Whitman County, Washington
Whitman County is a county located in the U. S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,776; the county seat is Colfax, its largest city is Pullman. The county was formed from Stevens County in 1871, it is named after Marcus Whitman, a Presbyterian missionary who, with his wife Narcissa, was killed in 1847 by members of the Cayuse tribe. Whitman County comprises Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area; the area delineated by the future Washington state boundary began to be colonized at the start of the nineteenth century, both by Americans and Canadians. However, the majority of Canadian exploration and interest in the land was due to the fur trade, whereas American settlers were principally seeking land for agriculture and cattle raising; the Treaty of 1818 provided for dual control of this area by Canadian government officials. During this period, the future Washington Territory was divided into two administrative zones: Clark County and Lewis County; the dual-control concept was unwieldy and led to continual argument, occasional conflict.
The status of the Washington area was settled in 1846, when the Oregon Treaty ceded the land south of North latitude 49 degrees to American control. In 1854, Skamania County was split from the original Clark County. In 1854, Walla Walla County was split from the new Skamania County. In 1863, Stevens County was split from Walla Walla County, in 1871, a portion of Stevens County was set off to form Whitman County; the 1871 shape of Whitman County was larger than its present boundary, as Adams and Lincoln counties were sectioned off from Whitman County in 1883. After, Whitman County retained its shape, including through the period after Washington became the 42nd state of the Union in 1889. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,178 square miles, of which 2,159 square miles is land and 19 square miles is water. Whitman County is part of the Palouse, a wide and rolling prairie-like region of the middle Columbia basin. Snake River Palouse River Union Flat Creek Rock Creek Pine Creek Lake Herbert G. West, formed from Lower Monumental Dam Lake Bryan, named for Dr. Enoch A. Bryan, behind the Little Goose Dam Lower Granite Lake, behind the Lower Granite Dam Rock Lake Tekoa Mountain Kamiak Butte Steptoe Butte Bald Butte Steptoe Butte State Park Kamiak Butte County Park Palouse Falls State Park Central Ferry State Park Boyer Park and Marina Wawawai County Park Pullman–Moscow Regional Airport: Airport with GA operations and a few airline flights with Alaska Airlines Port of Whitman Business Air Center Airport: Small GA Airport in Colfax As of the census of 2000, there were 40,740 people, 15,257 households, 8,055 families residing in the county.
The population density was 19 people per square mile. There were 16,676 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.07% White, 1.53% Black or African American, 0.73% Native American, 5.55% Asian, 0.27% Pacific Islander, 1.22% from other races, 2.63% from two or more races. 2.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.9% were of German, 9.8% English, 8.6% Irish, 8.3% United States or American and 6.6% Norwegian ancestry. There were 15,257 households out of which 24.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.20% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 47.20% were non-families. 29.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 18.10% under the age of 18, 32.60% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 16.00% from 45 to 64, 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 102.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,584, the median income for a family was $44,830. Males had a median income of $33,381 versus $27,046 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,298. About 11.00% of families and 25.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 5.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 44,776 people, 17,468 households, 8,130 families residing in the county; the population density was 20.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 19,323 housing units at an average density of 8.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 84.6% white, 7.8% Asian, 1.7% black or African American, 0.7% American Indian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 1.4% from other races, 3.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.6% of the population.
In terms of ancestry, 29.4% were German, 14.5% were English, 13.4% were Irish, 7.1% were Norwegian, 4.1% were American. Of the 17,468 households, 20.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 53.5% were non-families, 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 24.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $36,368 and the median income for a family was $61,598. Males had a median income of $46,663 versus $34,496 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,506. About 10.7% of families and 27.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of t
Ferry County, Washington
Ferry County is a county located on the northern border of the U. S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,551, making it the fourth-least populous county in Washington; the county seat and largest city is Republic. The county was created out of Stevens County in February 1899 and is named for Elisha P. Ferry, the state's first governor. During the time of Washington Territory, the Territorial Legislature created Stevens County in 1863, containing the entire NE corner of the new state, as well as portions of Montana and Idaho; the original area of Stevens County was carved off to form thirteen counties. The western section of Stevens County was separated and named Ferry County, in recognition of the Territory's final governor and the State's first governor, Elisha P. Ferry; the new county's area nearly equalled the remaining territory of Stevens County. The town of Republic is the county's seat of government, as well as the largest town, it was founded at the end of the nineteenth century by gold prospectors, was incorporated in 1900.
The original county courthouse, made of wood, burned in 1934. Its replacement, made of concrete and stucco, is presently being considered for historical preservation. Ferry County reaches to Canada on the north, to the Columbia River on the east, its southern portion is in the boundary of the Colville Indian Reservation, controlled by the Colville Confederated Tribes, its northern portion is occupied by Colville National Forest. As a result, only eighteen percent of the total county area is taxable-use ground; the county's economy is basedon timber-extraction, mining. Ferry County’s topography and climate make it an ideal recreation destination, so tourism is becoming a significant portion of the county's economy. Washington State Highway 20, designated a National Scenic Highway, crosses the county east-west, has the state's highest navigable pass; the county seat, Republic, is the site of the Stonerose Interpretive Center and Fossil Site, which exhibits and explains Eocene-era fossils from an ancient lake bed north of Republic.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,257 square miles, of which 2,203 square miles is land and 54 square miles is water. Most of the county is covered by the rugged Kettle River Range, which extends from the Canada–US border to its southernmost perimeter bounded by the Columbia River and Lake Roosevelt. Only a narrow north–south strip running the length of the county on the west between the San Poil River and the Okanogan County line is covered by the Okanogan Highland. Except for the town of Republic, the county is sparsely populated. Columbia River Kettle River Sanpoil River Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake, called Lake Roosevelt Curlew Lake Swan Lake Ferry Lake Fish Lake Long Lake Stevens County, east Lincoln County, southwest Okanogan County, west Kootenay Boundary Regional District, British Columbia, north Pacific Northwest National Scenic Trail Colville National Forest Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area As of the census of 2000, there were 7,260 people, 2,823 households, 1,987 families residing in the county.
The population density was 3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,775 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 75.48% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 18.28% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.23% from other races, 3.46% from two or more races. 2.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.1% were of German, 9.5% United States or American, 9.1% Irish, 7.6% English ancestry. 96.7% spoke English and 1.9% Spanish as their first language. There were 2,823 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.60% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 23.40% from 25 to 44, 29.50% from 45 to 64, 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 107.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,388, the median income for a family was $35,691. Males had a median income of $32,103 versus $23,371 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,019. About 13.30% of families and 19.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,551 people, 3,190 households, 2,070 families residing in the county; the population density was 3.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,403 housing units at an average density of 2.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 76.3% white, 16.7% American Indian, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.2% from other races, 4.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.4% of the population.
In terms of ancestry, 23.0% were German, 18.0% were English, 12.3% were Irish, 3.7% were American. Of the 3,190 households, 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.1% were non-families, 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Davenport is the county seat of Lincoln County, United States. The population was 1,734 at the 2010 census. Davenport was first settled in 1880, was named in 1882 for resident J. C. Davenport; the city was made the county seat of Lincoln County on December 15, 1896, after an election that had chosen Davenport over then-seat Sprague, destroyed in a fire, Harrington. Davenport was incorporated on June 9, 1890. Davenport gained early prominence in the north central part of the Columbia Basin of eastern Washington, with its citizens lobbying to receive the Seattle Lake Shore & Eastern Railway in 1889 in place of rival Wheatdale; the transcontinental Northern Pacific Railway established a subsidiary, the Central Washington Railroad, to build a competing railroad line that reached Davenport in February 1889. A branch line of the Great Northern Railway was built to Davenport from Bluestem in the 1920s. Davenport is centrally located in the northern wheat belt of the Columbia Basin, where dryland wheat farming on the hills not washed away in the great Missoula Floods some 14,000 years ago, is critical to the agricultural economy of the region.
Davenport Union Warehouse and Odessa Union Warehouse operate multiple elevators of varying age and design on the southern part of the city. A few of these structures date to the early days of the city. Davenport still serves as a central collection point for wheat, with most of it shipped out by truck or railcar. While most of the wheat goes to export, some of it does find its way to the ADM flour mills in Spokane and Cheney. Locally grown barley finds its way to various west coast breweries and other users. Primary State Highway #2 followed the CW railroad from Coulee City through Davenport to Spokane; the route is now known as U. S. does not follow the original Sunset Highway in many places. Primary State Highway #7 intersected with PSH #2 in Davenport, is now part of State Route 28. PSH #22 ran north from Davenport to the Canada–US border near Northport; this is State Route 25 now. Davenport is located at 47°39′4″N 118°9′6″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.82 square miles, all of it land.
Davenport experiences a dry-summer continental climate. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,734 people, 694 households, 445 families residing in the city; the population density was 952.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 750 housing units at an average density of 412.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.3% White, 0.1% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population. There were 694 households of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.9% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age in the city was 40 years.
25.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,730 people, 707 households, 436 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,143.3 people per square mile. There were 763 housing units at an average density of 504.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.17% White, 0.29% African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.29% from other races, 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.25% of the population. 30.0% were of German, 12.1% American, 10.6% English and 6.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.4 % spoke 1.6 % Spanish as their first language. There were 707 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.3% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.01. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $37,900, the median income for a family was $47,708. Males had a median income of $34,531 versus $21,875 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,090. About 8.5% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over. The Davenport School District Includes Davenport Elementary, Davenport Middle School, Davenport Senior High School; the mascot is the Davenport Gorilla. Davenport is served by the Davenport Municipal Airport. Eastern Washington Gateway Railroad, U. S. Route 2, State Route 28, State Route 25.
Harker Canyon History of Davenport at HistoryLink Lincoln County Heritage - Local history collections from the Lincoln County Historical Museum, created in partnership with the Davenport Public Library. Davenport Public Library Davenpo
U.S. Route 2 in Washington
U. S. Route 2 is a component of the United States Numbered Highway System that connects the city of Everett in the U. S. state of Washington to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, with a separate segment that runs from Rouses Point, New York, to Houlton, Maine. Within Washington, the highway travels on a 326.36-mile-long route that connects the western and eastern regions of the state as a part of the state highway system and the National Highway System. US 2 forms parts of two National Scenic Byways, the Stevens Pass Greenway from Monroe to Cashmere and the Coulee Corridor Scenic Byway near Coulee City, an All-American Road named the International Selkirk Loop within Newport. US 2 begins in Everett at an intersection with State Route 529 in Everett and travels east to an interchange with Interstate 5; the highway travels over the Cascade Range through Stevens Pass, connecting the western and eastern parts of the state. US 2 becomes concurrent with US 97 from Peshastin to Orondo, crossing the Columbia River in Wenatchee on the Richard Odabashian Bridge.
The highway continues east across the Columbia Plateau in Central Washington and crosses the Grand Coulee while concurrent with SR 17 west of Coulee City. The highway travels into Spokane concurrent with I-90 and US 395 and leaves both highways continuing northeast to Newport. US 2 leaves Washington at the Idaho state line, located along SR 41 in Newport and Idaho State Highway 41 in Oldtown, Idaho; the present route of US 2 follows several wagon roads that were built in the late 19th century by local railroad companies, including the Stevens Pass Highway along the Skykomish River. The state of Washington began maintaining sections of what would become US 2 with the extension of State Road 7 in 1909, from Pashastin to Spokane on the Sunset Highway and State Road 2. In addition to State Road 2, State Road 23 was created in 1915, traveling north from Spokane to Newport, was renumbered to State Road 6 in 1923; the Stevens Pass Highway was transferred to state maintenance in 1931 with the establishment of State Road 15, traveling from Everett to Peshastin.
The United States Highway System was adopted on November 11, 1926, designated US 10 on the future route of US 2 from Peshastin to Spokane and US 195 from Spokane to Newport. US 10 was re-routed in 1939 and replaced by US 10 Alternate, routed across Stevens Pass in the 1940s and itself replaced by US 2 in 1946; the primary state highways were replaced by the current state route system during the 1964 state highway renumbering, US 2 replaced its three concurrent routes. US 2 underwent conversions to limited-access highways during the next several decades, including the completion of the Hewitt Avenue Trestle and a bypass of Snohomish. A series of projects is planned to improve the US 2 corridor between Snohomish and Skykomish by expanding the highway near various cities and the completion of a bypass around Monroe. US 2 is defined by the Washington State Legislature as SR 2, part of the Revised Code of Washington as §47.17.005. Every year, WSDOT conducts a series of surveys on its highways in the state to measure traffic volume.
This is expressed in terms of annual average daily traffic, a measure of traffic volume for any average day of the year. In 2013, WSDOT calculated that the busiest section of US 2 within Washington was the Hewitt Avenue Trestle above the Snohomish River east of Everett, carrying over 76,000 vehicles, while the least busiest section of US 2 is in Moses Coulee, carrying 630 vehicles; the entire route of US 2 within Washington is designated as part of the National Highway System, classifying it as important to the national economy and mobility. WSDOT designates US 2 as a Highway of Statewide Significance, which includes highways that connect major communities in the state of Washington. US 2 begins in downtown Everett, with its eastbound lanes starting at the intersection of Hewitt Avenue and Maple Street, signed as SR 529, its westbound lanes ending at the intersection of California Street and Maple Street; the highway travels east onto the Hewitt Avenue Trestle, crossing the Snohomish River after an interchange with I-5.
The four-lane trestle continues east across Ebey Island, intersecting Homeacres Road before crossing the Ebey Slough. US 2 turns southeast at the east end of the trestle in Cavalero at an interchange with SR 204, which serves Lake Stevens; the limited-access road travels around the city of Snohomish, intersecting Bickford Avenue in an at-grade intersection and SR 9 in a diamond interchange. US 2 turns south and crosses over the Pilchuck River and the Centennial Trail before its limited-access road ends at a diamond interchange with 88th Street; the two-lane road continues southeast along the Scenic Subdivision of the Northern Transcon, a BNSF rail line, into Monroe. The highway travels past the Evergreen State Fairgrounds and intersects SR 522 before entering downtown Monroe. US 2, now part of a National Scenic Byway named the Stevens Pass Greenway, continues through the city of Monroe and forms the northern terminus of SR 203; the highway leaves the city while parallel to the Skykomish River and travels through the cities of Sultan and Gold Bar.
US 2 begins following the South Fork Skykomish River at Index into the Cascade Range, crossing into King County near the town of Baring. The highway enters Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest and continues east along the Tye River past the town of Skykomish and the Cascade Tunnel towards Stevens Pass; the pass, located 4,061 feet above sea level, is home to the Stevens Pass Ski Area and a trailhead for the Pacific Crest Trail while serving as the point in which US 2 crosses into the Wenatchee National Forest in Chelan County. The highway continues east down Nason Creek to Coles Corner, t
Okanogan County, Washington
Okanogan County is a county located in the U. S. state of Washington along the Canada–US border. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,120; the county seat is Okanogan. Its area is the largest in the state. About a fifth of the county's residents live in the Greater Omak Area; the county forms a portion of the Okanogan Country. The first county seat was Ruby. Okanogan County was formed out of Stevens County in February 1888; the name derives from the Okanagan language place name ukʷnaqín. The name Okanogan refers to a part of southern British Columbia. Before Europeans arrived, the Okanogan County region was home to numerous indigenous peoples that would become part of three Indian reservations referred to as the Northern Okanogans or Sinkaietk, Tokoratums and Konkonelps, they spoke in seven types of Interior Salish languages related to the Puget Sound tribes. The Okanogans experienced a favorable climate, camping in the winter, hunting bears in the spring, catching fish in the summer and hunting deer in fall.
The camps consisted of teepee-like longhouses built with hides and bark. Women gathered berries. A popular destination for this was the Kettle Falls. Due to its remoteness, the Okanogan County area was one of the last in Washington settled by white people, it was an early thoroughfare used by prospectors to gain access to other communities, such as British Columbia. By the 21st century, the region specialized in agriculture and tourism. Electric producer Grand Coulee Dam was constructed between 1933 and 1942 with two power plants, around the Okanogan and Grant counties at the former's southern border. In July 2014, the Carlton Complex wildfire burned over 250,000 acres in Okanogan County, it destroyed over 300 homes including 100 in and around Pateros According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,315 square miles, of which 5,268 square miles is land and 47 square miles is water, it is the largest county in the state by area, it is larger than three states in land area. Cascade Mountains Columbia River Okanogan River North Gardner Mountain, the highest point in Okanogan County Beaner Lake U.
S. Route 97 State Route 20 State Route 153 Pacific Northwest National Scenic Trail Nez Perce National Historical Park Okanogan National Forest Pasayten Wilderness As of the census of 2000, there were 39,564 people, 15,027 households, 10,579 families residing in the county; the population density was 8 people per square mile. There were 19,085 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 75.32% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 11.47% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 9.58% from other races, 2.84% from two or more races. 14.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.0% were of German, 9.5% English, 9.2% United States or American and 6.8% Irish ancestry. There were 15,027 households out of which 33.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.60% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,726, the median income for a family was $35,012. Males had a median income of $29,495 versus $22,005 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,900. About 16.00% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.20% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,120 people, 16,519 households, 10,914 families residing in the county; the population density was 7.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 22,245 housing units at an average density of 4.2 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 73.9% white, 11.4% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 10.1% from other races, 3.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 17.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.4% were German, 12.4% were Irish, 12.2% were English, 3.6% were American. Of the 16,519 households, 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were non-families, 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 42.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $38,551 and the median income for a family was $48,418. Males had a median income of $37,960 versus $29,032 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,093. About 14.7% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
Brewster Okanogan Omak Oroville Pateros Tonasket Conconully Coulee Dam Elmer City Nespelem Riverside Twisp Winthrop Disautel Loomis Malott Methow Nespelem Community North Omak Bodie Bolster Chesaw Molson