LexisNexis is a corporation providing computer-assisted legal research as well as business research and risk management services. During the 1970s, LexisNexis pioneered the electronic accessibility of legal and journalistic documents; as of 2006, the company has the world's largest electronic database for legal and public-records related information. LexisNexis is owned by RELX Group; the story of LexisNexis starts in western Pennsylvania in 1956, when attorney John Horty began to explore the use of CALR technology in support of his work on comparative hospital law at the University of Pittsburgh Health Law Center. In 1965, Horty's pioneering work inspired the Ohio State Bar Association to develop its own separate CALR system, Ohio Bar Automated Research. In 1967, the OSBA signed a contract with Data Corporation, a local defense contractor, to build OBAR based on the OSBA's written specifications. Data proceeded to implement OBAR on Data Central, an interactive full-text search system developed in 1964 as Recon Central to help U.
S. Air Force intelligence analysts search text summaries of the contents of aerial and satellite reconnaissance photographs. In 1968, paper manufacturer Mead Corporation purchased Data Corporation for $6 million to gain control of its inkjet printing technology. Mead hired the Arthur D. Little firm to study the business possibilities for the Data Central technology. Arthur D. Little dispatched a team of consultants to Ohio led by H. Donald Wilson. Mead asked for a practicing lawyer on the team, so the team included Jerome Rubin, a Harvard-trained attorney with 20 years of experience; the resulting study concluded that the nonlegal market was nonexistent, the legal market had potential, OBAR needed to be rebuilt to profitably exploit that market. At the time, OBAR searches took up to five hours to complete if more than one user was online, its original terminals were noisy Teletypes with slow transmission rates of 10 characters per second. OBAR had quality control issues. Wilson and Rubin were installed as president and vice president.
A year Mead bought out the OSBA's interests in the OBAR project, OBAR disappears from the historical record after that point. Wilson was reluctant to implement his own study's recommendation to abandon the OBAR/Data Central work to date and start over. In September 1971, Mead relegated Wilson to vice chairman of the board and elevated Rubin to president of MDC. Rubin promptly pushed the legacy Data Central technology back to Mead Corporation. Under a newly organized division, Mead Technical Laboratories, Data Central continued to operate as a service bureau for nonlegal applications until 1980. With that out of the way, Rubin hired a new team to build from scratch an new information service dedicated to legal research, he coined a new name: LEXIS, from “lex,” the Latin word for law, “IS” for “information service.” After several iterations, the original functional and performance specifications were finalized by Rubin and executive vice president Bob Bennett by the late summer of 1972. System designer Edward Gottsman supervised the implementation of the specifications as working computer code.
At the same time and Bennett orchestrated the necessary keyboarding of the legal materials to be provided through LEXIS, designed a business plan, marketing strategy, training program. MDC's corporate headquarters were moved to New York City, while the data center stayed in Dayton, Ohio. According to Trudi Bellardo Hahn and Charles P. Bourne, LEXIS was the first of the early information services to realize the vision of a future in which large populations of end users would directly interact with computer databases, rather than going through professional intermediaries like librarians. Other early information services in the 1970s crashed into financial and technological constraints and were forced to retreat to the professional intermediary model until the early 1990s. Rubin explained that they were trying “to crack the librarian barrier. Our goal was to get a LEXIS terminal on every lawyer’s desk.” To persuade American lawyers to use LEXIS, MDC targeted them with aggressive marketing and training campaigns.
On April 2, 1973, MDC publicly launched LEXIS at a press conference in New York City, with libraries of New York and Ohio case law as well as a separate library of federal tax materials. By the end of that year, the LEXIS database had reached two billion characters in size and had added the entire United States Code, as well as the United States Reports from 1938 through 1973. By 1974, LEXIS was running on an IBM 370/155 computer in Ohio supported by a set of IBM 3330 disk storage units which could store up to about 4 billion characters, its communications processor could handle 62 terminals with transmission speed at 120 characters per second per user. On this platform, LEXIS was able to execute over 90% of searches within less than five seconds. Over 100 text terminals had been deployed to various legal offices and there were over 4,000 trained LEXIS users. By 1975, the LEXIS database had grown to 5 billion characters and it could handle up to 200 terminals simultaneously. By 1976, the LEXIS database included case law from six states, plus various federal materials.
MDC turned a profit for the first time in 1977. In 1980, LEXIS completed its hand-keyed electronic dat
The McLellan-Sweat Mansion is a historic house museum on High Street in Portland, Maine. It forms the rear component of the Portland Museum of Art complex. Built in 1800-01, the house was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1970 as a well-preserved Federal style brick townhouse; the McLellan-Sweat Mansion is set at the corner of High and Spring Streets in downtown Portland, but is accessed via the main entrance of the Portland Museum of Art at Congress Square. It is a three-story brick structure with a granite foundation; the brick of the walls is laid in Flemish bond. The main facade, facing Spring Street, is five bays wide, with a central entrance sheltered by a semicircular portico supported by Doric columns, topped by a balustrade; the entry is topped by a fanlight window. Above the entry on the second level is a Palladian window; the roofline has a bracketed cornice, there is a low balustrade ringing the roof whose posts are surmounted by urns. The interior has a central hall plan, with high-quality woodwork in the public rooms of the first floor.
Constructed in 1800-1801 for shipping magnate Major Hugh McLellan, the brick mansion was designed by John Kimball, Sr. an architect/housewright from Ipswich, Massachusetts. The cost was $20,000. After a change of owners, the property was purchased in 1880 by Lorenzo De Medici Sweat. In 1908, his widow bequeathed it to the Portland Society of Art; the L. D. M. Sweat Memorial Galleries, designed by John Calvin Stevens, were added in 1911 behind the house, to which they connected by corridor. In 1957, two mantelpieces salvaged from the 1805 Commodore Edward Preble House, designed by Alexander Parris, replaced originals lost during a Greek Revival remodeling of the drawing and dining rooms. In 1970, the house was added to the National Register of Historic Places and was designated a National Historic Landmark; the Charles Shipman Payson Building by Henry N. Cobb of Pei, Freed & Partners opened in 1983, extending the length of the museum to its new entrance on Congress Square Plaza. After an extensive restoration, The McLellan House reopened in 2002.
List of National Historic Landmarks in Maine National Register of Historic Places listings in Portland, Maine Portland Museum of Art
Peter Riva is an American literary agent and producer. He managed Voyager's "Round the World Flight Program" in 1985, he produced the United Nations' event "Only One Earth", for which he won a Telly Award. John Peter Riva was born on May 11, 1950, in Manhattan to William Riva, a Broadway and TV set designer, Maria Riva, the only child of Marlene Dietrich, an early TV star and Broadway actress, his older brother J. Michael Riva, a production designer, died in 2012 and he has two younger brothers, John Paul and John David. Riva attended the prep school Institut Le Rosey for 5 years, attended first Carnegie-Mellon University and UCLA Film School, he afterwards was part of the BBC apprentice program where he was a gofer for Ian MacNaughton, producer of the series Monty Python's Flying Circus. Riva is the co-founder of Inc. a literary agency. Riva has worked as a literary agent with his wife Sandra Anne since 1972, he has represented authors like Stieg Larsson, Maria Riva, Peter Beard, Ake Edwardson, Pieter Aspe, John Enright, Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager.
From the early 1970s to the early 1980s he licensed toys and games for companies including Columbia Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Witt-Thomas-Harris. Riva has produced over ten television documentaries, including the ABC With Peter Beard in Africa and BBC/PBS "The Voyager Story", he was a co-producer on White Mountain Film's "In the Blood". He produced the United Nations' Headquarter event "Only One Earth", broadcast to 1.1 billion people worldwide. The footage showed negotiations for the first global environmental treaty between the USA and USSR, he produced two expeditions: the Livingston Expedition. In 1995, along with his partner Bertram van Munster, he created and produced the television series Wild Things, 78 one-hour reality TV episodes, he was co-executive producer on a number of projects including Jim Kohlberg's Home in the Morning based on the book by Mary Glickman. In the 1980s Riva produced over a dozen art exhibits, he produced "Sightseeing, A Panorama From Space," an art photographic exhibit which has become the world's most attended art exhibit.
The project was conceived in 1982 with the help of Ansel Adams, Lucien Clergue and Senator Edward Kennedy. It came to include over 175,000 hand-held astronaut images never; the exhibit opened at the National Air and Space Museum and at the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie. In 1984 he was asked to advise, in 1985 took over as de facto project manager, for the Voyager'Round the World Flight program; the Voyager completed the 1st nonstop circumnavigation of the globe on December 14, 1986. In 1986 Riva arranged for the Voyager aircraft to be permanently displayed in the National Air & Space Museum. In 1993 he arranged for the Marlene Dietrich Collection to be displayed permanently in Berlin at the Deutsche Kinemathek; the museum constructed a new building for that display at the Sony Center on the Potsdam Platz, Berlin. He is manager of the Marlene Dietrich companies, including the Marlene Dietrich Foundation, manages her legacy, he is on the board of the FilmMuseum Berlin, advised the UN Environment Programme for 15 years and the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie for 8 years.
He was on the board of New Century Conservation Trust and the Global Communications for Conservation charity. Riva and his wife, Sandra Anne, met in Spain when they were 13 and married at the age of 22 in London, England, they have both born in London. Honorary Citizen of Arles, France, 1985 Teddy Award, National Outdoor Travel Film Festival, 1988 Telly Award, 1991 Peter Riva on IMDb Peter Riva at Publishers Marketplace Peter Riva at Scribd
Regain Records was a Swedish-based independent record label. The label predominantly released death metal and black metal albums. Regain Records was founded from what remained of the former label, Wrong Again Records, by Per Gyllenbäck in 1997. Wrong Again Records had such bands as In Flames, Arch Enemy, Naglfar among its ranks. Regain Records' first two releases were Deranged's High on Blood and Embraced's Amorous Anathema, in late 1997. In the first two years of operation, business for the label was slow, due to lack of proper distribution, it was not until Regain Records re-released the first two in Flames albums, Lunar Strain and Subterranean, which were released under the name Wrong Again Records, that the label began to prosper. In 2008, the label was involved in a legal dispute with the band Gorgoroth over their 2008 live album. List of record labels Official website
Coleraine Academical Institution was a voluntary grammar school for boys in Coleraine, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. Coleraine Academical Institution occupied a 70-acre site on the Castlerock Road, where it was founded in 1860, it was, for many years, a boarding school until the boarding department closed in 1999. It was one of eight Northern Irish schools represented on the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference; the school had an enrolment of 778 pupils, aged 11–19, as of 2012. The school was regarded for its high academic standards and extensive sporting facilities, including 33-acre playing fields, indoor swimming pool, boat house, rugby pavilion, sports pavilion and gymnasium; the school has an extensive past pupil organisation, "The Coleraine Old Boys' Association", which has several branches across the world. Coleraine Inst was nine times winner of the Ulster Schools Cup, the world's second oldest rugby competition, in which it competed every year since 1876; as part of a general re-organisation of schools in the Coleraine area over a number of years, Coleraine Academical Institution was merged in September 2015 with Coleraine High School on Coleraine's Lodge Road and became a boys' and girls' grammar school called Coleraine Grammar School.
Over the years the school has had nine headmasters. Alex Waugh Young was CAI's founding principal and little is known of him. Thomas Galway Houston, OBE, MA, FRSAI Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland served the school for 45 years, enjoying a long retirement in Portstewart until his death in 1939 at the age of 96. Houston served as a member of the Senate in the Stormont Parliament for Queen's Belfast. Thomas James Beare – affectionately known as "Tommy John" – had a rather shorter tenure in office, until his premature retirement on health grounds in 1927. Major William White – "The Chief" to generations of boys who both admired and feared him. Dr George Humphreys, by whom the major physical expansion of the school was guided. On the staff at Campbell College, Belfast, it was during his Headmastership that Inst became an H. M. C. School. Dr Robert F. J. Rodgers, former headmaster of Bangor Grammar School, was headmaster of Inst until his appointment as Principal of Stranmillis Training College, Belfast.
R. Stanley Forsythe was appointed following a ten-year period as headmaster of The Royal School and remained in post until retirement. Leonard F. Quigg was the first headmaster in the school's history to have been promoted'from within the ranks'. Quigg served as an assistant master, Head of English, Senior Master, as both junior and senior Vice Principal before his appointment as headmaster in January 2004. Mr Quigg retired in 2007. Dr David Carruthers is CAI's current headmaster, he was the Head of Mathematics at Royal Belfast Academical Institution. John Bodkin Adams, suspected serial killer Richard Archibald, Irish Olympic rower 2004 and 2008. World silver medallist 2005, bronze medallist 2006 Sir Dawson Bates, 1st Baronet, politician Air Marshal Sir George Beamish Victor Beamish RAF ace fighter pilot in WWII David Burnside, Ulster Unionist Party MLA and former MP Alan Campbell, 2004, 2008 and 2012 Olympic rower, 2006 world champion, 2007 Henley diamond scull winner Mark Carruthers, TV presenter/personality Peter Chambers, 2011 world champion and 2012 Olympic Silver rower Richard Chambers, 2007 World Champion and 2008 and 2012 Olympic rower Major General Ed Davis, Commandant General Royal Marinescurrently Governor of Gibraltar John Clarke Davison, Ulster Unionist Party politician Barry Hunter, former Northern Ireland international footballer Chris Hunter, British chemist and academic David McClarty, UUP MLA for Londonderry East Brigadier Mervyn McCord, CBE, MC, ADC, former Commanding Officer of the Ulster Defence Regiment Graeme McDowell, Ryder Cup golfer and U.
S. Open winner James Nesbitt, film and TV actor Jim Shannon, Democratic Unionist Party MP for Strangford Tommy Sheppard, Scottish National party MP for Edinburgh East. James Stewart, lawyer Andrew Trimble, rugby union player Official website
Benjamin Gwinn Harris was a U. S. Representative from Maryland. Born near Leonardtown, St. Mary's County, Harris attended Yale College in the late 1820s, Harvard Law School from 1829 to 1830, he served as member of the Maryland House of Delegates in 1833 and 1836, was admitted to the bar in 1840. Harris was removed from Yale after taking part in a student protest against the poor quality of the food in the campus housing. While serving in the Maryland State House of Delegates, he opposed the Know-Nothing Party and championed religious freedom, but as the Civil War loomed he sought to enforce slavery, including the re-enslavement of Maryland's freedmen. Harris was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-ninth Congresses. During the Civil War, he voted against every war appropriations measure brought to the House of Representatives, his vote on the Thirteenth Amendment to abolish slavery is recorded as nay. In his defense of Congressman Alexander Long, Harris prayed for a southern victory on the floor of the House.
He was therefore censured by the House of Representatives on April 9, 1864, for treasonable utterances. In addition, he was tried by a military court in Washington, D. C. in May 1865 for harboring two paroled Confederate soldiers, sentenced to three years imprisonment and forever disqualified from holding any office under the United States Government, but President Andrew Johnson subsequently remitted the sentence. He died on his estate, "Ellenborough," near Leonardtown, April 4, 1895, where he was interred in the family burying ground on his estate. List of United States Representatives expelled, reprimanded United States Congress. "Benjamin Gwinn Harris". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Benjamin Gwinn Harris at Find a Grave This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov