Lidl Stiftung & Co. KG is a German global discount supermarket chain, based in Neckarsulm, that operates over 10,000 stores across Europe and the United States, it belongs to Dieter Schwarz, who owns the store chains Handelshof and hypermarket Kaufland. Lidl is the chief competitor of a similar German discount chain Aldi in several markets, including the United States. There are Lidl stores in every member state of the European Union. Lidl stores are present in Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. In 1930, Josef Schwarz became a partner in Südfrüchte Großhandlung Lidl & Co. a fruit wholesaler, he developed the company into a general food wholesaler. In 1977, under his son Dieter Schwarz, the Schwarz-Gruppe began to focus on discount markets, larger supermarkets, cash and carry wholesale markets, he did not want to use the name Schwarz-Markt and rather use the name of Josef Schwarz's former business partner, A. Lidl, but legal reasons prevented him from taking over the name for his discount stores.
When he discovered a newspaper article about the painter and retired schoolteacher Ludwig Lidl, he bought the rights to the name from him for 1,000 German marks. Lidl is part of the Schwarz Group, the fifth-largest retailer in the world with sales of €104.3 billion. The first Lidl discount store was opened in 1973. Schwarz rigorously removed merchandise that did not sell from the shelves, cut costs by keeping the size of the retail outlets as small as possible. By 1977, the Lidl chain comprised 33 discount stores. Lidl opened its first UK store in 1994. Since Lidl UK has grown and today has over 760 stores. While it is still a small player in the United Kingdom, with a grocery market share of less than 5%, its importance, along with that of continental, no frills competitor Aldi is growing, with half of shoppers in the United Kingdom visiting Aldi or Lidl over Christmas 2014. Sven Seidel was appointed CEO of the company in March 2014, after the previous CEO Karl-Heinz Holland stepped down. Holland had served as chief executive since 2008 but left due to undisclosed "unbridgeable" differences over future strategy.
Seidel stepped down from his position in February 2017 after Manager Magazin reported he had fallen out of favour with Klaus Gehrig, who has headed the Schwarz Group since 2004. Seidel was succeeded as CEO by Dane Jesper Højer head of Lidl's international buying operation. In June 2015, the company announced it would establish a United States headquarters in Arlington, Virginia. Lidl has major distribution centers in Mebane, North Carolina, Spotsylvania County, Virginia; the company focused on opening locations in East Coast states, between Pennsylvania and Georgia, as far west as Ohio. In June 2017, Lidl opened its first stores in the United States in Virginia Beach and other mid-Atlantic cities; the company planned to open a total of one hundred U. S. stores by the summer of 2018. In November 2018, Lidl announced plans to acquire 27 Best Market stores in New Jersey. In December 2018, Lidl opened its first location in the Staten Island Mall. Like fellow German supermarket Aldi, Lidl has a zero waste, no-frills, "pass-the-savings-to-the-consumer" approach of displaying most products in their original delivery cartons, allowing the customers to take the product directly from the carton.
When the carton is empty, it is replaced with a full one. Staffing is minimal. In contrast to Aldi, there are more branded products offered. Lidl distributes many low-priced gourmet foods by producing each of them in a single European Union country for its whole worldwide chain, but it sources many local products from the country where the store is located. Like Aldi, Lidl has special weekly offers, its stock of non-food items changes with time. In contrast to Aldi, Lidl advertises extensively in its homeland of Germany; as with Aldi, Lidl does not play mood music in most countries including homeland Germany, In Lidl stores in the United States, Spain, Poland and two stores in Denmark as a test, they do play music. Lidl stores do not broadcast commercials; the Lidl operation in the United Kingdom took a different approach than in Germany, with a focus on marketing and public relations, providing employee benefits not required by law, including paying the independently verified living wage and offering a staff discount.
Upmarket products were introduced in the lead-up to Christmas. This required significant investment in marketing to produce sales growth but had an effect on Lidl's logistical operation and pressure on profits. Ronny Gottschlich, who ran Lidl UK for the six years to 2016, was responsible for this approach, which led to friction with head office, due to the cost involved. In September 2016, Gottschlich unexpectedly left and was replaced by the Austrian sales and operations director, German-national Christian Härtnagel. Lidl continued to have ambitious investment plans in the United Kingdom doubling the number of stores to 1,500. In the financial year of 2015, Lidl Great Britain's revenue from its over 630 stores throughout Britain was £4.7 billion. As of 2019 Lidl was present in 29 countries. In October 2009, Lidl Movies was launched in the United Kingdom, undercutting Tesco DVD Rental, the United Kingdom's cheapest online rental service for DVDs; the service was powered by OutNow DVD Rental. OutNow went into liquidation in October 2011.
In January 2012, Lidl launched bakeries in their stores across Europe. They consist of a small b
Ordona is a small town and comune of the province of Foggia in the region of Apulia in southern Italy. Ascoli Satriano, Foggia, Orta Nova, Cerignola are nearby towns. Ordona lies near the ancient site of Herdonia or Herdoniae, a Roman town where Hannibal fought a major battle against the Roman Army; the ruins of Herdonia were discovered in the years after the Second World War, remain only excavated. The ancient centre, founded by the Daunians enjoyed a noteworthy development and saw its maximum splendour, its economic decline began during the 4th Century BC. The construction of defensive walls during this period suggests a period of battles with other centres in the region comprising clashes with the Greek hegemonic cities in the territory, among them neighbouring Taranto, it passed over to the Romans, with the rest of Apulia, after the wars of the Greek-Messapian League, commanded by King Pyrrhus of Epirus. Herdonia was a protagonist during the Second Punic War and in particular, during the events linked to the war's most famous battle at Cannae on 2 August 216 BC.
According to the Roman historian Livy, after the Battle of Cannae the City passed to Hannibal, but was soon recovered by the Romans, in 214 BC. From this moment on, the city did not recover until its insertion along the Via Traiana route, a coastal alternative of the Via Appia, at the beginning of the 2nd Century AD. Today’s central habitation began in the 9th Century, but had difficulties in developing due to terrible conditions in the territory. In fact, during the Medieval era, the Tavoliere delle Puglie lost its agricultural vocation and became a main transhumance for sheep arriving from all of central Italy; the Jesuits took over the centre and tried to push Ordona’s economy by reclaiming part of its territory and allowing families to settle here. In 1774, Ordona became part of Royal Bourbon property, allowing important new reclamation work to take place throughout the entire 19th Century. Remains from the Roman Erdonia are situated in the following areas: the Forum, the Augustea Basilica, a part of the Via Traiana route where one can visit the remains of shops and the Market, the remains of a temple from the Imperial era, the Amphitheatre and thermal baths with mosaic flooring.
Below this level, in the area of the Basilica, finds uncovered tombs and houses from the Daunian city. The diffusion of Christianity is testified by the remains of a Paleochristian Basilica from the 6th Century AD. Today’s digs have still not touched all the various levels and the Herdonia site could still reserve many surprises for archaeologists and enthusiastic visitors. Ordona's economy is agricultural
Ballinacurra is a small harbour village on the outskirts of Midleton, County Cork. It is about 18 km south east of Cork city; the village lies at the east channel of Cork Harbour. It served as the port for the town of Midleton, less than 2km north of Ballinacurra, for centuries and became a loading and unloading point for coal, timber and slate and flax for the linen industry; the port of Ballinacurra closed in 1962 as it was deemed too expensive to dredge the growing levels of silt and mud at the entrance to the small harbour. It is now used for small leisure boats; the man, reputed to have discovered Antarctica, Edward Bransfield was born and raised in Ballinacurra. East Ferry, County Cork
PEC 215 is a proposed constitutional amendment to the constitution of Brazil. It intends to delegate to Congress the duty of demarcation of indigenous and Quilombola territories, as well as the ratification of land approved, it would prohibit the expansion of existing indigenous areas. One of the proposal sections provides compensation of the Union to farmers who have properties absorbed by areas demarcated as indigenous land; the Federal Constitution considers that indigenous lands belong to the Union and, there is no compensation to those who lose the ownership of the territory when the demarcation is recognized. The government and Funai are responsible for demarcation. In the future, indigenous people might only be able to claim an area, they have lived in and used by 1988, it would give Congress the final say on new demarcations, a fact that displeases the indigenous leaders because of the strength of lobbyists. Much of the protected area of indigenous territories are rain forests being important for water and climate.
There are farmers. PEC 215 has been approved by a parliamentary committee; the proposal is being processed for 15 years in parliament. Members of the Chamber of Deputies of PT, PCdoB, PV, PSOL and REDE were against the bill. Approval of the bill depends on two rounds of voting in the plenary sessions of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate, with qualified quorum, that is, with the votes of at least 308 deputies and 49 senators. Parliamentarians opposed to the bill have said they will question its constitutionality in the Supreme Court; the bill needs three fifths of the votes in senate to be approved. Great land owners have a great impact in congress. Protests by indigenous people prevented a vote on PEC 215 in 2014. Indigenous people have protested against the bill in front of the Chamber of Deputies
National Doctors' Day is a day celebrated to recognize the contributions of physicians to individual lives and communities. The date may vary from nation to nation depending on the event of commemoration used to mark the day. In some nations the day is marked as a holiday. Although supposed to be celebrated by patients in and benefactors of the healthcare industry it is celebrated by health care organizations. Staff may organize a lunch for doctors to present the physicians with tokens of recognition. A card or red carnation may be sent to physicians and their spouses, along with a flower being placed on the graves of deceased physicians. In Australia, there are various dates on which National Doctor’s Day may be recognized, the most participated being the 30th of March. In Kuwait, National Doctor’s Day is celebrated on the 3rd of March; the idea of this celebration came for the Kuwaiti business woman. And the date was chosen due to it being the birthday of her daughter. In Brazil, National Doctors' Day is celebrated as a holiday on October 18, the day on which the Catholic Church celebrates the birthday of Saint Luke.
According to the Church Tradition the apostle and Evangelist Saint Luke was a doctor, as it is written in the New Testament. Taylor Caldwell's novel "Dear and Glorious Physician: A Novel about Saint Luke" is a historic romance that describes Saint Luke both as a physician and an apostle. National Doctors Day is celebrated in Canada on May 1. All Ontarians can participate by recognizing their doctors via social media by tweeting using the hashtag #LoveMyMD. In Cuba, National Doctors' Day is celebrated as a holiday on December 3 to commemorate the birthday of Carlos Juan Finlay. Carlos J. Finlay was a Cuban physician and scientist recognized as a pioneer in yellow fever research, he was the first to theorize, in 1881, that a mosquito was a carrier, now known as a disease vector, of the organism causing yellow fever: a mosquito that bites a victim of the disease could subsequently bite and thereby infect a healthy person. A year Finlay identified a mosquito of the genus Aedes as the organism transmitting yellow fever.
His theory was followed by the recommendation to control the mosquito population as a way to control the spread of the sickness. In India, the National Doctors' Day is celebrated on July 1 all across India to honour the legendary physician and the second Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, he was died on the same date in 1962, aged 80 years. Dr Roy was honoured with the country's highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna on February 4, 1961; the celebration of the Doctors' Day is an attempt to emphasise on the value of doctors in our lives and to offer them our respects by commemorating one of their greatest representatives. India has shown remarkable improvements in the medical field and July 1 pays a perfect tribute to all the doctors who have made relentless efforts towards achieving this goal irrespective of the odds; the theme of Doctor’s Day 2019 is “Zero tolerance to violence against doctors and clinical establishment”. Indian Medical Association announces the theme every year.
The theme will raise awareness about the violence happening with the doctors across India. In Iran, Avicenna's birthday is commemorated as the national day for doctors./ In Malaysia, Doctors Day is celebrated on the 10th of October every year. It was first launched by the Federation of Private Medical Practitioners Associations, Malaysia in 2014 In the United States, National Doctors' Day is a day on which the service of physicians to the nation is recognized annually; the idea came from Eudora Brown Almond, wife of Dr. Charles B. Almond, the date chosen was the anniversary of the first use of general anesthesia in surgery. On March 30, 1842, in Jefferson, Georgia, Dr. Crawford Long used ether to anesthetize a patient, James Venable, painlessly excised a tumor from his neck. Vietnam founded Doctor's Day on February 28, 1955; the day sometimes dates closest to this date. Nepal celebrates Nepali National Doctor Day on Nepali date Falgun 20. Since the establishment of Nepal Medical Association, Nepal has organized this day every year.
The doctor-patient communication, clinical treatment, community-based health promotion and care is discussed. The first Doctors' Day observance was March 1933, in Winder, Georgia; this first observance included the mailing of cards to the physicians and their wives, flowers placed on graves of deceased doctors, including Dr. Long, a formal dinner in the home of Dr. and Mrs. William T. Randolph. After the Barrow County Alliance adopted Mrs. Almond's resolution to pay tribute to the doctors, the plan was presented to the Georgia State Medical Alliance in 1933 by Mrs. E. R. Harris of Winder, president of the Barrow County Alliance. On May 10, 1934, the resolution was adopted at the annual state meeting in Georgia; the resolution was introduced to the Women's Alliance of the Southern Medical Association at its 29th annual meeting held in St. Louis, November 19–22, 1935, by the Alliance president, Mrs. J. Bonar White. Since Doctors' Day has become an integral part of and synonymous with, the Southern Medical Association Alliance.
The United States Senate and House of Representatives passed S. J. RES. #366 during the 101st United States Congress, which President Bush signed on October 30, 1990, designating Doctors' Day as a national holiday to be celebrated on March 30. Dr. Marion Mass along with Dr. Kimberly Jackson and Dr. Christina Lang applied to have physicians day changed to physicians week; this was accepted in March
George Simmons was a British Army officer who served in the Napoleonic Wars and was wounded at the Battle of Waterloo while serving with the 95th Regiment of Foot. Simmons was born in Yorkshire one of nine sons and three daughters, he at first studied medicine but in 1805 was given a commission as an assistant surgeon in the Royal South Lincolnshire Militia as the threat from Napoleon increased. After four years service he transferred to the 1st Battalion of the 95th Rifles as a second-lieutenant since the normal lowest rank of ensign did not exist in the Rifles at that time, he was subsequently promoted to first-lieutenant on 25 July 1811. Wounded at the Combat of the Côa in 1810, he was present at subsequent Combat at Pombal, Fuentes de Oñoro, Ciudad Rodrigo. Badajoz, Vitoria, Nivelle and Tarbes where he was once again wounded; the 1st/95th were engaged at the Battle of Quatre Bras on 16 June 1815, ″Until dark we had sharp fighting″. Simmons spent the night before Waterloo sleeping on the muddy ground on a bundle of straw, sheltering from the rain under a mud-smeared blanket.
During the subsequent battle he was shot through the liver, had two ribs broken and took a bullet in the chest. His watch stopped at the time that he was hit, he was evacuated to Brussels. In October he was well enough to travel back to England, he was sufficiently recovered from his severe wounds to rejoin his regiment on 1 January 1816, served with the British army of occupation in France for nearly three years, returning to England with the 1st Battalion in November 1818. Simmons subsequently served at home until July 1825 when he accompanied the battalion to Nova Scotia. On 17 April 1828 he was promoted to Captain. Apart from being awarded the Waterloo Medal, for his service in the Peninsular Campaigns Simmons received the Military General Service Medal with eight clasps, he retired from the army in 1845, a Battalion Major, after thirty-six years' service, died in St. Helier, Jersey on 5 March 1858. There is a memorial tablet in the town's St. Saviors Church erected by his widow and he is named on the Rifle Brigade Memorial in Winchester Cathedral.
Soldier and author Willoughby Verner edited letters that Simmons wrote home during his service in the Peninsular and Waterloo Campaign to produce the 1899 work A British Rifle Man: The Journals and Correspondence of Major George Simmons, Rifle Brigade, During the Peninsular War and the Campaign of Waterloo. Simmons married eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Le Breton of Bagatelle; the couple had three children, Anne Corbet and Francis Eliza. BibliographyBromley, Janet. Wellington's Men Remembered Volume 2: A Register of Memorials to Soldiers who Fought in the Peninsular War and at Waterloo- Volume II: M to Z. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-4738-5768-1. Dalton, Charles; the Waterloo roll call. With biographical notes and anecdotes. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode. Kershaw, Robert. 24 Hours at Waterloo: 18 June 1815. Ebury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4481-3386-4. Verner, Willoughby. A British Rifle Man: The Journals and Correspondence of Major George Simmons, Rifle Brigade, During the Peninsular War and the Campaign of Waterloo.
London: A & C Black. Text of A British Rifle Man: The Journals and Correspondence of Major George Simmons, Rifle Brigade, During the Peninsular War and the Campaign of Waterloo at the Internet Archive