Guéret is a commune and the prefecture of the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France. A light industrial town, the largest in the department, with a big woodland and a little farming not far from the town centre, it is 45 miles northeast of Limoges at the junction of the D942, D940 and the N145 roads. The church of St. Pierre and St. Paul, dating from the thirteenth century; the Hotel de Moneyroux. This building, of Gothic style, was constructed in the fifteenth century by Antoine Allard, it is now the headquarters of the General Council of the Creuse. It can be visited during public holidays; the Presidial, dating from the seventeenth century. This building houses the town hall; the Museum of the Sénatorerie. Built in eighteenth century, the building served as the residence of senators under Napoleon. Since 1832, the Society of Archaeological and Natural Sciences of the Creuse, one of the oldest learned societies of France has been housed here, it brings together natural history works of art.
In 1907, the Hotel de la Sénatorerie museum was surrounded by trees. The war memorial; the seventeenth-century chateau of Sainte Feyrer, built on the foundations of a castle from the Middle Ages, of which there are some remains. The building of the eighteenth century was constructed by the architect Brousseau, it has an elegant staircase and the oratory is classified as an historical monument. A vast permanent labyrinth is located 3 miles south of Guéret. Courtille lake, a recreation area south of Guéret, is an artificial lake along a shaded path. With a circumference of about 3 km, it is used for sports and leisure or picnicking on the grass Chabrières forest is large and stretches south of Guéret, it includes: A zoo. Opened in 2001, it is a noted site in the field of protection of this species. There are some huge natural monoliths, such as "la Pierre Grole" linked to local myths and legends and some old granite quarries, once used for cobblestones of the streets of Paris. Guéret has an oceanic climate influenced by its elevation and proximity to the Bay of Biscay's maritime inflow of Gulf Stream air.
As a result, the climate is mild for its latitude and relatively gloomy. Antoine Varillas, an historian, was born here in 1624. Marcel Jouhandeau, was born here. Madeleine Chapelle, the wife and model of painter Dominique Ingres. Georges Pludermacher -1944), classical pianist Pierre Michon, spent his childhood here. Guéret is twinned with: Stein, Germany since 1991 and Puck, Poland Communes of the Creuse department Creuse Monts de Gueret Animal Park INSEE Official town website
Creuse is a department in central France named after the river Creuse. Creuse is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, it was created from the former province of La Marche. The County of Marche was a medieval French county corresponding to the modern département of Creuse. Marche first appeared as a separate fief about the middle of the 10th century, when William III, Duke of Aquitaine, gave it to one of his vassals named Boso, who took the title of count. In the 12th century, the countship passed to the family of Lusignan, they were sometimes counts of Angoulême and counts of Limousin. With the death of the childless Count Guy in 1308, his possessions in La Marche were seized by Philip IV of France. In 1316 the king made La Marche an appanage for his youngest son the Prince, afterwards Charles IV. Several years in 1327, La Marche passed into the hands of the House of Bourbon; the family of Armagnac held it from 1435 to 1477. In 1527 La Marche became part of the domains of the French crown.
It was divided into Haute Marche and Basse Marche, the estates of the former continuing until the 17th century. From 1470 until the Revolution, the province was under the jurisdiction of the parlement of Paris. In 1886 Bourganeuf ville lumière, located in a remote part of Creuse, became somewhat improbably the third town in France to receive a public electricity supply. Three years in 1889, the construction of a primitive hydro-electric factory at Cascade of the Jarrauds on the little river Maulde at Saint-Martin-Château, 14 kilometers away, established a more reliable electricity supply for the little town; the creation of a power line from the plant to Bourganeuf was supervised by a pioneering engineer called Marcel Deprez: this was the first time that a power line over such a long distance had been constructed in France. The achievement was crowned with the region's first telephone line, installed in order to permit instant communication between the generating station and the newly illuminated town.
Creuse is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Corrèze, Haute-Vienne, Puy-de-Dôme, Indre. It permeated by the Creuse and its tributaries; the river is dammed at several locations both for hydroelectricity generation. As is typical for an inland area of continental Europe, Creuse has cold winters with some snowfall into April, but hot summers. Rain falls throughout the year because of the high elevation; the topography is principally rolling hills intersected by steep valleys. The terrestrial ecology is cool temperate with a species mix common in the western UK: with oak, chestnut and Prunus species dominating the woodlands. There are no commercial vineyards. Much of the farming is beef cattle: Charolais and Limousin, sheep; the inhabitants of the department are called Creusois. The population peaked at 287,075 in 1851, after which it declined until the First World War. During and after the war, the decline in population became much more rapid both because of the death and disruption that characterised the war years and because of the higher wages available to any workers with marketable skills in the economically more dynamic towns and cities outside Creuse.
By 1921 the registered population had slumped by 38,000 in ten years to 228,244, the decline continued throughout the twentieth century. Over the last four decades of the twentieth century Creuse experienced the greatest proportional population decline of any French department, from 164,000 in 1960 to 124,000 in 1999 – a decrease of 24%; because of its low population density, it is considered to fall within the empty diagonal. The President of the General Council is Jean-Jacques Lozach of the Socialist Party; the Creuse Cake is a dessert named after the region. It is made with butter and hazelnuts. There are many varieties, they are sold throughout France. George Sand She situated some of the action of her 1844 novel Jeanne in rural Boussac. Thierry Ardisson and journalist Pierre d'Aubusson, Grand Master of the order of St. John of Jerusalem. Jacques Barraband painter and draftsman Léonard-Léopold Forgemol de Bostquénard, general in the French Army. Jean de Brosse councillor to Charles VII of France Gustave Caillebotte Impressionist painter, owned a castle in Creuse Gilles Clément: prizewinning park and landscape designer François Denhaut inventor of flying boats David Feuerwerker, rabbi of Creuse.
Armand Guillaumin impressionist painter Jean Guitton Catholic philosopher and theologian Marcel Jouhandeau writer Lucien Le Cam statistician Pierre Leroux philosopher and political economist Jean Lurçat tapestry artist Jules Marouzeau Latinist and philologist Pierre Michon novelist Martin Nadaud politician and writer Raymond Poulidor cyclist Michael Riffaterre and critic Maurice Rollinat poet Jules Sandeau novelist Georges Sarre Secretary of State Antoine Varillas historian Hubert Védrine Minister of Foreign Affairs Jacques Laffite racing driver Jean-Pierre Jabouille racing driver has creusoises origins and has a property in Creuse, sponsor of a motor rally Creusekistan Marcel Balsa, born on 1 January 1909 in Saint-Frion and died August 11, 1984 in Maisons-Alfort, French driver. Nathalie B
Saint-Junien is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France. Its sister city is Belgium; the history of Saint-Junien began in AD 500, when an ascetic of Hungarian origin, Saint Amand, chose to live on the north bank of the Vienne River at a place called Comodoliac. Ruricius, bishop of Limoges, offered him a humble cell. At this time, Junian from the north of France and son of a Count of Cambrai, left his family at the age of 15 and became a disciple of Saint Amand, it is said. Junian had to sleep outside, the snow miraculously spared him during the night, he lived as a hermit and, after the passing of his master, he lived where the collegiate church stands nowadays. In 593, Gregory of Tours was impressed by the importance of the pilgrimage to the saint's tomb. An urban area was created around the abbey built in honor of the saint. However, this monastery was destroyed by the Vikings in 866. By the end of the 13th century, high walls were built around the city.
Saint-Junien is a city of strong communist tradition, marked by the municipality of Roland Mazoin, now headed by Pierre Allard, member of the Alternative Democracy Socialism. This peculiarity is inherited from the importance of the industrial sector of glove making in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, like Limoges. Inhabitants are known as Saint-Juniauds. Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, July 16, 1796 – February 22, 1875) was a French landscape and portrait painter as well as a printmaker in etching, he is a pivotal figure in landscape painting and his vast output references the Neo-Classical tradition and anticipates the plein-air innovations of Impressionism. Robert Hébras, member of the Resistance, survivor of the SS massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane. Maurice Arreckx, politician. Sophie Vouzelaud, 1st dauphine of Miss France 2007. On the day of the American investiture of Donald Trump, his wife Melania Trump wore gloves specially made for the occasion by the Agnelle company, based in Saint-Junien.
Communes of the Haute-Vienne department INSEE Official website
History of Auvergne
The history of the Auvergne dates back to the early Middle Ages, when it was a historic province in south central France. It was the feudal domain of the Counts of Auvergne. Auvergne was a province of France deriving its name from the Arverni, a Gallic tribe who once occupied the area, well known for its fierce resistance, led by Vercingetorix, to conquest by the Roman Empire. Christianized by Saint Austremoine, Auvergne was quite prosperous during the Roman period. After a short time under the Visigoths, it was conquered by the Franks in 507. During the earlier medieval period, Auvergne was a county within the duchy of Aquitaine and as such part of the "Angevin Empire" until the 13th century. In 1225, Louis VIII of France granted Auvergne to his third son Alfonso. On Alfonso's death in 1271, along with the County of Toulouse and the Comtat Venaissin, reverted to the royal domain; the Middle Ages the 10th to 13th centuries, were a period of great development for Auvergne, with the building of famous abbeys and churches in a Romanesque style.
In 1095, the historic Council of Clermont was held to rally support for the First Crusade. Its wide autonomy was ended by King Philippe-Auguste of France, who linked it to the royal possessions. Hardly impacted by the Hundred Years' War, the religion wars and epidemics, integrated to the kingdom of France, it turned itself more and more into an agricultural province, although reputed for its products. In 1790, the historical province was divided into the modern-day départements of Puy-de-Dôme, Haute-Loire, Allier, although Haute-Loire and Allier include some land from the historical provinces of Bourbonnais and Velay; the region is famed for its charcuterie, celebrated in "La Mangona" festivals in many Auvergnat villages, for its cheeses, for its mineral waters. Michelin tires are produced there. Auvergne is the site of several major hydroelectric projects located on the Dordogne, Cère, Truyère rivers; the region is quite touristic, thanks to its landscapes. Auvergnat, a variety of the Occitan language, was spoken in the Auvergne.
It is still spoken there. Aubrac oxen, a rare breed, are raised in the Aubrac hills; the Auvergne emigrants, together with other Aveyron and Italian emigrants influenced the Parisian Bal-musette music. Composer Joseph Canteloube based Songs of the Auvergne, his well-known piece for voice and orchestra, on folk music and songs from the Auvergne. Singer-songwriter Georges Brassens composed Chanson pour l'Auvergnat. Composer Camille Saint-Saëns composed Rhapsodie d'Auvergne in 1884, based upon folk songs from the Auvergne. Vercingetorix, King of the Arverni, leader of the Gallic resistance against Julius Caesar. Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, born in Auvergne, was a national hero in both France and the United States for his roles in the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolution. Pierre-Andre Coffinhal, Jacobin leader and vice-president of the Revolutionary Tribunal, was born in Auvergne. A close friend of Robespierre, he was executed following the events of the 9 Thermidor. Jean-Baptiste Carrier was a French Revolutionary born at Yolet in Auvergne.
He was famous for his brutality towards his enemies. In 1794, he was guillotined upon the conviction of the National Convention. Sylvester II, pope and scholar, born Gerbert of Aurillac, a significant player in the transition from the Carolingians to the Capetians; the Dalfi d'Alvernha or Dauphin d'Auvergne and patron of troubadours, Count of Clermont and Montferrand Joseph Canteloube, French composer. Guy Debord and leader of the Situationist International, acquired a country house in the region in 1975, where he lived until committing suicide there in 1994. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, President of France, although not born in the Auvergne, was educated in Clermont-Ferrand and represented it in the National Assembly. Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France and of the Vichy French regime, was born near Clermont-Ferrand, although he made his political career in Paris. Blaise Pascal, inventor, Christian apologist Audrey Tautou, internationally successful French actress, was born and raised in Auvergne: her surname is Occitan.
Lestat de Lioncourt Gabrielle de Lioncourt Nicolas de Lenfent Philippe Charboneau Philip Kent.
The Massif Central is a highland region in the middle of Southern France, consisting of mountains and plateaus. It covers about 15% of mainland France. Subject to volcanism that has subsided in the last 10,000 years, these central mountains are separated from the Alps by a deep north–south cleft created by the Rhône River and known in French as the sillon rhodanien; the region was a barrier to transport within France until the opening of the A75 motorway, which not only made north–south travel easier, but opened up the massif itself. The Massif Central is an old massif, formed during the Variscan orogeny, consisting of granitic and metamorphic rocks, it was powerfully raised and made to look geologically younger in the eastern section by the uplift of the Alps during the Paleogene period and in the southern section by the uplift of the Pyrenees. The massif thus presents a asymmetrical elevation profile with highlands in the south and in the east dominating the valley of the Rhône and the plains of Languedoc and by contrast, the less elevated region of Limousin in the northwest.
These tectonic movements may be the origin of the volcanism in the massif. In fact, above the crystalline foundation, one can observe many volcanoes of many different types and ages: volcanic plateaus and small recent monogenic volcanoes; the entire region contains a large concentration of around 450 extinct volcanoes. The Chaîne des Puys, a range running north to south and less than 160 km2 long, contains 115 of them; the Auvergne Volcanoes regional natural park is in the massif. In the south, one remarkable region, made up of features called causses in French, consists of raised chalky plateaus cut by deep canyons; the most famous of these is the Gorges du Tarn. Mountain ranges, with notable individual mountains, are: Chaîne des Puys Puy de Dôme Puy de Pariou Puy de Lassolas Puy de la Vache Monts Dore Puy de Sancy Monts du Lyonnais Pilat massif Crêt de la Perdrix Mounts of Cantal Plomb du Cantal Puy Mary Forez Pierre-sur-Haute L'Aubrac Signal de Mailhebiau Monts de La Margeride Signal de Randon Monts du Vivarais Mont Mézenc Mont Gerbier de Jonc Cévennes Mont Lozère, the highest non-volcanic summit Mont Aigoual, near Le Vigan, Florac Monts de Lacaune Montgrand Monts de l'Espinouse Sommet de l'Espinouse Montagne Noire Pic de Nore Causse du Larzac Plateau de Millevaches Plateau de Lévézou Causse du Comtal Causse de Sauveterre Causse de Sévérac Causse Méjean Causse Noir Causse de Blandas The following departments are considered as part of the Massif Central: Allier, Ardèche, Aveyron, Corrèze, Gard, Haute-Loire, Haute-Vienne, Hérault, Lot, Lozère, Puy-de-Dôme, Rhône, Tarn.
The largest cities in the region are Clermont-Ferrand and Saint-Étienne. Geography of France Media related to Massif Central at Wikimedia Commons