A liquor store is a retail shop that predominantly sells prepackaged alcoholic beverages — in bottles — intended to be consumed off the store's premises. Depending on region and local idiom, they may be called bottle store, off licence, bottle shop, package store, party store, ABC store, state store, or other similar terms. Many jurisdictions have an alcohol monopoly. Prices are substantially lower than in bars or pubs. In South Africa and Zimbabwe, these stores are called bottle stores. In the United Kingdom and Ireland the corresponding term is off licence, which refers to the fact that alcohol may be bought on the licensed premises, but must be consumed off the premises. All supermarkets and groceries, many petrol stations, have an off-licence. In the United Kingdom, the "off-licence" status of a shop could once be used as a device to circumvent restrictive trading laws those concerning Sunday trading. Depending on local by-laws, shops might be either required to close at 12:00 once a week, or else not be allowed to trade in the evening.
Shops with an off-licence made their hours similar to those of public houses, opening during lunch hours and from early evening to the mandatory closing time 22:30 or 23:00. The Sunday Trading Act 1994, somewhat altered this situation; the price of alcohol in off licence establishments is lower than in on-licence establishments. Australia – Regulation of alcoholic beverage sales is a state responsibility. Beer and spirits must be purchased at a bottle shop, colloquially known as a bottle-o; these may be a separate section of a supermarket or an individual shop – major retail corporations have their own bottle shop franchises located close to their supermarket operations. Drinking establishments may sell liquor for off-site consumption. Drive-through alcoholic retail outlets are common; the state of Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory permit the sale of alcoholic beverages from supermarkets and convenience shops. New Zealand – Supermarkets may sell beer and wine with no more than 15% ABV only.
Spirits, including ready to drink mixed spirits, must be purchased at bottle shops. Off-licence is used for beverage outlets inside sporting venues, whereby alcoholic beverages are bought "outside" the point-of-sale if it was inside a food outlet, because it can be consumed at the stands, but is still consumed within the vicinity of the venue itself, cannot be taken out of the venue. Denmark – Alcoholic beverages can be bought at any grocery store or kiosk. There are several dedicated stores specialised in certain types of alcohol, typical wine or beer from special breweries or worldwide brands; some of these specialize in tobacco. Some have permission to serve alcohol because of the option of free samples "try before you buy" and special events; some have a concept of a Liquor store in the daytime, a bar and restaurant opening in the evening. Faroe Islands – Alcoholic beverages above 1.8% ABV can be bought in Rúsdrekkasøla Landsins known as Rúsan Finland – As of 2018, grocery stores may sell beer and other alcoholic beverages, including alcopops made with distilled alcohol, no higher than 5.5% alcohol by volume.
All other alcohol must be purchased in the Alko store. Iceland – Can only be bought at hard-liquor stores. Vínbúð stores. Norway – Alcoholic beverages above 4.8% ABV can only be bought at Vinmonopolet stores. Sweden – Grocery stores may sell beer no higher than 3.5% ABV. All other alcohol must be purchased in the state-run Systembolaget stores known as Bolaget or Systemet. In Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Spain all supermarkets, convenience stores, gas stations may sell beer and liquors only if they possess a licence; the consumption of alcohol on premises is frowned upon. In the Netherlands supermarkets are allowed to sell alcoholic beverages up to 15% ABV, hard liquor is only sold from specialized bottle shops; the Twenty-first Amendment of the United States Constitution allows states to regulate the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages. State regulations vary widely; the majority of the U. S. states have laws specifying which alcoholic beverages must be sold in specialty liquor stores and which may be sold in other venues.
In seventeen alcoholic beverage control states, the specialty liquor stores are owned and operated by the state government, where liquor stores sell only spirits or sometimes sell spirits and wine but not beer. ABC-run stores may be called state stores. In Alabama, Georgia, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Texas, liquor stores are known as package stores, locally in Connecticut and areas bordering these states the term pack or packie is used as well, because purchased liquor must be packaged in sealed bottles or other containers when it is taken from the store. In five states, only low-point beer may be sold in supermarkets or gas stations. In Utah, stores not owned and operated by the state are known as Package Agencies; these are liquor outlets operated by private individuals or corporate entities under contract with the state for the purpose of selling packaged liquor and beer to the general publi
Ocean was an East Indiaman launched in 1788 that made four trips for the British Honourable East India Company between February 1789 and February 1797, when she was wrecked on the island of Kalatea in the East Indies. East Indiamen traveled in convoys as much. Vessels of the British Royal Navy escorted these convoys, though not past India, or before on the return leg. So, the Indiamen were armed so that they could dissuade pirates and large privateers. For her first voyage, Ocean sailed to China under the command of Captain James Tod, she left Torbay on 26 February 1789, 10 March she reached Madeira. She left Madras on 24 June, reaching Whampoa on 26 September, she crossed the Second Bar on 10 January 1790, reached Saint Helena on 15 April. She arrived back at the Downs on 6 June. For her second voyage, Ocean was under the command of Captain Andrew Patton, who would remain her captain for the next three voyages; this was his fifth voyage to the east for the company, his second on Ocean, as he had been her first lieutenant on her previous trip under Tod.
On this voyage, Patton sailed her for St Helena and China. She left the Downs on 17 December 1791 and reached St Helena on 27 February 1792. From there she went on to Madras. By 23 June, she was at Penang, one month on 25 July, she was at Malacca, she reached Whampoa on 16 August, on her return trip she crossed the Second Bar on 3 November. She reached St Helena by 12 February 1793, the Downs by 17 April; the EIC inspected the East Indiamen as they arrived and on 15 October fined Patton and ten other captains £100 each for having not stowed their cargoes in conformance with the Company's orders. The money was to go to Poplar Hospital; when Ocean was ready to sail, the British government held her at Portsmouth, together with a number of other Indiamen in anticipation of using them as transports for an attack on Île de France. It gave up the plan and released the vessels in May 1794, it paid £586 13s 4d for having delayed her departure by 22 days. Captain Patton left Portsmouth on 2 May. Ocean arrived at Whampoa on 27 September.
She crossed the Second Bar on 3 December, homeward bound. She arrived at St Helena on 13 April 1795, the Downs on 23 July; because this voyage began after the start of the French Revolutionary Wars, Ocean sailed under a letter of marque issued to Captain Andrew Patton on 22 February 1794. The letter authorized her to take prizes. Ocean's fourth voyage was again to China. Patton left Portsmouth on 17 May 1796, arrived at the Cape of Good Hope on 2 August. From there she sailed to Madras, she arrived at Colombo on 7 December. From there she sailed to China in company with five other Indiamen: Alfred, Captain James Farquharson. Farquahrson was the senior captain of hence Commodore. On 28 January 1797 the Indiamen were off the east end of Java heading northward through the Bali Strait Here they encountered Admiral de Sercey and his squadron of frigates, who had left Batavia and wss sailing southward through the Bali Straits on his way back to Mauritius. Farquharson instead decided on a bluff, he hoisted the flag of Commodore Rainier, the British commander in chief in the East Indies, made his other ships hoist pendants and ensigns to correspond.
Farquharson detached two of his ships to chase and reconnoitre the enemy. As these advanced towards the French reconnoitering frigate Cybèle, the latter crowded sail to join her consorts, with the signal at her mast-head, "The enemy is superior in force to the French." Afraid of being unable to repair his frigates and under express orders to avoid giving battle led de Sercey to behave with discretion rather than valour. The bluff was greeted with rejoicing by the British press. On 1 February, a storm caused Ocean to strike a reef off Kalatea. Patton sent the ship's cutter to contact the locals; the crew scuttled Ocean on 5 February. The crew camped on the shore. On 15 February, locals attacked the survivors, wounding four. On 18 February, the British left the island in three hired proas. Patton and his men reached Amboina on 28 February, after having sailed some 500 miles. On her homeward voyage from China a storm damaged Taunton Castle, forcing her to stop at Ambonya on 16 September 1797. There she took on board survivors from Ocean.
Taunton Castle reached Yarmouth on 7 February 1798. The EIC valued the cargo lost on her at £63,216. Notes Citations References Biden, Christopher. Naval Discipline: Subordination Contrasted with Insubordination. J. M. Richardson. Pp. 117–145. Grocott, Terence. Shipwrecks of the Revolutionary & Napoleonic Eras. Chatham. ISBN 1-86176-030-2 Hackman, Rowan Ships of the East India Company.. ISBN 0-905617-96-7 Hardy, Charles. A Register of Ships, Employed in the Service of the Honorable the United East India Company, from the Year 1760 to 1810. London: Black and Kingsbury. James, William; the Naval History of Great Britain, from the Declaration of War by France in 1793, to the Accession of George IV. R. Bentley. Proceedings Relative to Ships Tendered for the Service of the United East-India Company, from the Twenty-sixth of March, 1794, to the Sixth of Jan
Stefan Panić is a Serbian footballer, playing for Riga and Serbia national football team. Born in Topola, Panić started his career in Mladenovac. Playing for the club with same name, he made 12 appearances from 2010 to 2011, spent a period in Portugal with C. D. Nacional in the meantime. In 2012, Panić was with Kovačevac. Playing for that club, he made 27 appearances, scored 1 goal in the League Belgrade, he played 1 cup match against Hajduk Kula won Belgrade football cup, was a scorrer in the final of that competition. Panić joined the club from Gornji Milanovac for the second half of 2012–13 season, he made 2 appearances until the end of season. After adapting period, he spent on the bench, or out of 18 players, he next season well, became constant in starting 11, he played some matches in defence, as a centre-back. He played 25 league appearances, one cup match, against Partizan, scored 3 goals, he was a member of play-off match, against Rad, played in Gornji Milanovac. The 2014–15 season was successful season for Stefan Panić.
He missed only one match in the Serbian First League, because of yellow card suspension, he scored 3 league goals, as the previous season, he made 2 cup appearances and 2 play-off match against Napredak Kruševac, after which Metalac promoted in the Serbian SuperLiga. He made his SuperLiga debut in the first fixture of 2015–16 season. Panić scored his first SuperLiga goal for Metalac against Novi Pazar. Ending of January 2016, Panić signed new contract with Metalac. On 2016 November 2016, Panić scored a goal against Red Star Belgrade on his hundredth league match for Metalac. In summer 2017, Panić signed a two-year deal with Baník Ostrava, he made his debut for new club in the first fixture of the 2017–18 Czech First League season, replacing Tomáš Poznar in 86 minute of the match against Zbrojovka Brno. In January 2017, Panić was elected in a group of players from the Serbian football competition for a friendly match in San Diego, where he made his debut for the National team in a 0–0 draw against the United States.
On May 2018, Panić was overlooked after the club's disappointing season from Serbia's 23-man squad for the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia. As of 2 August 2017 As of 30 January 2017 OFK MladenovacSerbian League Belgrade: 2010–11KovačevacBelgrade cup: 2012 Stefan Panić stats at utakmica.rs Stefan Panić at FootballDatabase.eu Stefan Panić at WorldFootball.net Stefan Panić at Soccerbase