Lillehammer is a town and municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal; the administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer. As of 2018, the population of the town of Lillehammer was 28,034; the city centre is a late nineteenth-century concentration of wooden houses, which enjoys a picturesque location overlooking the northern part of lake Mjøsa and the river Lågen, surrounded by mountains. Lillehammer hosted 2016 Winter Youth Olympics. Before Oslo's withdrawal from consideration, it was included as part of a bid to host events in the 2022 Winter Olympics if Oslo were to win the rights to hold the Games. Lillehammer Municipality is further subdivided into the following populated places: Søre Ål Nordre Ål Lillehammer Centre Nybu Vårsetergrenda Røyslimoen Vingnes Jørstadmoen Fåberg Rudsbygd Saksumdal Vingrom Nordseter Busmoen The municipality was named after the old Hamar farm, since the first church was built there; the name is identical with the word hamarr.
To distinguish it from the nearby town and bishopric, both called Hamar, it began to be called "little Hamar": Lilþlæ Hamar and Litlihamarr, Lillehammer. It is mentioned in the Old Norse sagas as Litlikaupangr; the coat-of-arms was granted in 1898 and shows a birkebeiner, carrying a spear and a shield, skiing down a mountainside. It symbolizes the historical importance of when the Birkebeiners carried the to-be-King Haakon from Lillehammer to Rena on skis; the area has been settled since the Norwegian Iron Age. Lillehammer had a lively market by the 1800s and obtained rights as a merchant city on 7 August 1827, at which point there were 50 registered residents within its boundaries; the town of Lillehammer was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838. The rural municipality of Fåberg was merged into the municipality of Lillehammer on 1 January 1964. In 1973, Mossad killed a Moroccan waiter, having mistaken him for Palestinian terrorist Ali Hassan Salameh. For more about that, see Lillehammer affair.
Lillehammer is known as a typical venue for winter sporting events. Lillehammer is home to the largest literature festival in the Nordic countries, in 2017 was designated as a UNESCO City of Literature. A number of schools are located in Lillehammer including the Hammartun Primary and Lower Secondary School, Søre Ål Primary School and Kringsjå Primary and Lower Secondary School. Lillehammer Public High School consists of two branches and South, both situated near the city center; the private High school Norwegian College of Elite Sports, NTG has a branch in Lillehammer. The Lillehammer campus of Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences is situated just north of the town itself. Lillehammer is the home of the Nansen Academy - the Norwegian Humanistic Academy; the Nansen Academy is an educational institution for adult students with varied political and cultural backgrounds. The Academy was founded on the core principles of humanism and aims at strengthening the knowledge of these principles.
The 14th World Scout Jamboree was held from 29 July to 7 August 1975 and was hosted by Norway at Lillehammer. Lillehammer is situated in the lower part of Gudbrandsdal, at the northern head of lake Mjøsa, is located to the south of the municipality of Øyer, to the southeast of Gausdal, northeast of Nordre Land, to the north of Gjøvik, all in Oppland county. To the southeast, it is bordered by Ringsaker municipality in Hedmark county. To the northwest is the mountain Spåtind. Lillehammer has a humid continental climate, with the Scandinavian mountain chain to the west and north limiting oceanic influences; the record high of 34 °C was recorded in June 1970. The record low of -31 °C was recorded in December 1978 and January 1979, the same low was recorded in January 1987. There has been no overnight air frost in August since 1978, the coldest recorded temperature after 2000 is -26.2 °C in January 2010. The current weather station Lillehammer-Sætherengen became operational in 1982; the basis for the city's commerce is its position as the northernmost point of the lake Mjøsa and as the gateway for the Gudbrandsdal region, through which the historical highway to Trondheim passes.
The Mesna river has provided the basis for several small industries through the years, but Lillehammer is now all but industry-less. One of the major Norwegian rail lines, the Dovre Line, runs from Hamar to the north through Lillehammer on its way up the Gudbrandsdal, to terminate in Trondheim. European route E6 passes through Lillehammer. In addition to the Olympic site, Lillehammer offers a number of other tourist attractions: Maihaugen, centrally located in Lillehammer, is the largest open-air museum in Norway, with 185 buildings from Lillehammer and the valley of Gudbrandsdalen. Garmo Stave Church The Norwegian Olympic Museum is the only museum in Northern Europe that shows the whole Olympic history from the ancient times and up to today, including all Summer- and Wintergames; the museum houses the Norwegian Sports Hall of Fame and a special
Alfred Robert Wilkinson VC, was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Wilkinson enlisted in the Royal Scots Greys at the outbreak of war in 1914 and transferred the following year to the 2nd. Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders, he transferred to the 1/5th Manchester Regiment and went to France in July 1916. He was 21 years old, a private in the 1/5th Battalion, The Manchester Regiment, British Army during the Battle of the Selle in the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC. On 20 October 1918 at Marou, during the attack, four runners had been killed in attempting to deliver a message to the supporting company and Private Wilkinson volunteered for the duty, he succeeded in delivering the message although the journey involved exposure to heavy machine-gun and shell fire for 600 yards. He showed magnificent courage and complete indifference to danger and throughout the remainder of the day continued to do splendid work.
He achieved the rank of lieutenant. Wilkinson was killed in a mining accident at Bickershaw Colliery, Leigh where he died from carbon monoxide poisoning, his grave stone at Leigh Cemetery has the VC engraved on it. In 2018 it had a trail of poppies leading to it, made by local school children. A statue of Wilkinson has been erected on the green at Pennington Wharf, a housing estate at the old Bickershaw Colliery; the road around the green has been named Wilkinson Park Drive. The road sign has the VC printed on it. Monuments to Courage The Register of the Victoria Cross VCs of the First World War - The Final Days 1918 Location of grave and VC medal
Church of the Transfiguration may refer to any of the following: Holy Transfiguration Monastery Church, Çatistë, Gjirokastër County Holy Transfiguration Church, Gjirokastër Church of the Holy Transfiguration, Dibër County Holy Transfiguration Monastery Church, Gjirokastër County Transfiguration Church, Grodno Region Transfiguration Church, Vitebsk Region Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord, Vukovar-Srijem County The Obinitsa Church of Transfiguration of Our Lord, Meremäe Parish Transfiguration Church, Pest County Holy Transfiguration Church, Kėdainiai, Kaunas County Catholic Church of the Transfiguration on Mount Tabor Orthodox Church of the Transfiguration on Mount Tabor Church of the Transfiguration, Qrendi Transfiguration Church, Chișinău Church of Transfiguration, Ramallah Church of the Transfiguration on Ilyina Street, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast Church of the Transfiguration in Kizhi, Republic of Karelia, a World Heritage Site Transfiguration Church in Kovalyovo, Novgorod Oblast Transfiguration Church, Krasnoyarsk Transfiguration Church, Stavropol Krai Church of the Transfiguration, Rostov Oblast Church of the Transfiguration, Rostov Oblast Church of the Transfiguration, Tula Oblast Transfiguration Church, Starocherkasskaya, Rostov Oblast Transfiguration of the Lord Church, Tver Church of the Transfiguration, Rostov Oblast Church of the Holy Transfiguration, Sarajevo Church of the Transfiguration, Krivaja, Šabac Chapel of the Transfiguration, Ashgabat Church of Transfiguration, Lviv Church of the Transfiguration, West Sussex AlaskaHoly Transfiguration of Our Lord Chapel in Ninilchik Transfiguration of Our Lord Chapel in NushagakArkansasHoly Transfiguration Orthodox Church in Mountain HomeCaliforniaChurch of the Transfiguration in San Jose ConnecticutChurch of the Transfiguration in Norfolk IllinoisChurch of the Transfiguration in Palos Park Church of the Transfiguration in Wauconda MarylandTransfiguration of our Lord Russian Orthodox Church in BaltimoreMassachusettsChurch of the Transfiguration in Orleans MinnesotaEpiscopal Church of the Transfiguration New HampshireChurch of the Transfiguration in Derry, New Hampshire New JerseyChurch of the Transfiguration in Collingswood New YorkChurch of the Transfiguration, Episcopal known as the Little Church Around the Corner, the first church to be named for the Transfiguration in the United States Church of the Transfiguration, Roman Catholic on Mott Street in Chinatown, Manhattan Church of the Transfiguration in Tarrytown Church of the Transfiguration in Buffalo Church of the Transfiguration in Maspeth Church of the Holy Transfiguration of Christ-on-the-Mount in Woodstock Church of the Transfiguration Russian Orthodox Cathedral of the Transfiguration of Our Lord in BrooklynNorth CarolinaChurch of the Transfiguration OhioTransfiguration Church PennsylvaniaChurch of the Transfiguration in Blue Ridge Summit Transfiguration Church in West Hazleton TexasChurch of the Transfiguration in Dallas WashingtonChurch of Transfiguration in Tacoma WyomingChapel of the Transfiguration in Grand Teton National Park, near Jackson Transfiguration Cathedral
Norman Bradley Joseph is an American football coach and former player. He was the head football coach at Mississippi College in Clinton, Mississippi from 2005 to 2013. Joseph served as the head football coach at Belhaven College from 1998 to 2000 and at Louisiana College in 2004. Born in Vicksburg, Joseph played college football at Mississippi State University and earned Churchman All-American honors in 1976. Joseph earned his B. S. in speech education from Mississippi State in 1977 and Master of Education Degree while coaching at Northeast Louisiana University in 1979. Joseph has coached as an assistant at Northeast Louisiana, Louisiana Tech, Northwestern State University, Southern Mississippi, San Jose State University and Midwestern State University He enjoyed much success as an assistant coach, including turning San Jose State into one of the best offensive teams at the collegiate level. Joseph was the first head football coach for the Belhaven College Blazers located in Jackson, Mississippi and he held that position for three seasons, from 1998 until 2000.
During his three seasons there, the Blazers were 4-6 in 1998, 7-4 in 1999 and 2000. At Belhaven, Joseph became the only coach in the NAIA in history to produce both a 1,000 yard rusher and 1,000 yard receiver in a program's first two seasons of existence, his successful start of the football program helped him to lead Belhaven to a top 25 National ranking for six consecutive weeks in only the school's second season of play. Belhaven began its season with a 6-1 record, but lost the final three games of its season to finish 7-4. Louisiana College in Pineville, Louisiana selected Joseph as head coach to replace Marty Secord for the 2004 season; the team went 5-5. After one year at Louisiana, Joseph became the head coach at Mississippi College in Clinton, Mississippi beginning in the 2005 season, when the Choctaws went 2-8; the Choctaws finished 8-2 in 2006 and 2007, respectively. His 2008 squad began the season ranked #25 in the NCAA's Division III, but fell from the polls after an opening week, 42–6 defeat at the hands of rival Millsaps and finished the year 5-5.
In 2009, the Choctaws reached the Division III playoffs. After 4 consecutive losing seasons, Joseph stepped down as the Choctaws head coach in 2013, prior to MC's move to Division II. Mississippi College profile
There is a long history of women in dentistry in the United States. 1855: Emeline Roberts Jones became the first woman to practice dentistry in the United States. She married the dentist Daniel Jones when she was a teenager, became his assistant in 1855. 1866: Lucy Hobbs Taylor became the first woman to graduate from a dental college. 1869: Henriette Hirschfeld-Tiburtius, born in Germany, became the first woman to take a full college course in dentistry, as Lucy Hobbs Taylor received credit for her time in dental practice before attending dental college. She graduated from the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery in 1869. 1874: Fanny A. Rambarger became the second American woman to earn the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery in 1874, when she graduated from the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery, she limited her practice to women and children only. 1890: Ida Rollins became the first African-American woman to earn a dental degree in the United States, which she earned from the University of Michigan.
1892: The Women's Dental Association of the U. S. was founded in 1892 by Mary Stillwell-Kuesel with 12 charter members. 1904-1905: Faith Sai So Leong called Sai So Yeong, born in China, became the first Chinese-American woman to graduate from a school of dentistry and become a dentist in the United States. In 1904 she became the first woman of any race to graduate from the College of Physicians and Surgeons. In 1905 she was awarded the Doctor of Dental Surgery from that school, after a trial of the State Board of Dental Examiners, which delayed the awarding of licenses, she was granted a dental license in August 1905. 1916: Gillette Hayden served as the first female president of the American Academy of Periodontology. 1920: Maude Tanner became the first recorded female delegate to the American Dental Association. 1921: During the annual meeting of the American Dental Association, several female dentists met in Milwaukee and formed the Federation of American Women Dentists, now known as the American Association of Women Dentists.
Their first president was Minnie Evangeline Jordon. 1923: Anita Martin became the first woman inducted into the national dental honor society. 1925: Minnie Evangeline Jordon published the first textbook on pedodontics, titled Operative Dentistry for Children. 1951: Helen E. Myers of Lancaster, Pa. A 1941 graduate of Temple University, was commissioned as the Army Dental Corps’ first female dental officer in 1951. 1975: On July 1, 1975, Jeanne Sinkford became the first female dean of an American dental school when she was appointed the dean of Howard University School of Dentistry. 1975: Jessica Rickert became the first female American Indian dentist in America upon graduating from the University of Michigan School of Dentistry in 1975. She was a member of the Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation, a direct descendant of the Indian chief Wahbememe. 1977: The American Association of Dental Schools had Nancy Goorey as its first female president in 1977. 1988: In 1988, the American Student Dental Association elected its first female president, N. Gail McLaurin of the Medical University of South Carolina.
1991: Geraldine Morrow became the first female president of the American Dental Association. 1997: Hazel J. Harper became the first female president of the National Dental Association. 2001: Marjorie Jeffcoat became the first female editor of The Journal of the American Dental Association. 2003: Rear Admiral Carol I. Turner became the first female Chief of the Navy Dental Corps. 2004: Sandra Madison, of Asheville, N. C. was elected as the first female president of the American Association of Endodontists. 2007: Kaumudi Joshipura became the NIH endowed chair and director of the center for clinical research and health promotion at University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus. 2007: Laura Kelly became the first female president of the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry. 2008: Beverly Largent, a pediatric dentist from Paducah, Ky. became the first female president of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. 2008: Valerie Murrah became the first female president of the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology.
2009: Kathleen T. O'Loughlin was chosen as the first female executive director of the American Dental Association. 2013: Gayle Glenn was elected as the first female president of the American Association of Orthodontists. List of first women dentists by country Women in dentistry
The Our Lady of the Pillar Parish Church known as the Santa Cruz Church and designated as the Archdiocesan Shrine of the Blessed Sacrament, is a baroque Roman Catholic parish church in the district of Santa Cruz, Philippines. It was built when the arrabal of Santa Cruz was established by the Jesuits in the early 17th century; the church had undergone many repairs and reconstruction, with the last reconstruction done in the 1950s. It is the first Mission and Mother house of Filipino Sacramentinos, making it as the center of Congregation Activities and events The church façade is topped with a statue of Our Lady of the Pillar, the patroness of the church, whose feast is held every 3rd Sunday of October. On 7 December 2017 Pope Francis granted the Canonical coronation of the venerated image; the current parish priest is Fr. Rudsend P. Paragas, SSS. On June 3, 2018, as part of the Church-wide celebrations of Corpus Christi, it was raised to an Archdiocesan Shrine by the decree of the Archbishop of Manila, Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle, in the Archdiocese-wide holiday mass held in the church.
The Jesuits built the first Catholic church in the area where the present Santa Cruz Parish stands on June 20, 1619. The original church design was made of wood; the Jesuits enshrined the image of Our Lady of Pilar in 1643 to serve the predominantly Chinese residents in the area. The first church was made of stone and wood was built in the 17th century. On June 3, 1863 an earthquake destroyed the church. Fr. Agustin de Mendoza began reconstruction work on the church in 1868; the church facade is characteristically Baroque with Ionic piers vertically dividing the first two levels in three parts. Three semicircular arch doorways form as main entrance to the church. A Celtic-like window flanked by small semicircular windows is found at the center of the second level. Forming as the pediment, the topmost level has its raking cornice in undulating liens emanating from the broken pediment found above the statued niche; the domed belfry rises on the right in six levels. The original structure of the church was twice damaged by earthquakes and completely destroyed during the Battle of Manila.
The present building of the church, reconstructed in 1957, was designed to reflect the Spanish baroque style. Saint St. Ezequiél Moreno, O. A. R, he served as a Parish Priest. Blessed Blessed Julian Moreno, O. A. R. Brother of St. Ezequeil Moreno, O. A. R. Notes Bibliography