Deuel County, South Dakota
Deuel County is a county in the U. S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 4,364, its county seat is Clear Lake. The county was created in 1862, was organized in 1878, it is named for Jacob Deuel, a legislator in 1862. Deuel County lies on the east line of South Dakota, its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Minnesota. Its terrain consists of rolling hills, sloped to the northeast; the area is devoted to agriculture. The county's highest elevation occurs on its upper west boundary line, at 1,936' ASL; the county has a total area of 637 square miles, of which 623 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 4,498 people, 1,843 households, 1,258 families in the county; the population density was 7 people per square mile. There were 2,172 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.51% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, 0.67% from two or more races.
0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 46.9% were of German and 29.1% Norwegian ancestry. There were 1,843 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.40% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.70% were non-families. 28.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97. The county population contained 25.30% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, 20.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,788, the median income for a family was $39,511. Males had a median income of $26,306 versus $19,282 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,977.
About 6.90% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.80% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,364 people, 1,819 households, 1,228 families in the county; the population density was 7.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,204 housing units at an average density of 3.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.5% white, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 1.0% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 50.4% were German, 25.4% were Norwegian, 8.0% were Irish, 6.6% were Dutch, 5.5% were English, 2.9% were American. Of the 1,819 households, 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families, 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 43.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,000 and the median income for a family was $55,439. Males had a median income of $35,197 versus $26,020 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,276. About 3.0% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over. Clear Lake Gary Bemis Moritz Tunerville Deuel County is a typical eastern South Dakota county in its political history, somewhat akin to the Midwestern states of Iowa and Minnesota, it was Republican in its early years, with no Democrat except William Jennings Bryan gaining forty percent up to 1928. Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 became the first Democrat to carry the county, but lost it to Alf Landon in 1936, whilst – like most of the Midwest – the county showed a powerful anti-Roosevelt trend in 1940 and 1944 due to opposition to World War II.
From 1964, the county showed a strong trend towards the Democratic Party – so much so that it was one of only 130 counties nationwide to support South Dakota native George McGovern in 1972 against Richard Nixon, one of only five nationwide to have supported both landslide losers Landon and McGovern. Between 1976 and 2010, Deuel was a competitive swing county, voting for the winning candidate in every election until 2008 when Barack Obama lost by 34 votes. Over the past two elections, Deuel – in common with many rural counties nationwide – has shown an abrupt swing towards the Republican Party. Donald Trump’s 2016 win was the largest since Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952. National Register of Historic Places listings in Deuel County, South Dakota
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Ivanhoe is a city in Lincoln County, United States. The population was 559 at the 2010 census. Since 1904 it has been the county seat of Lincoln County and is now the least populous county seat in Minnesota. Ivanhoe was platted in 1901, it was named from the novel Ivanhoe by Sir Walter Scott. A post office has been in operation at Ivanhoe since 1901. Ivanhoe was named county seat in 1902. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.90 square miles, of which 0.88 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. The Yellow Medicine River flows past Ivanhoe as an intermittent stream near its headwaters. U. S. Highway 75 and Minnesota State Highway 19 are two of the main routes in the city. Rather unusually for rural southwestern Minnesota, a high percentage of Ivanhoe's residents are of Polish ancestry; as of the census of 2010, there were 559 people, 268 households, 144 families residing in the city. The population density was 635.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 317 housing units at an average density of 360.2 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 0.2 % from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population. There were 268 households of which 21.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 46.3% were non-families. 42.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.99 and the average family size was 2.74. The median age in the city was 49.5 years. 18.8% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 44.9% male and 55.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 679 people, 310 households, 172 families residing in the city; the population density was 745.2 people per square mile. There were 341 housing units at an average density of 374.3 per square mile. The racial make up of the city was 99.71% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.29% of the population.
There were 310 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.2% were non-families. 41.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.80. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, 29.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,125, the median income for a family was $40,491. Males had a median income of $27,946 versus $21,389 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,775. About 4.6% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 21.8% of those age 65 or over.
Media related to Ivanhoe, Minnesota at Wikimedia Commons City Website
Brookings County, South Dakota
Brookings County is a county in the U. S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 31,965, making it the fifth-most populous county in South Dakota, its county seat is Brookings. The county was created in 1862 and organized in 1871. Brookings County comprises SD Micropolitan Statistical Area; the county was founded July 3, 1871, was named for Wilmot Wood Brookings, a politician and pioneer of southeastern South Dakota. Medary was the first county seat, from 1871 to 1879. Brookings County is on the east side of South Dakota, its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Minnesota. The Big Sioux River flows south-southeastward through the east central part of the county; the county terrain consists of sloped flatlands, marked by numerous lakes and ponds in the western part. The area is devoted to agricultural use; the county has a total area of 805 square miles, of which 782 square miles is land and 13 square miles is water. Brookings Regional Airport Arlington Municipal Airport As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 28,220 people, 10,665 households, 6,217 families in the county.
The population density was 36 people per square mile. There were 11,576 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.36% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.90% Native American, 1.34% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, 0.75% from two or more races. 0.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.2 % were of 23.2 % Norwegian and 5.7 % Irish ancestry. There were 10,665 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.00% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.70% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97. The county population contained 20.80% under the age of 18, 26.80% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 17.30% from 45 to 64, 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 102.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,438, the median income for a family was $48,052. Males had a median income of $30,843 versus $22,074 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,586. About 6.20% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.10% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 31,965 people, 12,029 households, 6,623 families in the county; the population density was 40.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 13,137 housing units at an average density of 16.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.2% white, 2.7% Asian, 0.9% American Indian, 0.8% black or African American, 0.9% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 47.9% were German, 24.3% were Norwegian, 11.9% were Irish, 6.9% were English, 6.1% were Dutch, 2.0% were American.
Of the 12,029 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.9% were non-families, 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 26.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $45,134 and the median income for a family was $63,338. Males had a median income of $40,425 versus $30,023 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,995. About 5.9% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over. Aurora Bushnell Sinai Lake Poinsett Ahnberg*Medary Brookings County voters are reliably Republican. In only two national elections since 1932 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Brookings County, South Dakota Brookings County, SD government website
Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral and political crisis, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, modernized the U. S. economy. Born in Kentucky, Lincoln grew up on the frontier in a poor family. Self-educated, he became Whig Party leader, state legislator and Congressman, he left government to resume his law practice, but angered by the success of Democrats in opening the prairie lands to slavery, reentered politics in 1854. He became a leader in the new Republican Party and gained national attention in 1858 for debating and losing to national Democratic leader Stephen A. Douglas in a Senate campaign, he ran for President in 1860, sweeping the North and winning. Southern pro-slavery elements took his win as proof that the North was rejecting the Constitutional rights of Southern states to practice slavery.
They began the process of seceding from the union. To secure its independence, the new Confederate States of America fired on Fort Sumter, one of the few U. S. forts in the South. Lincoln called up volunteers and militia to restore the Union; as the leader of the moderate faction of the Republican Party, Lincoln confronted Radical Republicans, who demanded harsher treatment of the South. Lincoln fought the factions by pitting them against each other, by distributing political patronage, by appealing to the American people, his Gettysburg Address became an iconic call for nationalism, equal rights and democracy. He suspended habeas corpus, he averted British intervention by defusing the Trent Affair. Lincoln supervised the war effort, including the selection of generals and the naval blockade that shut down the South's trade; as the war progressed, he maneuvered to end slavery, issuing the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. Lincoln managed his own re-election campaign, he sought to reconcile his damaged nation by avoiding retribution against the secessionists.
A few days after the Battle of Appomattox Court House, he was shot by John Wilkes Booth, an actor and Confederate sympathizer, on April 14, 1865, died the following day. Abraham Lincoln is remembered as the United States' martyr hero, he is ranked both by scholars and the public as among the greatest U. S. presidents. Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, as the second child of Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, in a one-room log cabin on Sinking Spring Farm near Hodgenville, Kentucky, he was a descendant of Samuel Lincoln, an Englishman who migrated from Hingham, Norfolk, to its namesake Hingham, Massachusetts, in 1638. Samuel's grandson and great-grandson began the family's westward migration, passing through New Jersey and Virginia. Lincoln's paternal grandfather and namesake, Captain Abraham Lincoln, moved the family from Virginia to Jefferson County, Kentucky, in the 1780s. Captain Lincoln was killed in an Indian raid in 1786, his children, including eight-year-old Thomas, Abraham's father, witnessed the attack.
Thomas worked at odd jobs in Kentucky and in Tennessee, before settling with members of his family in Hardin County, Kentucky, in the early 1800s. Lincoln's mother, Nancy, is assumed to have been the daughter of Lucy Hanks, although no record documents this. Thomas and Nancy married on June 12, 1806, in Washington County, moved to Elizabethtown, Kentucky, they produced three children: Sarah, born on February 10, 1807. Thomas Lincoln leased farms in Kentucky. Thomas became embroiled in legal disputes, lost all but 200 acres of his land in court disputes over property titles. In 1816, the family moved to Indiana, where the survey process was more reliable and land titles were more secure. Indiana was a "free" territory, they settled in an "unbroken forest" in Hurricane Township, Perry County. In 1860, Lincoln noted that the family's move to Indiana was "partly on account of slavery", but due to land title difficulties. In Kentucky and Indiana, Thomas worked as a farmer and carpenter, he owned farms, town lots and livestock, paid taxes, sat on juries, appraised estates, served on country slave patrols, guarded prisoners.
Thomas and Nancy were members of a Separate Baptists church, which forbade alcohol and slavery. Overcoming financial challenges, Thomas obtained clear title to 80 acres of land in what became known as the Little Pigeon Creek Community. On October 5, 1818, Nancy Lincoln died of milk sickness, leaving 11-year-old Sarah in charge of a household that included her father, 9-year-old Abraham, Dennis Hanks, Nancy's 19-year-old orphaned cousin; those who knew Lincoln recalled that he was distraught over his sister's death on January 20, 1828, while giving birth to a stillborn son. On December 2, 1819, Thomas married Sarah "Sally" Bush Johnston, a widow from Elizabethtown, with three children of her own. Abraham became close to his stepmother, whom he referred t
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
The Minnesota River is a tributary of the Mississippi River 332 miles long, in the U. S. state of Minnesota. It drains a watershed of nearly 17,000 square miles, 14,751 square miles in Minnesota and about 2,000 sq mi in South Dakota and Iowa, it rises in southwestern Minnesota, in Big Stone Lake on the Minnesota–South Dakota border just south of the Laurentian Divide at the Traverse Gap portage. It flows southeast to Mankato turns northeast, it joins the Mississippi south of the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul, near the historic Fort Snelling; the valley is one of several distinct regions of Minnesota. The name Minnesota comes from the Dakota language phrase, "Mnisota Makoce", translated to "land where the waters reflect the sky", as a reference to the many lakes in Minnesota rather than the cloudiness of the actual river. For over a century prior to the organization of the Minnesota Territory in 1849, the name St. Pierre had been applied to the river by French and English explorers and writers.
Minnesota River is shown on the 1757 edition of Mitchell Map as "Ouadebameniſsouté or R. St. Peter". On June 19, 1852, acting upon a request from the Minnesota territorial legislature, the United States Congress decreed the aboriginal name for the river, Minnesota, to be the river’s official name and ordered all agencies of the federal government to use that name when referencing it; the valley that the Minnesota River flows in is up to five miles 250 feet deep. It was carved into the landscape by the massive glacial River Warren between 11,700 and 9,400 years ago at the end of the last ice age in North America. Pierre-Charles Le Sueur was the first European known to have traveled along the river; the Minnesota Territory, the state, were named for the river. The river valley is notable as the center of the canning industry in Minnesota. In 1903 Carson Nesbit Cosgrove, an entrepreneur in Le Sueur presided at the organizational meeting of the Minnesota Valley Canning Company. By 1930, the Minnesota River valley had emerged as one of the country's largest producers of sweet corn.
Green Giant had five canneries in Minnesota in addition to the original facility in Le Sueur. Cosgrove's son and grandson, Robert served as heads of the company over the ensuing decades before the company was acquired by General Mills. Several docks for barges exist along the river. Farm grains, including corn, are transported to the ports of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, shipped down the Mississippi River. List of Minnesota rivers List of crossings of the Minnesota River Sansome, Constance Jefferson. "Minnesota Underfoot: A Field Guide to the State's Outstanding Geologic Features". Stillwater, MN: Voyageur Press. ISBN 0-89658-036-9. Waters, Thomas F.. The Streams and Rivers of Minnesota. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-0960-8. Place Names: the Minnesota River Drainage Area of the Minnesota River History of the Minnesota River Valley Minnesota River at Mankato - pictures and more information Minnesota River Basin Data Center - center at Minnesota State University, Mankato Texts on Wikisource: "Minnesota River".
Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921. "Minnesota, a river which crosses the state of Minnesota". The New Student's Reference Work. 1914. "Minnesota River". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. "Minnesota, or St. Peter's, a river of Minnesota"; the American Cyclopædia. 1879