Liestal spelled Liesthal, is the capital of Liestal District and the canton of Basel-Landschaft in Switzerland, 17 km south of Basel. Liestal is an industrial town with a cobbled-street Old Town; the official language of Liestal is German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect. The name Liestal was first mentioned in 1225, the settlement dates at least from Roman times; the development of the town is due to its strategic location on the road between the first bridge over the Rhine at Basel and the St. Gotthard Pass. Citizens of Liestal participated in the Burgundian Wars in 1477 against Charles the Bold. In 1501, the mayor swore allegiance to the Swiss Confederation, this caused repeated conflict with neighboring Rheinfelden, which belonged to the Habsburgs. In the 17th century, Liestal rebelled against Basel as part of the Farmers' Rebellion and was occupied by troops from that city. Three leaders of the rebellion were beheaded in Basel. In 1789, the town enthusiastically hailed the French call for equality.
It celebrated Napoleon, when he traveled through town in 1797. After his fall, the earlier subjection to Basel was re-established; the French July Revolution of 1830 caused upheaval in Liestal. A provisional government was established, the town was chosen as the capital of a new canton on 17 March 1832. Liestal has an area, as of 2009, of 18.19 square kilometers. Of this area, 2.99 km2 or 16.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 10.68 km2 or 58.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 4.35 km2 or 23.9% is settled, 0.1 km2 or 0.5% is either rivers or lakes and 0.03 km2 or 0.2% is unproductive land. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 2.6% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 12.1% and transportation infrastructure made up 5.7%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.6% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 1.8%. Out of the forested land, 57.1% of the total land area is forested and 1.6% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees.
Of the agricultural land, 6.7% is used for growing crops and 8.0% is pastures, while 1.8% is used for orchards or vine crops. Of the water in the municipality, 0.2 % is in lakes and 0.3 % streams. The municipality is the capital of the canton of Basel-Country; the old town is situated on a rocky outcrop between the Ergolz and Orisbach rivers and between Basel and the Jura Mountains. The town is fan-shaped, consisting of two side streets. In the 18th Century small suburbs developed around the lower and the upper city gates. In the 17th Century the commercial district of Gestadeck developed along the canal; the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per fess Argent, a crozier issuant Gules, Gules. Liestal has a population of 14,415; as of 2008, 23.8% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 7.7%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common and Serbo-Croatian being third. There are 122 people; as of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 50.7 % female.
The population was made up of 10,104 Swiss citizens, 3,447 non-Swiss residents Of the population in the municipality 3,257 or about 25.2% were born in Liestal and lived there in 2000. There were 2,648 or 20.5% who were born in the same canton, while 3,406 or 26.3% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 3,129 or 24.2% were born outside of Switzerland. In 2008 there were 102 live births to Swiss citizens and 44 births to non-Swiss citizens, in same time span there were 109 deaths of Swiss citizens and 7 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 7 while the foreign population increased by 37. There were 5 Swiss men who emigrated from Switzerland and 4 Swiss women who immigrated back to Switzerland. At the same time, there were 41 non-Swiss men and 41 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland; the total Swiss population change in 2008 was an increase of 80 and the non-Swiss population decreased by 36 people.
This represents a population growth rate of 0.3%. The age distribution, as of 2010, in Liestal is. Of the adult population, 1,924 people or 14.2 % of the population are between 29 years old. 1,828 people or 13.5% are between 30 and 39, 2,137 people or 15.8% are between 40 and 49, 2,705 people or 20.0% are between 50 and 64. The senior population distribution is 1,620 people or 12.0% of the population are between 65 and 79 years old and there are 593 people or 4.4% who are over 80. As of 2000, there were 5,441 people who never married in the municipality. There were 745 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 5,450 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.2 persons per household. There were 1,935 households that consist of only one person and 322 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 5,584 households that answered this question, 34.7% were households made up of just one person and 30 were adults who lived with their parents
Theodore Bernard Sachs was an American physician and lawyer. He was elected president of the National Tuberculosis Association at the Eleventh Annual Meeting held in Seattle, Washington, in June, 1915, but his death on April 2, 1916 prevented his serving his full term. He had served the Association as vice-president from 1913 to 1914. Born in Dinaberg, May 2, 1868, the son of Bernard and Sophie Sachs, he was graduated from the Kherson High School. In 1891, he received his degree in law from the Odessa University. While at the University, he reported for military duty and was placed on the reserve list in 1887, his removal to America in 1891 was doubtless prompted by a winter's exile, imposed upon him and several fellow-students because of their participation in a debate which did not meet with the approval of the local authorities. After his arrival in the U. S. Sachs determined to study medicine, gave up his legal career to enter the University of Illinois College of Medicine, from which he graduated in 1895.
After two years of work as an intern in the Michael Reese Hospital, he entered general practice, devoting himself to diseases of the lungs. In 1901, Sachs was appointed instructor in internal medicine at his alma mater, in 1903 he was appointed attending physician to Cook County Hospital. In the earlier days of his medical career, as a struggling young practitioner endeavoring to gain a foothold, he saw how conditions were with reference to tuberculosis in Chicago at that time, he could not refrain from doing something to help. At no little sacrifice and expense, he made an investigation of the prevalence of tuberculosis in some of the crowded quarters of the city in the districts where the Jewish population was in evidence; these studies, among the first of their kind, gave Sachs considerable prominence at the International Congress on Tuberculosis in 1908, won for him special honorable mention from the jury of awards. Sachs was interested in the Chicago Tuberculosis Institute, which he helped to call into life, of which he remained one of the most active and representative workers.
He served as president of the Institute from 1913, until his death. In the early morning of April 2, 1916, he committed suicide by taking an overdose of morphine because "I am weary. I cannot bear this longer, it has been too much."He was one of the most ardent advocates of the routine examinations of employees of large establishments. It was due to Sachs' influence that Mrs. Keith Spalding donated the funds for the Edward Sanatorium at Naperville, of which institution he became the director and physician in chief. Besides his activities in the Edward Sanatorium, he was attached to the Chicago Winfield Sanatorium, the West Side Dispensary, the Chicago Municipal Tuberculosis Sanitarium. Concerning his interest in the latter, Dr. Philip P. Jacobs says: Of all the many activities in which he engaged, none claimed so large a share of Dr. Sachs' personality and skill as the Chicago Municipal Tuberculosis Sanitarium. In a real sense the Sanitarium was and is Dr. Sachs, it breathes his personality and his genius from every ward and brick.
Into it he put his body and soul. He was active in the passage of the Glackin Law, he was a prime mover in the monstrous referendum campaign when hundreds of thousands of people voted'yes' for the municipal sanatorium. He was the chairman of the Building Committee which secured the site and conceived the sanatorium long before a brick or a stone had been laid, putting into this effort thousands of dollars' worth of time and sacrifice, countless miles of travel to visit the best institutions that the world provided, he became president of the board and its chief administrative director. While the sanatorium was in construction he spent hours daily at no little sacrifice to his practice, so that the people of Chicago should have an institution which would be both of service for the purpose for which it was constructed and which would not squander one dollar of the people's money. In the spring of 1915, a new administration came into office in the city of Chicago, which, it was universally admitted at the time, was responsible for Sachs' untimely death.
He had made the Chicago Municipal Sanitarium an ideal institution, but the Thompson administration refused to reappoint him until forced to do so by the people of Chicago. Politics gained the upper hand and Sachs was forced to resign. In an article entitled "The Civic Martyrdom of Dr. Sachs," Dr. Graham Taylor, the distinguished social worker, says: No altar of civic patriotism held a more loyal offering than that on which Dr. Theodore B. Sachs sacrificed himself in life and death to save Chicago's Municipal Tuberculosis Sanitarium from ruthless partisan spoilsmen. In truth, many altars and offerings seemed to unite in that one costly sacrifice; such supreme devotion to a cause as the Jewish religious spirit can beget, such self-sacrifice as the Russian oppression of the Jew incites, such idealism as only the Orient inspires, such sensitivity as the heritage of suffering weaves into the texture of the soul, such humanitarian achievements as are possible only in America—all combined to make the achieving life and the tragic death of Dr. Sachs profoundly impressive.
Simone Téry was a French journalist who wrote several books and was a war correspondent. She wrote for L'Humanité, Regards, she reported on the Irish Civil War, interwar France, the Spanish Civil War. Téry was born on January 1897, to a family of writers and journalists, her mother was a reporter and author. Téry's father Gustave Gustave was the founder of the newspaper L'Œuvre; the Irish War of Independence broke in January 1919. After two years, a truce was signed between the Irish rebel leaders and the British government in July 1921. A month after that, Téry arrived in Ireland to report on, she was writing for L'Œuvre. She interviewed politicians across the country including members of Sinn Féin, she is reported to be the only journalist to have interviewed Michael Collins. She collected them into the book: En Irlande. De la guerre d'inde'pendance d la guerre civile, her next book was a collection of interviews with Irish writers and other members of cultural including W. B. Yeats, George William Russell, J. M. Synge, James Stephens, George Moore, James Joyce.
The book, entitled L'lle des bardes. Notes sur la litterature irlandaise Contemporaine defended the cause of Irish independence. In writing the book, she became friends with George William Russell, who went by the pseudonym Æ, she dedicated the book to him. He was editor and founder of the Irish Statesman, when Téry served as Paris correspondent for the paper. After her Irish books, she returned to France to continue reporting. In 1928, she was awarded the Albert Kahn Around-the-World Scholarship. While always left-leaning, much like her parents, she did not embrace the communist ideologue until after a trip to the Soviet Union in 1935, she remained a committed communist until her death. After her trip to Spain she wrote Front de la liberte. Espagne 1937–1938, she spent time with the Republicans fighting against the Nationalists. In 1945, she wrote a novel based on her reportage for the Front de la liberte, she met Spanish poet Juan Chabás and soon married him in 1938. When Germany invaded France in May 1940, she and her husband were able to catch the last boat to Mexico on June 15, 1940.