Levent is a neighbourhood and one of the main business districts of Istanbul, located on the European side of the city. It is a part of the municipality of Beşiktaş and is situated to the north of the Golden Horn, at the western shore of the Bosphorus strait. Levent is in direct competition with the nearby Maslak business district for new skyscraper projects. One of the major skyscraper clusters of the city is located here, well hidden behind the hills of the Bosphorus, not disturbing the atmosphere of the historical peninsula of Istanbul, at quite a distance; the tallest skyscraper in Levent is the 54-floor Istanbul Sapphire, which has a roof height of 238 metres. It was Istanbul's and Turkey's tallest skyscraper between 2010 and 2016 — as of 2019, it is the 4th tallest skyscraper in Istanbul and Turkey, behind Metropol Istanbul Tower 1 in the Ataşehir district on the Asian side of the city; the stations Gayrettepe, Levent and 4. Levent along the M2 line of the Istanbul Metro serve the Levent business district and its surrounding neighbourhoods.
Levent is a name for men in Turkey that derives from the Levend, a type of soldier of the Ottoman Navy. Levend itself has derived from Levantino; this was how the Italians used to call the Ottoman sailors, a name, adopted by the Ottoman Turks. The use of the word levend for describing seamen first appeared in the Ottoman Turkish language during the 16th century; these marine soldiers had the reputation of possessing strong, muscular physiques and daring, fearless characters. The name Levent came to be applied to the neighbourhood because in 1780 the Ottoman Fleet Admiral Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha was awarded a farmland here by the Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid I; the nearby İstinye neighbourhood on the European shoreline of the Bosphorus featured an important shipyard and dock for maintaining and repairing the military vessels of the Ottoman Navy. However, the Imperial Arsenal and the Naval Ministry of the Ottoman Navy were located on the shores of the Golden Horn. In the early 19th century, during the final years of the reign of Sultan Selim III, the first military compound of the Nizam-ı Cedid Army was built in Levent.
In 1868, during the first territorial organization of the Istanbul Municipality, Levend was placed within the district of Beşiktaş, having remained within this district since. The modern neighbourhood of Levent was formed in 1947, when Emlak Kredi Bankası chose the Levent area for constructing a well-planned residential compound, formed of villa type houses with gardens. After the completion of the first phase of the Levent project in 1960, numerous other residential compounds were constructed in the area extending towards nearby Etiler. Starting from the late 1980s and early 1990s, with initial projects such as the Sabancı Center, Yapı Kredi Towers, TAT Towers, Metrocity Towers and İş Bankası Towers, Levent became a popular location for constructing new skyscrapers owned by Turkish banks and conglomerates. One of the city's major skyline clusters is located in Levent. At present, Levent hosts the tallest skyscraper of Istanbul and Turkey, the 54-floor Istanbul Sapphire. Maslak Bankalar Caddesi List of tallest buildings in Istanbul List of tallest buildings in Turkey Architecture of Turkey Emporis: Skyscrapers of Levent financial district
The Manhattan Club was a social club in Manhattan, New York founded in 1865 and dissolved around 1979. Designed to be the Democratic answer to the Union Club, its prominent members included Samuel J. Tilden, August Belmont, Grover Cleveland, Alfred E. Smith, Herbert H. Lehman, Jimmy Walker and Robert F. Wagner Other prominent members included Augustus Schell, Dean Richmond and John T. Hoffman. In 1885 it was listed as the residence of Robert Barnwell Roosevelt, the uncle of Theodore Roosevelt; the Manhattan Club was organized on September 25, 1865 at Delmonico's on 14th Street at Fifth Avenue. Its first home was the Benkard House at 96 Fifth Avenue near the corner of 15th Street, followed by the A. T. Stewart Mansion on 34th Street at Fifth Avenue. From 1899 to 1966, it occupied the Jerome Mansion, at which time the building was sold to a developer and subsequently was torn down; the Manhattan Club moved to a suite of rooms at the Barclay Hotel occupied by the Cornell Club and thereafter functioned as a luncheon club.
Around 1979, its suites were converted into conference rooms and the Manhattan Club was closed. Despite having been conceived as a Democratic Party bastion during the U. S. Civil War, in its days, the members of the Manhattan Club were decidedly Republican in sympathies. In 1954, a survey of the men's social clubs of Manhattan noted that the club had become "ninety percent Republican." A half-century earlier, the significant majority of members supported Republican William McKinley's bid for President of the United States, triggering letters of resignation from members who wanted it to be a Democratic Club. A popular history suggests that the Manhattan cocktail originated at the club in the early 1870s, where it was invented by Dr. Iain Marshall for a banquet hosted by Jennie Jerome in honor of presidential candidate Samuel J. Tilden; the success of the banquet made the drink fashionable prompting several people to request the drink by referring to the name of the club where it originated—"the Manhattan cocktail".
The exterior of the club was featured in an 1891 painting by Childe Hassam when it was at the Stewart Mansion. On June 26, 1906, Stanford White was shot to death by Harry K. Thaw, the eccentric millionaire, after leaving the Manhattan Club; the murder took place three blocks south in what was Madison Square Garden. Henry Watterson. History of the Manhattan Club: A Narrative of the Activities of Half a Century. De Vinne Press
Ganesh Bagler is known for his research in Computational Gastronomy, an emerging data science of food and health. By blending food with data and computation he has helped establish the foundations of this niche area. Starting with the investigation of food pairing in the Indian cuisine, his lab has contributed to computational gastronomy with studies on culinary fingerprints of world cuisines, culinary evolution, benevolent health impacts of spices, taste prediction algorithms. Bagler completed his schooling from Sharada School and Siddheshwar High School, Solapur in the western peninsular Indian state of Maharashtra, he did his graduation in Physics from Sangameshwar College, Shivaji University and master's studies from Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune. He moved to University of Hyderabad for M. Tech. in Computational Techniques, before joining Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology for his Ph. D. research in Computational Biology. His Ph. D. research involved investigation of graph theoretical models of protein structures which led to the observation of exceptional assortative mixing in graph theoretical models of protein structures.
After the postdoctoral research stint in computational neuroscience at the National Centre for Biological Sciences as a Visiting Fellow, he joined the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics in Prof. Michael Lappe's group, he returned to India to join CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology as a Scientist. In April 2013, he moved to Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur as an Assistant Professor. After a brief stint at Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology as an Assistant Professor, he moved to Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology on a tenure track position. There, he is affiliated to the Center for Computational Biology and Department of Computational Biology and has been developing the Computational Gastronomy niche in his lab, the Complex Systems Laboratory. Ganesh Bagler's research has been rooted in investigation of Complex Systems of biological origin: Protein structure-function, kinetics and design. Ganesh Bagler has keen interest in Science, technology and mathematics education and public outreach for communicating science.
He has been engaged in propagating the cause of leveraging Computational Gastronomy for data-driven food innovations on various platforms: TEDx. He has organized two editions of Computational Gastronomy Symposiums at IIIT-Delhi, he conducts the'Open Computational Gastronomy' course on Google Classroom In April 2015, soon after his research reporting the food pairing investigation of Indian cuisine was touted as an emerging technology by the MIT Technology Review, Bagler was unceremoniously removed from the position of Assistant Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur in a controversial decision. The students protested against the decision of termination. Ministry of Human Resource Development constituted a three-member committee for the investigation of the matter. Subsequently, Bagler moved to Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology on a tenure track position and has graduated his PhD students from Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur, he has been tenured and promoted to the position of Associate Professor at Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology.
Ganesh Bagler. "Network Properties of Protein Structures". Physica A. 346: 27–33. ArXiv:q-bio/0408009. Bibcode:2005PhyA..346...27B. Doi:10.1016/j.physa.2004.08.046. Ganesh Bagler. "Assortative mixing in Protein Contact Networks and protein folding kinetics". Bioinformatics. 23: 1760–1767. ArXiv:0711.2723. Bibcode:2007arXiv0711.2723B. Doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btm257. PMID 17519248. Ganesh Bagler. "Analysis of Airport Network of India as a complex weighted network". Physica A. 387: 2972–2980. ArXiv:cond-mat/0409773. Bibcode:2008PhyA..387.2972B. Doi:10.1016/j.physa.2008.01.077. Arun Kumar. "Engineering a thermostable superoxide dismutase functional at sub-zero to >50°C, which tolerates autoclaving". Scientific Reports. 2: 387. Bibcode:2012NatSR...2E.387K. Doi:10.1038/srep00387. PMC 3339387. PMID 22548128. Shivalika Pathania. "Prospecting for novel plant-derived molecules of Rauvolfia serpentina as inhibitors of Aldose Reductase, a potent drug target for diabetes and its complications". PLOS ONE. 8: e61327. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...861327P.
Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061327. PMID 23613832. Kriti Dubey. "Tyrosine and tryptophan coated gold nanoparticles inhibit amyloid aggregation of insulin". Amino Acids. 47: 2551–2560. Doi:10.1007/s00726-015-2046-6. PMID 26193769. Anupam Jain.