Uplands nation is a student society and one of thirteen nations at Uppsala University. It has traditionally recruited its members from the province of Uppland, the nation uses an older spelling of the toponym. As of 2006, the nation has about 2,600 members, the current building of the nation was built by the master turner Peter Strandman after a fire in 1809, but some of the walls date to sometime before 1770. It was acquired by the nation in 1825, the nation had previously owned the neighbouring plot for a few years, but sold this to Västmanlands-Dala nation. In the 1950s a new wing was added according to the design of the architect Sten Hummel-Gumælius, the garden of the nation includes sculptures by Carl Milles and Carl Eldh. On the garden wall along the street Sysslomansgatan is a plaque with a medallion in the memory of the poet Anna Maria Lenngren and this wing contains twenty student rooms, another thirty are located in a different house two blocks away. Former curators of the include the chemist and Nobel laureate Svante Arrhenius. J. L.
Almqvist, already mentioned above, the diplomat Hans Blix, who studied Law in Uppsala, was director for the theatre society of Uplands nation for a year. Among the inspectors can be mentioned Nathan Söderblom, Archbishop of the Church of Sweden, after his premature death, his mother donated scholarships both to the school and to the nation, which her son presumably would have joined in the near future if he had lived. A posthumous portrait of young Wijkman accompanied the donation, besides the Wijkman room where the portrait hangs, other institutions of the nation have been named after him, including a brass band, a pub and a café. Roslags nation Fjärdhundra nation Uplands nation All references are in Swedish Eugène Lewenhaupt, Anteckningar om Uplands nation i Upsala före 1830, isidor Carlsson, Uplands nation 1800-1914, En skildring, Upplands nation 1915. Isidor Carlsson, Upplands nations hus, in Albin Roosval, Nationshusen i Uppsala, illustrerade skildringar af flera författare, E. Lundquist, Stockholm 1915, p. 19-36.
Studenten, staden och sanningen, bilder och essayer, utgivna med anledning av Uplands nations 350-årsjubileum, Bengt Erik Rydén, svedberg, Arrhenius, Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, vol
A botanical garden or botanic garden is a garden dedicated to the collection and display of a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names. Visitor services at a botanical garden might include tours, educational displays, art exhibitions, book rooms, open-air theatrical and musical performances, over the years, botanical gardens, as cultural and scientific organisations, have responded to the interests of botany and horticulture. The role of major botanical gardens worldwide has been considered so similar as to fall within textbook definitions. The following definition was produced by staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium of Cornell University in 1976, each botanical garden naturally develops its own special fields of interests depending on its personnel, extent, available funds, and the terms of its charter. It may include greenhouses, test grounds, an herbarium, an arboretum and it maintains a scientific as well as a plant-growing staff, and publication is one of its major modes of expression.
This broad outline is expanded, The botanic garden may be an independent institution, if a department of an educational institution, it may be related to a teaching program. In any case, it exists for scientific ends and is not to be restricted or diverted by other demands. It is not merely a landscaped or ornamental garden, although it may be artistic, the essential element is the intention of the enterprise, which is the acquisition and dissemination of botanical knowledge. Worldwide, there are now about 1800 botanical gardens and arboreta in about 150 countries of which about 550 are in Europe,200 in North America, and an increasing number in East Asia. These gardens attract about 150 million visitors a year, so it is surprising that many people gained their first exciting introduction to the wonders of the plant world in a botanical garden. Historically, botanical gardens exchanged plants through the publication of seed lists and this was a means of transferring both plants and information between botanical gardens.
This system continues today, although the possibility of genetic piracy, the International Association of Botanic Gardens was formed in 1954 as a worldwide organisation affiliated to the International Union of Biological Sciences. In the United States, there is the American Public Gardens Association, the history of botanical gardens is closely linked to the history of botany itself. Then, in the 19th and 20th centuries, the trend was towards a combination of specialist, the idea of scientific gardens used specifically for the study of plants dates back to antiquity. In about 2800 BCE, the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung sent collectors to distant regions searching for plants with economic or medicinal value. Early medieval gardens in Islamic Spain resembled botanic gardens of the future and this was taken over by garden chronicler Ibn Bassal until the Christian conquest in 1085 CE. Ibn Bassal founded a garden in Seville, most of its plants being collected on an expedition that included Morocco, Sicily.
The medical school of Montpelier was founded by Spanish Arab physicians, and by 1250 CE, it included a physic garden, but the site was not given botanic garden status until 1593
Olaus Rudbeck was a Swedish scientist and writer, professor of medicine at Uppsala University and for several periods rector magnificus of the same university. He was born in Västerås, the son of Bishop Johannes Rudbeckius, who was chaplain to King Gustavus Adolphus. Rudbeck is primarily known for his contributions in two fields, human anatomy and linguistics, but he was accomplished in many other fields including music. He established the first botanical garden in Sweden at Uppsala, called Rudbecks Garden, but which was renamed a hundred years for his sons student, Rudbeck was one of the pioneers in the study of lymphatic vessels. However, he did not publish anything about it until the fall of 1653, after Thomas Bartholin, Rudbecks research led to the Queens support of his career. The cupola still remains and is a landmark in Uppsala, the Gustavianum stands in front of the cathedral, and is still part of the university. His work was used by Denis Diderot in the article Etymologie in Encyclopédie as a cautionary example of deceptive linking of etymology with mythical history.
Despite the criticism targeting his linguistic theories and despite the priority dispute with Bartholin, Rudbeck the Younger added speculations about the relationship between Sami and Hebrew languages to his fathers long list of fantastical linguistic relationships. A nephew of Olaus the Elder, Petter Rudebeck, wrote antiquarian books going even further, purporting to locate the scene of the Trojan War, Rudbeck was active in many scientific areas, including astronomy, and left many traces still visible in the city of Uppsala today. During the course of a fire destroyed most of Uppsala in 1702. Rudbeck himself directed the people of the city, shouting orders from a roof while his house burned down and he died the same year, shortly after the fire, and was buried in Uppsala Cathedral at the transept. The plant genus Rudbeckia was named by the botanist Carl Linnaeus in honor of both Rudbeck and his son, Atlantis Confusion of tongues Location hypotheses of Atlantis Olof Rudbeck the Younger King, David.
Finding Atlantis, A True Story of Genius and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Hugh, ed. article name needed
University of Uppsala Botanical Garden
The University of Uppsala Botanical Garden, near Uppsala Castle, is the principal botanical garden belonging to Uppsala University. It was created on land donated to the university in 1787 by Swedens King Gustav III, Uppsala University maintains two satellite botanical gardens. The older of these is its original botanical garden, created in 1655 by Olaus Rudbeck, the other satellite is Linnaeus Hammarby, the former summer home of Carolus Linnaeus and his family. Early botanical gardens focused on educating and supplying physicians, as had the gardens of medieval monasteries. Medical training remained the primary purpose of university botanical gardens throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, in 1655, Uppsala Universitys Olaus Rudbeck the elder created the universitys first botanical garden on Svartbacksgatan in Uppsala. By the end of the 17th century, the garden contained about 1,800 different species, the Uppsala city fire in 1702 seriously damaged Rudbecks garden. Because there was no money for needed repairs, the garden languished for nearly 40 years until, in 1741, Linnaeus improved and rearranged it according to his own ideas, documenting his work in Hortus Upsaliensis.
After the death of Linnaeus in 1778, his disciple and successor Carl Peter Thunberg became dissatisfied with the Linnaean Garden and its location, near the river Fyris, kept the soil too wet for many species of plants. Thunberg approached King Gustav III, whose castle in Uppsala stood upon much higher ground, Uppsala castles large formal garden had been laid out in baroque style in 1744, based on a plan by Carl Hårleman. The king agreed to not only this land but an additional area south of Norbyvägen. King Gustav III signed the official grant on August 17,1787, after the death of Gustav III in 1792, work on the garden and its conservatory became difficult due to lack of money for the garden. The conservatory was finally opened on May 25,1807. By the beginning of the century, botanical gardens had expanded from their medicinal origins. They were increasingly seen as centers and as museums showing the diversity of life. Linnaeus had displayed many animals from his own menagerie in the Linnéträdgården, including a tame raccoon, in 1802, King Gustav IV Adolf gave to the Botaniska Trädgården many biological curiosities collected by his grandmother Lovisa Ulrika, who had been an important patron of Linnaeus.
A living lion named Leo arrived from the king in 1802 and it was housed in the Orangeriet, but did not thrive, not even when offered live chickens. It died from unknown causes in 1803, the University of Uppsala continued to display its zoological collections in the Orangeriet until 1856, when it moved them to its Gustavianum. As the nineteenth century progressed, botanical gardens were seen as potential public spaces whose openness would offer civic benefits
Stockholms nation is a student society and one of thirteen nations at Uppsala University. The nation has its origins in the century and regards 1649 as its official date of foundation. The old part of the building was designed by architect Johan Fredrik Åbom. A new wing of the building, begun in 1961, is designed by modernist architect Peter Celsing. Former curators of the include the mathematician Gösta Mittag-Leffler, the economist Knut Wicksell. The songwriter Carl Michael Bellman was enrolled in Stockholms nation during his period as a student in Uppsala
Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and Finland to the east, at 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of 10.0 million. Sweden consequently has a low density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre. Approximately 85% of the lives in urban areas. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats/Götar and Swedes/Svear, Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested. Sweden is part of the area of Fennoscandia. The climate is in very mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence. Today, Sweden is a monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state. The capital city is Stockholm, which is the most populous city in the country, legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister, Sweden is a unitary state, currently divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities.
Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages, in the 17th century, it expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire, which became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were gradually lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, the last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since then, Sweden has been at peace, maintaining a policy of neutrality in foreign affairs. The union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905, leading to Swedens current borders, though Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars, Sweden engaged in humanitarian efforts, such as taking in refugees from German-occupied Europe. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995 and it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides health care. The modern name Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod and this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige literally means Realm of the Swedes, excluding the Geats in Götaland, the etymology of Swedes, and thus Sweden, is generally not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning ones own, referring to ones own Germanic tribe
Norrlands nation is a student society and the largest of thirteen nations at Uppsala University. It mainly recruits its members from the province of Norrland, which is the northernmost part of Sweden, as of 2012, the nation has about 8,000 members. Norrlands nation was formed in 1827 through a merger of smaller nations with roots dating back to the mid 17th century. The nation owns a complex of 5,500 square metres by the Fyris River in central Uppsala, with the older part from 1889. Ångermanländska nation Västerbottniska nation Bottniska nation Medelpado-Jämtländska nation Norrlands nation Norrlands nation at Swedish Wikipedia Norrlands nation official web site
Gustavianum is the oldest standing building of Uppsala University. It was built between 1622 and 1625, and used as the building of the university between 1778 and 1887. Since 1997 it is used as the university museum of Uppsala University, during the 16th century Uppsala University was in decline and by the latter part of the century tutoring had stopped almost entierly. However, during Uppsala Synod in 1593 there is a decision to re-open the university. Gustavianum was built between 1622 and 1625, the name Gustavianum comes from Gustavus Adolphus who in the 1620s donated money for its construction. The building was designed by the Dutch architect Caspar van Panten and contained lecture halls, printing halls, the anatomical theatre is today the second oldest remaining anatomical theatre in the world. The anatomical theatre was used until the 1750s when new more modern facilities were inaugurated in the neighboring building Konsistoriehuset. The cupola was used as a university library until the construction of the current library Carolina Rediviva in 1841.
The cupola was used as a zoological museum. In 1955 the anatomical theatre was restored according to Olaus Rudbecks original design, during the 18th century the building was renovated by the architect Carl Hårleman. After the demolition of Academia Carolina in 1778 Gustavianum was made main building of the university and it maintained this function until 1887 when the current university hall was inaugurated. Teaching from the institutions of architecture and egyptology continued in the building until 1997 when it was rebuilt into a museum, museum Gustavianum was inaugurated by King Carl XVI Gustaf on the 17 of June 1997. As the university museum all the objects are part of the university collections. In 2016 the museum attracted 82539 visitors, the museum has five permanent exhibitions, The Anatomical theatre containing the theatre itself together with objects concerning Uppsalas medicinal history. The Augsburg Art Cabinet, a 17th century cabinet of curiosities containing approximately 1000 different artifacts, the Mediteranean Sea and the Gulf of the Nile, containing objects from classical antiquity, most of them being excavated by Uppsala University archaeologists.
The Vendel Period - The Viking Age containing objects excavated from the field in Valsgärde, approximately 7 kilometers north of Uppsala
Bibliotheca Botanica was written by Swedish botanist, physician and naturalist Carl Linnaeus. The book was written and published in Amsterdam when Linnaeus was twenty-eight, the Preface mentions that Bibliotheca Botanica was the first part of a planned Bibliotheca medica. A digest of Bibliotheca Botanica, which elaborated on the first chapter of the Fundamenta Botanica is given in Aphorisms 5–52 of the Philosophia Botanica, Botanical bibliography effectively began, as did bibliography in general, with the work of the sixteenth century Swiss natural historian and polymath Conrad Gesner. The Bibliotheca Botanica was the first botanical bibliography arranged by subject, the titles were arranged hierarchically into 16 classes or chapters – each with one or more ordines or sections. Applying this methodus naturalis to books and people was a mark of his view of the world. Heller notes the incomplete coverage of material, incorrect dating of books, that his “natural method” of classifying books was “not very practical”.
Guide to Standard Floras of the World, 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press and the Linnaeans, the Spreading of their Ideas in Systematic Botany, 1735–1789. Utrecht, International Association for Plant Taxonomy, Frans A. & Cowan, Richard S.1981. A Selective Guide to Botanical Publications with dates and Types
Uppsala Castle is a 16th-century royal castle in the historic city of Uppsala, Sweden. Throughout much of its history, the castle played a major role in the history of Sweden. Uppsala Castle was built during the time Sweden was on its way to become a power in Europe. Kings Erik XIV, John III and Charles IX all remodeled and expanded the citadel into a renaissance palace. During Erik XIVs reign, the castle was the site of the Sture Murders, in 1630, King Gustavus II Adolphus announced the decision that Sweden should participate in the Thirty Years War. It was in the castle that the Swedish government announced the abdication of Queen Kristina in 1654, Uppsala Castle was seriously damaged by fire in 1702, being reduced essentially to a ruin. Reconstruction took many years and was indeed hampered by the remains of the castle being used as a quarry for stone to be used in building Stockholm Palace, Uppsala Castle was the administrative center of Uppland and the site of the Hall of State for many years.
Uppsala Castle is the residence of the County Governor of Uppsala County, dag Hammarskjöld, former Secretary-General of the United Nations, spent his childhood days in the castle when his father, Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, was governor of Uppsala County. Today, the castle is the site of the Uppsala Art Museum