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Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova

The Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova is a conservative political party in Moldova. The party is led by Tudor Deliu; until 2016, PLDM was led by Vlad Filat, Prime Minister of Moldova from 2009 to 2013, in two cabinets. After the 2014 parliamentary elections, with 21 seats in the Moldovan Parliament, PLDM was the largest of the three democratic pro-European parliamentary parties; the party's founding congress was held on 8 December 2007 and Vlad Filat was elected as president. The initiative group of the party was centered on Filat, a prominent member of the Democratic Party of Moldova, disappointed with the direction taken by that political party under Dumitru Diacov's leadership. Soon, a lot of local branches of the Christian Democratic Popular Party, disappointed with Iurie Roşca's policy of cooperation with the Communist Party of Moldova, joined PLDM en masse; the party attracted many of prominent members of civil society. At its first election, in April 2009, PLDM won 15 seats, which increased to 18 three months after which Filat became the Prime Minister, leading the Alliance for European Integration.

In November 2010, the PLDM jumped to 32 seats. The AIE was replaced by the Pro-European Coalition in 2013, when Iurie Leancă replaced Filat as Prime Minister, with Filat remaining as the party chairman. On October 8, 2007, the initiative group composed of 53 leaders renowned in their fields, launched the idea of creating the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova; the leaders of the group included: Vlad Filat, Deputy in the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova. In their statements, the initiative group members acknowledged the profound crisis in the Republic of Moldova and the inability of political parties to face the situation; the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova emerged as a capable alternative to start the process of moral reorganization of the political class and modernization of the country, reestablishment of the society back on its natural track of democratic development. For two months, over 20,000 citizens from all districts of the country submitted applications to join the Liberal Democratic Party.

Organizations were created in all territorial-administrative units of the second level in Chişinău, Bălţi, Tiraspol and Gagauzia. The first founding Congress of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova took place on December 8, 2007 in Chişinău, it was attended by 592 delegates from 38 local organizations. The Congress approved the Program and Statute and elected the governing and control bodies of the party; the second Congress of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova took place on September 27, 2008, in Balti. It was attended by 547 delegates from local party organizations; the Congress debated the issues related to the work of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova between the congresses and supplementing the Statute of PLDM, as well as issues related to Moldova current domestic situation. The Liberal Democratic Teachers Association was formed within the party on September 13, 2008 and on October 11, 2008 – the Liberal Democratic Doctors and Pharmacists Association. Formation of socio-professional associations within the party is stipulated in the statute of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova.

The Founding Conference of the Youth Organization of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova took place on November 15, 2008. It was attended by 517 delegates from all country districts; the delegates at the conference approved the Regulation of the Youth Organization of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova and elected the administration of the organization. The Conference approved the "Green Charter for Youth" - a programmatic document that includes solutions to key issues that young people face. On December 27, 2008, the Liberal Democratic Women's Organization was created within the PLDM, on January 24, 2009 – the Association of Elderly Persons; the Liberal Democratic Association of People active in the cultural field was created on January 31, 2008 within the framework of the party. At the parliamentary elections of April 5, 2009, PLDM obtained 12.43% of the votes, with 15 seats in the Parliament of Moldova. At the early elections of July 29, PLDM gained 16.57% of the votes and was represented in the Parliament by 18 deputies.

Together with deputies from the LP, DPM and AMN, the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova formed the new majority coalition in the Legislative - the Alliance for European Integration. On September 25, 2009, the Parliament gave the vote of trust to the Government and Prime Minister Vlad Filat, president of PLDM. Besides the Prime Minister, PLDM is represented in the government by six ministers: Iurie Leanca, Alexandru Tanase, Veaceslav Negrută, Victor Bodiu, Vladimir Hotineanu, Victor Catan; the Third Extraordinary Congress of the PLDM took place on December 2009 in Chişinău. It was attended by 1,800 delegates from local party organizations, representing over 35,000 membe

Claude Lecourbe

Claude Jacques Lecourbe, born in Besançon, was a French general during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. After having studied at a college in Poligny and in Lons-le-Saunier, Lecourbe enlisted in the Regiment of Aquitaine where he served for eight years as an enlisted man. Having been promoted to corporal when the French Revolution started he became commandant of the National Guard of Ruffey-sur-Seille in 1789, he was given command of the 7th volunteer battalion of the Jura, with which he served in the armies of the Rhine and the Nord. Having been promoted to colonel in 1791 Lecourbe distinguished himself in the battle of Fleurus. Having been promoted to general of brigade in 1794 and to general of division in 1798, he fought against Alexander Suvorov in Switzerland and distinguished himself in the Second Battle of Zurich under André Masséna. Lecourbe's friendship with Jean-Victor Moreau and his vocal defense of Moreau in the process Georges Cadoudal brought on the enmity of Napoleon Bonaparte which forced his retirement in 1805.

After Napoleon's abdication he was made a count by Louis XVIII of France. The count of Artois recalled Lecourbe to active duty in February 1815 and made him inspector-general of the 6th military Division with headquarters in Besançon. Upon Napoleon's return from exile on Elba, Lecourbe offered him his services and during the Hundred Days he commanded the Army of the Jura, operating in the Jura against Archduke Ferdinand. With an army of only 8,000 he held the city of Belfort for 15 days against the 40,000 Austrian troops of General Colloredo-Mansfeld, only agreeing a ceasefire on 11 July 1815, a feat which earned him a place of honour in French schoolbooks. After Louis's second return to the throne, Lecourbe retired and on 22 October 1815 he died in Belfort after a long illness. A statue commemorating him stands in the Place de la Liberté in Lons-le-Saunier, where a street is named after him. Streets named in his honour can be found in Paris and in Besançon. In Belfort a statue commemorates him as "The glorious defender of the city".

Baradel, Y. et al.. Histoire de Belfort. Roanne le Coteau: Horvath 1985.. Mullié, C.. Biographie des célébrités militaires des armées de terre et de mer de 1789 à 1850. Paris: Poignavant

Spain (European Parliament constituency)

For elections in the European Union, Spain is a European Parliament constituency represented by 59 members of the European Parliament. It covers the entirety of Spain and is the second largest European Parliament constituency in terms of geographic area after France, as well as the third most populated after Germany and France; the constituency was created as per the 1985 Treaty of Accession and was first contested in the 1987 European election in Spain. The Treaty provided for Spain to be allocated 60 representatives within the European Parliament, but successive amendments to the Treaty on European Union and the Treaties establishing the European Communities have seen this number change: 64 under Council Decision 93/81/Euratom, ECSC, EEC and Amsterdam; the European Parliament Committee on Constitutional Affairs proposed on 23 January 2018 an increase of the number of seats allocated to Spain from 54 to 59 after Brexit has taken place, a proposal that first needs to be adopted by the Parliament approved by the European Council, to be made effective.

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals and non-national European citizens over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote. Seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with no threshold being applied in order to be entitled to enter seat distribution. However, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold depending on the district magnitude; the electoral law provides that parties, federations and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, they are required to secure the signature of at least 15,000 registered electors. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Parties and coalitions are allowed to replace this requirement with the signature of at least 50 elected officials—deputies, senators, MEPs or members from the legislative assemblies of autonomous communities or from local city councils—.

Concurrently and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called. European Election News by European Election Law Association List of MEPs

Danielle Hanus

Danielle Hanus is a Canadian swimmer who competes in the women's freestyle and individual medley competitions. She represented Canada at the finished 2014 Summer Youth Olympics in Nanjing, finishing 4th at the 50-metre backstroke, 7th at the 100-metre backstroke, 7th at the 200-metre backstroke and 13th at the 100-metre butterfly. Newmarket native, she has represented Canada at the 2014 Junior Pan Pacific Swimming Championships and the 2014 Australian Youth tour, she started swimming at age four and At age six started competing with the Newmarket Stringrays, where she continues to train and compete. Her most memorable career highlight to date was beating the age group record in the 100-metre backstroke 2013 Canada Games, she swam for the newmarket stingrays

Homer Tien

Homer Chin-Nan Tien is a Canadian trauma surgeon and the president and CEO of Ornge, an air ambulance non-profit based on Ontario. He holds the rank of colonel in the Canadian Forces Health Services, associate professorship at the University of Toronto, was former Director of Trauma Services at Sunnybrook's Tory Regional Trauma Centre, he is the first and current Canadian Forces Major Sir Frederick Banting Term Chair in Military Trauma Research. Tien earned a bachelor's degree in biochemistry from Queen's University in 1989. In 1992, he graduated with a Doctor of Medicine from McMaster University, he pursued residency training in family medicine before obtaining his Independent Practice Certificate in 1993. His training was sponsored by the Canadian Forces. After training, was posted with the 2 Field Ambulance at CFB Petawawa, served as the unit medical officer for the 1st Battalion of the Royal Canadian Regiment. While at 1 RCR, he deployed to Croatia on Operation Harmony, he deployed to Bosnia with IFOR on Operation Alliance.

He served with Canadian special forces at Dwyer Hill Training Centre as their first unit medical officer. He has deployed to the Golan Heights, has worked with Veterans Affairs in the recovery of RCAF airmen missing from World War II, in the Burma recovery mission, he underwent four years of further residency training in general surgery via the Canadian Forces and the University of Toronto from 1998 to 2002. As a Canadian Forces surgeon, he deployed to the NATO-led multinational stabilization force in Bosnia in 2003, to Kabul with ISAF in 2004, multiple times to the Role 3 Multinational Medical Unit in Kandahar. In 2007, he earned a Master of Science in clinical epidemiology from the University of Toronto. Tien was awarded the Officer of the Order of Military Merit in December 2011. In July 2012, Tien was presented with the Canadian Forces Major Sir Frederick Banting Term Chair in Military Trauma Research. In 2019, Tien was appointed a Fellow of the Canadian Institute for Military and Veteran Health Research.

Tien's research focuses on combat trauma care and war surgery, prehospital trauma care, improving trauma care to populations working and living in remote areas. Pannell D, Brisebois R, Talbot M, Trottier V, Clement J, Garraway N, McAlister V, Tien HC. Causes of death in Canadian Forces members deployed to Afghanistan and implications on tactical combat casualty care provision. J Trauma. 2011 Nov. Tien HC, Jung V, Pinto R, Mainprize T, Scales DC, Rizoli SB. Reducing time-to-treatment decreases mortality of trauma patients with acute subdural hematoma. Ann Surg. 2011 Jun. Tien HC, Farrell R, Macdonald J. Preparing Canadian military surgeons for Afghanistan. CMAJ. 2006. Tien HC, Jung V, Rizoli SB, Acharya SV, Macdonald JC. An evaluation of tactical combat casualty care interventions in a combat environment. J Am Coli Surg. 2008. Tien HC, Acharya SV, Redelmeier DA. Preventing deaths in the Canadian military. Am J Prev Med. 2010.

Queensland National Bank, Maryborough

Queensland National Bank is a heritage-listed former bank building at 327 Kent Street, Fraser Coast Region, Australia. It was designed by Frederic Herbert Faircloth and built from 1914 to 1915 by James Treevan and N C Steffensen, it is known as Burrum Shire Council Chambers and Woodstock House. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992; the former Queensland National Bank building is a substantial two-storey masonry building designed in a classical revival style. Constructed for William Southerden in c.1863 to a design by Brisbane builder, James Treevan, the building was reconstructed for the Queensland National Bank in 1914-15 to the design of architect, Frederic Herbert Faircloth. Settlement at Maryborough commenced in September 1847 when George Furber established a woolstore on the south bank of the Mary River at the head of navigation, he was followed in June 1848 by ET Aldridge and Henry and RE Palmer, who established their own wharves on the opposite riverbank, at a location now known as the original Maryborough town site at Baddow.

In 1850 a new town site was surveyed to the east, at a downstream position which provided better access for shipping. The first sale of land at this new site occurred in 1852, but most residents did not shift to the current centre of Maryborough until 1855 and 1856. Maryborough was gazetted a Port of Entry in 1859 and was proclaimed a municipality in 1861. During the 1860s and 1870s it flourished as the principal port for the nearby Gympie goldfield and as an outlet for timber and sugar; the establishment of manufacturing plants and primary industries sustained growth in the town into the twentieth century when the QNB building was constructed. The QNB was the most successful of Queensland's three indigenous nineteenth century banks. Established in March 1872 by a prominent and influential group of Queensland squatters, politicians and businessmen anxious to secure development capital free from overseas or intercolonial control, the bank attracted widespread Queensland patronage including in 1879 when it secured all of the Queensland Government's banking business.

The bank's first offices were opened in Queen Street, Brisbane in 1872. By the 1880s QNB dominated the colony's economy; the land on which this former bank stands was granted to Edmund Blucher Uhr in 1852. By 1863, the land was in the possession of Maryborough businessman William Southerden; that year, he accepted a tender for £2000 to erect a two-storey brick store covering an area of 60 by 30 feet. The Maryborough Chronicle described the building as follows:"On the ground floor is first, on entering, a large store forty-two by thirty feet; the appearance of the building from Kent Street is chaste, from its loftiness imposing. The lower part is furnished with two large plate-glass windows, surmounted by a handsome cornice, above this are three sash windows, each having a single sheet of glass, on the Richmond Street side five similar windows; the front towards Kent Street is stuccoed." In 1872, the formed QNB acquired the land. However, the bank did not operate from Southerden's former store but occupied a small timber building to the rear and a purpose-built bank facing Richmond Street.

The bank leased the former store on the corner of Richmond and Lennox Streets to Stoward, Bryant and Co. and subsequently a number of other commercial operations before moving into the building in 1903. In 1914, the bank embarked on a substantial reconstruction of the building to the design of FH Faircloth; the Maryborough Chronicle reported that the original building would "form the base or skeleton of improvements and alterations that will transform the appearance of the old structure..." A article described the work as "dismantling and re-erection". The reconstructed building occupied the same area as the previous building and the upper level window openings were located in the same positions; the Chronicle described the completed building as follows:"The main building has a frontage of 33 feet to the main street, with a depth of 60 feet to Richmond Street, all of the work being done in cement on concrete foundations. The bricks used for the street frontages are of a reddish colour with white "tuck" points, while the sandstone coloured entablature and embellishments form a fine set off to the effective looking Corinthian columns set on solid pedestals and extending to the full height of the two storeys, the extremities of the columns themselves being surmounted with beautiful entablatures and enriched cornice, further relieved with medallions and mouldings.

Artistic effect is given in a lesser order in the Ionic style introduced on the line of the first floor, with small cornice and entablature butting into Corinthian columns and supported by Ionic columns and pilasters. The main entrance is attractively treated with Ionic columns and arched pediments whilst the windows on the first floor are nicely relieved in fine architectural work. To save space the main entrance doors slide into recesses in the brick. Considerable artistic attention has been given to the general furnishing of the inside of the building, the walls being all finished in King's cement with appropriate colourings and the ceilings of stamped steel with effective designs; the large banking chamber just inside the main entrance door facing Kent Street, has a length of 42 feet, a width of 27 feet (8 m