Librem

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Librem is a line of computers manufactured by Purism, SPC featuring free(libre) hardware and software. The laptop line is designed to protect privacy and freedom by providing no non-free (proprietary) software in the operating system or kernel,[1][2][3][4] avoiding the Intel Active Management Technology,[5] and gradually freeing and securing firmware.[6][7] Librem laptops feature hardware kill switches[8][9][10] for the microphone, webcam, and Wi-Fi, and can be purchased air gapped.

Models manufactured[edit]

There are presently two laptop models in production, the Librem 13 (version 2) and Librem 15 (version 3), at the end of 2016, Purism announced[11] it would be preparing to move from a build to order production approach to a "ship from inventory" model with the new batches of Librem 13 and 15. A convertible tablet model, the Librem 11, is planned[12] and available for preorder, but does not have an exact availability date as of April 2017;[13] in addition, Purism is planning a smartphone product which may be part of the Librem line.

Operating system[edit]

Initially planning to preload its Librem laptops with the Trisquel operating system,[14][15] Purism eventually moved off the Trisquel platform to rebase onto Debian for the 2.0 release of its PureOS GNU/Linux operating system.[16] As an alternative to PureOS, Librem laptops were originally announced as purchasable with Qubes preloaded[17], but in July, 2017 Librem announced that Qubes was no longer an option for new orders.[18]

BIOS[edit]

In 2015, Purism began research to port the Librem 13 to coreboot[19][20][21] but the effort was stalled. By the end of the year, a coreboot developer completed an initial port of the Librem 13 and submitted it for review;[22] in December 2016, hardware enablement developer Youness Alaoui joined Purism and was tasked to complete the coreboot port for the original Librem 13 and prepare a port for the second revision of the device.[23] As of early 2017, the porting efforts are ongoing.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kyle Rankin. "Purism Librem 15 Review". Linux Journal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  2. ^ IEEE Consumer Electronics, Vol 5, Number 1, 2016 January, "Veillance Integrity by Design A new mantra for CE devices and services", pp. 33-143, By Steve Mann
  3. ^ Purism Aims To Build A Philosophically Pure Laptop, TechCrunch, Jan 23, 2015 by John Biggs (@johnbiggs)
  4. ^ Bridgwater, Adrian (2015-01-26). "Purism Librem: 100% open source crowdsourced 'high-end' laptop". Computer Weekly. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  5. ^ Armasu, Lucian (2016-08-29). "Purism Explains Why It Avoids Intel's AMT And Networking Cards For Its Privacy-Focused 'Librem' Notebooks". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  6. ^ Ung, Gordon. "Purism discovered how to make open-source software laptops even more open". PCWorld. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  7. ^ Armasu, Lucian (2017-04-12). "Purism Laptops To Use 'Heads' Firmware To Protect Against Rootkits, Tampering". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  8. ^ Rankin, Kyle (2015-07-10). "Purism Librem 13 Review". Linux Journal. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  9. ^ Rappleyea, Danny (2016-06-15). "Purism Librem 13 Laptop Review". DigitalReplica. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  10. ^ idmk (2016-12-20), Purism Librem 15 v2 — in-depth review, benchmarking & comparisons, retrieved 2017-04-15 
  11. ^ Weaver, Todd (2016-12-15). "Growing to Ship from Inventory in 2017". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  12. ^ Baldwin, Roberto (2016-05-19). "Purism expands its line of privacy-focused devices to include a 2-in-1". Engadget. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  13. ^ "Purism Librem models comparison page". Purism. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  14. ^ Linder, Brad (2014-11-19). "Purism hopes to crowdfund a high-end, open source laptop". Liliputing. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  15. ^ Rahl, Jon (2015-05-17). "Production and Shipping Update". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  16. ^ Weaver, Todd (2015-09-18). "Weekly Update on Librem Production 2015-09-18". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  17. ^ Porup, J. M. (2015-12-14). "Qubes OS will ship pre-installed on Purism's security-focused Librem 13 laptop". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  18. ^ Purism (2017-07-04). "A shipping update for Qubes-related orders". 
  19. ^ Moberg, Larry (2015-07-20). "Freeing the BIOS: Memory Init". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12. 
  20. ^ Moberg, Larry (2015-08-14). "2015-08-14: Librem 13: Weekly BIOS Progress Update". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12. 
  21. ^ Moberg, Larry (2015-08-21). "2015-08-21 Librem 13: Weekly BIOS Progress Update". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12. 
  22. ^ Laurie, Duncan (2015-12-22). "Gerrit Code Review". review.coreboot.org. Retrieved 2017-01-12. 
  23. ^ Alaoui, Youness (2017-01-05). "Diving back into coreboot development". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12. 
  24. ^ Alaoui, Youness (2017-01-12). "Librem 13 coreboot report – January 12, 2017". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12.