Ligurian Republic

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Ligurian Republic
Repubblica Ligure
Client state of France
The Italian peninsula in 1796
Devastated blazon that proclaimed the foundation of the Ligurian Republic, 1797; Taggia, Italy
Capital Genoa
Languages Italian
Government Presidential republic
 •  1797–1805 Girolamo Luigi Durazzo
Legislature Legislative Council[1]
 •  Upper house Council of Seniors
 •  Lower house Council of Sixty
Historical era Napoleonic Wars
 •  Invaded by France 14 June 1797
 •  Annexed by France 4 June 1805
Currency Genoan pound
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of Genoa
First French Empire

The Ligurian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Ligure) was a short-lived French client republic formed by Napoleon on 14 June 1797. It consisted of the old Republic of Genoa which covered most of the Ligurian region of Northwest Italy, and the small Imperial fiefs owned by the House of Savoy inside its territory. Its first Constitution was promulgated on 22 December 1797, establishing a Directorial republic.

The Republic was briefly occupied by the Austrian forces in 1800, but Napoleon soon returned with his army. A new Constitution was published in 1801, establishing institutions more similar to those of the previous Genoan Republic, with a Doge who was president of a Senate.

In June 1805, the area was directly annexed by France as the départements of the Apennins, Gênes and Montenotte. After the fall of Napoleon in 1814 the republic was briefly restored between 28 April and 28 July. Following the Congress of Vienna it was awarded to the Kingdom of Sardinia, and annexed on 3 January 1815, the Ligurian Republic used the traditional Genoese flag, a red cross on a white background.