Lever Brothers was a British manufacturing company founded in 1885 by brothers William Hesketh Lever and James Darcy Lever. They invested in and promoted a new soap-making process invented by chemist William Hough Watson. In 1930, Lever Brothers merged with Margarine Unie to form Unilever. Starting with a small grocery business begun by his father, William Lever and his brother James entered the soap business in 1885 by buying a small soap works in Warrington; the brothers teamed up with a Bolton chemist, William Hough Watson, who became an early business partner. Watson invented the process which resulted in a new soap, using glycerin and vegetable oils such as palm oil, rather than tallow; the resulting soap was a good, free-lathering soap, at first named Honey Soap later named "Sunlight Soap". Production reached 450 tons per week by 1888. Larger premises were built on marshes at Bromborough Pool on the Wirral Peninsula at what became Port Sunlight. Though the company was named Lever Brothers, William Lever's brother and co-director James never took a major part in running the business.
He fell ill in 1895 as a result of diabetes, resigned his directorship two years later. Lever Brothers entered the United States market with a small New York City sales office. In 1898, it bought a soap manufacturer in Cambridge, the Curtis Davis Company, moved its U. S. headquarters to Cambridge, started production at a factory located at what is now Technology Square. By 1929, Lever Brothers employed 1,000 workers in Cambridge, 1,400 nationwide, making it the third-largest soap manufacturer in the U. S. In 1925, Lever Brothers acquired Mac Fisheries, owner of T. Wall & Sons. Lever Brothers was one of several British companies that took an interest in the welfare of its British employees; the model village of Port Sunlight was developed between 1888 and 1914 adjoining the soap factory to accommodate the company's staff in good quality housing, with high architectural standards and many community facilities. The paternity found at Port Sunlight did not exist in the operations though its subsidiary in Congo, where Lever Brothers, through their subsidiary Huileries du Congo Belge, utilized forced labour between 1911 and 1945.
By 1900 "Lifebuoy", "Lux" and "Vim" brands had been added and subsidiaries had been set up in the United States, Canada, Australia and elsewhere. By 1911 the company had its own oil palm plantations in the Solomon Islands. Lever Brothers Ltd acquired other soap companies including A&F Pears, Gossage's of Widnes, Watson's of Leeds, Crosfield's of Warrington, Hazlehurst & Sons of Runcorn and Hudson's of Liverpool; the town Leverville was founded in the Bandundu district of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, named after William Lever. In September 1929, Unilever was formed by a merger of the operations of Dutch Margarine Unie and British soapmaker Lever Brothers, with the name of the resulting company a portmanteau of the name of both companies Unilever. By 1930, it employed 250,000 people and in terms of market value, was the largest company in Britain. Unilever was the first modern multinational company; the Lever Brothers name was kept for a time as an imprint, as well as the name of the US subsidiary, Lever Brothers Company, a Canadian subsidiary, Lever Brothers Limited.
Lever Brothers was sold to a US capital firm Pensler Capital Corporation and renamed Korex in 2008. Korex Don Valley assumed operations of the Lever Brothers Toronto plant, it has since gone bankrupt. The Toronto plant is now being redeveloped into an office and industrial district by First Gulf Corporation. Among its presidents was Charles Luckman who in the 1950s championed the construction of the Lever House in New York City. Luckman left the company before the building's completion, moving on to a notable architectural career, including the design of Madison Square Garden, the Theme Building and master plan for Los Angeles International Airport, the Aon Center, major buildings at the Kennedy Space Center and Johnson Space Center. Breeze detergent Lever & Kitchen Lever Brothers Factory located in Balmain, New South Wales, Australia Lever Brothers Factory, Toronto - re-development of Lever's Toronto factory and now being re-developed by First Gulf Corporation into a residential community. Port Sunlight Media related to Lever Brothers at Wikimedia Commons
International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies is a professional network established on March 2, 1985 in Washington, D. C, it is dedicated to disseminating the state of the science as it pertains to our understanding about the effects of trauma exposure, traumatic stress, evidence-based assessment of trauma and associated symptoms, evidence-based prevention and treatment intervention approaches. The society provides a forum for sharing research, clinical strategies, public policy issues and theoretical formulations on trauma around the world. Members include psychiatrists, social workers, counselors, administrators, journalists and other professionals with an interest in the study and treatment of traumatic stress. Members come from a variety of clinical and non-clinical settings around the world, including public and private health facilities, private practice, non-university research foundations, many different cultural backgrounds. Mission Statement: an international interdisciplinary professional organization that promotes advancement and exchange of knowledge about traumatic stress.
This knowledge includes: Understanding the scope and consequences of traumatic exposure Preventing traumatic events and ameliorating their consequences Advocating for the field of traumatic stress The organization was named the Society for Traumatic Stress Studies when it was established at a meeting organized by Charles Figley and held in Washington, D. C. in March 1985. A foundational objective of the society was to publish a journal featuring scholarly work on traumatic stress; this was achieved in July 1986 with the creation of the Journal of Traumatic Stress, whose first issue was published in January 1988. The Society’s first annual meeting was held in Atlanta, GA in September 1985. In April 1990, the society’s name was changed to the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies to reflect its growing non-U. S. Membership; the first edition of its newsletter, published in 1986, started with an editorial commenting upon the diversity of opinion expressed in the press about the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, expressing hope that "very soon we can create a national media registry.
This would include those most of us would agree are qualified to comment on the psychosocial consequences of traumatic events... We hope that by providing the media with a list of qualified experts, the level of public information about human response to catastrophes will be increased substantially; each year, the society recognizes the achievements of its members and others dedicated to the field of traumatic stress studies, including students and professionals in research, clinical/patient care settings and advocacy. These awards celebrate the efforts of those who work to advance the understanding of trauma and its effects, honor winners every year at the annual meeting: This award is the highest honor given to an individual who has made great lifetime contributions to the field of traumatic stress; the award was established by Dr. Yael Danieli in commemoration of her mother; this award recognizes excellence in the traumatic stress field by an individual who has completed his or her training within the last five years.
For men or women with primary childcare responsibilities, one year per child can be added up to an eight-year limit post training. For example, an individual who completed his or her post-doctoral fellowship in 2011 and has two children would be eligible until 2018; the traumatic stress field may include research, clinical work, policy, clergy or media. The definition of training includes clinical internship, post-doctoral training and medical residency; this award is given to an individual or group who has made an outstanding contribution to research in the field of traumatic stress. Robert S. Laufer, PhD, was a sociologist who made early and important contributions to the field of traumatic stress and PTSD through his research on the effects of war experiences on Vietnam combat veterans. Laufer was Professor of Sociology at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, an author of the groundbreaking study of returning veterans entitled Legacies of Vietnam: Comparative Adjustment of Veterans and Their Peers, published in 1981, with Arthur Egendorf, Ellen Frey-Wouters, others.
Laufer and colleagues expanded the concept of combat exposure to include multiple dimensions. In particular, he focused on witnessing or participating in abusive violence, an important new focus for a guerilla war where there were no front lines, where enemy combatants and civilians were difficult to distinguish, he found that abusive violence followed from more extreme exposure to combat, was associated with distinctive psychological and behavioral outcomes, including different aspects of PTSD. Laufer died prematurely of cancer in 1989 at the age of 47; this award is made in his memory. This award is given to a clinician or group of clinicians in direct service to traumatized individuals; this written and/or verbal communication to the field must exemplify the work of Sarah Haley. Sarah Haley, MSW, was a psychiatric social worker in the VA clinic in Boston, now a part of VA Boston Healthcare System. Beginning with her treatment of a My Lai veteran, distressed and unable to remember aspects of his traumatizing experiences in Vietnam, at a time when traumatic experiences were the focus of treatment, she sat with hundreds of veterans who were able to trust her enough to tell their horrific narratives.
Working with these men, who repulsed or frightened many other therapists, led to her landmark article entitled When the Patient Reports Atrocities: Specific Treatment Considerations of the Vietnam
The Sultan of Johor is a hereditary seat and the sovereign ruler of the Malaysian state of Johor. In the past, the sultan was advised by a bendahara; the role of bendahara has been taken over by chief minister with the constitutional monarchy system via Johor State Constitution. The Sultan is the constitutional head of state of Johor; the Sultan has own independent military force Royal Johor Military Force. The Sultan is the Head of Islam in Johor state; the first sultan of Johor was Alauddin Riayat Shah II. He was the son of the last sultan of Sultan Mahmud Shah; the descendants of the Sultanate of Malacca in Johor ended with the death of Sultan Mahmud Shah II in 1699 and throne was taken over by Sultan Abdul Jalil IV. Abdul Jalil IV was a bendahara before the death of the sultan. Though Johor has been ruled over by at least 20 sultans, the first sultan of modern Johor was Sultan Abu Bakar who reigned from 1862 to 1895, he was the first person from the Temenggong family to become the sultan in Johor's history.
His father, Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim managed to consolidate enough power to disfranchise Sultan Ali who died in 1877. The office of sultan is held by Sultan Ibrahim Ismail Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj, proclaimed as the 25th Sultan of Johor on 23 January 2010 and crowned on 23 March 2015 at the Istana Besar, Johor Bahru, his father, Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Ismail Al-Khalidi, a great-grandson of Sultan Abu Bakar died on 22 January 2010. Ibrahim Ismail, The Tunku Mahkota of Johor, was appointed as Acting Sultan of Johor on the same day; the funeral was held on 23 January after the proclamation of Sultan Ibrahim Ismail. Johor Sultanate Nesalamar Nadarajah and the Origins of British Control, 1895–1914, Arenabuku, 2000, ISBN 967-970-318-5 T. Wignesan, "A Peranakan's View of the fin de siècle monde malais – Na Tian Piet's Endearing syair of Epic Proportions" in The Gombak Review, Vol. 4,N° 2, Kuala Lumpur, 1999, pp. 101–121. T. Wignesan. Sporadic Striving amid Echoed Voices, Mirrored Images and Stereotypic Posturing in Malaysian-Singaporean Literatures.
Allahabad: Cyberwit.net, 2008, pp. 196–218. ISBN 978-81-8253-120-8
Aster MIMS is a NABH accredited 950-bed super-speciality hospital located in Kozhikode, India. It is located on Mini Bypass Road, Opp Kovilakam Residency Govindapuram, Kerala, India. Aster MIMS, an NABH accredited hospital, is established with the aim to offer advanced medical treatment of international standards at affordable rates. MIMS has established a 200-bed hospital at Changuvetty, Kottakkal and in Chala, Kannur. Over a hundred medical professionals as full-time doctors First multi-specialty hospital in the country to gain NABH accreditation Level IV Trauma care facility One of the Intensive care facilities in the country Blood Bank with component separation facility The first Cochlear Implant Clinic in the State of Kerala Advanced Interventional Radiology State of the art Nuclear Medicine Department Round the clock availability of Interventional Cardiologists for Primary angioplasty 24-hour availability of Neurologists for thrombolysis in stroke Integrated MIMS Academy with DNB, nursing and paramedical courses.
The departments at Aster MIMS include Anesthesiology, Cardiothoracic anesthesiology, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Dental Surgery, Emergency Medicine, Family Medicine, ENT, Lower gastrointestinal surgery, Upper gastrointestinal surgery, General Medicine, General Surgery, Intensive Care Unit, Reproductive Medicine, Nephrology, Neurosurgery and Gynaecology, Surgical Oncology, Ophthalmology and maxillofacial surgery, Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Pediatric Cardiology, Pediatric Surgery, Physical medicine and rehabilitation, Plastic Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Preventive Healthcare, Psychiatric medicine, Pulmonary Medicine, Urology, Vascular Surgery. The diagnostic departments at MIMS include a referral diagnostic clinical laboratory, Microbiology lab, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging. Official website
The Gridley–Howe–Faden–Atkins Farmstead known as Brookside Farm, in Kimball County, Nebraska near Kimball, is a historic, well preserved farmstead. It has buildings and structures dating from 1899 when Henry H. Howe built a 38-by-38-foot one-story limestone house until 1947 when the last structure on the property was built; the property claim had been proven by James Gridley in 1891, at which time the property was irrigated, but Gridley moved on to Utah, Howe obtained the farm. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997; the listing included four contributing structures on 8 acres. It was deemed significant as "a rare, well preserved collection of buildings and structures which reflect changes in agriculture from timber claim to 20th century technology and small scale farm diversification." More photos of the Brookside Farm at Wikimedia Commons
Lisa Azuelos is a French director and producer. She is the daughter of singer Marie Laforêt and her father is of Sephardic descent. Lisa Azuelos is the daughter of French singer and actress Marie Laforêt and of Judas Azuelos, a Moroccan Jew of Sephardic descent, she has a step-sister, Deborah. Her parents separated, her mother kept her and sent her and her brother to a Swiss boarding school, "Les Sept Nains", where children were maltreated physically and mentally. Afterwards the two siblings were sent to live with someone in a small village in the department of Sarthe, she stayed with her father since the age of twelve. That is the time. Lisa Azuelos was introduced to her future husband, film producer Patrick Alessandrin, by Luc Besson. The couple has three children, Carmen and Thaïs, they divorced after 11 years of marriage. Lisa Azuelos has a film production company, which she named Bethsabée Mucho after her paternal great-grandmother Bethsabée. Lisa Azuelos on IMDb