Libuše, Libushe or Lubossa, is a legendary ancestor of the Přemyslid dynasty and the Czech people as a whole. According to legend, she was the youngest but wisest of three sisters, who became queen after their father died. Libuše is said to have been the youngest daughter of the mythical Czech ruler Krok; the legend goes that she was the wisest of the three sisters, while her sister Kazi was a healer and Teta was a magician, she had the gift of seeing the future, was chosen by her father as his successor, to judge over the people. According to legends she prophesied from her castle at Libušín, though legends say it was Vyšehrad. Legend says that Libuše came out on a rocky cliff high above the Vltava and prophesied: "I see a great city whose glory will touch the stars." On the site she ordered to build a castle and a town called Prague. Although she proved herself as a wise chieftain, the male part of the tribe was displeased that their ruler was a woman and demanded that she marry, but she had fallen in love with a ploughman, Přemysl.
She therefore related a vision in which she saw a farmer with one broken sandal, ploughing a field, or in other versions of the legend, eating from an iron table. She instructed her councilmen to seek out this man by letting a horse loose at a junction; the two grandees who found Přemysl brought him to the princely palace where Libuše married him, Přemysl the Ploughman thus became ruler. They went on to have three sons: Radobyl and Nezamysl who continued the Přemyslid dynasty in the Czech lands. In another legend, she commanded her councillors to found a city at the place where they found a man making the best of use of his teeth at midday, they at midday found a man sawing a block of wood when everyone else was eating. The story of Libuše and Přemysl was recounted in detail in the 12th century by Cosmas of Prague in his Chronica Boëmorum. Another early account was included in Jan Dubravius' 1552 chronicle Historia regni Bohemiae, Johann Karl August Musäus used this and Aeneas Silvius' Cardinalis de Bohemarum Origine ac Gestis Historia to write his version of the legend as "Libussa", which he included in his Volksmärchen der Deutschen.
The mythical figure of Libuše gave material for several dramatic works, including Libussa, a tragedy by Franz Grillparzer, Libuše, an opera by Bedřich Smetana and Pole a palisáda, a novel by Miloš Urban. She is featured as a character in Edward Einhorn's play, Rudolf II. In 2009, an American-Czech film version of the Libuše and Přemysl story was released under the name The Pagan Queen. Minor planet 264 Libussa is named in her honor. List of rulers of Bohemia Libuse, Louisiana, a town in the United States named for Libuše by its Czech immigrant founders Media related to Libuše at Wikimedia Commons
Carnival Miracle is a Spirit-class cruise ship operated by Carnival Cruise Line. Built by Kværner Masa-Yards at its Helsinki New Shipyard in Helsinki, she was floated out on June 5, 2003, christened by United States Army soldier Jessica Lynch in Jacksonville, Florida, on February 27, 2004. Soon after the conclusion of the christening ceremony, she departed on her maiden voyage, a three-day cruise to the Bahamas. Carnival Miracle has an eleven-story atrium with a ruby-red glass ceiling, part of the "whale tail" funnel. Next to every room is a large picture of a famous fictional character, such as Long John Silver or Sherlock Holmes. Prior to April 2012, Miracle undertook Caribbean cruises from Fort Lauderdale and Tampa Bay, Florida during the winter months and during the summer months from New York City. From April 2012 to March 2013, Carnival Miracle sailed year-round from New York City, New York to the Bahamas and the Caribbean. In March 2013, Carnival Miracle sailed through the Panama Canal repositioning to the West Coast sailing alternating cruises from Long Beach, California & Seattle, Washington.
On March 8, 2015 the Miracle entered "Drydock #2" operated by BAE Systems at Pier 70 in San Francisco, California to be refurbished. In October 2015, Carnival announced that Carnival Miracle, would be repositioned to China in 2018 offering year-round short cruises; this plan was subsequently cancelled in May 2016 and in November 2016, Carnival announced that Miracle would relocate to Tampa, Florida in January 2018 to undertake cruises to the western Caribbean. On January 27, 2018, Carnival Miracle departed on her first sailing from the new homeport. Before reaching Tampa, the ship transited the Panama Canal. In June 2018, the cruise line announced that Carnival Miracle would reposition to San Diego, California in late 2019, it is intended that she will operate from there until February 2020. When Carnival Splendor repositioned from Long Beach to Sydney in October 2019, Carnival Miracle was temporarily homeported at the Port of Long Beach, she did 7-day Mexican Riviera cruises, serving as a placeholder for Carnival Panorama until the latter took over the itinerary on December 11, 2019.
She will do seasonal repositionings to San Francisco during the spring and summer months beginning March 19, 2020. Official Website
Goran Jelisić is a Bosnian Serb war criminal, found guilty of having committed crimes against humanity and for violating the customs of war by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia at the Luka camp in Brčko during the Bosnian War. He styled himself, has been referred to in the media, as "Serb Adolf". Jelisić joined the Republika Srpska police force in February 1992 as an opportunity for early release from his check fraud prison sentence. In May, he was sent to a Brcko police station. Jelisić commanded the Luka camp during the war; this camp was among the most notorious prison camps in Bosnia. It was located on the most important arterial road near Brcko in north Bosnia, which connected the two parts of Republika Srpska. During Jelisić's trial, many witnesses came forward describing other sorts acts by the man during the war. An old Muslim friend of Jelisić's noted that Jelisić gave his wife money while he was in captivity to help her flee abroad. Another friend of Jelisić's described how he helped the friend's sister and her husband escape in a similar way.
Many others submitted similar sorts of testimony regarding Jelisić's acts to safeguard and help Muslim and non-Muslim friends before and during the war. In his hometown of Bijeljina, Jelisić paid hospital costs for Bosnian Muslims. Jelisić was apprehended in Serb-dominated Bijeljina by the American Stabilisation Force troops of NATO on 22 January 1998. Ryan Zinke, a Navy SEAL elected to the U. S. House of Representatives. Jelisić's apartment was surrounded by U. S. forces, he was taken without incident. This capture was the first performed by U. S. forces against a Bosnian war criminal. Jelisić was first transferred to a U. S. base at Tuzla, was soon flown to The Hague. U. S. Forces reported; the operation occurred during a week in which human rights groups were pressuring the Clinton administration to use U. S. troops to help detain some of the dozens of war criminals still at large. Jelisić faced trial for one count of genocide, sixteen counts of violating the customs of war and fifteen counts of crimes against humanity in relation to his involvement in the inhumane treatment and systematic killing of detainees at the Luka camp, where he was alleged to have, every day, "entered Luka’s main hangar, where most detainees were kept, selected detainees for interrogation, beat them and often shot and killed them".
A specific instance of this type of allegation is that Jelisić beat an elderly Muslim man to death with a metal pipe, a shovel, a wooden stick. In 1999, Jelisić pleaded guilty to the charges of crimes against humanity and violating the customs of war, he was acquitted on the charge of genocide as the court did not believe the prosecution had proved this beyond reasonable doubt. He was sentenced to 40 years imprisonment; the same sentence was confirmed by the appeals chamber. The sentence was at that time the most severe given by the Hague, superseding the 20-year ruling against Duško Tadić; the court suggested Jelisić receive psychiatric treatment. In 2001, the prosecution requested a retrial on Jelisić's dismissed charge of genocide, but an appeals court upheld his 40-year sentence. On 29 May 2003, Jelisić was transferred to Italy to serve the remainder of his sentence with credit for time served since his 1998 arrest. Jelisić's trial was unusual due to the number of sympathetic witnesses, including Muslim friends.
Friends and schoolmates, many of whom were Muslim, appeared to defend him. The trial's defense lawyer noted that the trial was peculiar given the number of people from the victimized group defending the Serbian war criminal. Jelisić's trial is considered important for setting a high standard of evidence for charges of genocide, his was significant for being one of only three people to admit to their crimes before the Hague tribunal. Jelisić attended the war crimes trial of Esad Landjo, a Muslim who committed war crimes against Serbians at the Čelebići camp, he provided a passionate character witness in defense of the Bosnian Muslim, noting how Landjo had aided other prisoners in the prison at the Hague. Jelisić was born in 1968 in Bijeljina, a town, at the time 40% Muslim. Born to a working mother, he was raised by his grandmother, he had a variety of Serb and Muslim friends. Prior to the war, Jelisić enjoyed fishing. During his trial, members of his fishing groups appeared to defend him as character witnesses.
After committing check fraud in Bosnia, he was imprisoned for severeral months. He was released in February 1992 via the opportunity to volunteer for Republica Srpska's war effort. On 21 December 2011, his wife, Monika Karan-Ilić, was detained on suspicion of having committed war crimes against non-Serbs at the Luka camp. A native of Brčko, she had been in custody since 21 December 2011, she was found guilty of having participated in torture, inhumane treatment and infliction of suffering on Bosniak and Croat civilians in the Luka camp and Brčko police station between May and June 1992, when she was a teenager. Her sentence was reduced to two-and-a-half years of prison in 2013