Lexington Avenue colloquially abbreviated as "Lex", is an avenue on the East Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City that carries southbound one-way traffic from East 131st Street to Gramercy Park at East 21st Street. Along its 5.5-mile, 110-block route, Lexington Avenue runs through Harlem, Carnegie Hill, the Upper East Side and Murray Hill to a point of origin, centered on Gramercy Park. South of Gramercy Park, the axis continues as Irving Place from 20th Street to East 14th Street. Lexington Avenue was not one of the streets included in the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 street grid, so the addresses for cross streets do not start at an hundred number, as they do with avenues that were part of the plan. Both Lexington Avenue and Irving Place began in 1832 when Samuel Ruggles, a lawyer and real-estate developer, petitioned the New York State Legislature to approve the creation of a new north/south avenue between the existing Third and Fourth Avenues, between 14th and 30th Streets.
Ruggles had purchased land in the area, was developing it as a planned community of townhouses around a private park, which he called Gramercy Park. He was developing property around the planned Union Square, wanted the new road to improve the value of these tracts; the legislation was approved, and, as the owner of most of the land along the route of the new street, Ruggles was assessed for the majority of its cost. Ruggles named the southern section, below 20th Street, which opened in 1833, after his friend Washington Irving; the northern section, which opened three years in 1836, was named after the Battle of Lexington in the Revolutionary War. Lexington saw the first arrest in New York for speeding, in 1899, when a bicycle patrolman overtook cabdriver Jacob German, racing down the avenue at the "reckless" speed of 12 mph; the portion of Lexington Avenue above East 42nd Street was reconstructed at the same time as the IRT Lexington Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. The widened street and the subway line both opened on July 17, 1918.
Portions of the avenue were widened in 1955, which required eminent domain takings of the facades of some structures along Lexington. Lexington Avenue has carried one-way traffic since July 17, 1960; the July 18, 2007 New York City steam explosion sent a geyser of hot steam up from beneath the avenue at 41st Street resulting in one death and more than 40 injuries. Lexington Avenue runs one-way southbound for its entire length from 131st to 21st Streets. Parallel to Lexington Avenue lies Third Avenue to its east; the avenue is commercial at ground level, with offices above. There are clusters of hotels in the 30s and 40s from the avenue's intersection with 30th Street through to its intersection with 49th Street, apartment buildings farther north. There are numerous structures designated as New York City Landmarks, National Historic Landmarks, National Register of Historic Places on Lexington Avenue. From south to north, they include: Russell Sage Foundation Building and Annex George Washington Hotel, 23 Lexington Avenue 69th Regiment Armory, 68 Lexington Avenue Chester A. Arthur House, 123 Lexington Avenue New York School of Applied Design for Women, 160 Lexington Avenue Chanin Building, at 42nd Street Socony–Mobil Building, at 42nd Street Chrysler Building, 405 Lexington Avenue Graybar Building, 420 Lexington Avenue The Lexington Hotel NYC, 511 Lexington Avenue Shelton Hotel, 525 Lexington Avenue Waldorf Astoria New York, between 49th and 50th Streets Beverly Hotel, at 50th Street Summit Hotel, 569 Lexington Avenue General Electric Building, 570 Lexington Avenue Citigroup Center, 601 Lexington Avenue Central Synagogue, 652 Lexington Avenue Barbizon 63, at 63rd Street Church of St. Vincent Ferrer, 869 Lexington Avenue Seventh Regiment Armory, between 66th and 67th Streets 131-135 East 66th Street 130-134 East 67th Street St. Jean Baptiste Roman Catholic Church, 1067-1071 Lexington Avenue Public School 72, 1674 Lexington Avenue In contrast to Lexington Avenue, the six-block stretch of Irving Place, from 14th to 20th Street at Gramercy Park carries two-way traffic and is decidedly local in nature.
After the opening of Union Square in 1839, the Irving Place area became one of the most sought-after residential neighborhoods in the city, a situation, only enhanced by the development of Gramercy Park to the north and Stuyvesant Square to the east. An assortment of restaurants and bars line Irving Place, including Pete's Tavern, New York's oldest surviving saloon, where O. Henry conceived of his short story "The Gift of the Magi", which survived Prohibition disguised as a flower shop. Irving Plaza, on East 15th Street and Irving, hosts numerous concerts for both well-known and indie bands and draws a crowd every night. Another component of the avenue are the large apartment buildings which line the street from Gramercy Park to 17th Street. At 17th, a small bed-and-breakfast, the Inn at Irving Place, occupies two Greek Revival architecture townhouses built in 1840–1841 and renovated between 1991 and 1995, and architecturally significant are 47 and 49 Irving Place—the latter where Washington Irving is said to have lived, but did not—which are part of the East 17th Street/Irving Place Historic District, 19 Gramercy Park on the corner of 20th Street, part of the Gramercy Park Historic District.
Offices located on Irving Place include those of The Nation magazine, the N
"Romeo" is a 1961 pop song recorded by Petula Clark. Produced by Alan Freeman and featuring Big Jim Sullivan on guitar, "Romeo" was Clark's recording of a 1919 composition by Robert Stolz entitled "Salome" which had featured a German-language lyric by Arthur Rebner; the lyric for Clark's "Romeo" was newly written by Jimmy Kennedy: Arthur Rebner is sometimes afforded a songwriting credit for "Romeo". The song peaked at No. 3 on the UK Singles Chart dated 26 August. Despite peaking lower than her No. 1 UK comeback hit "Sailor", "Romeo" earned Clark her first Gold record by selling 400,000 units in the UK. In Ireland "Romeo" reached No. 2. Jean Broussolle who had translated Clark's precedent hit "Sailor" rendered "Romeo" as "Roméo" which became Clark's first No. 1 hit in France on 20 January 1962 – Clark's next two singles would reach No. 1 in France where overall she'd top the charts five times. "Roméo" was ranked at No. 1 on the chart for the Wallonia region of Belgium while the original English version had been a hit in Belgium's Flemish region.
"Romeo" achieved hit status in Denmark, the Netherlands and Australia. "Romeo"Rina Pia recorded a Flemish rendering of "Roméo" which reached No. 3 on Belgium's Dutch chart in the autumn of 1962. A Czech rendering of "Romeo" was recorded in 1963 by Yvetta Simonová."Salome"An earlier English-language rendering of "Salome" by lyricist Bartley Costello entitled "Sal-o-may" had been published in 1920 but was evidently never recorded although instrumental versions of Stolz' piece were recorded under the title "Sal-o-may" by the Paul Biese Trio and by the Joseph C. Smith Orchestra in 1921. A hit in Germany in the summer of 1961 via a recording by Lucas Quartett, the German-language original version of "Salome" has been recorded by Medium-Terzett, Harry Friedauer and Extrabreit, while a Finnish rendering was recorded in 1961 by Kukonpojat. An Italian version of Stolz's "Salome" entitled "Abat-jour", introduced in 1920 by Lino Ossani and remade in 1958 by Aurelio Fierro, reached No. 4 on the Italian hit parade in September 1962 to rank as the year's No. 9 hit via a remake by Henry Wright which bested a rival version by Milva.
The success of Wright's "Abat-jour", perceived as a local cover version of Clark's "Romeo" prompted the decision to have Clark herself cut songs for the Italian market. Henry Wright's version of "Abat-jour" is prominently featured in the 1963 film Yesterday and Tomorrow: Sophia Loren, playing the prostitute Mara, plays Wright's record as the background music for the strip tease she performs for a client played by Marcello Mastroianni; the 1994 film Prêt-à-Porter featured Loren and Mastroianni in what was in effect a remake of the strip tease scene from Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow with Wright's "Abat-jour" again played as background music. Kukonpojat recorded a version of "Salome" with Finnish lyrics in 1961
Akureyri Golf Club is located in Akureyri, Iceland, at Jaðarsvöllur, it was named "the most northerly 18-hole golf course" according to the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews, it features a moorland course, broad ridges, tree clusters, rock outcroppings. Due to its proximity to the Arctic Circle, it is possible to play golf at Akureyri Golf Club at night under the midnight sun during the summer. Akureyri Golf Club was established in 1935, it is Iceland `. Akureyri Golf Club established its current location at the Jadar farm in 1970. For ten years, the members played a 9-hole course, now the front nine, designed by Magnus Gudmundsson. In 1980, the second nine holes were added; the second nine holes were implemented by Magnus Gudmundsson and Gunnar Thordarson. The Arctic Open is held at Akureyri Golf Club during the summer solstice, it was first held in 1986. It is a four-day championship event, open to international amateur golfers. In 1997, four men completed the longest daytime round of golf in history by playing 306 holes at Akureyri Golf Club during the summer when it stays light through the night