Linkin Park is an American rock band from Agoura Hills, California. The band's current lineup comprises vocalist/rhythm guitarist Mike Shinoda, lead guitarist Brad Delson, bassist Dave Farrell, DJ/keyboardist Joe Hahn and drummer Rob Bourdon, all of whom are founding members. Vocalists Mark Wakefield and Chester Bennington and bassist Kyle Christner are former members of the band. Categorized as alternative rock, Linkin Park has experimented with their music throughout their career by incorporating heavy metal, hard rock, hip hop and electronica. Formed in 1996, Linkin Park rose to international fame with their debut studio album, Hybrid Theory, which became certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America, their second album, continued the band's success, topping the Billboard 200, was followed by extensive touring and charity work. Having adapted nu metal and rap metal to a radio-friendly yet densely layered style in their first two albums, the band explored other genres on their third album, Minutes to Midnight, which topped the Billboard 200.
Linkin Park continued to explore a wider variation of musical types in their fourth album, A Thousand Suns, layering their music with more electronic sounds. The band's fifth album, Living Things, combined musical elements from all of their previous records, their sixth album, The Hunting Party, returned to a heavier rock sound, their seventh album, One More Light, is a more electronic and pop-oriented record. Linkin Park is among the best-selling bands of the 21st century and the world's best-selling music artists, having sold over 100 million records worldwide, they have won two Grammy Awards, six American Music Awards, two Billboard Music Awards, four MTV Video Music Awards, 10 MTV Europe Music Awards and three World Music Awards. In 2003, MTV2 named Linkin Park the sixth-greatest band of the music video era and the third-best of the new millennium. Billboard ranked Linkin Park No. 19 on the Best Artists of the Decade list. In 2012, the band was voted as the greatest artist of the 2000s in a Bracket Madness poll on VH1.
In 2014, the band was declared as "The Biggest Rock Band in the World Right Now" by Kerrang!. Linkin Park has been on an indefinite hiatus since longtime lead vocalist Bennington committed suicide in July 2017, has not yet made plans to continue with a new vocalist, leaving the band's future uncertain. Linkin Park was founded by three high school friends: Mike Shinoda, Rob Bourdon, Brad Delson; the three attended Agoura High School in California, a suburb of Los Angeles. After graduating from high school, the three began to take their musical interests more recruiting Joe Hahn, Dave "Phoenix" Farrell, Mark Wakefield to perform in their band called Xero. Though limited in resources, the band began recording and producing songs within Shinoda's makeshift bedroom studio in 1996, resulting in a four-track demo tape, entitled Xero. Tensions and frustration within the band grew however; the lack of success and stalemate in progress prompted Wakefield, at that time the band's vocalist, to leave the band in search of other projects.
Farrell left to tour with Tasty Snax, a Christian punk and ska band. After spending a considerable time searching for Wakefield's replacement, Xero recruited Arizona vocalist Chester Bennington, recommended by Jeff Blue, the vice president of Zomba Music in March 1999. Bennington of a post-grunge band Grey Daze, became a standout among applicants because of the dynamic in his singing style; the band agreed on changing their name from Xero to Hybrid Theory. In 1999 the band released a self-titled extended play, which they circulated across internet chat-rooms and forums with the help of an online'street team'; the band still struggled to sign a record deal. They turned to Jeff Blue for additional help after facing numerous rejections from several major record labels. After failing to catch Warner Bros. Records on three previous reviews, now the vice president of Warner Bros. Records, helped the band sign a deal with the company. However, the label advised the band to change their name to avoid confusion with Hybrid.
The band changed their name to Linkin Park, a play on and homage to Santa Monica's Lincoln Park, now called Christine Emerson Reed Park. They wanted to use the name "Lincoln Park", however they changed it to "Linkin" to acquire the internet domain "linkinpark.com". Farrell returned in 2000, the band released their breakthrough album, Hybrid Theory, that same year. Linkin Park released Hybrid Theory on October 24, 2000; the album, which represented half a decade's worth of the band's work, was edited by Don Gilmore. Hybrid Theory was a massive commercial success. Additionally, other singles from the album were featured in films such as Dracula 2000, Little Nicky, Valentine. Hybrid Theory won a Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock Performance for the song "Crawling" and was nominated for two other Grammy Awards: Best New Artist and Best Rock Album. MTV awarded the band their Best Rock Video and Best Direction awards for "In the End". Through the winning of the Grammy for Best Hard Rock Performance, Hybrid Theory's overall success had catapulted the band into mainstream success.
During this time, Linkin Park received many invitations to perform on many high-profile tours and concerts including
The Gloster Javelin is a twin-engined T-tailed delta-wing subsonic night and all-weather interceptor aircraft that served with Britain's Royal Air Force from the mid-1950s until the late 1960s. The last aircraft design to bear the Gloster name, it was introduced in 1956 after a lengthy development period and received several upgrades during its lifetime to its engines and weapons, which included the De Havilland Firestreak air-to-air missile; the Javelin was succeeded in the interceptor role by the English Electric Lightning, a supersonic aircraft capable of flying at more than double the Javelin's top speed, introduced into the RAF only a few years later. The Javelin served for much of its life alongside the Lightning. In the aftermath of the Second World War, Britain identified a threat posed by the jet-powered strategic bomber and atomic weaponry and thus placed a great emphasis on developing aerial supremacy through continuing to advance its fighter technology following the end of conflict.
Gloster Aircraft, having developed and produced the only British jet aircraft to be operational during the war, the Gloster Meteor, sought to take advantage of its expertise and responded to a 1947 Air Ministry requirement for a high-performance night fighter under Air Ministry specification F.44/46. The specification called for a two-seat night fighter, that would intercept enemy aircraft at heights of up to at least 40,000 feet, it would have to reach a maximum speed of 525 kn at this height, be able to perform rapid ascents and attain an altitude of 45,000 feet within ten minutes of engine ignition. Additional criteria given in the requirement included a minimum flight endurance of two hours, a takeoff distance of 1,500 yards, structural strength to support up to 4g manoeuvres at high speed and for the aircraft to incorporate airborne interception radar, multi-channel VHF radio and various navigational aids; the aircraft would be required to be economical to produce, at a rate of ten per month for an estimated total of 150 aircraft.
Gloster produced several design proposals in the hope of satisfying the requirement. P.228, drawn up in 1946, was a two-seat Meteor with swept wings. A similar design was offered to the Royal Navy as the P.231. The later-issued P.234 and P.238 of early 1947 had adopted many of the features that would be distinctive of the Javelin, including the large delta wing and tailplane. The two differed in role; the RAF requirements were subject to some changes in regards to radar equipment and armaments. On 13 April 1949, the Ministry of Supply issued instructions to two aircraft manufacturers, Gloster and de Havilland, to each construct four airworthy prototypes of their competing designs to meet the requirement, as well as one airframe each for structural testing; these prototype aircraft were the Gloster GA.5, designed by Richard Walker, the de Havilland DH.110, the latter of which held the advantage of being under consideration for the Royal Navy. Development was delayed through political cost-cutting measures, the number of prototypes being trimmed down to an unworkable level of two each before the decision was reversed.
The first prototype was completed in 1951. An unusual feature of the prototypes was the opaque canopy over the rear cockpit, it had been believed that visibility outside the cockpit was unnecessary and a hindrance to the observer. Following a month of ground testing, on 26 November 1951, the first prototype conducted its first flight at Moreton Valence airfield. Bill Waterton, Gloster's Chief Test Pilot, would describe the Javelin as being "as easy to fly as an Anson", although expressing concern over its inadequate power controls. Disaster nearly struck during one test flight when aerodynamic flutter caused the elevators to detach in mid-flight, he was awarded the George Medal for his actions to retrieve flight data from the burning aircraft. The second prototype received a modified wing in 1953. After initial testing by Waterton, it was passed to another Gloster test pilot, Peter Lawrence for his opinion. On 11 June 1953, the aircraft crashed during testing. Lawrence had ejected from the aircraft, but too late, was killed.
The Javelin had experienced a "deep stall". Without elevator control, Lawrence was unable to regain control and the aircraft dropped from the sky. A stall warning device was developed and implemented for the Javelin; the third prototype, the first to be fitted with operational equipment including radar, first flew on 7 March 1953. The fourth WT827 was passed to the Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment for trials and the fifth prototype, WT836, made its first flight in July 1954. On 4 July 1954, a prototype Javelin accidentally achieved supersonic speed during a test flight, the pilot having
The Schleswig-Holstein Cup is one of the 21 regional cup competitions of German football. It is a qualifying competition for the German Cup, with the winner of the competition being automatically qualified for the first round of the German Cup in the following season. For sponsorship reasons, the official name of the competition is SHFV-LOTTO-Pokal; the competition was first held in 1953–54, with TSV Brunsbüttelkoog being the first winner. It has since been held annually, with VfB Lübeck being most successful teams; the 2011 final was held on 3 June between those two sides, with Holstein winning the game 3–0. All teams from Schleswig-Holstein playing in the 3. Liga and the Regionalliga Nord plus the fourteen regional cup winners are qualified for the first round and the competition is played in single-game knock-out format; the winners of the competition: ‡ Won by reserve team. Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS Schleswig-Holstein football association website Official DFB results website
Michelle of France was a Duchess consort of Burgundy. She was a daughter of Charles VI of Isabeau of Bavaria, she was named for Saint Michael the Archangel after her father noted an improvement in his health after a pilgrimage to Mont Saint-Michel in 1393. Although rumors persist that Michelle and her siblings were neglected by their parents, this was not the case. Queen Isabeau purchased luxurious toys and gifts for her children, wrote them letters when apart. In times of plague, she ensured. In June 1409, Michelle married the future Philip III, Duke of Burgundy known as Philip the Good, she became melancholic in 1419 following the involvement of her brother, the future King Charles VII of France, in the murder of her father-in-law, John the Fearless. Michelle had borne a daughter, but she died in infancy. Michelle fell ill and died in Ghent in 1422 while her husband was away preparing for the battle of Cone. All of the inhabitants grieved. Michelle was interred in the monastery of St Bavon near Ghent.
Only a fragment of her recumbent tomb still remains. After her death, it was believed she had been poisoned by a lady attendant from Germany, Dame de Viesville, a close confidante, dismissed to Aire just before Michelle's death; the lady was never charged. Possible Portrait
The cyclamen mite is a tiny mite found as a pest on African violets and cyclamen plants. It is invisible to the naked eye, measuring only 0.02 cm at maturity. If you see cyclamen mites using a magnifying glass, they appear oval in shape, they are tan-colored, glistening semitransparent mites. The young ones are smaller and are milky white; the eggs are pearly oval in shape. It requires a warm, humid environment, is therefore problematic in greenhouses. Cyclamen Mites are found in protected places such as on young tender leaves, young stem ends and buds, they crawl from one plant to another. Hands or clothing serve as a means of transfer and spread. Linquist, E. E.. The World Genera of Tarsonemidae: A morphological and systematic revision with a reclassification of family-group taxa in the Heterostigmata. Memoirs Ent. Soc. Canada, 517. Cyclamen mite, Phytonemus pallidus on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site
Phoenix Art Institute located at 350 Madison Avenue in New York, New York, was an educational institution co-founded in 1925 by Franklin Booth with Lauros M. Phoenix. In 1944, it merged with the New York School of Applied Design for Women, becoming the New York Phoenix School of Design. In 1974, the New York Phoenix School of Design merged with the Pratt Institute to form the Pratt-Phoenix School of Design Phoenix Art Institute taught traditional fine art and commercial art. Phoenix was an instructor. Booth taught at the school for 21 years and remained affiliated with the organization until his death in 1948. At some point he was a trustee of the organization. Other teachers were Norman Rockwell, Walter Beach Humphrey, Thomas Fogarty. In 1944, The Phoenix Art Institute merged with the New York School of Applied Design for Women, which reincorporated as the co-educational New York Phoenix School of Design. In 1974, the New York Phoenix School of Design merged with the Pratt Institute to form the Pratt-Phoenix School of Design