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Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings

The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings are annual, scientific conferences held in Lindau, Germany, since 1951. Their aim is to bring together Nobel laureates and young scientists to foster scientific exchange between different generations and cultures; every Lindau Meeting consists of a multitude of scientific sessions like plenary lectures and panel discussions as well as a variety of networking and social events. The meetings assume a unique position amongst international scientific conferences: With 30-40 Nobel laureates attending they are the largest congregation of Nobel laureates in the world; the meetings are not centered on the presentation of research results, but instead, their main goals are the exchange of ideas and the discussion of topics globally relevant to all scientists. The Nobel laureates do not receive any kind of payment for their participation and are free to choose the topics of their presentations. More than 300 are members of the meetings’ Founders Assembly. Billed by the organising Council for the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings as their ‘Mission Education’, the aim of the meetings is to facilitate the transfer of knowledge between Nobel laureates and young scientists but among the international scientific community and the general public.

The opportunity for participants to form international networks of scientists is regarded as a prime objective by the organisers. The meetings' leitmotif is ‘Educate, Connect.’ After World War II, Germany was disconnected from the international scientific community due to the ramifications of the Nazi regime. During this time, hardly any scientific conferences of high value took place in Germany; the two physicians Franz Karl Hein and Gustav Parade from Lindau, a small town located on the Bavarian shore of Lake Constance, conceived the idea of organising a scientific meeting to bring together German researchers and physicians with Nobel laureates. They convinced Count Lennart Bernadotte af Wisborg, a member of the Swedish Royal Family and proprietor of nearby Mainau Island, to call upon his good connections to Sweden's Nobel Committee to support the undertaking; the first meeting, subsequently held in 1951, was dedicated to the fields of medicine and physiology and was attended by seven Nobel laureates, among them Adolf Butenandt and Hans von Euler-Chelpin.

After the success of the initial meeting, the scientific scope was broadened to include the other two natural science Nobel Prize disciplines chemistry and physics. Thus, a mode of annually alternating disciplines for the meetings was established. In 1954, the Council for the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings was founded and henceforth established as the organising committee of the meetings. Count Lennart was appointed as first president of the Council. In 1954, the concept of inviting students and young scientists to the meetings was introduced; this step was seen as a measure to add additional value for society to the meetings. Among the young scientists participating that year were students from Eastern Germany. While conceived by Hein and Parade as a European meeting of scientists, the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings but became more international. In the beginnings, only students from Lake Constance's bordering countries Germany and Austria attended but year after year new nations began to send representatives.

Since 2000, each Lindau Meeting is attended by young scientists from between 90 countries. In 1987, Count Bernadotte resigned from his position as president of the Council due to health reasons and his wife, Countess Sonja Bernadotte af Wisborg, took over. Shortly before the turn of the millennium, the future of the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings was endangered due to financial uncertainties. In order to counter this negative development, Countess Sonja Bernadotte expanded the Council and added experts from charitable foundations and public affairs as well as representatives of Stockholm's Nobel Foundation to the committee. Two main goals of Countess Sonja Bernadotte's aegis were the further internationalisation of the meetings and to improve its public image, both domestically and internationally. On the occasion of the 50th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting in the year 2000, the establishment of the Foundation Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings was announced, its main goal since has been to secure the funding of the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings.

Upon its creation, over 40 Nobel Laureates joined the Founders Assembly of the foundation and support the continuance of the conference both morally and financially. The 50th Lindau Meeting in 2000 was the first interdisciplinary meeting that united Nobel laureates and students from all three natural science disciplines of the Nobel Prize; when Countess Sonja Bernadotte died in October 2008, her daughter, Countess Bettina Bernadotte, was elected President of the Council. She continued her mother's course and worked on establishing further cooperation with research institutions around the world but introduced educational aspects for society in general to the Lindau Meetings. Since their inception, the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings have taken place in the small Bavarian town of Lindau on the shores of Lake Constance; the city's center is located on an island in the lake, connected to the mainland via bridges. The meetings focus alternately on physiology and medicine and chemistry – the three natural science Nobel Prize disciplines.

An interdisciplinary meeting revolving around all three natural sciences is held every five years. In addition, the Lindau Meeting on Economic Sciences is held every three years with recipients of the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. Th

British International School Hanoi

The British International School Hanoi referred to as BIS Hanoi, is an international school in the Vinhomes Riverside neighborhood of Hanoi, Vietnam. It is part of the Nord Anglia Education group, is one of four British International schools in Vietnam; the school provides a British-style education for children aged two to eighteen. The student-to-teacher ratio is 20:1, it is a registered center for the UK Cambridge Assessment International Education examination board. The Early Years Foundation Stage and primary school curriculum are based on the National Curriculum for England and the International Primary Curriculum; the secondary school follows the National Curriculum taught to students in England and Northern Ireland. Students prepare for the International General Certificate of Secondary Education during their 10th and 11th years. During years 12 and 13, students follow the IB Diploma Programme curriculum; the school is an IB World School, authorized to deliver the IB Diploma Programme. It is a member of the Federation of British International Schools in Asia and is accredited by the Council of International Schools and the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.

The school offers The Duke of Edinburgh's Award and holds an annual international festival

Kate Annette Wetherill Estate

Kate Annette Wetherill Estate is a national historic district located at Head of the Harbor in Suffolk County, New York. The district encompasses an estate with three contributing buildings, two contributing sites, two contributing structures; the estate house was designed by Stanford White in 1895 in the Colonial Revival style The main block of the house is two stories with a full attic formed of facade gables corresponding to an octagonal form. A large ​2 1⁄2-story, gable-roofed service wing projects to the east. On the property is a pump house, rose garden, stone entrance piers with iron gate, carriage barn, superintendent's cottage, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1993

Fast Library for Number Theory

The Fast Library for Number Theory is a C library for number theory applications. The two major areas of functionality implemented in FLINT are polynomial arithmetic over the integers and a quadratic sieve; the library is designed to be compiled with the GNU Multi-Precision Library and is released under the GNU General Public License. It is developed by William Hart of the University of Kaiserslautern and David Harvey of University of New South Wales to address the speed limitations of the PARI and NTL libraries. Asymptotically Fast Algorithms Implementations Fast as or Faster than Alternatives Written in Pure C Reliance on GMP Extensively Tested Extensively Profiled Support for Parallel Computation Polynomial Arithmetic over the Integers Quadratic Sieve Notes

Cross-country skiing at the 2018 Winter Olympics – Men's 4 × 10 kilometre relay

The men's 4 × 10 kilometre relay cross-country skiing competition at the 2018 Winter Olympics was held on 18 February 2018 at 15:15 KST at the Alpensia Cross-Country Centre in Pyeongchang, South Korea. A total of up to 310 cross-country skiers qualified across all eleven events. Athletes qualified for this event by having met the A qualification standard, which meant having 100 or less FIS Points in either the sprint or distance classification; the Points list takes into average the best results of athletes per discipline during the qualification period. Countries received additional quotas by having athletes ranked in the top 30 of the FIS Olympics Points list. Countries received an additional quota if an athlete was ranked in the top 300 of the FIS Olympics Points list. After the distribution of B standard quotas, the remaining quotas were distributed using the Olympic FIS Points list, with each athlete only counting once for qualification purposes. A country could only enter the event if it had qualified at least four male athletes, a country could enter only one team.

All times are. The race was started at 15:15

Court of Summary Jurisdiction (Northern Territory of Australia)

The Court of Summary Jurisdiction is a court in the Northern Territory of Australia. It has jurisdiction to deal with criminal offences, it is one of the courts, referred to as a magistrates court. The court was established under the Justices Act in 1974 and replaced the courts of petty sessions established in Australia since British settlement in 1788 to deal with less serious crime; those courts followed the English tradition of justices of the peace sitting in and out of sessions in England. The court can be constituted by two justices of the peace. In some situations, a single justice of the peace can hear a case if the maximum fine that can be imposed is no more than A$100 and the prosecution and the accused agree to the case being heard in this matter. Stipendiary magistrates are appointed by the Administrator of the Northern Territory under the Magistrates Act. Criminal cases are commenced by way of complaint, although prior to 1992 they were commenced by way of information. A complaint is made to a justice of the peace.

The complaint can be in writing or it can be made orally. A complaint must be made within six months of the crime occurring; the justice of the peace can issue a summons directing the offender to attend court or can issue a warrant for his or her arrest. Following an offender’s arrest or appearance at court, the offender is given an opportunity to plead guilty or not guilty. If there is a guilty plea, the court can sentence the person straight away or may adjourn the case to another day. If there is a not guilty plea, the case is adjourned to another day so that witnesses can be subpoenaed to attend and give evidence; the presiding magistrate sits as judge and jury and determines all issues of fact and all questions of law. In serious cases, the magistrate may commit the offender to the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory to stand trial. In less serious cases, the magistrate can punish the offender directly; the court are found guilty. The court may fine the offender or in more serious situations, the court may imprison the offender.

Magistrates Court Act http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nt/consol_act/ma142/ Justices Act http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nt/consol_act/ja119/ Justice of the Peace Act http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nt/consol_act/jotpa193/ Homepage of the Court