A lifeguard is a rescuer who supervises the safety and rescue of swimmers and other water sports participants such as in a swimming pool, water park, beach or river. Lifeguards are strong swimmers and trained in CPR/AED first aid, certified in water rescue using a variety of aids and equipment depending on requirements of their particular venue. In some areas, lifeguards are part of the emergency services system to incidents and in some communities,lifeguards may function as the primary EMS provider. A lifeguard is responsible for the safety of people in an area of water, a defined area surrounding or adjacent to it, such as a beach next to an ocean or lake; the priority is to ensure. Lifeguards take on this responsibility upon employment, although they can be volunteers; the conditions resulting in drowning are summarized by the'drowning chain' in which each link can lead directly to an incident, or contribute to a succession of links. It consists of lack of education about water safety or local conditions, a lack of safety advice a lack of protection, lack of safety supervision, or an inability to cope with conditions.

The drowning chain provides a clear basis for preventing drowning which includes: education and information provision of warnings denial of access supervision training in survival skillsThe lifeguard is able to provide all these elements to help prevent drownings in their area of responsibility, for this reason this should be the primary focus of a lifeguard's activities, as it is better to stop an incident occurring than trying to react once it has occurred. This means that the effectiveness of a lifeguard unit can be measured not by the number or rapidity of rescues, or the skill with which they are executed, but by the absence or reduction of drownings and other medical emergencies. Prevention is an effective skill, vitally important to a lifeguard because it can aid in maintaining the safety of the aquatic patrons. A lifeguard's key duties are to: Enforce rules in order to anticipate problems/injuries Maintain concentrated observation of the duty area and its users in order to anticipate problems and to identify an emergency quickly.

Supervise the use of other equipment when allocated to that duty Carry out rescues and initiate other emergency action as necessary Give immediate first aid in the event of injury to a bather or other incident Communicate with bathers and other users to help fulfill the above tasks Help clean areas around pool or beach to ensure the safety and experience for patronsLifeguards may have other secondary duties such as cleaning, filing paperwork, checking a swimming pool's chlorine and pH levels, or acting as a general information point. It is important that lifeguards never allow their secondary responsibilities to interfere with their primary responsibilities. Lifeguards may be required to attend occasional in-service meetings to strengthen their lifeguarding skills. Lifeguards are trained in a variety of different lifesaving skills. There are minor differences between these skills depending on the organization who trained the lifeguards; the skills vary depending on the facility in which they will be put to use, such as the depth of the pool, a water-park facility, or a beach.

Some of the various out-of-water skills taught are: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation A series of chest compressions and ventilations that try to circulate blood containing oxygen throughout the body to vital organs in an attempt to resuscitate a victim. A lifeguard performing CPR on an adult should use two hands on the chest, with the ring finger of the bottom hand lined up with the nipple; the chest compressions should consist of thirty compressions to 2 rescue breaths with a depth of at least 2 inches but no more than 2.4 inches. For a child the hands should be placed the same way as an adult, chest compressions should be about two inches; the rate at which the compressions should be is 100–120 compressions per minute for both child and adult. For an infant, the hand placement should be two fingers at the center of the chest, again just below the nipple line; the depth of compressions should be about one and a half inches with compressions being 30:2. The rate of compressions should be 100–120 compressions per minute.

The chest compressions to ventilation's ratio changes from 30:2 to 15:2 for a child and infant during two rescuer CPR. Use an AED – Provides an electrical shock that attempts to restore normal heart rhythm in a victim. For AED, the information needed is what is in the AED container, where the pads should be placed and how to use the AED; when using an AED, make sure that the device is on. The device should include, a pair of scissors, a razor, 3 different size AED Pads; the AED pads should be placed on an on the upper right side of the chest, on the lower left side below the armpit. The pediatric pads should only be used on a infant; the placement of the pads for a child is the same as an adult. On an infant place one of the pads on the center of the chest in between the nipples, the other pad should be placed on the back between the shoulder blades. First Aid- the lifeguard in training should know how to protect themselves from blood borne pathogens. Lifeguards should protect themselves at all times.

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Garima Poddar

Garima Poddar is an Indian celebrity chef known for her title which she won IIHM Young Chef India schools. She is known as Garry after, her favourite judge in Masterchef Australia. At the age of 17 she was honoured by Dr. Suborno Bose, as she draped a national flag across her shoulder. Garima was the Torch Bearer in Young Chef Olympiad. Born and raised in Kolkata, Garima Poddar is daughter of Padmasree Rakesh Poddar, she completed her schooling from Calcutta Girls' High School, Kolkata and is pursuing a bachelor course from St. Xavier's College, Kolkata, she won IIHM Young Chef India title among 3000 schools and 30000 students of India she was selected as first finalist from Eastern Region. She was praised by renowned chefs, such as Chef Sanjeev Kapoorand Chef Gordon Ramsay, she was managed to put up 10 dishes in 3 hours, rather challenging but she did it. She was awarded for her excellency Shri Pranab Mukherjee, President Of India as one of the top #100 women achievers of India in the globalising India category, in January 2016

2011–12 Championnat de France amateur 2

The 2011–12 Championnat de France amateur 2 season was the 14th since its establishment. Chambéry were the defending champions; the teams and groups were announced on 18 July 2011 and the fixtures were determined on 28 July. The season began on 20 August 2011 and ended on 2 June 2012; the winter break was in effect from 23 December to 6 January. There were 34 promoted teams from the Division d'Honneur, replacing the 32 teams that were relegated from the Championnat de France amateur 2 following the 2010–11 season. A total of 72 teams competed in the league with 32 clubs suffering relegation to the sixth division, the Division d'Honneur. All non-reserve clubs that secured league status for the season were subject to approval by the DNCG before becoming eligible to participate in the competition. Teams relegated to Championnat de France amateur 2 Aurillac Genêts Anglet Louhans-Cuiseaux Noisy-le-Sec Saint-Pryvé Saint-Hilaire Rennes BTeams promoted to Championnat de France amateur 2 Ajaccio B Amiens B Aubagne Belfort Sud Boulogne B Chaumont Échirolles Eu Evian B Flers Fleury-Mérogis Fresnoy-le-Grand Iris Club La Suze Le Poiré-sur-Vie B Les Herbiers B Limoges Mâcon Marmande Marseille B Muret Narbonne Neuves-Maisons Saint-Colomban Locminé Saint-Georges-les-Ancizes Saint-Jean-le-Blanc Sézanne Steinseltz Thaon Thouars Trouville-Deauville Vannes B On 26 May 2011, following a preliminary review of each club's administrative and financial accounts in the Championnat National, the DNCG ruled that Grenoble would be relegated to the Championnat de France amateur after the organization determined that the club was enduring financial difficulties.

The organization excluded relegated Championnat de France amateur club Toulon from participating in the CFA 2 and relegated both Agde and Chambéry to the fifth division. Chambéry had finished as the champions of the 2010–11 edition of the CFA 2. On 4 June, the DNCG announced that, for the second consecutive season, Calais would not be allowed to ascend to the CFA, which meant the club would be returning to the fifth division. All clubs had the option to appeal the rulings. On 22 June, L'Entente SSG was relegated to the fifth division. On 4 July, Grenoble confirmed on its website that the Appeals Board of the DNCG had informed club officials that it will be relegated to the fourth division. Grenoble, entered liquidation on 7 July, which made the club unable to participate in the CFA; the club was inserted into the CFA 2. On the same day as the Grenoble ruling, the DNCG rejected the appeals of Toulon and Calais. Division d'Honneur club Sézanne took up Toulon's position in the CFA 2. On 24 August, the Executive Committee of the French Football Federation announced that RC Strasbourg would be relegated to the CFA 2 after a Strasbourg tribunal ordered the club to enter liquidation.

Strasbourg will, replaced its reserve team in the division as they cannot appear in the same division as its parent club. CFA 2 Official Page CFA 2 Standings and Statistics