A light aircraft carrier, or light fleet carrier, is an aircraft carrier, smaller than the standard carriers of a navy. The precise definition of the type varies by country. A light carrier was similar in concept to an escort carrier in most respects, however light carriers were intended for higher speeds to be deployed alongside fleet carriers, while escort carriers defended convoys and provided air support during amphibious operations. In World War II, the United States Navy produced a number of light carriers by converting cruiser hulls; these Independence-class aircraft carriers, converted from Cleveland-class light cruisers, were unsatisfactory ships for aviation with their narrow, short decks and slender, high-sheer hulls. These issues were superseded by Independence-class ships' virtue of being available at a time when available carrier decks had been reduced to Enterprise and Saratoga in the Pacific and Ranger in the Atlantic. In addition, unlike escort carriers, they had enough speed to take part in fleet actions with the larger carriers.
Late in the war, a follow on to the Independence class, the Saipan class, was designed. Two vessels in this class—Saipan and Wright—were completed after the war's end. After brief lives as carriers, the Saipans were converted to command and communication ships; the British 1942 design light fleet carrier designated the Colossus class, was a scaled-down version of their Illustrious-class fleet carrier. The design could be built in no experience of warship construction. Although built to merchant standards, the design incorporated better watertight subdivision. Expected to have a lifetime of about three years, the last of the design was taken out of service in 2001; the first ten were built as the Colossus class, though two of these were modified whilst under construction into aircraft maintenance carriers. An additional five carriers, none of which were completed in time for service in WWII, were built with revisions upgrading the design to handle larger and heavier aircraft, receiving the designation Majestic class.
In the post-war period, the Royal Navy operated a force of the ten Colossus carriers, while the five Majestic carriers were sold, during construction, to Australia and India. By the start of WWII, HMS Hermes, the first purpose-built aircraft carrier was being considered as equivalent to a light aircraft carrier, due to her small size, small aircraft complement and lack of armour. ArgentinaARA Independencia Veinticinco de Mayo AustraliaHMAS Sydney HMAS Vengeance HMAS Melbourne CanadaHMCS Warrior HMCS Magnificent HMCS Bonaventure BrazilMinas Gerais FranceLafeyette class: Bois Belleau La Fayette Arromanches JapanHōshō Ryūjō Zuihō classZuihō Shōhō Ryūhō Chitose classChitose ChiyodaIndiaINS Vikrant INS Viraat NetherlandsHNLMS Karel Doorman SpainDédalo Príncipe de AsturiasThailandHTMS Chakri NaruebetTurkeyTCG AnadoluUnited KingdomHMS Hermes HMS Unicorn 1942 Design Light Fleet Carrier Colossus class HMS Colossus HMS Glory HMS Ocean HMS Venerable HMS Vengeance HMS Pioneer HMS Warrior HMS Theseus HMS Triumph HMS Perseus Majestic class Majestic Terrible Magnificent Hercules Powerful Centaur class HMS Centaur HMS Albion HMS Bulwark HMS Hermes Invincible class HMS Invincible HMS Illustrious HMS Ark RoyalUnited StatesIndependence class USS Bataan USS Belleau Wood USS Cabot USS Cowpens USS Independence USS Langley USS Monterey USS Princeton USS San Jacinto Saipan class USS Saipan USS Wright Anti-submarine warfare carrier Escort carrier Helicopter carrier Amphibious assault ship List of aircraft carriers of the Second World War List of escort aircraft carriers of the Second World War Brown, David.
Aircraft Carriers. Arco Publishing. ISBN 0-668-04164-1. Chesneau, Roger. Aircraft Carriers of the World, 1914 to the Present. An Illustrated Encyclopedia. London: Brockhampton Press. P. 288. ISBN 1-86019-875-9. Watts, Anthony J.. Japanese Warships of World War II. Doubleday & Company
Serra da Saudade is a Brazilian municipality located in the center of the state of Minas Gerais. Its population as of 2007 was 786 people living in a total area of 3.36 km2, making it the smallest municipality of Brazil. The population density is 256.84/km2. The city belongs to the micro-region of Bom Despacho, it became a municipality in 1962. The city center of Serra da Saudade is located at an elevation of 738 meters in a mountainous area of the Sierra da Saudade. Neighboring municipalities are: Quartel Geral, Dores do Indaiá, Estrela do Indaiá, São Gotardo. Distances Belo Horizonte: 273 km Luz: 54 km south on MG-235 MG-176 Dores do Indaiá: 19 km southeast on dirt road Estrela do Indaiá: 17 km south on MG-235 Services and agriculture are the most important economic activities; the GDP in 2005 was R$7 million, with 4 million coming from services. There were 113 rural producers on 19,000 hectares of land. 25 farms had tractors. 250 persons were employed in agriculture. The main crops are coffee and corn.
There were 15,000 head of cattle. There were no banks. In the vehicle fleet there were 124 automobiles, 4 trucks, 21 pickup trucks, 4 micro-buses, 11 motorcycles.. In the health sector there was 1 public health clinic.. Patients with more serious health conditions are transported to Belo Horizonte. Educational needs of 170 students were met by 1 pre-primary school. There was no middle school. Municipal Human Development Index: 0.742 State ranking: 348 out of 853 municipalities as of 2000 National ranking: 2114 out of 5,138 municipalities as of 2000 Literacy rate: 81% Life expectancy: 71 In 2000 the per capita monthly income of R$217.00 was below the state average of R$276.00 and below the national average of R$297.00. Poços de Caldas had the highest per capita monthly income in 2000 with R$435.00. The lowest was Setubinha with R$73.00. The highest ranking municipality in Minas Gerais in 2000 was Poços de Caldas with 0.841, while the lowest was Setubinha with 0.568. Nationally the highest was São Caetano do Sul in São Paulo with 0.919, while the lowest was Setubinha.
The Fort Vengeance Monument Site is an archaeological and commemorative site on United States Route 7 in northern Pittsford, Vermont. The site includes the archaeological remains of one of Vermont's oldest documented homesteads, the only surviving site of a state-ordered military fortification of the American Revolutionary War; the site is marked by a stone memorial placed in 1873, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006. The Fort Vengeance archaeological site is located on northern Pittsford, about 0.5 miles south of the town line with Brandon in northern Rutland County. It is marked by a squat marble obelisk adjacent to a roadside pullout on the west side of United States Route 7; the site occupies about 2 acres, most of, west of the highway, but including a portion of US 7, believed to have been built over part of the site. The site includes the archaeological remains of two houses; the older of the two was the farmstead of Caleb Hendee, who moved to the area and built his house here in 1774.
At the time of the property's listing on the National Register, it was the oldest known farmstead site in the state, with no known sites predating 1770. In 1780 Hendee's farmstead became the site of Fort Vengeance, a palisaded fortification whose construction was ordered by the independent government of the Vermont Republic as part of its northern line of defense; the fort included a barracks, powder magazine, other features, was in use until 1782. It was one of three forts ordered by the state, all in the Pittsford-Brandon area, is the only one whose location is both known and amenable to archaeological investigation, it is suspected. Caleb Hendee's house was abandoned in the mid-19th century by his son Samuel, who built a Greek Revival farmhouse further south, tore down the remains of the old house and fort. In 1858, Samuel sold most of the property to Chester Thomas. Thomas built the house that made the second homesite in 1860. National Register of Historic Places listings in Rutland County, Vermont
The following is a list of notable events and releases of the year 1941 in Norwegian music. January27 – Iver Holter and band leader, Norwegian Army Band. December3 – Christian Sinding, composer. 24 – Godtfred Pedersen and composer. 31 – Sigwardt Aspestrand, composer. February24 – Kari Onstad and actress. July31 – Frøydis Ree Wekre, professor of horn and wind chamber music. August6 – Svein Christiansen, jazz drummer. October2 – Gro Sandvik, classical flautist. November9 – John Persen, Sami composer. Unknown dateCarl Høgset, choral conductor. 1941 in Norway Music of Norway
Broager is a town with a population of 3,274 in Sønderborg Municipality in Region of Southern Denmark, Denmark. It lies on the Broager Peninsula and is therefore surrounded by water on three sides, the waters of Flensborg Fjord leading into the Baltic Sea; the town of Broager lies in the middle of the peninsula by a major road, which leads to the Egernsund Bridge, which crosses over the Egern Strait to the Jutland mainland. The town's two-towered church is its most important landmark; the town was part of Broager Municipality until 2007 when it became part of the larger Sønderborg Municipality. Ludvig Harboe a Danish theologian and bishop. Peter Jebsen a Norwegian businessperson and politician, founded the Dale of Norway, a clothing brand of high quality knitwear
Mirza Taleb Khan Ordubadi was an Iranian aristocrat from the Ordubadi family, who served as the grand vizier of the Safavid king Abbas I from to 1610/1 to 1621, as grand vizier of his grandson and successor Safi from 1632 to 1633. Mirza Taleb was the son of Hatem Beg Ordubadi, thus belonged to the Ordubadi family, an Iranian family, descended from the medieval philosopher and polymath Nasir al-Din al-Tusi. Furthermore, Mirza Taleb was the brother-in-law of the governor of Qandahar, Ali Mardan Khan. In 1610/1, Mirza Taleb was appointed as the grand vizier of Abbas I, he was replaced by Salman Khan Ustajlu in 1621. In 1632, Mirza Taleb was reappointed as grand vizier by Abbas I's grandson and successor Safi, succeeding the former grand vizier Khalifeh Sultan. A year Mirza Taleb was dishonored by Saru Taqi, who secretly had him assassinated; the reason behind these actions was due to a personal hatred Saru Taqi had towards the family of Mirza Taleb Khan, whose father had denied to give Saru Taqi's father a post which he had asked for.
Furthermore, Saru Taqi took over the house of Mirza Taleb, in Isfahan, the capital of the Safavid Empire