A Levite is a Jewish male descended patrilineally from the Tribe of Levi. The Tribe of Levi descended from the third son of Jacob and Leah; the surname Halevi, which consists of the Hebrew definite article "ה" Ha- plus Levi is not conclusive regarding being a Levite. The daughter of a Levite is a "Bat Levi"; the Tribe of Levi served particular religious duties for the Israelites and had political and educational responsibilities as well. In return, the landed tribes were expected to give tithe to support the Levites the tithe known as the'Maaser Rishon'; the Kohanim, a subset of the Levites, were the priests, who performed the work of holiness in the Temple. The Levites, referring to those who were not Kohanim, were assigned to singing and/or playing music in the Temple serving as guards carryingWhen Joshua led the Israelites into the land of Canaan, the Sons of Levi were the only Israelite tribe that received cities but were not allowed to be landowners "because the Lord the God of Israel Himself is their inheritance".

In modern times, Levites keep a distinct status. There are estimated 300,000 Levites among Ashkenazi Jewish communities, a similar number among Sephardim and Mizrahim combined; the total percentage of Levites among the wider Jewish population is about 4%. Today, Levites in Orthodox Judaism continue to have additional rights and obligations compared to lay people, although these responsibilities have diminished with the destruction of the Temple. For instance, Kohanim are eligible to be called to the Torah first, followed by the Levites. Levites provide assistance to the Kohanim washing their hands, before the Kohanim recite the Priestly Blessing. Since Levites are traditionally pledged to Divine service, there is no Pidyon HaBen ceremony for: the son of a Kohen's or a Levite's daughter the son of a Kohen or a Levite. Conservative Judaism, which believes in a restoration of the Temple as a house of worship and in some special role for Levites, although not the ancient sacrificial system as practiced, recognizes Levites as having special status.

Not all Conservative congregations call Kohanim and Levites to the first and second reading of the Torah, many no longer perform rituals such as the Priestly Blessing and Pidyon HaBen in which Kohanim and Levites have a special role. Reconstructionist and Reform Judaism do not observe the distinctions between Kohanim and other Jews. Orthodox Judaism believes in the eventual rebuilding of a Temple in Jerusalem and a resumption of the Levitical role. There are a small number of schools in Israel, to train priests and Levites in their respective roles; the Kohanim are traditionally believed and halachically required to be of direct patrilineal descent from the biblical Aaron of the Levi tribe. The noun kohen is used in the Torah to refer to priests, both Israelite and non-Israelite, such as the Israelite nation as a whole, as well as the priests of Baal. During the existence of the Temple in Jerusalem, Kohanim performed the daily and holiday duties of sacrificial offerings. Today kohanim retain a lesser though somewhat distinct status within Judaism, are bound by additional restrictions according to Orthodox Judaism.

During the Priestly Blessing, the Levites traditionally wash the hands of the Kohanim prior to the blessing of the House of Israel. In Orthodox Judaism, children of a Bat Levi, like those of a Bat-Kohen, regardless of the child's father's tribe or the mother's marital status, retain the traditional exemption for their children from the requirement of being redeemed through the Pidyon HaBen. Conservative Judaism permits a Bat Levi to perform all the rituals a male Levi would perform, including being called to the Torah for the Levite aliyah in those Conservative synagogues which have both retained traditional tribal roles and modified traditional gender roles. In Israel, Conservative/Masorti Judaism has not extended Torah honors to either a bat Kohen or a bat Levi. In 1938, with the outbreak of violence that would come to be known as Kristallnacht, American Orthodox rabbi Menachem HaKohen Risikoff wrote about the central role he saw for Priests and Levites in terms of Jewish and world responses, in worship and teshuva, repentance.

In The Priests and the Levites, he stressed that members of these groups exist in the realm between history and redemption, must act in a unique way to help move others to prayer and action, help bring an end to suffering. He wrote, "Today, we are living through a time of flood, Not of water, but of a bright fire, which burns and turns Jewish life into ruin. We are now drowning in a flood of blood... Through the Kohanim and Levi'im, help will come to all Israel." A 2003 study of the Y-chromosome by Behar et al. pointed to multiple origins for Ashkenazi Levites, who comprise 4% among the Ashkenazi Jews. It found that Haplogroup R1a1a, uncommon in the Middle East or among Sephardi Jews, is present in over 50% of Ashkenazi Levites, while the rest of Ashkenazi Levites' paternal lineage is of certain Middle Eastern origin, including Y-chromosome haplogroups E3b,J2,F,R1b,K,I,Q,N and L. Haplogroup R1a1a is found at the highest levels among people of Eastern European descent, with 50 to 65% among Sorbs, Poles and Ukrainians.

In South Asia, R1a1a has been observed with high frequency in a number of demographic groups, reaching over 70% in West Bengal Brahmins in India and among the Mohani tribe in Sindh pr

Paul J. Hill School of Business

The Paul J. Hill School of Business is the undergraduate business school within the Faculty of Business Administration at the University of Regina in Regina, Saskatchewan; the undergraduate school was named for local benefactor Paul J. Hill who donated $10 million to the University; the Faculty of Business Administration's graduate school is known as the Kenneth Levene Graduate School of Business. Paul J. Hill School of Business unveiled. A $10 million gift, the largest gift received by the University of Regina, has led to the naming of the Paul J. Hill School of Business and created a unique relationship with the Ivey Business School at the University of Western Ontario "The Hill School of Business and its approach to education will excel in the development of quality graduates who will contribute both economically and to creating a strong and prosperous future both nationally and internationally," said Paul Hill, president and CEO of the Hill Companies and Harvard Developments; the Hill School, focusing on undergraduate business education, is an important addition to the programs and research focus of the Faculty of Business Administration at the U of R. "Paul Hill's vision, backed by this investment, will create tremendous opportunity on our campus," said U of R President Jim Tomkins, "As we move forward, we will look for additional ways for alumni and the business community to contribute and reap the benefits of this important moment."

Hill's investment establishes the school's new identity and creates a unique $2.5 million relationship with the Richard Ivey School of Business, located at The University of Western Ontario, Canada's premier business school. It will focus on the "business case study" approach to education for which Ivey has become internationally recognized. "This unique relationship with the Ivey Business School establishes the U of R as home to one of western Canada's leading business schools," said Garnet Garven, Dean of Business at the U of R. "The Ivey reputation is well earned and well respected by Canada's top business leaders." In addition to advancing the reputation and expertise of the Paul J. Hill School of Business, Hill is establishing a set of scholarships to help students excel. A $612,000 donation will create the Hill Scholarships in Business Ethics. An additional $587,000 has been donated to Campion College, to establish the Paul and Carol Hill Scholars in Catholic Studies. Campion College is a Jesuit liberal arts college federated with the U of R.

The Paul J. Hill School of Business offers a Bachelor of Business Administration; the Kenneth Levene Graduate School of Business offers a Master of Business Administration, a Master of Human Resource Management, a Master of Administration in Leadership. Higher education in Saskatchewan James Pitsula'As One Who Serves: The Making Of The University Of Regina' Official Website Leader-Post story University of Regina profile with ample photos Regina Research Park

Newton Flotman

Newton Flotman is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk, about 8 miles south of Norwich. It lies on north of Tasburgh and south of Swainsthorpe; the River Tas flows through it. The area of 4.87 km2 and had a population of 1,197 in 497 households at the 2001 census, the population increasing to 1,489 at the 2011 census. For local government it falls within the district of South Norfolk. An electoral ward of the same name exists; this stretches west to Wreningham, with a total population taken at the 2011 census of 2,658. Newton Flotman has a church, St Mary's, served by the Tas Valley team ministry along with churches in Swainsthorpe, Tharston and Shotesham. In 2006, an extension was opened, providing the church with larger meeting space, as well as kitchen and toilet facilities. In 2018, the church received £87,600 from the Heritage Lottery Fund, to be used to repair the church roof and drainage system, install Wi-Fi and train local volunteers to produce films about the church's heritage.

Newton Flotman Primary School caters for children living in Newton Flotman and Saxlingham Thorpe. The nearest secondary school is Long Stratton High School; the village contains a village hall, a motorcycle garage, a theatre school known as ARTS, but lacks a shop. A convenience store, which opened in the former premises of the post office in March 2007 closed. There is an area of land known as Smockmill Common managed by South Norfolk District Council, in Saxlingham Thorpe near Newton Flotman, used for recreational purposes. Newton Flotman Football Club is based in the village. An Elizabethan Country mansion, Rainthorpe Hall, stands by the road between Newton Flotman and Flordon; the village stands by the A140 road, which runs between Cromer in North Norfolk and Ipswich in Suffolk. Newton Flotman is served by regular buses to Norwich and Long Stratton, operated by First Norfolk & Suffolk and Simonds of Botesdale; the railway line between Norwich and London's Liverpool Street station passes through the west side of the village at a level crossing, but there is no station.

The nearest is at Norwich. The village was the home of the Blonumvyll or Blunderville family in the 15th century: Richard & William. Thomas Blundeville, humanist writer and mathematician, lived as a country gentleman in the village. Blundeville Manor is the name of a cul de sac in the village. Brighton's Road, one of the main streets that run through the village, is named after J. L. Brighton, chairman of the parish council for 41 years. Brighton was succeeded as chairman by Alan King. Alan King Playing Field, King's Green and Alan Avenue are all places in the village named after him. Newton Flotman Football Club