he was caught stealing in 1835 and was sent by personal order of Lieutenant Governor George Arthur to Norfolk Island.

Convict Peak and Goodwins Creek near the confluence of the Gordon and Franklin Rivers in the Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park are named after James Goodwin. List of convicts transported to Australia Appearances on C-SPAN

Clinton, Tennessee

Clinton is a city in Anderson County, United States. Its population was 9,841 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Anderson County. Clinton is included in the Knoxville metropolitan area. Prehistoric Native American habitation was not uncommon throughout the Clinch valley during the Woodland period and the Mississippian period. A number of such habitation sites were excavated in the 1930s and 1950s in anticipation of the construction of Norris Dam and Melton Hill Dam, respectively; the Melton Hill excavations uncovered two substantial Woodland period villages along the Clinch at Bull Bluff and Freels Bend, both 20 miles downstream from Clinton. By the time Euro-American explorers and long hunters arrived in the Clinch valley in the mid-18th century, what is now Anderson County was part of a vast stretch of land claimed by the Cherokee. Although the Treaty of Holston, signed in 1791, was intended as a negotiation with the Cherokee to prohibit Euro-American settlement of the area including what is today Anderson County, the treaty became ineffective as more settlers moved through the Appalachian Mountains from Virginia and North Carolina into Tennessee.

The earliest settlers in Anderson County included the Wallace, Freels and Tunnell families. The flooding of white settlers into the Indian domain was cause for several skirmishes, which eased after the Treaty of Tellico in 1798 allowed for greater ease in settling the area. Founded in 1801, the town of Burrville was named in honor of Aaron Burr, first-term Vice President under Thomas Jefferson. Land was selected and partitioned for a courthouse, Burrville was designated as the county seat for the newly formed Anderson County; the county was partitioned from portions of Grainger County and Knox County in 1801. On November 8, 1809, by act of Tennessee State Legislature, the town of Burrville was renamed because of the disgrace felt when Burr was charged with treason for conspiring with the Governor of the Louisiana Purchase, to form another country from part of the Louisiana Purchase and part of Mexico; the selection of the name "Clinton" was most to honor George Clinton or his nephew, DeWitt Clinton.

George Clinton was one of Burr's New York political rivals who, along with Alexander Hamilton, destroyed Burr's bid for the governorship of the state of New York after his single-term Vice Presidency. George Clinton succeeded Burr as the second-term Vice President for Thomas Jefferson in 1805; because of the political position of George Clinton as Vice President at the time of Burrville's name change, compared to DeWitt Clinton's position as the mayor of New York City, most the residents of the town of Burrville would have been more identifiable and more honorable toward George Clinton than DeWitt. The Clinton Engineer Works, named after Clinton, was the official name for the Manhattan Project site in Tennessee which produced the enriched uranium used in the 1945 bombing of Hiroshima, as well as the first examples of reactor-produced plutonium; the site was known by the name of its largest township, Oak Ridge. The works were located starting about 3 miles southwest of Clinton, continued for 10 miles towards Kingston and contained 58,900 acres.

In 1956, Clinton gained national attention when segregationists opposed the desegregation of Clinton High School. Following the U. S. Supreme Court decision in the case of Brown v. Board of Education, a court order required the desegregation of the high school. Twelve African-American students enrolled in the high school in the fall of 1956. On August 27, 1956, the Clinton Twelve attended classes at Clinton High School for the first time, becoming the first African-Americans to desegregate a state-supported public school in the Southeast. While the first day of classes occurred without incident, pro-segregation forces led by John Kasper and Asa Carter arrived in Clinton the following week and rallied the city's white citizens. Riots broke out in early September, forcing Governor Frank G. Clement to station National Guard units in Clinton throughout September. Sporadic violence and threats continued for the next two years, culminating in the bombing of Clinton High School on October 5, 1958. With an influx of outside aid, the school was rebuilt.

A museum dedicated to the desegregation crisis, the Green McAdoo Cultural Center, is now housed in Clinton's segregation-era Green McAdoo School. In the 1990s, the Rogers Group, a firm specializing in road paving, began a campaign to reactivate an abandoned quarry and build an asphalt plant just east of Clinton near the community of Bethel; the initiative met with opposition from local and environmental groups, who were concerned that the plant would release cancer-causing toxins into nearby residential neighborhoods. Others were concerned about plummeting property values, noise pollution, damage from rock blasting, environmental damage to Buffalo Creek; the company argued that it would follow stringent environmental and pollution guidelines, retention ponds would limit runoff, that the site would be surrounded by vegetation. Anderson County refused to rezone the quarry property for industrial uses, Rogers Group sued the county in 1995. In D