A linebacker is a playing position in gridiron football. Linebackers are members of the defensive team, line up three to five yards behind the line of scrimmage, behind the defensive linemen, therefore "back up the line". Linebackers align themselves before the ball is snapped by standing upright in a "two-point stance"; the goal of the linebacker is to provide either extra run defense or extra pass defense based on the particular defensive play being executed. Another key play of the linebacker position is blitzing. A blitz occurs; when a blitz is called by the defense, it is to sack or hurry the opposing offense's quarterback. Linebackers are regarded as the most important position in defense, due to their versatility in providing hard hits on running plays or an additional layer of pass defense, when required. Similar to the "free safety" position, linebackers are required to use their judgment on every snap, to determine their role during that particular play. Before the advent of the two-platoon system with separate units for offense and defense, the player, the team's center on offense was though not always, the team's linebacker on defense.
Hence today one sees four defensive linemen to the offense's five or more. Most sources claim coach Fielding H. Yost and center Germany Schulz of the University of Michigan invented the position. Schulz was Yost's first linebacker in 1904. Yost came to see the wisdom in Schulz's innovation. William Dunn of Penn St. was another Western linebacker soon after Schulz. However, there are various historical claims tied to the linebacker position, including some before 1904. For example, Percy Given of Georgetown is another center with a claim to the title "first linebacker," standing up behind the line well before Schulz in a game against Navy in 1902. Despite Given, most sources have the first linebacker in the South as Frank Juhan of Sewanee. In the East, Ernest Cozens of Penn was "one of the first of the roving centers," another, archaic term for the position coined by Hank Ketcham of Yale. Walter E. Bachman of Lafayette was said to be "the developer of the "roving center" concept". Edgar Garbisch of Army was credited with developing the "roving center method" of playing defensive football in 1921.
In professional football, Cal Hubbard is credited with pioneering the linebacker position. He starred as a tackle and end, playing off the line in a style similar to that of a modern linebacker; the middle or inside linebacker, sometimes called the "Mike" or "Mack", is referred to as the "quarterback of the defense". It is the middle linebacker who receives the defensive play calls from the sideline and relays that play to the rest of the team, in the NFL he is the defensive player with the electronic sideline communicator. A jack-of-all-trades, the middle linebacker can be asked to blitz, spy the quarterback, or have a deep middle-of-the-field responsibility in the Tampa 2 defense. In standard defenses, middle linebackers lead the team in tackles; the terms middle and inside linebacker are used interchangeably. In a 3–4 defense, the larger, more run-stopping-oriented linebacker is still called "Mike", while the smaller, more pass protection/route coverage-oriented player is called "Will". "Mikes" line up towards the strong side or on the side the offense is more to run on while "Wills" may line up on the other side or a little farther back between the defensive line and the secondary.
The outside linebacker, sometimes called the "Buck and Rebel" is responsible for outside containment. This includes the weakside designations below, they are responsible for blitzing the quarterback. Not only is the OLB responsible for outside containment and blitzing the QB, but they have to perform pass coverage in the flats - sometimes called a drop. Outside linebackers pass; the "flats" are the edge of the field closest to the sideline, from the line of scrimmage down about ten yards. The strongside linebacker is nicknamed the "Sam" for purposes of calling a blitz. Since the strong side of the offensive team is the side on which the tight end lines up, or whichever side contains the most personnel, the strongside linebacker lines up across from the tight end; the strongside linebacker will be called upon to tackle the running back on a play because the back will be following the tight end's block. He is most the strongest linebacker; the linebacker should have strong safety abilities in pass situation to cover the tight end in man on man situations.
He should have considerable quickness to read and get into coverage in zone situations. The strongside linebacker is commonly known as the left outside linebacker; the weakside linebacker, or the "Will" in 4–3 defense, sometimes called the backside linebacker, or "Buck", as well as other names like Jack or Bandit, must be the fastest of the three, because he is the one ca
The 26th Division was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Spring Division; the 26th Division was raised 30 September 1937 out of the three independent infantry regiments from the original 11th Independent Mixed Brigade and reserve components from various divisions based in Manchukuo. It has the distinction of being the first Japanese triangular division. Intended as a garrison force to provide security for central Manchukuo, on July 4, 1938, it was attached to the forming Mongolia Garrison Army in Inner Mongolia; the 26th Division have participated in 1939–40 Winter Offensive. Stationed in Datong, first it was used to parry a Chinese attack on Xinyang 22 December 1939; the 26th Division was used to relieve a besieged Baotou 28 January 1940. By 4 February 1940, the 26th Division broke the Chinese opposing forces near Baotou, overrun Wuyuan and advanced to Linhe District; the Chinese counter-attack resulted in the Battle of Wuyuan from 16 March 1940 and the 26th Division retreated to Baotou 30–31 March 1940.
18 March 1943, the 26th infantry brigade was abolished and infantry regiments were subordinated directly to the divisional command. With the situation in the Pacific War against the United States becoming critical, 1 July 1944, the 26th Division was transferred to the Japanese 14th Area Army based in Manila, Philippines; the reconnaissance regiment was disbanded as unnecessary. The division had suffered heavy losses en route to Manila as the Convoy Hi-71 was ambushed by the US submarines. Landing at Ormoc 9 November 1944 occurred amidst the Battle of Ormoc Bay, therefore transport ships were forced to leave early, before unloading all of the equipment and supplies - only to be sunk while on return route. Many of supply and reinforcement vessels were sunk; the 26th Division attacked US positions in the Battle of Shoestring Ridge 28 November 1944, resulting in tactical stalemate until 5 December 1944, when Japanese forces were withdrawn to between Palanas river and Tabgas River in Albuera, where the Japanese defences held for few more days.
On 6 December 1944, one battalion of the 26th Division participated in the Battle of the Airfields together with the remnants of the 16th Division but after some initial successes was defeated 9 December 1944. The 26th Division was annihilated during the Battle of Leyte by 23 December 1944 and all contact with the central command was lost until early March, 1945. Few soldiers survived until the surrender of Japan 15 August 1945 in the mountains of Merida and Isabel. List of Japanese Infantry Divisions Madej, W. Victor. Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937–1945 Allentown, PA: 1981 This article incorporates material from the Japanese Wikipedia page 第26師団, accessed 8 March 2016
Lee John Worgan is a footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for National League club Dover Athletic. Worgan began his career by coming through the youth ranks at Wimbledon and was one of a few players to stay with the squad during the move to become Milton Keynes Dons. However, he never managed to establish himself there and spent two weeks on loan at Wycombe Wanderers during the 2003–04 season when they suffered a goalkeeper injury crisis with Steve Williams, Frank Talia, Tom Gott all out injured. In August 2004 he joined Rushden & Diamonds on a free transfer but again failed to establish himself and at the end of the year he was released and was signed by Cardiff City on another free transfer, he did play in the FAW Premier Cup on one occasion. He was released by Cardiff at the end of the 2005–06 season after having spent some of the season on loan at Merthyr Tydfil. Since he has played for Eastbourne Borough and in October 2006 he signed for Isthmian League Premier Division side Hastings United, making his debut in a 2–1 win over Croydon Athletic in the FA Trophy.
In his first year, after helping the side to promotion, he was unanimously voted the Supporters' Club player of the year and was offered a one-year extension to his contract. In May 2008 he signed for Tonbridge Angels, he received a red card on his competitive debut for Tonbridge against Wealdstone. In March 2011, he won the'Sells Goalkeeping Academy Good Hands' award for the best defensive record in the Isthmian League Premier Division that month, conceding three goals in six games. Worgan was named Tonbridge Angels player of the year for the 2010/11 season, with performances against Bury Town and Wealdstone impressing fans. At the end of the 2012–13 season, Worgan was named in the Conference South team of the year with performances against Dover and Hayes and Yeading impressing managers and fans alike but after five years at Tonbridge, more than 200 appearances in all competitions and one promotion, Worgan announced that he was leaving the club. On 15 May 2013, Worgan joined Isthmian League Premier Division side Maidstone United.
The stopper cited the size of its infrastructure as his reasons for the move. He swept up the club's player of the season awards in his debut season, receiving the accolade from supporters and the manager, he was a pivotal part of the side that won promotion to the National League South in 2014-15 and made his 100th consecutive league appearance for the club on 5 September 2015 in the 0 - 0 draw away at Gosport Borough. Following the departure of Steve Watt, Worgan was made club captain at the Gallagher Stadium. Worgan was once again a vital cog in the Stones machine that won an unlikely promotion to the National League at the climax of the 2015-16 season, with the goalkeeper going down in club folklore for his promotion-winning penalty save from Danny Kedwell in the playoff final against Ebbsfleet United; the promotion meant the club had gone up three times in 4 years, it was Worgan's second consecutive promotion with the club. During the 2016-17 season, Worgan's first in the top tier of non league football, he made his 150th consecutive league appearance for the Maidstone against Gateshead in October 2016.
On 29 October 2018, Worgan joined Kent rivals Dover Athletic on a 2 1⁄2-year deal that would see him take up a coaching role. He made his debut for the club in a 2-2 home draw with Havant and Waterlooville in the FA Trophy first round. Worgan has played for Wales through most youth levels and was a regular in the Wales U21 team for several years. Lee Worgan at Soccerbase