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Lessing J. Rosenwald

Lessing Julius Rosenwald was an American businessman, a collector of rare books and art, a chess patron, a philanthropist. Born in Chicago, Lessing J. Rosenwald was the eldest son of Julius Rosenwald, a clothier who became part-owner and was president of Sears and Company from 1908 to 1923, chairman from 1923 to 1932. Lessing left Cornell University and went to work for Sears in 1911 as a shipping clerk, in 1920, was given the responsibility of opening a catalog supply center for the growing mail-order company in Philadelphia, he resided for many years in Pennsylvania. In 1913 he married Edith Goodkind and together they had five children. Succeeding his father, he was chairman of Sears from 1932 until 1939, when he dedicated himself full-time to collecting rare books and art, as well as managing the family charities, chiefly the Julius Rosenwald Fund, which made fellowship grants directly to hundreds of African-American artists, writers and intellectuals. In 1943, he pledged to donate his collections of rare books and art.

After his death, 2,600 rare books which trace the illustrated book through the last six centuries and 5,000 reference books to the Library of Congress, which remains one of the most distinguished collections in the Rare Books and Special Collections division. Additionally, 27,000 prints and drawings were donated to the National Gallery of Art, both located in Washington, D. C, he was one of the founding donors of the National Gallery of Art when it opened in 1941. "The Giant Bible of Mainz" has been on permanent display in the great entrance hall of the Library of Congress since Rosenwald donated it in 1952, when it was 500 years old. Rosenwald held his collection at his private gallery, the Alverthorpe Gallery, within the Abington Art Center. Rosenwald was a chess enthusiast, donated money to support American chess, he sponsored the U. S. Chess Championship from 1957 to 1969. Rosenwald was the best known Jewish supporter of the America First Committee, which advocated American neutrality in World War II before the attack on Pearl Harbor, was led by his successor at Sears-Roebuck and lifelong friend Robert E. Wood.

Just three months after its founding, he resigned from the committee's board in December 1940 over concerns about anti-Semitism. He became director of the Bureau of Industrial Conservation in the War Production Board during World War II. In 1943, Rosenwald accepted the invitation to become President of the American Council for Judaism, an association of anti-Zionist Reform Jews, a position he held until 1955. During this time, Rosenwald was active in rescue efforts of European Jews, urged the United States to admit large numbers of refugees, both Jew and Gentile. Lessing J. Rosenwald's importance as a rare book collector and donor to the Library of Congress is featured in David Baldacci's novel, The Camel Club, London 2006, p. 164 ff. The New York Times, June 26, 1979, p. C17, c. 1–2 Abington Art Center Library of Congress, The Lessing J. Rosenwald Collection Library of Congress, Lessing J. Rosenwald Digital Images, Rare Book and Special Collections Division National Gallery of Art, founding donor, Lessing J. Rosenwald Lessing J. Rosenwald Archive, 1913–2005 from the Rare Book and Special Collections Division at the Library of Congress

Karwendel (train)

The Karwendel is an international named express train service between Germany and Austria. The train was named after the Karwendel mountain range forming the German-Austrian border south of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, which it passes on the Mittenwald Railway. Introduced in 1930, it is labelled as an Intercity-Express train connection operated by Deutsche Bahn AG. Since the opening of the Mittenwald Railway line in 1912, train service was provided to reach the tourist resorts in the Karwendel range such as Mittenwald and Seefeld in Tirol. First D-Zug express trains ran from 1925 onwards on the electrified Munich–Garmisch-Partenkirchen railway. In 1930 the Deutsche Reichsbahn introduced the Karwendel-Express, linking Munich with Innsbruck via the scenic Karwendelbahn route through the mountains with the border crossing at Mittenwald. Special passenger cars were built, calling at the 1936 Winter Olympics venues in Garmisch-Partenkirchen; the operation ceased in World War II. After the war, D-Zug service continued from Munich to Innsbruck.

In 1969 the Deutsche Bundesbahn reintroduced the Ft Karwendel train using VT 11.5 TEE diesel multiple units. The Saturday only train was classified as package tour touristtrain serving several wintersport resorts along the Karwendelbahn between Garmisch and Seefeld; the service started in Frankfurt am Main, much farther north the pre-war start at Munich. From the introduction of the Intercity system in 1971 the train was named ICt Karwendel. In May 1979 a daily Intercity service from Bremen to Innsbruck named IC Karwendel has been introduced, hauled by DB Class 103 and 111 electric locomotives. On 31 May 1987 it was one of the initial EuroCity services; the EuroCity started as far north as Hamburg but its initial southern terminus Innsbruck was changed to Seefeld by September 1987 and after only one year as EuroCity the train was reconverted into an Intercity. Since 2008 the Karwendel has been an ICE service using ICE T high-speed electric multiple units, with Berlin the northern terminus and serving the region south of Munich only at weekends.

In July 2017, the Murnau Mayor Rolf Beuting was informed that the railway is planning the hiring of the ICE train pair Munich-Innsbruck. Only two train pairs from the Ruhr area and Hamburg-Berlin to Garmisch-Partenkirchen are to remain; the Karwendel would lose its long-distance train in Mittenwald and Seefeld. The Deutsche Bahn states as justification that the train is uneconomical because of decreasing numbers of passengers. In addition, he did not fit into the vehicle revolutions after the opening of the Erfurt-Nuremberg High Speed Railway; the passengers from the north benefited from the 1/2 hours shorter travel time. The mayors of the Bavarian and Tyrolean neighboring communities protest against the decision, they fear that holiday guests, for whom a connection without change is important, will avoid the Karwendel area in the future. According to the mayor, around 25 to 25% of guests travel to Mittenwald by train; the service is restored in December 2018

Wiebke Drenckhan

Wiebke Drenckhan, born 6 April 1977 in Bad Belzig is a German physicist who specializes in the study of liquid and solid foams and emulsions. She has provided illustrations for several popular science books. After studying physics and mathematical physics in Germany, she defended a thesis entitled "Stability and motion of foams and films in confined geometries" at Trinity College in Dublin in 2004, she did postdoctoral research at Paris Diderot University in Paris, France. In 2007, she joined the Laboratoire de Physique des Solides at the University of Paris-Sud. In 2014, she obtained her Habilitation à Diriger les Recherches at the University of Paris-Sud on the topic of “A science of transition - from liquid to solid foams”. Since 2016, she is a CNRS researcher at the Institut Charles Sadron in France. In 2013, she received the Irène Joliot-Curie Prize for women in science and technology for her experimental work and simulations of foams. In 2015, she received the CNRS Bronze Medal. Stocco, Antonio, et al.

"Particle-stabilised foams: an interfacial study." Soft Matter 5.11: 2215–2222. Weaire, Denis, et al. "The fluid dynamics of foams." Journal of physics: condensed matter 15.1: S65. Drenckhan and Dominique Langevin. "Monodisperse foams in one to three dimensions." Current opinion in colloid & interface science 15.5: 341–358. Van der Antje, et al.. "Crystalline arrangements of microbubbles in monodisperse foams." Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 309.1: 117–124. Arriaga, Laura R. et al. "On the long-term stability of foams stabilised by mixtures of nano-particles and oppositely charged short chain surfactants." Soft Matter 8.43: 11085–11097. Wiebke Drenckhan - Portrait de Femmes en Physique

Joseph Riddick

Joseph Riddick was a North Carolina politician who served as Speaker of the North Carolina Senate for 11 years from 1800 to 1804 and from 1806 to 1811. Only Bartlett Yancey and Marc Basnight have led the state Senate for a longer span of time. Riddick was a veteran of the American Revolutionary War, he attained the rank of General in the NC Militia. Joseph was born in about 1735 in that portion of Perquimans County, North Carolina that became Gates County in 1779, his parents were Hannah Riddick. His mother was the daughter of Elizabeth Hunter. Joseph Married Ann Stallings, the daughter of Simon Stallings. Professor and historian Isaac Samauel Harrell writes the following Although no returns can be obtained further back than 1842, the county was in all probability anti-Federalist in the early days, for Joseph Riddick, in the assembly for 33 years, voted with the anti-Federalists, he never wanted to spend any money. The county was opposed to the Literary Fund. Joseph Riddick was the leading man in the county from the close of the Revolutionary War to his death.

He was in the Assembly from 1781 to 1811 and again in 1815 and 1817. For eleven years he was the speaker of the Senate. During its sessions he made, he bitterly opposed the ratification by the state of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions and their defeat is due to him. He was a member of the convention of 1835 for a new constitution for the state. In 1798 Governor Samuel Johnston wrote to Supreme Court Justice James Iredell, "There are some men of good understanding in both houses. Riddick, from Gates, has more influence in the Senate. At his old home is a grape-vine that he brought from Raleigh when he was a member of the Assembly, he represented Gates County, North Carolina in the North Carolina General Assembly over a period of 35 years, including service in the North Carolina House of Commons and in the North Carolina Senate. He ran unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives as a Democratic-Republican in 1810 and 1813. North Carolina House of Commons North Carolina General Assembly of 1781 North Carolina General Assembly of 1782 North Carolina General Assembly of 1783 North Carolina General Assembly of April 1784 North Carolina General Assembly of October 1784 North Carolina Senate North Carolina General Assembly of 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791-1792, 1792-1793, 1793-1794, 1794-1795, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806, 1807, 1808, 1809, 1811 1815, 1817 He was a Presidential elector for the state of North Carolina on 2 occasions--1809-Madison, 1817-Monroe.

Joseph was a member of the Chowan County Committee of Safety in 1776. The following court record is stating that he was to be a commissioner to establish the county boundary line between Gates & Perquimans. An Act to appoint commissioners to lay off and establish the dividing line between the counties of Perquimans and Gates Whereas, the dividing line between the counties of Perquimans and Gates have not heretofore been sufficiently described, either by actual surveys, or by known and fixed boundaries, whereby it becomes expedient in order to prevent disputes between the inhabitants of said counties, that the said dividing line should be more ascertained and laid off. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That Willis Riddick and Langley Billups, of the county of Perquimans, Joseph Gordon and Joseph Riddick of the county of Gates, be, they are hereby appointed commissioners with full power and authority to lay off and mark the line between the said counties, due regard being had to the former reputed line.

And be it further enacted, That the said Commissioners shall appoint such surveyor, chain carrier and other attendance as shall be necessary for the marking and establishing the said line, shall make or cause to be made a return of their proceedings to each of the Courts of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of the said counties, to be deposited and kept among the records thereof, the said lines when so extended, laid off, shall forever thereafter be established, confirmed as the dividing line between the said counties. And be it further enacted, That the said commissioners, chain carriers and attendants, shall receive such compensation for their services as the Courts of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of the said counties shall deem just, to be paid out of the monies levied and collected for the said counties. Joseph died September 1818. In his will, dated July 24, 1818, he mentions his wife Ann. "Candidate detail". "RootsWeb, Reddick". Dead link "Gates County Regiment, North Carolina militia".

Retrieved August 19, 2019. Mentions Christopher and Kadar Reddick John L. Cheney, comp. North Carolina Government, 1585–1979. Walter Clark, ed. State Records of North Carolina, vol. 22. R. D. W. Connor, comp. A Documentary History of the U

Domain hijacking

Domain hijacking or domain theft is the act of changing the registration of a domain name without the permission of its original registrant, or by abuse of privileges on domain hosting and registrar software systems. This can be devastating to the original domain name holder, not only financially as they may have derived commercial income from a website hosted at the domain or conducted business through that domain's e-mail accounts, but in terms of readership and/or audience for non-profit or artistic web addresses. After a successful hijacking, the hijacker can use the domain name to facilitate other illegal activity such as phishing, where a website is replaced by an identical website that records private information such as log-in passwords, spam, or distribution of malware, causing additional damage to third-parties to the wrongful loss and wrongful gain of the domain Domain hijacking can be done in several ways by unauthorized access to, or exploiting a vulnerability in the domain name registrar's system, through social engineering, or getting into the domain owner's email account, associated with the domain name registration.

A frequent tactic used by domain hijackers is to use acquired personal information about the actual domain owner to impersonate them and persuade the domain registrar to modify the registration information and/or transfer the domain to another registrar, a form of identity theft. Once this has been done, the hijacker has full control of the domain and can use it or sell it to a third party. Other methods include email vulnerability, vulnerability at the domain-registration level and phishing sites. Responses to discovered hijackings vary. If the stolen domain name has been transferred to another registrar, the losing registrar may invoke ICANN’s Registrar Transfer Dispute Resolution Policy to seek the return of the domain. In some cases the losing registrar for the domain name is not able to regain control over the domain, the domain name owner may need to pursue legal action to obtain the court ordered return of the domain. In some jurisdictions, police may arrest cybercriminals involved. Although the legal status of domain hijacking was thought to be unclear, certain U.

S. federal courts in particular have begun to accept causes of action seeking the return of stolen domain names. Domain hijacking is analogous with theft, in that the original owner is deprived of the benefits of the domain, but theft traditionally relates to concrete goods such as jewelry and electronics, whereas domain name ownership is stored only in the digital state of the domain name registry, a network of computers. For this reason, court actions seeking the recovery of stolen domain names are most filed in the location of the relevant domain registry. In some cases, victims have pursued recovery of stolen domain names through ICANN's (Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy, but a number of UDRP panels have ruled that the policy is not appropriate for cases involving domain theft. Additionally, police may arrest cybercriminals involved. During the original "dot com boom", there was extensive media coverage of the hijacking of "". Basketball superstar Mark Madsen unknowingly bought a "stolen" URL by way of eBay auctions rather than the more common auction sites such as Snapnames.

In 2015 Lenovo’s website and Google’s main search page for Vietnam were hijacked. ICANN imposes a 60-day waiting period between a change in registration information and a transfer to another registrar; this is intended to make domain hijacking more difficult, since a transferred domain is much more difficult to reclaim, it is more that the original registrant will discover the change in that period and alert the registrar. Extensible Provisioning Protocol is used for many TLD registries, uses an authorization code issued to the domain registrant as a security measure to prevent unauthorized transfers. There are certain steps that a domain-name owner can take to reduce the exposure to domain name hijacking; the following suggestions may prevent an unwanted domain transfer: Use strong email passwords and enable two-factor authentication if available. Disable POP if your email provider is able to use a different protocol. Tick the setting "always use https" under email options. Check the "unusual activity" flag if provided by your email service.

Use a two-step authentication if available. Make sure to renew your domain registration in a timely manner—with timely payments and register them for at least five years. Use a domain-name registrar that offers enhanced transfer protection, i.e. “domain locking” and consider paying for registry locking. Makes sure your WHOIS information is up-to-date and points to you and you only. If you have 2500 or more domain names consider buying your own registrar. Relief via the Inter-Registrar Dispute Process RFC 3375 - Generic Registry-Registrar Protocol Requirements RFC 3735 - Guidelines for Extending EPP RFC 3915 - Domain Registry Grace Period Mapping RFC 4114 - Using EPP for ENUM addresses RFC 5910 - Domain Name System Security Extensions Mapping for the Extensible Provisioning Protocol RFC 5730 - Extensible Provisioning Protocol RFC 5731 - Extensible Provisioning Protocol Domain Name Mapping RFC 5732 - Extensible Provisioning Protocol Host Mapping (obsoletes


BATON is a Type 1 block cipher in use since at least 1995 by the United States government to secure classified information. While the BATON algorithm itself is secret, the public PKCS#11 standard includes some general information about how it is used, it has a 320-bit key and uses a 128-bit block in most modes, supports a 96-bit electronic codebook mode. 160 bits of the key are checksum material. It supports a "shuffle" mode of operation, like the NSA cipher JUNIPER, it may use up to 192 bits as an initialization vector, regardless of the block size. In response to a Senate question about encrypted video links, NSA said that BATON could be used for encryption at speeds higher than those possible with Skipjack. BATON is used in a variety of products and standards: APCO Project 25 PKCS#11 CDSA/CSSM HAIPE-IS FNBDT Thales Datacryptor 2000 SecNet-11 Fortezza Plus SafeXcel-3340 Numerous embeddable encryption modules: AIM, CYPRIS, MYK-85, etc. Advanced Encryption Standard PKCS documentation Discussion of BATON Quotes about BATON Senate security interview