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In Greek mythology, Lethe was one of the five rivers of the underworld of Hades. Known as the Ameles potamos, the Lethe flowed around the cave of Hypnos and through the Underworld, where all those who drank from it experienced complete forgetfulness. Lethe was the name of the Greek spirit of forgetfulness and oblivion, with whom the river was identified. In Classical Greek, the word lethe means "oblivion", "forgetfulness", or "concealment", it is related to the Greek word for "truth", which through the privative alpha means "un-forgetfulness" or "un-concealment". Lethe, the river of forgetfulness, is one of the five rivers of the Greek underworld. According to Statius, it bordered the final resting place of the virtuous. Ovid wrote that the river flowed through the cave of Hypnos, god of sleep, where its murmuring would induce drowsiness; the shades of the dead were required to drink the waters of the Lethe in order to forget their earthly life. In the Aeneid, Virgil writes that it is only when the dead have had their memories erased by the Lethe that they may be reincarnated.

Lethe was the name of the personification of forgetfulness and oblivion, with whom the river was associated. Hesiod's Theogony identifies her as the daughter of Eris, the sister of Ponos, Algea, Makhai, Androktasiai, Pseudea, Amphillogiai, Dysnomia and Horkos; some ancient Greeks believed that souls were made to drink from the river before being reincarnated, so they would not remember their past lives. The Myth of Er in Book X of Plato's Republic tells of the dead arriving at a barren waste called the "plain of Lethe", through which the river Ameles runs. "Of this they were all obliged to drink a certain quantity," Plato wrote, "and those who were not saved by wisdom drank more than was necessary. A few mystery religions taught the existence of the Mnemosyne. Initiates were taught that they would receive a choice of rivers to drink from after death, to drink from Mnemosyne instead of Lethe; these two rivers are attested in several verse inscriptions on gold plates dating to the 4th century BC and onward, found at Thurii in Southern Italy and elsewhere throughout the Greek world.

There were rivers of Lethe and Mnemosyne at the oracular shrine of Trophonius in Boeotia, from which worshippers would drink before making oracular consultations with the god. More Martin Heidegger used "lēthē" to symbolize the "concealment of Being" or "forgetting of Being" that he saw as a major problem of modern philosophy. Examples are found in his books on Parmenides. Many ancient Greek poems describe Lethe; the river is referenced in more recent novels and poetry. Simonides of Ceos, an ancient Greek lyrical poet, references Lethe in the sixty-seventh fragment of one of his poems. Publius Ovidius Naso, known as Ovid, in his description of the Underworld in his Metamorphoses, includes a description of Lethe as a stream that puts people to sleep. Aeneas, the protagonist of Virgil's epic Latin poem, travels to Lethe to meet the ghost of his father in Book VI of the poem. "The souls that throng the flood Are those to whom, by fate, are other bodies ow'd: In Lethe's lake they long oblivion taste, Of future life secure, forgetful of the past."

Virgil writes about Lethe in his didactic hexameter poem, the Georgics. In the Purgatorio, the second cantica of Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy, the Lethe is located in the Earthly Paradise atop the Mountain of Purgatory. Dante, held in the arms of Matilda, is immersed in the Lethe so that he may wipe out all memory of sin. After being washed in the Lethe, penitents are washed in the Eunoe, a river of Dante's own invention; the Lethe is mentioned in the Inferno, the first part of the Comedy, as flowing down to Hell from Purgatory to be frozen in the ice around Satan, "the last lost vestiges of the sins of the saved". In his first speech in Paradise Lost, Satan describes how "The associates and copartners of our loss, Lie thus astonished on the oblivious pool", referencing Lethe; the French poet Charles Baudelaire referred to the river in his poem "Spleen". The final line is "Où coule au lieu de sang l'eau verte du Léthé" which one translator renders as " whose veins flows the green water of Lethe...".

The same poet wrote a poem called "Lethe". The English poet John Keats references the river in his famous poem “Ode to a Nightengale”; the first four lines of the poem are: My heart aches, a drowsy numbness pains My sense, as though of hemlock I had drunk, Or emptied some dull opiate to the drains One minute past, Lethe-wards had sunk: Amongst authors in Antiquity, the tiny Lima river between Norte Region and Galicia, was said to have the same properties of memory loss as the legendary Lethe River, being mistaken for it. In 138 BCE, the Roman general Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus sought to dispose of the myth, as it impeded his military campaigns in the area, he was said to have crossed the Lima and called his soldiers from the other side, one b


The term of faktura emerged in Russian art criticism before the First World War. Voldemārs Matvejs used the term in his 1914 text "Printsipy tvorchestva v plasticheskikh iskussvakh: Faktura, it was developed by Russian Constructivism. Alongside tectonics and construction, faktura constituted one of the three core principles defined by Aleksei Gan in his book Konstruktivizm. In the period after the Russian Revolution, new definitions of art had to be found, such as the definition of art objects as "laboratory experiments". "Faktura" was the single most important quality of these art objects, according to the critic Victor Shklovsky, referring to the material aspect of the appearance. The surface of the object had to demonstrate how it had been made, exhibiting its own distinct property, thus Faktura could be characterised as the visual demonstration of properties inherent to materials, as illustrated in Corner Counter Relief by Vladimir Tatlin

Mecha Love

"Mecha Love" is the first single by British grime band Hadouken! from their third studio album Every Weekend. It was released on 18 October 2010; the band had confirmed several times earlier that they had started work on their third album and that they were demoing tracks. They stated they had recorded two songs to be released as singles before they headed to the studio to record the rest of the album; the song made its radio debut on Radio 1, where it was played by Nick Grimshaw after a chat with James Smith. He posted the link to the music video on his Facebook page; the video for Mecha Love was published to YouTube through Hadouken!'s channel on 5 October 2010. It is a 3D anime music video that features various explosive battles between mecha in a futuristic city; the battles grow more violent, the city is reduced to ruins as a result of the combat. The video itself is a compilation of scenes from the 2004 anime film Appleseed. Released was a video named'PEOPLE ARE AWESOME' which consisted of a compilation of'awesome people doing incredible things'.

The video has received over 81 million views. "Mecha Love" – 3:08 "Mecha Love" – 4:48

Jon Oliva's Pain

Jon Oliva's Pain is the latest project of Savatage co-founder Jon Oliva. The project consisted of solo recordings by Oliva, but after several months of work he was joined by former members of Circle II Circle to form a band; the band's first performance was at the Criss Oliva Memorial Concert in 2003, where Oliva played a set of 6 songs from his solo catalog plus "In the Dream" from Power of the Night, "Hey Bulldog" by The Beatles and a cover of "Wishing Well" by the band Free. Joining Jon on stage that night were Matt LaPorte, John Zahner, Jason Jennings, Christopher Kinder; the band went out on tour in December 2003 under the name "The Jon Oliva Project", but this was changed to "'Tage Mahal". The band's name was changed after discovering the blues musician Taj Mahal; because of the laws surrounding consumer confusion, Oliva instructed the band's name be changed to Jon Oliva's Pain, "Pain" being the working title of the band's first album. The music and themes bear comparison with the likes of Alice Cooper, focusing as they do on elements of obsession, pain and insanity.

Oliva himself cites The Beatles and The Who amongst his and hence the band's influences. After hearing the results of their earliest studio sessions together, Oliva decided to repeat the solo work from scratch with the band; the band embraced the opportunity without hesitation, brought in former Circle II Circle bass player Kevin Rothney to solidify the line-up. The band released their first album'Tage Mahal on the SPV label in 2004. Slated to be released on the same label in May 2006, JOP subsequently signed to AFM Records for the release of the follow-up entitled Maniacal Renderings, due for release on September 4, 2006. Oliva cites SPV's reluctance to promote the previous record as a major factor in his decision to move labels. Oliva credits his late brother Criss as co-writing some of the work on the album, after finding some working tapes they had recorded together shortly before Criss's death in a road accident in 1993. A tour taking them through most of Summer 2006 saw the band appearing at festivals in Europe.

The tour included the performance of two Savatage songs at each concert. During a performance at the UK's ProgPower festival in March 2007, Oliva and the band paid tribute to one of Savatage's works, Streets: A Rock Opera, by playing a majority of the album in running order for the first time as a "gift" to fans. Oliva remarked that some of the songs had never been performed live in the 16 years since the album's first release. Interviews pointed to a third album being recorded by the band in late 2007 ready for a release by AFM Records in January or February 2008. In January 2008, a release date in April via AFM was confirmed for the new album, entitled Global Warning, with the band announcing that the new album has now been both mixed and mastered. After the album's release, the band embarked on a tour of North America and Europe with new guitarist Tom McDyne along with Circle II Circle and Manticora; the tour meant that Jon Oliva shared the stage with Zachary Stevens for the first time in 10 years.

At the conclusion of the tour, the band announced that it had commenced pre-production on its fourth release, with a due date of 2009. The band toured the United States and Europe once more in 2009; the fourth release, entitled Festival, was released in February 2010. Plans for a live DVD to be filmed in 2009 were rescheduled, with a concert at 013 in Tilburg, the Netherlands in October 2010 being tentatively scheduled for filming with a view to a live-DVD release in 2011. A live DVD release will mark the first time that Oliva will handle solo lead vocal material over much of his material. In September 2010, it was announced that due to "undisclosed personal reasons", both Tom McDyne and Kevin Rothney would be forced to sit-out the band's European tour and DVD filming. Former touring guitar player from the'Tage Mahal tour, Jerry Outlaw was tapped to play guitars, with Jason Gaines, described as "Tampa's phenom bass player" replacing Rothney for the duration of the tour; as yet the DVD has still not been released.

The band did however record their show in Florida in April 2012, the first night of a short tour celebrating the 25th Anniversary of Savatage's Hall of The Mountain King album, for a DVD release, it now looks this will be released before the Festival tour one. Oliva revealed that he would not travel with the Trans-Siberian Orchestra during their European tour in a statement released in March 2011. On April 20, 2011. Current members Jon Olivavocals, keyboards, guitar Bill Hudson — guitar Joe Diaz — guitar Jason Jennings — bass Christopher Kinder — drums, backing vocals Former members Matt LaPorte — guitar Shane French — guitar Tom McDyne — guitar Jerry Outlaw — guitar Kevin Rothney — bass, backing vocals John Zahner — keyboards Touring members Jason Gaines — bass Guest members Steve "Doc" Wacholz Ralph Santolla Jon Oliva's Pain's official web site Jon Oliva's Pain's at MySpace Jon Oliva's Pain discography at MusicBrainz Jon Oliva's Pain discography at Discogs Jon Oliva's Pain at Encyclopaedia Metallum Jon Oliva's Pain: Interview with Jon at

A Flight of Pigeons

A Flight of Pigeons is a novella by Indian author Ruskin Bond. The story is set in 1857, is about Ruth Labadoor and her family who take help of Hindus and Muslims to reach their relatives when the family's patriarch is killed in a church by the Indian rebels; the novella is a mix of fiction and non fiction and was adapted into a film in 1978 called Junoon by Shyam Benegal, starring Shashi Kapoor, his wife Jennifer Kendal, Nafisa Ali. The novel starts with the death of the father of Ruth Labadoor in front of her eyes in a church; this murder is committed by the Indian rebels who are a part of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and who have decided to kill all the Britishers of the small town of Shahjahanpur. It is that Mariam Labadoor, the mother of the narrator, comes into action, she takes their entire family of six to their trusted friend Lala Ramjimal who keeps them at his home and gives them security and shelter. The Pathan leader Javed Khan comes to know that there are a few foreigners living in Lala's home and he comes into his house unannounced and forcefully takes away Ruth and Mariam Labadoor to his home.

The rest of the book talks of the various incidents experienced by the Labadoor family, who are warmly welcomed by family members of Javed Khan. Javed Khan himself is a cunning man and he pleads Mariam to marry Ruth. Mariam opposes the proposition many times, she keeps the condition that if the British are able to defeat the Indian rebels Javed Khan will not marry her daughter. But if they are defeated by the rebels she would give her daughter to him; the British are able to take the hold of the country and Javed Khan escapes the country and is not heard of. With a lot of help and support, the Labadoor family reach their relatives, she is witnesses the killing of her father. With the help of her mother and others, she and her family make it to their relatives, he is the most trusted friend of the Labadoor family and he won't give them shelter and he saw them as servants when Mr. Gandhi was killed, he is a courageous Pathan. He loses focus on his commitment when he falls in love with her. Despite many attempts, he is not able to please Mariam Labadoor to let him marry her daughter.

He flees the country and is not heard of

Hugh Ross (actor)

Hugh Ross is a Scottish actor, with a wide variety of British TV, film and theatre credits. He is known for his supporting roles in the films Bronson. Ross was born in Glasgow, he was educated at The Glasgow Academy, an independent school, followed by the University of St Andrews. He trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. Ross began his career in repertory all over England, he played Romeo at the Open-air Theatre in Regent’s Park. In 1997, he was nominated for an Laurence Olivier Award for Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical for his performance in Stephen Sondheim’s Passion at the Queen’s Theatre in London’s West End, his performance as Malvolio in Cheek by Jowl’s Twelfth Night won the Time Out Performer Award. In 2010, he played Polonius in Hamlet at the Crucible Theatre, with John Simm. In September 2016, his production company, The Other Cheek, in association with Cahoots Theatre Company, presented a revival of J. B. Priestley's The Roundabout at London, to great acclaim.

Hugh is directing the West End production of The Mousetrap at the St. Martin's Theatre. Hugh is a member of the Associate committee of RADA. Royal Academy of Dramatic Art Official Site: Hugh Ross Hugh Ross on IMDb Interview with Hugh Ross Interview with Hugh Ross on his role in Counter-Measures Catalogue of Hugh Ross' work with Big Finish The Daily Telegraph review of Plague over England 2009 Production details of Twelfth Night 2014 The Guardian review of Twelfth Night 2014