Liberec Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the northernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. It is named after its capital Liberec; the region shares international borders with Poland. Domestically the region borders the Ústí nad Labem Region to the west, the Central Bohemian Region to the south and the Hradec Králové Region to the east; the Liberec Region is divided into 4 districts: At a lower level, the region has 215 municipalities, comprising 65 in the Semily District, 59 in the Jablonec nad Nisou District, 57 in the Česká Lípa District and 34 in the Liberec District. The table below gives an overview of towns and cities in the region that have at least 7,000 inhabitants; the region's landscape includes the Jizera Mountains, part of the Krkonoše Mountains and part of the Lusatian Mountains. The region was affected by flash floods in August 2010, with swelling of the river Smědá being one of the factors to prompt evacuation efforts in the region; as of 1 January 2019, the population of the Liberec Region was 442,356 with 217,791 men and 224,565 women, accounting for 49.2% and 50.8% of the population respectively.
The Liberec Region hosts manufacturing, mechanical engineering and jewellery production industries among others. The region is part of the so-called Black Triangle, an area of heavy industrialization and environmental damage on the three-way border of Poland and the Czech Republic; the Liberec Region is home to 11 national cultural monuments including Bezděz Castle, Dlaskův statek in Dolánky u Turnova and the Ještěd Tower which transmits television signals as well as being a hotel. 2013 saw the proposal of an additional two sites to the list, those being a glass grinding plant in Harrachov dating from 1895 and the Janatův Mlýn watermill in Buřany, Jablonec nad Jizerou part of which remains from 1767. A Neolithic site dating to around 4,500 BC was uncovered in 2007 near the village of Příšovice. Lake Mácha near the town of Doksy is an important regional centre for leisure, attracting around 30,000 visitors annually; the vicinity of the lake has a caravan park and hosts an annual music festival called Mácháč, attended by 8,000 people in 2013.
Since the region was for a long time part of the Holy Roman Empire, of Germany, the local buildings and the culture in general have been influenced by the Germans considering the fact that parts of the region were populated by a majority of Germans, prior to World War II. The region is linked to Prague by the R10 expressway; the length of operated railway lines in the region is 551 km. Three airports are in the region. Other minor airports exist in Hodkovice nad Mohelkou; the region is home to the public Technical University of Liberec, founded in 1953. The university, which specialised in Mechanical and Textile Engineering, added a further four faculties in the 1990s, namely those specialising in Education, Economy and Mechatronics. Official website
Iva axillaris, called povertyweed or death weed, is a North American species of flowering plants in the daisy family. It grows in the western and central United States and in western Canada, from British Columbia south to California and east as far as the western Great Plains in the Texas Panhandle, the Dakotas, Manitoba, it has become established in Australia, where it is considered a weed. Iva axillaris is a wind-pollinated herb up to 60 cm tall, spreading by means of underground rhizomes, it has many small, lance-shaped leaves more than 45 mm long. Flowers are set in the axils of the leaves rather than congregated at the tips of branches as in related species; each head can contain 9-12 florets Photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in Wyoming in 2014
WDOE is an AM/FM radio station located in Dunkirk, New York. It is owned by Alan Bishop and George Kimble, who own sister station WBKX in Fredonia, operates on a frequency of 1410 kHz. On December 7, 2012, WDOE began simulcasting on an FM translator at 94.9 MHz WDOE operates a automated classic hits format from Waitt Radio Networks, with a local newsman, Dave Rowley. Dan Palmer hosts the morning show from 6:00-8:45 AM, Dave hosts "Viewpoint," a daily 15-minute public affairs program. Dave Thompson hosts a midday show from 10:00 AM–1:00 PM. In addition, the station broadcasts local high school football, basketball and softball games for Dunkirk and Fredonia high schools. On Saturdays, WDOE broadcasts the Chautauqua Brick Home Solutions Show from 8:00-8:30 AM, the Fundamental Wealth Management Show from 9:00-10:00 AM, the nationally syndicated American Top 40: The 1970s from 10:00 AM to 1:00 PM. Sunday mornings at 10:00 AM, local personality Tina Zboch hosts an hour-long polka show. WDOE serves as an affiliate of ABC News and Buffalo Bills football.
Former Bills announcer Van Miller was one of the station's first employees. Danny Neaverth worked at the station in the late 1950s. WDOE Official Website Query the FCC's AM station database for WDOE Radio-Locator Information on WDOE Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WDOEQuery the FCC's FM station database for W235BP Radio-Locator information on W235BP
In Christian theology, the world, the flesh, the devil are traditionally described as the three enemies of the soul. As the sources of temptation, they are viewed as in opposition to the Trinity, they are reflected in the Temptation of Christ in the desert: the world: to tempt God by casting himself off the pinnacle. These are the same three temptations; the roots of this triad are to be found in Jesus' parable of the Sower: the three scenes of unproductive soil represent "Satan", shallow and unreceptive believers, "the cares of the world and the lure of wealth". These three are present as a triad in the Letter to the Ephesians chapter 2, verses 1–3: "You were dead through the trespasses and sins in which you once lived, following the course of this world, following the ruler of the power of the air, the spirit, now at work among those who are disobedient. All of us once lived among them in the passions of our flesh, following the desires of flesh and senses..." Many Christian sources refer to the world, the flesh, the devil.
Peter Abelard states in his Expositiones that: Tria autem sunt quae nos tentant, mundus, diabolus. Thomas Aquinas refers to the world, the flesh, the devil in the Summa Theologica; the Council of Trent sixth session, degree on justification: Nevertheless, let those who think themselves to stand, take heed lest they fall, with fear and trembling work out their salvation, in labours, in watchings, in almsdeeds, in prayers and oblations, in fastings and chastity: for, knowing that they are born again unto a hope of glory, but not as yet unto glory, they ought to fear for the combat which yet remains with the flesh, with the world, with the devil, wherein they cannot be victorious, unless they be with God's grace, obedient to the Apostle, who says. The phrase may have entered popular use in English through the Book of Common Prayer, which includes in its Litany: "rom al the deceytes of the worlde, the fleshe, the deuill: Good lorde deliuer us." The rite of baptism requires renunciations of the devil, the world, the flesh.
John of the Cross cites the world, the flesh, the devil as threats to the perfection of the soul, offers different "precautions" to be taken against each of these. Some have responded to the idea of temptation by practicing asceticism; the question of whether the world and the flesh are inherently bad and what the individual's proper relationship to them ought to be has long been debated in many philosophical and spiritual traditions. Manichaeism Temptation of Christ
Comair Flight 5191, marketed as Delta Connection Flight 5191, was a scheduled United States domestic passenger flight from Lexington, Kentucky, to Atlanta, operated on behalf of Delta Connection by Comair. On the morning of August 27, 2006, at around 06:07 EDT, the Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet 100ER, being used for the flight crashed while attempting to take off from Blue Grass Airport in Fayette County, Kentucky, 4 miles west of the central business district of the City of Lexington; the aircraft used runway 26 instead. Runway 26 was too short for a safe takeoff, causing the aircraft to overrun the end of the runway before it could become airborne, it crashed just past the end of the runway, killing two of the three crew. The flight's first officer was the sole survivor. Although not the pilot in command, according to the cockpit voice recorder transcript, the first officer James Polehinke was the pilot flying at the time of the accident. In the National Transportation Safety Board report on the crash, investigators concluded that the cause of the crash was pilot error.
The flight was under the Delta Air Lines brand as Delta Connection flight 5191 and was operated by Comair as flight 5191. It was identified for air traffic control and flight tracking purposes as Comair 5191; the flight had been scheduled to land at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport at 7:18 a.m. The aircraft involved was a 50-seat Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet CRJ-100ER, serial number 7472, it was manufactured in Canada and was delivered to the airline on January 30, 2001. The captain was 35-year old Jeffrey Clay, he had 4,710 flight hours, including 3,082 hours on the CRJ-100. The first officer was 44-year-old James Polehinke. Prior to his employment by Comair, Polehinke worked for Gulfstream International as a captain. Polehinke had 6,564 flight hours, including 940 hours as a captain and 3,564 hours on the CRJ-100; the aircraft used Runway 26 instead. Analysis of the cockpit voice recorder indicated the aircraft was cleared to take off from Runway 22, a 7,003-foot strip used by most airline traffic at Lexington.
Instead, after confirming "Runway two-two", Captain Clay taxied onto Runway 26, an unlit secondary runway only 3,500 feet long, turned the controls over to First Officer Polehinke for takeoff. The air traffic controller was not required to maintain visual contact with the aircraft. Based upon an estimated takeoff weight of 49,087 pounds, the manufacturer calculated that a speed of 138 knots and a distance of 3,744 feet would have been needed for rotation, with more runway needed to achieve lift-off. At a speed approaching 100 knots, Polehinke remarked, "That is weird with no lights" referring to the lack of lighting on Runway 26 – it was about an hour before daybreak. "Yeah", confirmed Clay, but the flight data recorder gave no indication either pilot tried to abort the takeoff as the aircraft accelerated to 137 knots. Clay called for rotation but the aircraft sped off the end of the runway before it could lift off, it struck a low earthen wall adjacent to a ditch, becoming momentarily airborne, clipped the airport perimeter fence with its landing gear, smashed into trees, separating the fuselage and flight deck from the tail.
The aircraft struck the ground about 1,000 feet from the end of the runway. Forty-nine of the 50 people on board perished in the accident; the resulting fire destroyed the aircraft. All 47 passengers and two of the three crew members on board the flight died. Comair released the passenger manifest on August 29, 2006. Most of the passengers were US citizens from the Lexington area, ranging in age from 16 to 72, they included a young couple, married the previous day and were traveling to California on their honeymoon. A memorial service for the victims was held on August 2006, at the Lexington Opera House. A second public memorial service was held on September 2006, at Rupp Arena in Lexington; the Lexington Herald-Leader published a list of the victims with short biographies. The Flight 5191 Memorial Commission was established shortly after the crash to create an appropriate memorial for the victims, first responders, community that supported them; the Commission chose the University of Kentucky Arboretum as its memorial site.
James Polehinke, the first officer, suffered serious injuries, including multiple broken bones, a collapsed lung, severe bleeding. Lexington-Fayette and airport police officers pulled Polehinke out of the wreckage. Polehinke underwent surgery including an amputation of his left leg. Doctors determined that Polehinke had suffered brain damage and has no memory of the crash or the events leading up to it; as of May 2012, Polehinke was a wheelchair user. During the same month, Polehinke filed a lawsuit against the airport and the company that designed the runway and taxi lights; the estates or families of 21 of the 47 passengers filed lawsuits against Polehinke. In response, Polehinke's attorney, William E. Johnson, raised the possibility of contributory negligence on the part of the passengers; when asked by the plaintiffs' attorney, David Royse, what that meant, Johnson replied that they "should have been aware of the dangerous conditions that existed in that there had been considerable media coverage about the necessity of improving runway c
Strætó bs is a public transport company which operates city buses in the Icelandic capital, Reykjavík and surrounding satellite towns and suburbs. The buses are bright yellow and are called'Strætó' by the locals, a shortened nickname for "strætisvagn". Strætó bs started operations on 1 July 2001 with the merger of SVR and AV. SVR operated in Reykjavík and nearby satellites in the northern part of the Capital region while AV covered the southern part of the area. Strætó bs is owned and run by the seven municipalities in the Capital area, i.e. Reykjavík, Kópavogur, Hafnarfjörður, Garðabær, Mosfellsbær, Seltjarnarnes and Álftanes. Most buses run at about 15-minute intervals during peak hours on weekdays and in 30-minute intervals during off-peak hours and weekends. There are 30 routes, 6 of which are trunk routes that run between the main terminal at Hlemmur and the various residential neighbourhoods on the city's outskirts. Nine of the routes are general routes that stop at Hlemmur terminal but go deeper into the different neighborhoods on slower streets.
The remaining 15 routes are neighborhood routes (blue-routes 21–24, 26–28 and 33–35 that run within or between the suburbs and do not stop in downtown Reykjavík. Bus routes 51, 52, 57, 71, 72, 73 are long-distance routes that run to towns in Vesturland and Suðurland; the buses operate from 9 terminals in the Capital Region. The main ones are Lækjartorg in downtown Reykjavik. All of these main bus terminals are served by at least one red route. Notes: Route does not start until noon on Sundays Route frequency is reduced on weekends and in the evenings, as well during summertime. Route 23: Taxi services on late evenings and Sundays. Route 33/34 are circle lines. 33 runs clockwise, 34 counter-clockwise. Route 27: Taxi service on this route: The bus has to be called at least 60 min before departure. Route 43/44: Lines take over from routes 33/34 on weekdays after noon and on weekends. Notes: Route 51: extra school buses between Selfoss and Hvolsvöllur on schooldays Route 52: The morning trip from Reykjavík starts at BSÍ, the second one from Mjódd only.
If there is no ship from Landeyjahöfn to the Westman Islands, the bus will terminate at Hvolsvöllur. Route 72/73: These are circular routes. Route 72 goes 73 counter-clockwise. Routes 83, 84 and 85 only operate after a reservation via phone; the basic fare for a single ride in 2019 is ISK 470 for adults but discounts are available for children, senior citizens and disabled people. On 23 July 2005, a new route network was instituted to replace the previous network, used unchanged for decades. New routes had been added in new-developing areas, but the core routes were untouched until 2005. Planning for the revised network began in 2001, its greatest change was introduction of the'trunk routes' and their increased frequency during peak hours. The introduction of the new network caused a great deal of controversy and confusion as people had gotten used to the old routes. Additionally, some smaller neighbourhoods were cut out of the routes, resulting in long walks to the nearest bus station; the controversy seems to have died down, in fact complaints have arisen every time the system has been changed in the past.
On 5 March 2006, some refinements were made to the network in response to comments from users and drivers after the 2005 revision. The greatest change was the addition of 3 routes to better cover some neighborhoods and increase interlinking between areas. In 2010, a new green line 16 was added to provide a bus at every 15 minutes between Hlemmur and Nauthóll; the course of route 18 was changed, it now terminates at Grafarholt instead of going through to Spöngin. Transportation service is provided by the new blue line 26 by connecting Hraunsás. For both lines, a new stop'Mímisbrunnur v/Úlfarsbraut' was added. In late summer, there were other changes: Lines 31/32 that used to go through the area around Spöngin were cancelled. Instead of these two circular routes, line 6 now goes through Borgir, Víkur and Barðastaðir and back to Spöngin for an increased frequency in Borgir, Víkur and Barðastaðir but cutting Hamrar and Rimar from the network. During weekends and late evenings, buses drive from Barðastaðir down to Grafarholt where they serve the new extended Grafarholt area and head back to Barðastaðir and Spöngin.
The route of line 22 was changed for the evenings: It now runs via Álfaskleið instead of serving Skútuhraun/Slökkviðstöð back to Fjörður terminal so an hourly service in central Hafnarfjörður can be provided. In 2011, Strætó bs. decreased the amount of bus rides per day. Routes 2 and 5 run on weekdays only, stopping at 6pm. In general, operating hours have been cut: Instead of midnight, buses stop operating at about 11:30 pm; the last routes now terminate at about 11:30 pm. Route 36 was abandoned and 35 now runs in a 30 minutes interval all day, but there has been expansion: Service on lines 23 and 28 has been improved. Although the Vífilsstaðir branch of line 23 has been abandoned, the frequency of buses to Álftanes is now every 30 minutes during rush hours and every 60 minutes during the rest of the day. On Sundays, there is a taxi service several times a day to Álftanes