Lincoln's Inn Fields is the largest public square in London. It was laid out in the 1630s under the initiative of the speculative builder and contractor William Newton, "the first in a long series of entrepreneurs who took a hand in developing London", as Sir Nikolaus Pevsner observes; the original plan for "laying out and planting" these fields, drawn by the hand of Inigo Jones, was said still to be seen in Lord Pembroke's collection at Wilton House in the 19th century, but is untraced. The grounds, which had remained private property, were acquired by London County Council in 1895, it is today managed by the London Borough of Camden and forms part of the southern boundary of that borough with the City of Westminster. Lincoln's Inn Fields takes its name from the adjacent Lincoln's Inn, of which the private gardens are separated from the Fields by a perimeter wall and a large gatehouse; the grassed area in the centre of the Fields contains a court for tennis and netball and a bandstand. It was used for corporate events, which are no longer permitted.
Cricket and other sports are thought to have been played here in the 18th century. Up to the 17th century, cattle were grazed upon the fields, which were part of the Holborn grassland named Pursefield and belonged to St Giles Hospital. In the report of excavations of 64 Lincoln's Inn Fields, it is noted that one Katherine Smyth, the owner of the White Hart Inn on Drury Lane, leased the land from 1520, it reverted to the Crown, was used as pasture and the occasional execution. The use of the pastures meant that Turnstiles were placed around the square to enable pedestrians to enter without the animals escaping. Shops and other businesses developed along these footpaths and some of these alleys still exist – the Great and Little Turnstile.. Schemes for redevelopment of the fields by Inigo Jones and Charles Cornwallis in 1613 and 1618 were unsuccessful. William Newton gained permission, however, to erect 32 houses in what became known as Lincoln's Inn Fields in 1638 for an annual fee of £5 6s 8d.
However, the building license was only given if the central area remained an outdoor space open to the public. Quarry pits were discovered in the excavations at No 64 for building materials, in particular, gravel. In the fill of one was a fragment of a'fuddling cup' a drinking vessel which made it deliberately difficult to drink from without spillage; when laid out, Lincoln's Inn Fields was part of fashionable London. The completion of the houses that surrounded it proceeded at a leisurely pace, interrupted by the English Civil War: In 1659 James Cooper, Robert Henley, Francis Finch and other owners of "certain parcels of ground in the fields called Lincoln's Inn Fields", were exempted from all forfeitures and penalties which they might incur in regard to any new buildings they might erect on three sides of the same fields to 1 October in that year, provided that they paid for the public service one year's full value for every such house within one month of its erection; the oldest building from this early period is Lindsey House, 59–60 Lincoln's Inn Fields, built in 1640 and has been attributed to Inigo Jones.
The builder may have been David Cunningham, 1st Baronet of Auchinhervie, a friend of the mason-sculptor Nicholas Stone, who supervised the rebuilding of Berkhamsted Place for Charles I. It derives its name from a period of ownership in the 18th century by the earls of Lindsey. Another seventeenth-century survival is now 66 Lincoln's Inn Fields, built for Lord Powis and known as Powis House; the charter of the Bank of England was sealed there on 27 July 1694. It was in 1705 acquired by the Duke of Newcastle, it remains in its circa 1700 form, although a remodelling in 1930 by Sir Edwin Lutyens gives it a curiously pastiche appearance. As London fashion moved west, Lincoln's Inn Fields was left to rich lawyers who were attracted by its proximity to the Inns of Court. Thus, the former Newcastle House became in 1790 the premises of the solicitors Farrer & Co who are still there: their clients include much of the landed gentry and Queen Elizabeth II; the Lincoln's Inn Fields Theatre was located in the Fields from 1661 to 1848.
Called the Duke's Theatre, it was created by converting Lisle's Tennis Court, to become the Lincoln's Inn Fields Theatre in 1695. The theatre presented the first paid public performances of Purcell's Dido and Aeneas in 1700, John Gay's The Beggar's Opera in January 1728, Handel's final two operas in 1740 and 1741. Lincoln's Inn Fields was the site, in 1683, of the public beheading of Lord William Russell, son of the first Duke of Bedford, following his implication in the Rye House Plot for the attempted assassination of King Charles II; the executioner was Jack Ketch who made such a poor job of it that four axe blows were required before the head was separated from the body and, after the first stroke, Russell looked up and said to him "You dog, did I give you 10 guineas to use me so inhumanely?". Sometime after 1735 the Fields were enclosed within an iron railing, on account of the Master of the Rolls, Sir Joseph Jekyll being ridden over by a horse. An alternative version of the story claims that Jekyll was attacked for his support of an Act of Parliament raising the price of gin.
From 1750 to 19
Sean Michael O'Bryan is an American film and television actor from Louisville, Kentucky. He graduated from St. Xavier High School, he co-starred with William Ragsdale on the series Brother's Keeper. Early television work includes guest roles on such television series as Married... with Children, MacGyver, Northern Exposure, Cold Case, Quantum Leap, She Wrote, Chicago Hope, Roseanne, Six Feet Under, Criminal Minds, The King of Queens and Dexter. More recent television credits include CSI, Melissa & Joey, Hot In Cleveland, The Mentalist, Leverage, he appears in the recurring role of Ron Donahue on The Middle. His film credits include Chaplin, Crimson Tide, Exit to Eden, Out to Sea, Big Fat Liar, Deck the Halls, I'll Be Home For Christmas, Yes Man, Vantage Point and both Princess Diaries films, his more recent films include Playing for Keeps, Olympus Has Fallen, London Has Fallen and Mother's Day. O'Bryan moved to Los Angeles in the early 1990s, where he now resides with his wife, actress Samantha Follows, their two daughters.
Sean O'Bryan on IMDb O'Bryan infosite
Arthur Lehman Goodhart was an American-born academic jurist and lawyer. He was the first American to be the Master of an Oxford college, was a significant benefactor to the College. Arthur Goodhart was born to a Jewish family in New York City, the youngest of three children born to Harriet "Hattie" and Philip Julius Goodhart, his siblings were Helen Goodhart Altschul. His maternal grandfather was Mayer Lehman, one of three brothers who co-founded the investment banking firm Lehman Brothers. Goodhart was educated at Yale University and Trinity College, Cambridge. At Yale, he was an editor of campus humor magazine The Yale Record. After returning to the United States, he practised law until World War I. Following the war, he started to pursue an academic career in law at Cambridge University and at Oxford University where he became Professor of Jurisprudence and subsequently the Master of University College, he was editor of the Law Quarterly Review for fifty years. Rejected for service with British forces in World War I, in 1914, Goodhart became a member of the U.
S. forces when the U. S. joined the war in 1917. S. mission to Poland, in 1919. Goodhart was called to the bar by the Inner Temple 1919, became a fellow of Corpus Christi College and university lecturer in jurisprudence. In 1931 he moved to Oxford to become professor of jurisprudence, he gave up that chair when he became Master of University College, Oxford, 1951–63. In 1952 he delivered the Hamlyn Lectures; as a member of the Law Revision Committee, Goodhart helped to promote improvements in various branches of the law. Arthur Goodhart was married to Cecily Goodhart, of English heritage, they had three children: Sir Philip Goodhart. Students during Goodhart's Mastership of University College included Bob Hawke, matriculated 1953, Prime Minister of Australia; the Goodhart Quad and the Goodhart Building at University College, off Logic Lane, are named in his memory. The largest lecture theatre in the Sir David Williams Building, which houses the Faculty of Law at the University of Cambridge, is named "The Arthur Goodhart Lecture Theatre" after him.
Cecily's Court, a small open area containing a fountain, located between the Goodhart Building and 83–85 High Street, is named in memory of Goodhart's wife. 1938 Honorary bencher, Lincoln's Inn 1943, King's Counsel 1948, Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire 1952, Fellow of the British Academy He received honorary degrees from twenty universities Honorary Fellow, Trinity College, Cambridge Concise Dictionary of National Biography. Who was Who. Flade, Roland; the Lehmans: From Rimpar to the New World: A Family History. Würzburg: Königshausen und Neumann. ISBN 3-8260-1844-3. Works by or about Arthur Lehman Goodhart at Internet Archive