The Lighthouse of Genoa, is the main lighthouse for the city's port. Besides being an important aid to night navigation in the vicinity, the tower serves as a symbol and a landmark for the City of Genoa. Built of masonry, at 76 m it is the world's fifth tallest lighthouse and the second tallest "traditional" one. Between 1543 and the construction of the lighthouse on Île Vierge, France in 1902, it was the tallest lighthouse in the world; when measured as a whole with the natural rock on which it stands, as it is perceived and represented, its height is 117 m, which would make it the second tallest lighthouse in the world, the tallest in Europe, the tallest traditional lighthouse. It is constructed in two square portions, each one capped by a terrace. Rebuilt in its current shape in 1543 replacing the former lighthouse, it is the world's third oldest lighthouse, following the Tower of Hercules in A Coruña, Kõpu Lighthouse, on the island of Hiiumaa, Estonia; the Lanterna is on the hill of San Benigno at some little distance from the Sampierdarena neighborhood.
The cape on which the Lanterna stands was at one time a peninsula before the nearby coastline was filled in and reshaped. To the west, it marked the entrance to the original port of Genoa, today the Porto Antico. Over time, the hill on the cape assumed the name "Capo di Faro", or "Lighthouse Cape". Today, the hill is gone save for a small rise upon; the first tower at this location, a structure formed of three crenellated towers, was built, most sources say, around 1128, although at least one states that it was built in 1161. At the time it sat close to the main coastal road, called the Via di Francia, which more recent documents describe as passing between it and the sea; when it was constructed the tower was far from the city. It has remained a part of the system until today. Dried pieces of erica and juniper wood were used to fuel the signal fire in its early years; the tower played a part, early in its career, in the ongoing feud between the Guelphs and Ghibellines. In 1318 and again in 1321, it was decided to dig a defensive trench around the tower, the better to protect it from damage in battle.
In 1326 the first oil-based lantern, whose fire was fed by olive oil, was added to the structure, so that incoming vessels could better distinguish the signal fire upon approach. For the same reason, in 1340 the tower was painted with the coat of arms of the city, the better to serve as a distinctive daymark. In around 1400 the lighthouse was further converted for use as a prison. In 1405 the priests who were responsible for the upkeep of the lighthouse placed on its cupola a fish and a golden cross to serve as symbols of Christianity. During the cinquecento the structure was damaged again, this time by friendly fire from the Genovese against the French. Thirty years in 1543, the tower was once again reconstructed, assuming the form in which it may still be seen today. In 1449 one of the keepers of the lighthouse was listed as Antonio Colombo, uncle of explorer Christopher Columbus; the tower was shelled during the bombardment of Genoa by the French in 1684. In 1778 construction began on a new lighting system designed to counteract damage done to the lighting apparatus over several centuries of use.
In 1840 a rotating Fresnel lens was installed. It was modified up until the end of the century. One last major restoration project, begun after American and British air attacks of World War II, was completed in 1956, it is the symbol surrounding the Derby della Lanterna between two football clubs, Genoa C. F. C. and U. C. Sampdoria. Adjacent to the tower is the Museo della Lanterna, which may be reached by a walk from the old city walls to the foot of the beacon at the via Milano, it is accessible from the neighboring Genova-Ovest highway. Work on the facility was completed in 2004, the museum was opened to the public in 2006. Further restoration involved replacement of some decorative elements on the attic of the tower and systematic paving, in stone, of the accessway; the city park to the north has been rehabilitated. The museum covers the history of the city and the port, contains a good deal of archival material; some of the displays cover the history of navigation and navigational aids in Genoa, describe various signaling systems that have been used at sea.
Part of a Fresnel lens, similar to that found in the lighthouse itself, is shown in such a manner as to display its inner workings. In addition to the permanent displays, temporary exhibits are sometimes shown at the museum; the tower has been struck by lightning several times in its career. The most serious occasio
Cuttington University is a private university in Suacoco, Liberia. Founded in 1889 as Cuttington College by Episcopal Church of the United States, it is the oldest private, four-year, degree-granting institution in sub-Saharan Africa. In 1887, Robert Fulton Cutting, treasurer of the ECUSA, donated $5000 to an Episcopalian bishop in Liberia for the establishment of a school for teaching Liberian children — both Americo-Liberian and native — about industry and agriculture; the university was established in 1889 by Samuel David Ferguson in Cape Palmas where it remained until 1929. Named Cuttington College when it opened, M. P. Keda Valentine served as the first principal followed by Samuel Taylor. Among the first private colleges in the West African region, the school was seen as a college for Liberia's elite; some of the earliest graduates included "two chief justices of the Liberian Supreme Court and three associate justices, one minister of education and many civil servants". In 1948, the college moved to Suacoco in Bong County, 120 miles north of Liberia's capital of Monrovia.
Prior to the First Liberian Civil War, 45% of government officials were alumni of the college. In the wake of the 1980 military coup, the college continued to be favoured with government assistance, as the Ministry of Action for Development and Progress provided $1.5 million for the college's 1981-1982 budget. During the First Liberian Civil War from 1989 to 1996 the school was looted and the structures were damaged and the campus used as a training facility for militias. From 1990 to 1997 the school operated only at an office in the U. S. state of Virginia. In 1998, the now Cuttington University College re-opened with a class of 103 students; the college has now reopened for the third time in its history, after a lengthy period of civil conflict. On August 15, 2004, 117 students graduated on the war-ravaged campus in various disciplines, with the highest number of graduates being in nursing. On February 5, 2004, the President of Cuttington, Dr. Henrique F. Tokpa met his son Captain Matthew J. Denkyan of the U.
S. Army, assigned to Liberia as a military observer, they were part of an inspection team who toured the renovated facilities, damaged by looters during the war. The Dunbar Building, which houses the office of Registrar; the AFRICANA Museum is in similar condition to the Dunbar Building (zinc and ceiling material have been removed by looters and the roofing timbers had been exposed to the weather and only the concrete walls and rafters remained in place. The Tubman Library had sustained less structural damage, but extensive looting and on site destruction of books and facilities has taken place there; the Seth C. Edwards cafeteria has been de-roofed and some of the roofing timbers had collapsed. A grass fire had destroyed a building, built by the Lutheran Church as the guest house for commuting professors; the fire will have to be demolished. The cause of the grass fire is unknown, but during the dry Harmattan season grass fires are common, but during the war they burned out of control; the newly constructed Power House, constructed with a USAID and ASHA grant is intact although looters entered the building, less damage was done.
Cuttington University is the oldest private, four-year, degree-granting institution in sub-Saharan Africa. It issues a number of technical studies, it has educated generations of leaders for the nation of West Africa. Its roots lie deep within the history of the nation, the relationship between Liberia and the United States, the Episcopal Church; the school is attempting to find sponsors who will help to improve its communications with the world. Since the end of the war, regular telephone and internet service have been restored; the campus runs its own water treatment facility. At present a volunteer web site is maintained remotely in the United States; the Cuttington University public radio and television stations planned to resume broadcasts by January 2010. The campus, 120 miles from Monrovia, includes only a single-story white structure; these are set among rolling hills and cotton trees as well as rice paddies and the native tropical plants. Next to campus is Phebe Hospital. Cuttington is a member of the Association of African Universities.
Dessaline Harris, Supreme Court justice Roosevelt Jayjay, faculty member.
O'Meara is an Irish surname, anglicised from Ó Meadhra, originating in County Tipperary, may refer to: Andrew P. O'Meara, United States Army general Andy O'Meara, creator of artistic music visualization software Barry Edward O'Meara, Irish surgeon Brian O'Meara, Irish rugby union footballer Brian O'Meara, Irish hurler Brian O'Meara, Irish hurler for the Tipperary senior team Colin O'Meara, voice actor David O'Meara, a Canadian poet. Dermod O'Meara, Irish physician and parent of Edmund O'Meara Edmund O'Meara, Irish physiologist and child of Dermod O'Meara Edward O'Meara, American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church Eileen O'Meara, American artist Frank O'Meara, Irish artist Ger O'Meara and Gaelic footballer Jaeger O'Meara, professional Australian rules footballer James O'Meara, Royal Air Force officer and fighter pilot James Timothy O'Meara, Roman Catholic priest Jane O'Meara Sanders, American social worker, college administrator and political staffer Jo O'Meara, English singer-songwriter, television personality and actress John Corbett O'Meara, United States federal judge John O'Meara, Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand John J. O'Meara, Irish classical scholar and historian of ancient and medieval philosophy Kathleen O'Meara, Irish politician Kathleen O'Meara, Irish-French Catholic writer Mark O'Meara, American professional golfer Martin O'Meara, Irish-born Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross Mike O'Meara, podcast personality O. Timothy O'Meara, American mathematician Patrick O'Meara, Master of Van Mildert College and Professor at Durham University Patrick O. O'Meara and professor Peter O'Meara, Irish actor Peter O'Meara, CEO of the Western Force rugby union team Richard O'Meara, United States Brigadier General Ryan O'Meara, American ice dancer Shane O'Meara, Irish actor Anne Meara, American actress and comedian James O'Mara, Irish businessman and politician Jared O'Mara, British politician Jason O'Mara, Irish-American actor Joseph O'Mara, Irish opera singer Kate O'Mara, English actress and writer Jack Mara, co-owner of the New York Giants John Mara, president, CEO, co-owner of the New York Giants Kate Mara, American actress and fashion model Rooney Mara, American actress and fashion designer Tim Mara and administrator of the New York Giants and grandparent of Timothy J. Mara Timothy J. Mara, American businessman, part owner of the New York Giants football team, grandchild of Tim Mara Wellington Mara, co-owner of the New York Giants and child of Tim Mara Meara