The Cadillac Escalade is a full-size luxury SUV engineered and manufactured by Cadillac. It was Cadillac's first major entry into the SUV market; the Escalade was introduced for the 1999 model year in response to competition from the Mercedes-Benz ML-Class and Lexus LX and to Ford's 1998 release of the Lincoln Navigator. The Escalade project went into production; the Escalade is built in Texas. The word "escalade" refers to a siege warfare tactic of scaling defensive walls or ramparts with the aid of ladders or siege towers; the 1999 Escalade was nearly identical to the 1999 GMC Yukon Denali, but was redesigned for the 2002 model year to make its appearance fall more in line with Cadillac's "art and science" design theme. Escalade production was skipped for the 2001 model year; the Escalade ESV and its former sibling the Escalade EXT were made in Silao, before the 2007 redesign. As of 2015, the Cadillac Escalade is available in every country; the Escalade ESV version is available in the United States, Mexico and the Middle East.
It is Cadillac's largest luxury oriented, passenger- and load-carrying vehicle, a niche filled by the Cadillac Commercial Chassis. The introduction of the Lincoln Navigator in the 1998 model year necessitated that General Motors be able to compete in the burgeoning American market for full-size luxury-type trucks; this generation was only a five-seat SUV. Fearing the growing hegemony of the Lincoln Navigator, the Escalade was rushed through the design process to reach dealers quickly. Little more than a badge-engineered GMC Yukon Denali, the SUV's aesthetics were similar to the Denali and the final vehicle was smaller than the Navigator; the Escalade's underpinnings were borrowed from the Yukon Denali line, with the GMC logos on the center caps replaced with Cadillac's crest. The Escalade used the same 5.7 L Vortec 5700 V8 at 255 hp, underpowered compared to the Navigator's 300 hp and 365 lb⋅ft 5.4 Liter InTech V8. All first-generation Escalades featured Auto-Trac selectable 4x4; the 1999-2000 Escalade achieves 11 mpg‑US city and 15 mpg‑US highway based on U.
S. EPA test protocols; the interior featured leather seats. The Escalade included a Bose surround system; the Escalade gauge cluster differed from the cluster used in the Tahoe and Yukon. The Escalade gauges features white needles instead of orange and the speedometer reads to 120 mph. According to information from the Highway Loss Data Institute, the Cadillac Escalade is the most stolen vehicle in the U. S. Unlike its Chevrolet and GMC siblings, which launched for the 2000 model year, Cadillac delayed the Escalade's switch to the GMT820 chassis until February 2001 as a 2002 model, the last of the three General Motors full-size truck and SUV brands to switch to the new chassis. Rear-wheel drive was standard, as was a 5.3 L V8. All-wheel drive was standard on the ESV and EXT, was optional on the short wheelbase Escalade; the special high-output Vortec 6.0 L V8 engine was the sole engine choice on all-wheel drive models whether it was the short wheel base, ESV, or EXT until 2005 when the 5.3L was dropped altogether.
In 2005 all rear-wheel drive and all-wheel drive Escalades came with the high output 6.0L Vortec V8. All models offered seating up to eight people; the "StabiliTrak" electronic stability control system was upgraded to a four-wheel version, High Intensity Discharge low beam headlights, power-adjustable pedals and signal outside mirrors were added as a standard feature in 2003, along with a Bulgari-branded clock. For 2004, XM Satellite Radio, second-row bucket seats, a tire pressure monitoring system were made standard on all Escalades except the EXT. In 2004, the Platinum edition Escalade ESV was introduced at a base price of $71,025; the OnStar system was upgraded for the 2005 model year and had become a digital system instead of the analog system, in use. 2002–2003 5.3L LM7 Vortec V8, 285 hp 2004–2006 5.3L LM7 Vortec V8, 295 hp 2002–2003 6.0L LQ4 Vortec V8, 310 hp 2004–2006 6.0L LQ9 HO Vortec V8, 345 hp The Escalade moved to the new GMT900 platform for the 2007 model year, as the GMT900 platforms together were launched together for that year.
The regular Escalade was again joined by a stretched ESV version as well as a new EXT sport utility truck. The 2006 Escalade was the official vehicle of Super Bowl XL, with MVP Hines Ward being awarded one of the first Escalades produced. Production of the redesigned Escalade began at Arlington Assembly in January 2006, it is priced from US$57,280, though the rear-wheel drive version at this price was not produced until August. The more expensive all-wheel drive version was produced first, followed by the long wheelbase ESV and EXT pickup in June. Th
The London Taxi Company was a taxi design and manufacturing company based in Coventry, England. It traded as London Taxis International and Carbodies, it operated a coachbuilding business on Coventry. After half a century making short runs of limited demand bodies for major manufacturers it was obliged to replace these now moribund activities and in 1971 took from its former customer and supplier of taxi chassis, the manufacture of complete London taxicabs. Two years was bought by Manganese Bronze Holdings. Rebranded as The London Taxi Company in October 2010, it was placed in administration in October 2012, with certain assets purchased by Geely to form what is now the London EV Company; the origins of The London Taxi Company can be traced to 1919, when Robert'Bobby' Jones, a former general manager at coachbuilder Hollick & Pratt took over the coachbuilding operations of his employer, timber merchants Gooderhams and set up in business in premises acquired from Thomas Pass in West Orchard, Coventry.
Rather than make bespoke bodies to individual designs, Carbodies set out to produce coachwork to a number of standardised designs for car companies that did not have their own coachbuilding facilities. Their first major customers during the 1920s were Alvis Cars; the scale of a new contract to build bodies for the MG M-Type Midget meant that they needed larger premises and in 1928, they moved to a larger site on Holyhead Road, where they remain to this day. In the 1930s, they supplied bodies for Rover and Railton, but by far their biggest and most important customer in that decade was the Rootes Group. During World War II the company made bodies for military vehicles, they acquired press tools through the Lend-Lease scheme, which enabled them to make aircraft components. In 1943, Carbodies became a limited company at this time, with Bobby Jones as governing director and his son, Ernest Jones managing director. After the war, Carbodies negotiated with London taxi dealer Mann & Overton and Austin to make bodies for the Austin FX3 taxi, introduced in 1948, as well as finishing and delivering the complete vehicles.
More than 7,000 FX3s destined for London, were produced over 10 years. They developed a system for turning modern all-steel saloon cars into convertibles; this work was carried out on the early unit construction Hillman Minx, the Austin Somerset and Hereford, the Ford Mk1 Consul and Zephyr and the Mk2 Ford Consul and Zodiac. In 1954, Bobby Jones sold Carbodies to the BSA Group, who put it under the control of its prestige car company, Daimler. Although it was intended for Carbodies to become the manufacturing plant for Daimler steel bodies, this was never fulfilled, it did, however convert the Conquest saloon into a drophead, using the same methods they used on Fords and Austin and made a drophead coupe body for the Daimler Conquest Roadster and made bodies for the Daimler Majestic and Majestic Major saloons. Under BSA, manufacturing facilities were extended and more plant installed. In 1958, Carbodies began manufacturing the body and carrying out the assembly and delivery of the most important vehicle in their history, the Austin FX4 taxi.
Carbodies supplied prototype bodies and tooling, projects including the Jaguar E-type bonnet and panels for Triumph, Ariel and BSA motorcycles and scooters. Further contracts undertaken during the 1960s and early 1970s were the conversion of Humber Hawk and Super Snipe, Singer Vogue and Triumph 2000 saloons into estate cars, but as contract work on private cars and commercial vehicles fell away, the FX4 taxi would become more important for the company. In 1971 Carbodies bought the FX4 chassis assembly line from British Leyland's Adderley Park, Birmingham factory and moved it to Coventry, making them complete manufacturers of the FX4, in actuality if not in name. In 1973, Carbodies was included in the sale of BSA to Manganese Bronze Holdings. In the 1970s, Carbodies tried to make a new taxi of their own, the FX5, but it was abandoned in 1979 because the development costs were too high. In 1982 Carbodies take responsibility for the complete manufacture of the FX4 taxicab, after British Leyland lost interest in it.
By this time, the FX4 was the company's only product, despite attempts to introduce new lines, such as a Ford Cortina MkV convertible and the Range Rover Unitruck. A new model of taxi, the CR6, based on a Range Rover bodyshell was abandoned after five years of development. In 1984, the London taxicab dealer Mann & Overton was bought by Manganese Bronze Holdings. Pending the development of a new model, the FX4 became the LTI Fairway. In 1992 the company was rebranded London Taxis International with three divisions: LTI Carbodies, LTI Mann & Overton and London Taxi Finance. In 1997, a new model of taxicab, the TX1 was introduced as a successor to the FX4. Further development resulted in the launch in 2002 of the TXII, powered by a Ford Dura Torq 2.4-litre diesel engine and featuring an integral fold-down ramp for wheelchair users. It has an intermediate step and swivel-out seat for passengers with moderate walking difficulties. For people with hearing problems it has an induction loop incorporated in the intercom system.
In 2007 the TXII was replaced by the TX4. This series established LTI Vehicles as a worldwide supplier of London-type taxis. In October 2010 the London Taxis International was rebranded as The London Taxi Company. A joint venture with Chinese car maker Geely, who held a 20% interest in the company through its Manganese Bronze shareholding, was formed to build a factory in Shanghai to manufacture London taxis for the export market and to supply components to the home factory in Coventry. In 2010 the Mann & Overton trading name was dropped. In October 2
A cloak is a type of loose garment, worn over indoor clothing and serves the same purpose as an overcoat. Cloaks have been used by a myriad historic societies. Over time cloak designs have been changed to match fashion and available textiles. Cloaks fasten at the neck or over the shoulder, vary in length, from hip all the way down to the ankle, mid-calf being the normal length, they may have an attached hood and may cover and fasten down the front, in which case they have holes or slits for the hands to pass through. However, cloaks are always sleeveless; the word cloak comes from Old North French cloque meaning "travelling cloak", from Medieval Latin clocca "travelers' cape," "a bell," so called from the garment's bell-like shape. Thus the word is related to the word clock. Ancient Greeks and Romans were known to wear cloaks. Greek men and women wore the himation, from the Archaic through the Hellenistic periods. Romans would wear the Greek-styled cloak, the pallium; the pallium was quadrangular, shaped like a square, sat on the shoulders, not unlike the himation.
Romans of the Republic would wear the toga as a formal display of their citizenship. It was worn by magistrates on all occasions as a badge of office; the toga was claimed to have originated with the second king of Rome. In full evening dress in the Western countries and gentlemen use the cloak as a fashion statement, or to protect the fine fabrics of evening wear from the elements where a coat would crush or hide the garment. Opera cloaks are made of quality materials such as wool or cashmere and satin. Ladies may wear a long cloak called a cape, or a full-length cloak. Gentlemen wear an full-length cloak. Formal cloaks have expensive, colored linings and trimmings such as silk, satin and fur. According to the King James Version of the Bible, Matthew recorded Jesus of Galilee saying in Matthew 5:40: "And if any man will sue thee at the law, take away thy coat, let him have thy cloke also." The King James Version of the Bible has the words recorded a little differently in Luke 6:29: "...and him that taketh away thy cloke, forbid not to take thy coat also."
Cloaks are a staple garment in the fantasy genre due to the popularity of medieval settings, although fantasy cloak designs have more resemblance to 18th or 19th-century cloaks rather than medieval ones. They are usually associated with witches and vampires; when Lugosi reprised his role as Dracula for the 1931 Universal Studios motion picture version of the play, he retained the cloak as part of his outfit, which made such a strong impression that cloaks came to be equated with Count Dracula in nearly all non-historical media depictions of him. Fantasy cloaks are magical. For example, they may grant the person wearing it invisibility as in the Harry Potter series by J. K. Rowling. A similar sort of garment is worn by the members of the Fellowship of the Ring in The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien, although instead of granting complete invisibility, the Elf-made cloaks appear to shift between any natural color to help the wearer to blend in with his or her surroundings. Alternatively, they may nullify magical projectiles, as the "cloak of magic resistance" in NetHack.
In addition, the magical hide armor that Hercules made for himself from the skin of the Nemean Lion, at the end of Hercules' first labor, might be seen as an early idea of a magical cloak. This latter was notable because it was said to be impervious to all impact weapons. Figuratively, a cloak may be anything that conceals something. In many science fiction worlds, such as Star Trek, there are cloaking devices, which provide a way to avoid detection by making objects appear invisible; because they keep a person hidden and conceal a weapon, the phrase cloak and dagger has come to refer to espionage and secretive crimes: it suggests murder from hidden sources. "Cloak and dagger" stories are thus mystery and crime stories of this. The vigilante duo of Marvel comics Cloak and Dagger is a reference to this. Oxford English Dictionary Ashelford, Jane: The Art of Dress: Clothing and Society 1500-1914, Abrams, 1996. ISBN 0-8109-6317-5 Baumgarten, Linda: What Clothes Reveal: The Language of Clothing in Colonial and Federal America, Yale University Press, 2016.
ISBN 0-300-09580-5 Payne, Blanche: History of Costume from the Stone Age to the Twentysecond Century, Harper & Row, 2965. No ISBN for this edition.
The Hummer H3 is an off-road vehicle, produced from 2005 to 2010 by General Motors. The smallest model of the Hummer lineup, it was offered as a 5-door SUV or a 4-door pickup truck known as the H3T. Unlike the larger H1 and H2 models, the H3 was not developed by AM General, it was introduced for the 2006 model year, based on a modified GMT355 that underpinned the Chevrolet Colorado/GMC Canyon compact pickup trucks that were built at GM's Shreveport Operations in Shreveport and the Port Elizabeth plant in South Africa. While mechanically related to the Colorado and Canyon, GM claims they share only 10% of their components, with the chassis modified and reinforced for heavy off-road duties; the H3 was launched with a 3.5 liter straight-5 cylinder L52 engine that produced 220 hp and 225 lbf⋅ft of torque and was mated to a standard five-speed Aisin AR5 manual transmission or an optional Hydra-Matic 4L60-E four-speed automatic transmission. In 2007 this engine was replaced by the 3.7 liter LLR that produced 242 hp and 242 lbf⋅ft of torque, figures that were revised in 2009 to 239 hp and 241 lbf⋅ft.
Under revised EPA testing standards when equipped with either transmission this straight-5 engine achieved 14 mpg‑US in the city and 18 mpg‑US on the highway with a combined average of 15 mpg‑US. Available with the automatic transmission, a 5.3 liter LH8 V8 engine producing 300 hp and 320 lbf⋅ft of torque was added in 2008 for the Alpha model. The V8 version had lower fuel economy, estimated at 13 mpg‑US in the city, 16 mpg‑US on the highway, with a combined average of 14 mpg‑US. In 2007, a H3X edition was added, it included the luxury package, 18-inch chrome rims with unique center caps, chrome trim, chrome tube steps, a body-colored grille and a hard tire cover. The H3X came with exclusive colors of Sonoma Red Metallic or Desert Orange Metallic; the H3 featured a two-speed, electronically controlled full-time four-wheel drive system that made it for both on-road and off-road driving. Electronic locking front and rear differentials were optional. Like the Hummer H2, the H3 can ford 27 inches of water at a speed of 5 mph and 20 in of water at a speed of 20 mph.
Standard ground clearance with the 31 inch tires measured at 9.7 in while the approach and breakover angles are measured at 37.4°, 34.7°, 22.1° allowing the H3 to scale a 16-inch vertical wall and negotiate grades of 60% and side slopes of 40%. Front and rear recovery hooks were standard, with an optional trailer wiring harness; the H3 features an intelligent traction control similar to what modern Land Rover or Toyota off road vehicles have, which can use the brakes independently to stop wheelspin and improve traction while being adjusted automatically to the road conditions with no driver action. It is equipped with Stabilitrak stability control, intelligent ABS with variable brake force distribution assist; the optional Adventure or Off Road package increased its capabilities more, as it included 33 inch tires, a armored undercarriage, off road shocks, differential lockers and 4:1 Low Range gearing. All of these upgrades increased ground clearance, suspension articulation and departure angles, increased the H3's undercarriage protection and durability.
For many off road experts, the H3 is considered to be one of the most capable off road vehicles of all times in stock form and a underrated SUV, with some arguing it was over engineered. GM experts developed it and tested in the most demanding conditions, which made it not only a capable SUV, but a reliable and durable vehicle. Maximum towing capacities were 3,000 lb for the straight-5 with manual transmission, 4,500 lb for the straight-5 with automatic transmission, 6,000 lb for the V8 with automatic transmission. Cargo volume with the second-row seats in the upright position was 25.0 cubic feet that could be expanded to a maximum of 62.8 cubic feet when the seats are folded down. The V8 models featured the least maximum payload capacity of just over 1,100 lb while straight-5, manual transmission models allowed the greatest payload at 1,300 lb. Electronic stability control, anti-lock four-wheel disc brakes, brake-controlled traction control, LATCH child-seat anchors, tire-pressure monitoring were standard features on the H3.
Side-curtain airbags were optional until 2008. The H3 was rated Acceptable, the second highest rating, by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety in both frontal offset and side-impact crashes and Poor, the lowest rating, for rear-crash protection/head restraints; the U. S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration gave the 2008 H3 the following scores: Frontal Driver: Frontal Passenger: Side Driver: Side Rear Passenger: AWD Rollover: The Hummer H3T is a mid-size pickup truck, available during the 2009 and 2010 model years; the vehicle was developed as a regular cab concept pickup truck in 2003, shown at the 2004 Los Angeles Auto Show. The five-passenger four-door crew-cab production version appeared at the 2008 Chicago Auto Show; the H3T featured a 5-foot bed with built-in storage boxes and came in standard H3T, H3T Adventure, H3T Luxury, H3T Alpha trim packages. A road test by Motor Trend reported the 2009 truck "crawled up rock steps, ran through sand washes, navigated steep ledges with confidence and capability to spare."
They described its turnin
In aviation, a jump seat or jumpseat is an auxiliary seat for individuals—other than normal passengers—who are not operating the aircraft. In general, the term'jump seat' can refer to a seat in any type of vehicle which can fold up out of the way; the term originated in the United States c. 1860 for a movable carriage seat. In aircraft, jump seats—which are termed auxiliary crew stations—can be located in cockpits or passenger cabins. In cockpits, jump seats are provided for individuals; these might include trainee pilots, off-duty crew members in transition to another airport, government officials, or airline staff. The passenger cabin jump seats are used by the cabin crew during takeoff and landing; these jump seats are located near emergency exits so that flight attendants can open the exit door for an emergency evacuation. The passenger cabin jump seats fold out of the way when not in use to keep aisles and emergency exits clear; some aircraft do not have jump seats in the cockpit, while others have two.
In most airliners, the observers' seats have an audio selector panel so that the observer can monitor or participate in flight communications. An oxygen mask is provided for each station. There can be extra flight attendant jump seats in the main cabin, depending on how the airline has configured its aircraft and how many on-duty flight attendants are staffed. Both types might be folding. Either type of jump seat may sometimes be used by off-duty staff engaging in non-revenue travel, when no passenger seats are available in the cabin. Increased security requirements for the flight deck since September 11, 2001 have meant a tightening of restrictions on, allowed to use jump seats. CASS is now used by most Part 121 US carriers as a means to allow a crew member to have access to a cockpit jump seat. Folding chair Folding seat List of seats Rumble seat The Jump Seat
The Cadillac XTS is a full-size luxury sedan from Cadillac. It is based on an enlarged version of the Epsilon II platform; the XTS replaces both the Cadillac STS and DTS, is smaller than the DTS but larger than the STS. It launched in June; the XTS is available with all-wheel drive. For the Chinese market, the Cadillac XTS is being assembled by Shanghai GM. Production began in February 2013. In addition to the LFX 3.6 V6, Cadillac XTS comes with an LTG 2.0 turbo engine in the Chinese market. In the Chinese market, the Cadillac XTS with an LFX 3.6 V6 engine is called XTS 36S, the version with LTG 2.0 turbo engine is called XTS 2.0T. The Cadillac XTS Sedan is available in the United States, Mexico and the Middle East in LHD only; the Epsilon II-platform is used for the XTS, shared with the Chevrolet Impala and the Buick LaCrosse. With the optional twin-turbocharged engine only available in the V-Sport, it has an estimated 0 to 60 miles per hour time of 6.7 seconds. The XTS is one of two large sedans offered by Cadillac, rivals the Lincoln Continental in size and price.
The XTS is manufactured in Shanghai, China. In addition to the base XTS, there are five trim packages labeled "Luxury", "Premium Luxury", "Platinum", with the optional XTS V-Sport offered in both "V-Sport Premium Luxury" and "V-Sport Platinum"; some of the standard features include dual-zone automatic climate control, 4G LTE connectivity, adaptive cruise control, keyless entry, leather seat-upholstery, 8-way power front seats, parking assist and comprehensive safety equipment like ABS, stability control, dual-stage front airbags, front side airbags, side-curtain airbags front and rear, a driver side knee airbag. Optional equipment and technology is extensive, including separate climate controls for rear seat passengers, coupled with 8" LCD screens that flip up from the front passenger seat-backs, allowing an internal DVD player to display content with wireless headphones; the interior can be outfitted in a large assortment of color combinations, along with four types of wood selections. Cadillac's CUE system is standard with an 8-speaker Bose sound system, including HD Radio and SiriusXM.
An optional 14-speaker Bose sound package includes AudioPilot noise compensation technology. The XTS is available with two engines, a 4-cylinder 2.0-liter turbo for China only, a 3.6-liter with 304 hp and 264 lb⋅ft, with available twin-turbocharging on the XTS V-Sport providing 410 hp and 369 lb⋅ft together with cylinder deactivation. The XTS is available in both front-wheel drive and optional all-wheel drive which includes a limited slip differential and torque vectoring. A long-wheelbase version XTS, called the XTS-L, as well as limousine and hearse versions are available for fleet and coachbuilder markets. General Motors exhibited a concept sedan called the XTS Platinum at the 2010 North American International Auto Show after unveiling the vehicle to automotive journalists on August 11, 2009; the concept was all-wheel drive and was powered by a 3.6 L V6 plug-in hybrid system estimated at 350 hp. Its interior was based on hand-cut-and-sewn materials and uses Organic Light Emitting Diode displays in place of traditional gauges and screens.
A Platinum version of the production XTS went on sale in 2013. Cadillac CT6 Cadillac XTS official site Official press page: Cadillac Unveils The XTS Platinum Concept
Winton Motor Carriage Company
The Winton Motor Carriage Company was a pioneer United States automobile manufacturer based in Cleveland, Ohio. Winton was one of the first American companies to sell a motor car. Scottish immigrant Alexander Winton, owner of the Winton Bicycle Company, turned from bicycle production to an experimental single-cylinder automobile before starting his car company. Winton owned a large lakeshore estate in Ohio. In the mid-1960s the home was demolished and an upscale high rise condominium was constructed aptly named Winton Place; the company was incorporated on March 15, 1897. Their first automobiles were built by hand; each vehicle had fancy painted sides, padded seats, a leather roof, gas lamps. B. F. Goodrich made the tires for Winton. By this time, Winton had produced two operational prototype automobiles. In May of that year, the 10 hp model achieved the astonishing speed of 33.64 mph on a test around a Cleveland horse track. However, the new invention was still subject to much skepticism, so to prove his automobile's durability and usefulness, Alexander Winton had his car undergo an 800-mile endurance run from Cleveland to New York City.
Alexander Winton, in Cleveland, Ohio sold his first manufactured semi-truck in 1899. On March 24, 1898, Robert Allison of Port Carbon, became the first person to buy a Winton automobile after seeing the first automobile advertisement in Scientific American; that year the Winton Motor Carriage Company sold twenty-one more vehicles, including one to James Ward Packard, who founded the Packard automobile company after Winton challenged a dissatisfied Packard to do better. Winton sold 22 cars that year. In 1899, more than one hundred Winton vehicles were sold, making the company the largest manufacturer of gasoline-powered automobiles in the United States; this success led to the opening of the first automobile dealership by Mr. H. W. Koler in Reading, Pennsylvania. To deliver the vehicles, in 1899, Winton built the first auto hauler in America. One of these 1899 Wintons was purchased by his new wife, Isabel Weld Perkins, it is still on display at Larz Anderson Auto Museum in Massachusetts. Publicity generated sales and in 1901 the news that both Reginald Vanderbilt and Alfred Vanderbilt had purchased Winton automobiles boosted the company's image substantially.
That same year, Winton lost a race at Grosse Pointe to Henry Ford. Models Winton vowed to come back and win, producing the 1902 Winton Bullet, which set an unofficial land speed record of 70 mph in Cleveland that year; the Bullet was defeated in another Ford by famed driver Barney Oldfield, but two more Bullet race cars were built. In 1903, Dr Horatio Nelson Jackson made the first successful automobile drive across the United States. On a $50 bet, he purchased a used 2 cylinder, 20 hp Winton touring car and hired a mechanic to accompany him. Starting in San Francisco, ending in Manhattan, the trip took sixty-three days, twelve hours, thirty minutes, including breakdowns and delays while waiting for parts to arrive; the two men drove miles out of the way to find a passable road hoisted the Winton up and over rocky terrain and mud holes with a block and tackle, or were pulled out of soft sand by horse teams. Jackson's Winton is now part of the collections at the National Museum of American History.
The 1904 Winton was a five-passenger tonneau-equipped tourer which sold for US$2,500. By contrast, the Enger 40 was US$2,000, the FAL US$1,750, an Oakland 40 US$1,600, the Cole 30 and Colt Runabout US$1,500, while the Lozier Light Six Metropolitan started at US$3,250, American's lowest-priced model was US$4,250, Lozier's Big Six were US$5,000 and up. ModelsWinton's flat-mounted water-cooled Straight-twin engine, situated amidships of the car, produced 20 hp; the channel and angle steel-framed car weighed 2300 lb. ModelsWinton continued to market automobiles to upscale consumers through the 1910s, but sales began to fall in the early 1920s; this was due to the conservative nature of the company, both in terms of technical development and styling. Only one sporting model was offered - the Sport Touring, with the majority of Wintons featuring tourer, sedan and town car styling. Models The Winton Motor Carriage Company ceased automobile production on February 11, 1924. However, Winton continued in the marine and stationary gasoline and diesel engine business, an industry he entered in 1912 with the Winton Engine Company.
Winton Engine Company became the Winton Engine Corporation, a subsidiary of General Motors, on June 20, 1930. It produced the first practical two-stroke diesel engines in the 400 to 1,200 hp range, which powered early Electro-Motive Corporation diesel locomotives and U. S. Navy submarines. A Winton 8-cylinder, 600-horsepower, 8-201-A diesel engine was the motive power of the revolutionary Burlington Zephyr streamliner passenger train, in 1934 the first American diesel-powered mainline train. Winton provided 201 series engines for rail use until late 1938, when Winton Engine Corporation was reorganized as the General Motors Cleveland Diesel Engine Division and the GM 567 series locomotive engines were introduced. Cleveland Diesel produced marine and locomotive engines until 1941, when locomotive engine production was moved under Electro-Motive Diesel. In 1962 Cleveland Diesel was absorbed by EMD, still in business today. Winton and Cleveland engines were used by the U. S. Navy in the Second World War, powering submarines, destroyer escorts, numerous auxiliaries.
The Winton engines were systematically replaced with the more reliable Cleveland engines