Lingerie is a category of women's clothing including at least undergarments and lightweight robes. The specific choice of the word is motivated by an intention to imply the garments are alluring, fashionable or both. Lingerie is made of lightweight, smooth, sheer or decorative fabrics such as silk, Lycra, chiffon or lace; these fabrics can be made of natural fibres like silk or cotton or of synthetic fibres like polyester or nylon. The word lingerie is a word taken directly from the French language, meaning undergarments, used for more lightweight items of female undergarments; the French word in its original form derives from the old French word linge, meaning'linen'. So faire le linge, comes to mean "do the laundry". In English it means women's underwear or nightclothes. Lingerie as a word was first used to refer to underwear and bras in 1922. Informal usage suggests visually appealing or erotic clothing. Although most lingerie is designed to be worn by women, some manufacturers now design lingerie for men.
The concept of lingerie is a visually appealing undergarment, developed during the late nineteenth century. Lady Duff-Gordon of Lucile was a pioneer in developing lingerie that freed women from more restrictive corsets. Through the first half of the 20th century, women wore underwear for three primary reasons: to alter their outward shape, for hygienic reasons and for modesty. Before the invention of crinoline, women's underwear was very large and bulky. During the late 19th century, corsets became smaller, less bulky and more constricting and were supplanted by the brassiere, first patented in the 20th century by Mary Phelps Jacob; when the First World War broke out, women found themselves filling in men's work roles, creating a demand for more practical undergarments. Manufacturers began to use more breathable fabrics. In 1935 brassières were updated with padded cups to flatter small breasts and three years underwire bras were introduced that gave a protruding bustline. There was a return to a small waist achieved with girdles.
The 1940s woman had curvaceous hips and breasts that were pointy and shapely. In the 1960s the female silhouette was liberated along with social mores; the look was slim hips and extreme thinness. André Courrèges was the first to make a fashion statement out of the youth culture when his 1965 collection presented androgynous figures and the image of a modern woman comfortable with her own body; as the 20th century progressed, underwear became more form fitting. In the 1960s, lingerie manufacturers such as Frederick's of Hollywood begin to glamorise lingerie; the lingerie industry expanded in the 21st century with designs. The French refer to this as'dessous-dessus,' meaning something akin to innerwear as outerwear; the lingerie market at the turn of the 21st century was driven by the advent of modern technologies and fabrics that help in designing innovative products such as laser-cut seamless bras and moulded T-shirt bras. Designers are putting greater emphasis on rich-looking fabrics, laces and brighter colours.
The global lingerie market in 2003 was estimated at $29 billion, while in 2005, bras accounted for 56 per cent of the lingerie market and briefs represented 29 per cent. The United States’s largest lingerie retailer, Victoria's Secret, operates exclusively in North America, but the European market is fragmented, with Triumph International and DB Apparel predominant. Prominent are French lingerie houses, including Chantelle and Simone Pérèle, each with a long history and a commitment to innovation and French style. Since the mid-1990s, women have had more choice in bra sizes. In the UK, for instance, the media are fuelling an awareness campaign about the need for each woman to have a proper bra fitting before every purchase. Babydoll, a short nightgown, or negligee, intended as nightwear for women. A shorter style, it is worn with panties. Babydolls are loose-fitting with an empire waist and thin straps. Basque, a tight, form-fitting bodice or coat. Bloomers, baggy underwear that extends to just below or above the knee.
Bloomers were worn for several decades during the first part of the 20th century, but are not worn today. Bodystocking, a unitard. Bodystockings may be worn over the torso. Bodice, covers the body from the neck to the waist. Bodices are low cut in the front and high in the back and are connected with laces or hooks. Bodices may be reinforced with steel or bone to provide greater breast support. Brassiere, more referred to as a bra, a close-fitting garment, worn to help lift and support a woman’s breasts Bustier, a form fitting garment used to push up the bust and to shape the waist. Camisole and covering the top part of the body. Camisoles are constructed of light materials and feature thin "spaghetti straps". Chemise, a one-piece undergarment, the same in shape as a straight-hanging sleeveless dress, it is similar to the babydoll, but it is fitted more around the hips. Corset, a bodice worn to mould and shape the torso; this effect is achieved through boning, either of bone or steel. Corselet, or merry widow, combined girdle.
The corselet is considered to be a type of foundation garment, the modern corselet is most known as a shaping slip. G-string, or thong, a type of panty, characterised by a narro
The Nowhere Man is a 2017 thriller novel written by Gregg Hurwitz. It is the third of the 5-part series named "Orphan X Thrillers" from the author; the follow-up book Hellbent was released in February 2018. The novel begins with a case of cyberbullying a humble family girl who ends up being a victim of a network of human traffic. Evan Smoak saves the girl but realizes that another young woman has been embarked on a freighter to be sold; when he prepares to save her, he himself is kidnapped by a group of professionals and transferred to a mansion in the middle of the mountains. At first Evan believes that his mortal enemy, Van Sciver, is behind everything, but the owner of the mansion introduces himself as René, a cynical criminal addicted to luxury that all he wants is access to the bulky secret account of Evan. Despite being a man with many resources, Smoak soon realizes that it will not be easy for him to escape from his cage: the mansion is guarded by mercenaries, two snipers and Rene's terrifying bodyguard: Dex.
Meanwhile, in Ukraine, the lethal Candy McClure, whose code name Orphan V, remains obsessed with getting revenge on Smoak, but begins to question the methods of her organization when an innocent girl is killed by her new partner, a psychopath eunuch nicknamed Orphan M. Official website
The Talbot 14-45 known as Talbot 65 is a luxury car designed by Georges Roesch and made by Clément Talbot Limited in their North Kensington factory and bodied by fellow subsidiary of S T D Limited, Darracq Motor Engineering in Fulham. The six-cylinder engine is just over 1½ litres at 1665 cc; the inlet and exhaust manifolds are bolted together and fitted to the left hand side of the block with the 5-jet carburettor bolted to the front end of the inlet manifold. Petrol is delivered from a vacuum tank on the dash supplied from a 14-gallon tank at the back of the car; the overhead valves are operated by pushrods with double valve springs. The rockers must be kept in position. There is forced lubrication throughout the engine. All six cylinders are cast in one piece along with the top half of the crankcase. Sparking plugs and contacts are on the right side of the engine block. Ignition advance and retard is automatic. A dynamotor is fitted at the front end of the crankshaft. Engine timing is turned by gear from the crankshaft Cooling water passes through a honeycomb radiator and the airflow is assisted by a fan embodied in the engine's flywheel.
Circulation is by thermo-siphon. Clutch and gearbox are bolted to the engine block, gears are changed by a lever beside the driver's right hand operating in a gate; the clutch is not enclosed. Drive is carried to the rear axle by an enclosed propellor shaft. Spherical and universal joints are automatically oiled, there is a central bearing in the torque tube. Final drive is by spiral bevel and the axle is of the half-floating design. Steering is by a worm and nut system, its box raised to give a comfortable rake to the steering wheel. There are just one on each wheel, they are not compensated. The brakes are operated by rods. There is a hand lever by the driver's right; the aluminium brake shoes are adjusted for wear by a wedge which opens or closes a fulcrum on one end of the shoe. The brake drums are enclosed; the springs are quarter-elliptical each with a shackle at its rear. At the front of the car they are set without camber, held out of centre and inclined to the rear and are fitted with snubber leaves.
Shock absorbers are fitted all round. When trying out this expensive 5-seater tourer the correspondent of The Times reported he thought the car's design had much to recommend it but could be improved. A four-door five-seat car it is comfortable but the front cushion tends to obstruct the front door; the seat is adjustable. He noted the test car had travelled 8,000 miles, its high-speed type engine with only four bearings, he said, is remarkably smooth, it runs sweetly up to 4,000 rpm yet picks up in top from a standstill. Over 55 mph increased speed takes time to build; the indirect gears were noisy. Except for some clutch slip when climbing hills under a heavy load all controls worked well and smoothly, he reported that the suspension let the car bounce too much suggesting slacker tyres and softer shock absorbers might be a useful improvement. The 14-45 was put into production at short notice. Clément-Talbot was no longer profitable, their cars were not selling; the board of directors established a one-model policy.
In the autumn of 1925 Roesch began to contemplate suitable designs. His difficulties included the outmoded plant and machinery at his disposal so he involved all employees right to the shop floor. Six months in the spring of 1926 he took his detailed proposal to Louis Coatalen, chief engineer of Clément-Talbot's parent company S T D Motors and designer of current Talbot 12-30. Roesch wanted to build a car as good as Rolls-Royce's Twenty but of half the engine size and for quarter of the Twenty's price, he foresaw. An important part of the design was the development of a sufficiently powerful engine. To accomplish this the new engine was to run at higher speeds and higher compression than before. Roesch's design was striking for its economy. Part of Roesch's solution was the use of unfashionable overhead valves with pushrod actuation allowing smaller combustion chambers and, with that, higher compression. Otherwise much of the six-cylinder engine and chassis had the dimensions and shapes of the old four-cylinder Talbot 12-30.
In fact little remained unchanged following Roesch's careful revision. It extended to a revised classic Talbot radiator shape. Everything had been reworked; the new engine was designed to produce maximum useful output at 4,500 rpm whereas with the 12-30 maximum output was reached at just 3,000 rpm. To save Clément-Talbot's business the whole new vehicle had to be reliable. An extra bearing was added to the crankshaft and careful detail design ensured greater strength in all the new crankshaft's characteristics; the new pistons were not aluminium but were in two parts, a crown of Y-alloy and a skirt of low-expansion iron. The combined piston weighed much less than an all aluminium piston because it was shorter and the short piston allowed shorter connecting rods and a shorter lighter engine; the new pushrods were the thickness of fencing wire and were intended to be made by knitting needle manufacturers. The short stiff rockers were to Roesch's own design; the cam followers were new style with a large rubbing surface in place of the old heavy mushroom shapes.
The new engine had chain drives. The camshaft was driven by a special gear made of a fibrous material known as fabroil. Control of ignition was made automatic using the Delco-Remy system designed for rela
The Corpus Christi Hooks are a minor league baseball team of the Texas League, are the Double-A affiliate of the Houston Astros. They are located in Corpus Christi and are named for the city's association with fishing; the team's owned by the Houston Astros. The Hooks play their home games at Whataburger Field, which opened in 2005 and is located on Corpus Christi's waterfront; the history of the Hooks' franchise dates back to 1968, when it got its start in the Texas League as the Memphis Blues. That club won the league crown twice, in 1969 and 1973. In 1974, the franchise moved to Victoria and played in Toro Stadium, where it captured the league title in its lone season as the Toros; the following year, the club moved to Jackson, Mississippi where it would remain for the next 25 seasons, first as the Mets as the Generals. The franchise won the TL championship on five occasions. During the years 1980–1987, Jackson dominated the league, making it to eight consecutive post-seasons. Hall of Famer Nolan Ryan and his group acquired the franchise following the 1998 season and moved it from Jackson to Round Rock in time for the 2000 season.
The Round Rock Express, led by Morgan Ensberg and Roy Oswalt, powered their way to the Texas League title in that first season at The Dell Diamond. The Express, which shattered league attendance records throughout their five-year run qualified for post-season play in four of those five seasons; the move of the franchise from Round Rock to Corpus Christi following the 2004 season was made possible when the owners of the Express, Ryan Sanders Baseball, acquired the Triple-A franchise in Edmonton and announced their intention to move the club to Round Rock. That paved the way for the Double-A franchise to relocate to the Gulf Coast of Texas. In 2004 the organization held a "Name the Team" contest that sought suggestions from the community for a new name for the team; the contest was won by Michael Braly. The team's new name, Corpus Christi Hooks was born; the team's colors are white and light blue, representing the ocean and sky of the popular South Texas fishing area. The team mascots are Sammy the Rusty the Fish Hook.
The Hook's stadium is Whataburger Field. One of the most exciting moments in the team's history was an appearance by Roger Clemens on June 11, 2006, as he prepared for his return to the Astros. Clemens' start attracted nationwide attention and a record crowd of 9,022. Clemens struck out 11 batters in 6 innings on his way to the victory. Tickets were being sold on eBay for up to $230. On September 14, 2006, in a wild 5 hour, 14 inning marathon, the Corpus Christi Hooks eclipsed the Wichita Wranglers, 8–7, clinching the third and decisive game to defeat Wichita 3 games to 1 in the best of five series to win the 2006 Texas League Championship; this marked the first time a Corpus Christi franchise has won the TL Championship since the 1958 Corpus Christi Giants. Manager Dave Clark was named 2006 Texas League Manager of The Year and pitcher Matt Albers was named 2006 Texas League Pitcher of the Year. On June 25, 2007, Whataburger Field played host to the 2007 installment of the Texas League All-Star Game.
Seven Hooks players were invited to play on the squad. From 2005 to 2010, the Hooks have graduated 29 players to the major leagues and have had another 31 players with big-league experience wear the Corpus Christi uniform. From 2005 to 2010, a total of 163 men have played for the Hooks. A number of Hooks players have been called up to the major leagues since the team has been in Corpus Christi; these include Charlton Jimerson, Héctor Giménez, J. R. House, Matt Albers, Fernando Nieve, Chris Sampson, Jason Hirsh, Hunter Pence, Jason Castro, Chris Johnson, José Altuve, Fernando Abad, Arcenio León, J. D. Martinez, Dallas Keuchel, Josh Zeid, Carlos Correa, Philip Barzilla, Alex Bregman, J. D. Davis, George Springer and Yordan Alvarez. Official Corpus Christi Hooks website
SocketCAN is a set of open source CAN drivers and a networking stack contributed by Volkswagen Research to the Linux kernel. Known as Low Level CAN Framework. Traditional CAN drivers for Linux are based on the model of character devices, they only allow sending to and receiving from the CAN controller. Conventional implementations of this class of device driver only allow a single process to access the device, which means that all other processes are blocked in the meantime. In addition, these drivers all differ in the interface presented to the application, stifling portability; the SocketCAN concept on the other hand uses the model of network devices, which allows multiple applications to access one CAN device simultaneously. A single application is able to access multiple CAN networks in parallel; the SocketCAN concept extends the Berkeley sockets API in Linux by introducing a new protocol family, PF_CAN, that coexists with other protocol families like PF_INET for the Internet Protocol. The communication with the CAN bus is therefore done analogously to the use of the Internet Protocol via sockets.
Fundamental components of SocketCAN are the network device drivers for different CAN controllers and the implementation of the CAN protocol family. The protocol family, PF_CAN, provides the structures to enable different protocols on the bus: Raw sockets for direct CAN communication and transport protocols for point-to-point connections. Moreover the broadcast manager, part of the CAN protocol family provides functions e.g. for sending CAN messages periodically or realize complex message filters. Patches for CAN were added in the 2.6.25 Linux kernel. Meanwhile some controller drivers were added and work is going on to add drivers for a variety of controllers; the application first sets up its access to the CAN interface by initialising a socket binding that socket to an interface. Once bound, the socket can be used like a UDP socket via read, etc... Python added support for SocketCAN in version 3.3. An open source library python-can provides SocketCAN support for Python 2 and Python 3. Installing a CAN device requires loading the can_dev module and configuring the IP link to specify the CAN bus bitrate, for example: There is a virtual CAN driver for testing purposes which can be loaded and created in Linux with the commands below.
The following code snippet is a working example of the SocketCAN API, that sends a packet using the raw interface. It is based on the notes documented in the Linux Kernel; the packet can be analyzed on the vcan0 interface using the candump utility, part of the SocketCAN can-utils package. SocketCAN / Linux CAN project site Userspace Tools for SocketCAN Userspace Library for SocketCAN Linux CAN documentation Linux CAN mailing list Linux CAN mail archive Linux CAN mail archive
The River Glenderamackin, the Glendermackin or Glendermackin Beck is a watercourse in Cumbria, England. It is a headstream of the Greta; the river rises on Mungrisdale Common north of Blencathra and drains much of the eastern and southern sides of the mountain. The river runs east north before turning south at the village of Mungrisdale, skirting all around the bottom of Souther Fell. Latterly, the river turns west to the north of Hutton Moor End and the Trout Beck joins it at Wolt Bridge to the south of Lowside. Not too far away it is soon swelled again by the waters of Mosedale Beck next to Dobson's Bridge; the Glenderamackin continues past Threlkeld, at which point it conjoins with St. John's Beck to form the River Greta; the name Glenermakan is recorded from 1278. The spelling Glendermakin is described in 1777. Glendermackin-beck is cited in 1778; the name "Glenderamackin" is of Brythonic derivation and is cognate with the Welsh glyndwfr y mochyn, meaning'the river valley of the pig'. This etymology is supported by the etymology of Mungrisdale, through which the river flows, featuring the same meaning from Norse.
The'glendera' element is present in the name of Glenderaterra Beck, which joins the River Greta shortly after its source