Lewiston is the second largest city in Maine and the most central city in Androscoggin County. The city lies halfway between Augusta, the state's capital, Portland, the state's most populous city, it is one-half of the Lewiston-Auburn Metropolitan Statistical Area referred to as "L/A." or "L-A." Lewiston exerts a significant impact upon the diversity, religious variety, commerce and economic power of Maine. It is known for a low cost of living, substantial access to medical care, an low violent-crime rate. In recent years, the City of Lewiston has seen a spike in economic and social growth. While the dominant language spoken in the city is English, it is home to the largest French-speaking population in the United States while it is second to St. Martin Parish, Louisiana, in percentage of speakers; the Lewiston area traces its roots to 1669 with the early presence of the Androscoggin tribe. In the late 18th century, the area became populated by Quebec families and was incorporated as "Lewistown" in 1795.
The presence of the Androscoggin River and Lewistown Falls made the town an attractive area for manufacturing and hydro-power businesses. The rise of Boston rail and textile tycoon Benjamin Bates saw rapid economic growth rivaling that of Cambridge and Concord; the increase in economic stimulus prompted thousands of Quebecers to migrate, causing a population boom. In 1855, local preacher Oren Burbank Cheney founded the Maine State Seminary, the first coeducational university in New England and one of the first universities to admit black students before the Emancipation Proclamation. Lewistown became associated with the liberal arts and was incorporated as "Lewiston" in 1864, a year before the college was chartered as Bates College; the city is home to the only basilica in Maine, Basilica of Saints Paul. The Lewiston area was inhabited by peoples of the Androscoggin tribe; the Androscoggins were a tribe of the Abenaki nation. Facing annihilation from English attacks and epidemics of new infectious diseases, the Androscoggins started to emigrate to Quebec circa 1669.
They were driven out of the area in 1680, sometime after King Philip's War. The governor of New France allocated two seigneuries on the Saint Francis River, now known as the Odanak Indian Reservation. A grant comprising the area of Lewiston was given to Moses Little and Jonathan Bagley, members of the Pejepscot Proprietors, on January 28, 1768, on the condition that fifty families live in the area before June 1, 1774. Bagley and Little named the new town Lewistown. Paul Hildreth was the first man to settle in Lewiston in the fall of 1770. By 1795, Lewiston was incorporated as a town. At least four houses that have survived from this period are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. King Avenue and Ralph Avenue were named after Ralph Luthor King, who owned the land near the fairgrounds. Elliott Avenue was named after his wife, Grace O. Elliott, whose son built the family home at 40 Wellman Street. Lewiston was a slow but growing farm town throughout its early history. By the early-to-mid-19th century, however, as water power was being honed, Lewiston's location on the Androscoggin River would prove to make it a perfect location for emerging industry.
In 1809, Michael Little built a large wooden sawmill next to the falls. Burned in 1814 by an arsonist, it was rebuilt. In 1836, local entrepreneurs—predominantly the Little family and friends—formed the Androscoggin Falls Dam, Lock & Canal Company:...for the purpose of erecting and constructing dams, canals, works and buildings on their own lands and manufacturing cotton, iron and paper in the towns of Lewiston and Danville. The sales of stock attracted Boston investors—including Thomas J. Hill, Lyman Nichols, George L. Ward and Alexander De Witt. De Witt convinced textile and rail tycoon Benjamin Bates, then-President of the Union Pacific Railroad, to come to Lewiston and fund the emerging Lewiston Water Power Company. Soon after Bates arrived, the company created the first canal in the city. In the spring of 1850, some 400 men recruited in and around Boston by construction contractor Patrick O'Donnell arrived in Lewiston and began work on the canal system. Impressed with the labor force and "working spirit" of the Lewistonions, Bates founded the Bates Manufacturing Company, leading to the construction of 5 mills starting with Bates Mill No. 1.
In August 1850, Maine Governor John Hubbard signed the incorporation act and the mill was completed 1852. Bates positioned the mill in Lewiston due to the location of the Lewiston Falls which provided the mill with power. Under Bates' supervision, during the Civil War, the mill produced textiles for the Union Army, his mills generated employment for thousands of immigrants from Europe. The mill was Maine's largest employer for three decades; this company began Lewiston's transformation from a small farming town into a textile manufacturing center on the model of Lowell, Massachusetts. The creation of the Bates manufacturing trusts saw rapid economic growth, positioning the city as the
Hajee Mohammad Danesh was a Bangladeshi politician and communist activist. Haji Mohammad Danesh was born to a Bengali Muslim peasant family in the village of Sultanpur in the Dinajpur district of what was the Bengal Presidency of British India, now a part of Bangladesh. Danesh studied at the Aligarh Muslim University, where he obtained a master's degree in history in 1931, he earned a degree in law in 1932 and joined the bar of the Dinajpur district court. In the 1930s, Danesh became active in the communist organisations of Bengal the Bengal provincial organisation of the Communist Party of India, he was arrested twice in 1938 by the government of Bengal for his participation in the Tebhaga movement, an agitation in northern Bengal against zamindars landlords for landless peasants and sharecroppers who sought a greater share of the yield, most of, surrendered to the zamindars. Danesh was one of the few Muslim communist leaders of the struggle, worked to mobilise the Muslim peasantry in favour of the movement.
In 1945, he joined the All India Muslim League, but was expelled for his participation in the continuing Tebagha movement, re-arrested by the Bengal government in 1946. After the partition of India and Bengal in 1947, Danesh remained in his home district of Dinajpur, which fell in Muslim-majority East Bengal, which became part of the newly created Muslim state of Pakistan. Danesh left active politics, to work as a professor of law at the Dinajpur Surendranath College. In January 1953, Danesh rejoined mainstream politics of East Bengal by forming the Ganatantri Dal; the party joined the multi-party United Front under the leadership of A. K. Fazlul Huq, which swept the provincial elections in East Bengal, defeating the ruling Muslim League. Danesh was elected to the East Bengal legislature. After the central government dismissed the United Front government, Danesh was arrested by police and released in 1956. In 1957, he merged the Ganatantri Dal into the new National Awami Party, formed by veteran socialist leader Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani.
He was elected vice-president and the general secretary of the NAP. In 1958, Danesh was arrested. Danesh became a prominent critic of the Ayub Khan regime, attacking its suppression of democracy and for what he saw to be its pro-United States policies; as vice-president of the NAP, Danesh opposed the six-point demand for autonomy for East Bengal put forth by the leader of the Awami League, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He criticised the six-points for autonomy as not addressing the issues and concerns of the peasants of East Bengal, claimed the existence of separatist designs aimed to separate East Pakistan from West Pakistan. Danesh resigned from the NAP, protesting against the leadership of Maulana Bhashani and criticising what Danesh perceived to be Bhashani's reluctance to agitate against the Ayub military regime. Danesh's resignation was followed by the departure of many other leading NAP activists. In post-independence Bangladesh, Danesh formed the Jatiya Ganamukti Union in 1973. However, when all political parties except the ruling Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League of president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman were banned, he joined BAKSAL and became a member of the central committee.
He abolished it again in 1980 to form the Ganatantrik Party. This party was amalgamated with the Jatiya Party of the then-president Gen. Hussain Muhammad Ershad in 1986. Hajee Mohammad Danesh died on 28 June 1986, in Dhaka; the Agricultural Extension Training Institute was renamed in his honour as the Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University
Matekitonga Moeakiola is an American rugby union player who plays for Castanet Rugby, played for the United States national team. Moeakiola plays as a prop. Moeakiola played for both East Coast Bays RFC and Glenfield RFC in the Harbour club rugby competition. Moeakiola played for Patumahoe RFC in the Counties Manukau Club rugby competition. Mate never played for Counties NPC sides. Mate was first noticed by the U. S. national team while playing rugby at the University of Utah. He has since played for the North America 4 Tournament, the U. S. team that played Munster in Chicago. Mate played at the 2007 Rugby World Cup. Moeakiola made his debut at the 2007 Rugby World Cup, scoring a try after coming on as a substitute in the Eagles' opening match against England. Moeakiola played in all four matches at the 2007 RWC and scored a try against England in the USA’s first match of the tournament. Matekitonga's mother is Latai Langi, from Faleloa, Ha'apai, Tonga, his brother Misi Tonga is his only other sibling that lives in the United States that plays rugby as well.
Info at usarugby.com Stats at scrum.com