Setúbal is a city and a municipality in Portugal. The population in 2014 was 118,166, occupying an area of 230.33 km2. The city proper had 89,303 inhabitants in 2001, it lies within the Lisbon metropolitan area. In the times of Al-Andalus the city was known as Sheṭūbar. In the 19th century, the port was called Saint Ubes in English, Saint-Yves in French; the municipal holiday is 15 September, which marks the date in the year 1860 when King Pedro V of Portugal recognised Setúbal as a city. The city of Setúbal is located on the northern bank of the Sado River estuary 48 kilometres south of Portugal's capital, Lisbon, it is the seat of the Setúbal District. In the beginning of the 20th century, Setúbal was the most important center of Portugal's fishing industry specializing in processing and exporting sardines. None of the many factories created are operating today. However, the existing maritime ports, either traditional and the new marines, keep the city links to the ocean and water well alive and vibrant.
Tourism, based on the beautiful existing natural conditions plus excellent hotels and infrastructures, is one of the city's most appreciated resources, due to its interconnection with the Sado on one side and Atlantic Ocean on another, having a coast line with both. The city is connected with the nearby coast of the Arrábida hills natural park - which offers an unspoiled nature and beautiful beaches to the Atlantic Ocean. A dolphin colony inhabits the Sado River. Across the river on the south bank lies the peninsula of Tróia, a place with vast white/golden sand beaches where several luxury hotels and resorts were built; the Tróia peninsula can be sighted across the river. Albarquel, Galápos, Galapinhos and Portinho da Arrábida are some of the city's many beaches, located in the north bank of the estuary, at the beginning of the Arrábida hills. In antiquity the city was known as Cetobriga, a Turdetani settlement that came under Roman control in the province of Lusitania; the main historical monument of the city of Setúbal is the Monastery of Jesus, a 15th- and 16th-century church that represents one of the first buildings in the Portuguese late Gothic style known as Manueline.
Of interest are the São Julião Church with Manueline portals. The Castelo de São Filipe, is a 16th- and 17th-century fortress on the north bank of the Sado river, overseeing the city; the fortress was converted into a luxury hotel. Teatro Animação de Setúbal is based in Setúbal. Administratively, the municipality is divided into 5 civil parishes: Azeitão Gâmbia – Pontes – Alto da Guerra Sado São Julião, Nossa Senhora da Anunciada e Santa Maria da Graça São Sebastião According to the census of 2011, the municipality of Setúbal had a labor force of 58,514 people, among whom 15.6% were unemployed. Among those who had a job, 1.6% were working in the Primary sector, 24.9% in the Secondary sector and 73.5% in the Tertiary sector. Setúbal is notable for the industries of pulp, cement, pesticides, other phytopharmaceutical products, thermal power and ship repair there was a lot of automobile assembling industry since the 1950s with several known manufacturers had or have opened assembly halls for the Portuguese market.
Today there are only 3 tradenames nearby in production. The Port of Setúbal had a cargo throughput of 6.058 million tons in 2012, making it the 4th busiest port in Portugal, with 7.4% of the cargo throughput in the country. In the 19th century, the area was notable for the production of sea salt. St. Ubes bay salt was exported as far as Australia in the 1830s; the city's main sports club is Vitória de Setúbal, established on November 20, 1910. Diogo Fernandes Pereira, sometimes called Diogo Fernandes, was a 16th-century navigator. Diogo Fernandes was the first known European captain to visit the island of Socotra in 1503 and the discoverer of the Mascarenes archipelago in 1507, he may have been the first European to sail east of Madagascar island. Luisa Todi: classical singer. José Mourinho: football manager. José Travassos Valdez, 1st Count of Bonfim: soldier, Prime Minister of Portugal Sabrina: represented Portugal at the Eurovision Song Contest 2007. Lima de Freitas: Portuguese painter, illustrator and writer.
He studied at the Escola Superior de Belas Artes de Lisboa. He illustrated over 100 books. Amongst his work on ceramic tiles, 14 Lisbon myths and legends tile panels are displayed at the Rossio Railway Station located at Rossio, Lisbon. Zeca Afonso: singer and songwriter and worked in the city in life and died there. André Marques: writer and director Mazgani: Luso-Iranian singer-songwriter. Sofia Vitória: singer. Luís Buchinho: fashion designer. Roy Campbell: poet, died nearby in a car accident. Matilde Lima: model and Miss Universo Portugal 2017 Filipa Barroso: model and Miss Portuguesa 2017 Setúbal is twinned with: Setúbal has international cooperation protocols with: Town Hall official website O Bocagiano Local News Setúbal na Rede is a pioneering project and the first digital-only newspaper in Portugal. Media related to Setúbal at Wikimedia Commons
Oeiras is a municipality in the western part of Lisbon Metropolitan Area, a subregion of Greater Lisbon, in continental Portugal. It is part of the urban agglomeration of Lisbon; the population in 2011 was 172,120 living in an area of 45.88 km2, making the municipality the fifth-most densely populated in Portugal. Oeiras is an important economic hub, being one of the most developed municipalities of Portugal and Europe, it has the highest GDP per capita in the country, being the second highest municipality in terms of purchasing power as well as the second one collecting taxes in the country. These economic indicators reflect the inhabitants' studies, as Oeiras is the municipality with the highest concentration of population with higher education in the country, it has the lowest unemployment rate in the Lisbon area. The mild climate, access to water, quality of its soils and geographically advantageous location at the mouth of the Tagus River attracted early settlement to this region; the rugged hilltops of the interior conditioned cultivation and allowed the settlement of several small agricultural castros within the region's limits, such as Castro of Leceia.
This archaeological site is a witness to the early settlements and defensive structures that developed during the Chalcolithic period, although Paleolithic camps such as Gruta da Ponte da Laje are indicative of earlier settlements. Remnants of the Roman occupation of the Iberian peninsula are evident in many places throughout the municipality, including mosaics along the Rua das Alcássimas, a Roman bridge; the Arab conquest left behind several toponymic markers, including Arab/Moorish place names such as Alcássimas, Algés, Alpendroado and Quinta da Moura. The settlement of Oeiras dates back to 1208, when the area was colonized by Christian tribes from the northern Portugal, moving south into warmer agricultural lands. At the beginning of the Age of Discoveries, Oeiras became the industrial and commercial warehouse of Lisbon; the development of the Gunpowder Factory in Barcarena was therefore important in the expansion of the Portuguese dominions of the Orient, in addition to the aggregate extraction and calcium oxide furnaces in Paço de Arcos.
These industries were supported and guarded by the construction of several fortifications along a maritime defensive line that ringed the southern coast to Lisbon and that controlled navigation in the Tagus estuary from the 16th to 18th centuries. This perimeter included the Fort of São Lourenço da Cabeça Seca, rising from a tiny islet in the middle of the Tagus River, as well as the Fort of São Julião da Barra, both examples of Renaissance military architecture; the municipality was founded in 1759 by the Marquis of Pombal as a reward by King Joseph I to his minister for his efforts in rebuilding Lisbon's historical downtown after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. A royal charter, dated 7 June 1759, gave jurisdiction over the lands within Oeiras to the King's loyal minister, who became the first Count of Oeiras. A month the small village was elevated to the status of town, gained municipal status on 13 June 1759. Although Oeiras had a history of earlier settlement, it was during the reign of Joseph I that economic and social development, conditioned by the influence of the King's Minister, who promoted innovation and supported local economic activities, began to flourish.
In 1770, the first agricultural and industrial fair was established in Oeiras, representing a unique national event that contributed to the creation of fishing shelters and a new customhouse and factory, among other projects. One of the principal developments was the construction of the estate of the Marquess of Pombal, which today exists in its original form, with garden and agricultural dependencies, such as the wine cellar and other buildings, today housing the national institutions responsible for bio-science. In 1894, the municipality was abolished, but it was reestablished four years on 13 January 1898, it was reconstituted without Carcavelos, annexed to Cascais, while gaining the civil parish of Benfica. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, several estates and palaces began to be constructed in order to explore agricultural production, principally cereals and vineyards, which supported the growing markets of Lisbon. However, this activity began to decline by the 19th century and was replaced by new industry, supported by the Lisbon-Cascais railway link, first inaugurated in 1889.
Large factories began to locate in the municipality, among them the Fábrica do Papel, the Fundição de Oeiras, a Lusalite and Fermentos Holandeses. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the growth of leisure activities along the coast transformed Oeiras, which became a privileged location for the Portuguese elite. By the beginning of the 20th century, many of the beaches in Oeiras were occupied by the higher social classes, who travelled to the municipality for medical reasons; the construction of National Roadway 6 would link Lisboa to Cascais, permitting new travellers to experience the area, resulting in an influx of new residents that expanded the urban centres, giving rise to beach "chalets" and summer cottages. The concentration of economic activities in Lisbon and surrounding urban municipalities meant that Oeiras had direct access to the capital. After 1940-50, the municipality began to function as a suburb and bedroom community, attracting more residential growth along the coast.
This culminated in the 1970s with the
Lisboa Region is one of the seven NUTS II designated regions of Portugal, which includes two NUTS III subregions: Greater Lisbon and Peninsula of Setúbal. The region covers an area of 3001.95 km2 and includes a population of 2,815,851 inhabitants according to the 2011 census, a density of 1039 inhabitants/km2. Considered as representing the Lisboa Metropolitan Region, it is a region of significant importance in industry, it is urbanized. Prior to 2002, the area was included within the NUTS II region of Tagus Valley. "Despite the territorial configuration for statistical purposes, in force since 2002, matching the NUTS II the Lisbon, Region Greater Lisbon - composed only NUTSIII Greater Lisbon and Setúbal Peninsula - the area of intervention of the CCDRLVT - Steering Committee and Regional Development, abbreviated to CCDR -, continues to be composed of 5 NUTSIII. For the Regional Funds, management responsibilities under the policy of the European Union in Portugal, this regions it's the region of Lisbon that consists of Grande Lisboa and Península de Setúbal, for regional planning the region is called Lisbon and the Tagus Valley, composed by 5 NUTSIII."
The 18 municipalities: Alcochete Almada Amadora Barreiro Cascais Lisboa Loures Mafra Moita Montijo Odivelas Oeiras Palmela Seixal Sesimbra Setúbal Sintra Vila Franca de Xira Notes SourcesCCDR-LVT. "CCDR-LVT". Lisbon, Portugal: Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional. Archived from the original on 2011-01-21. Retrieved 03-02-2011. CCDR-LVT Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional de Lisboa e Vale do Tejo
Norte Region, Portugal
Norte or Northern Portugal is the most populous region in Portugal, ahead of Lisboa, the third most extensive by area. The region has 3,689,173 inhabitants according to the 2011 census, its area is 21,278 km², it is one of five regions of Mainland Portugal. Its main population center is the urban area of Porto, with about one million inhabitants; the Commission of Regional Coordination of the North is the agency that coordinates environmental policies, land-use planning and the overall development of this region, supporting local governments and associations. Northern Portugal is a culturally varied region, it is a land of profound historic and cultural wealth. What is now Northern Portugal was first settled by various pre-Celtic and Celtic tribes before being explored by a number of Mediterranean civilizations, including Greek settlements in its river-mouths, trade with the Carthaginians, conquest by the Romans, invasion by Germanic peoples, attacks by the Moors and the Vikings; the region has been inhabited since prehistoric times and is a key area for the understanding of both Atlantic European and Castro cultures.
Northern Portugal, with Galicia in Spain, made up the Kingdom of Galicia. In protohistoric times, it was inhabited by Gallaeci tribes, related with the Lusitanians, it corresponds to Conventus Bracarensis of Roman Gallaecia; the historical Suebic Kingdom had its capital in the now Portuguese city of Braga and most of these migrants and invaders established themselves in Littoral Northern Portugal, when the Roman empire collapsed. After the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, a small county was established around the city of Porto, which still in the 10th century expanded and became a government, the County of Portugal; this county grew in ambition and it was where Portugal's first king, Dom Afonso Henriques, established the Portuguese kingdom and stated the southward expansion. The Portuguese language developed in this area, has a specific modern dialect, Northern Portuguese, taken down south as the Portuguese Kingdom expanded, namely after Afonso Henriques era; the region has a number of manor-houses and castles featuring coats of arms as an indication of a intense medieval period.
Regional cuisine is renowned and varied offering products such as light wines and rich wines, a variety of handicrafts that mingles the shine of filigree with the colour of the local embroideries. Northern Portugal is very rich in folklore and traditions dating back to antiquity. Galicia and Northern Portugal have been promoting the official candidacy for the recognition of the common intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO; the project is backed by the Galician Government, a number of Galician institutions and associations, together with local and regional governments and institutions in Northern Portugal. The official name is "Candidatura de Património Imaterial Galego-Português". Northern Portugal is a mountainous areas, its peaks known as serras include Serra do Gerês, Marão and Soajo. Some of which forms natural parks: the Peneda-Gerês National Park, Montesinho Natural Park, the Alvão Natural Park; the coast, known as the Costa Verde, is a flat strip of land enclosed by sandy beaches and hills, the largest of, the coastal plain between the Cávado and the Ave rivers.
The area is known for the long stretch of picturesque sand dunes which accumulated during the Little Ice Age, part of, protected in the Northern Littoral Natural Park. The Minho, Neiva, Cávado and the Douro are the most preeminent rivers that flow to the Atlantic Ocean. Inland, the Tâmega is a major tributary; the Douro is the most preeminent river, one of the most important rivers in the Iberian Peninsula. The Minho river marks the northwestern Portuguese-Spanish border and is the second most important river. There are four World Heritage Sites: the Alto Douro Wine Region, the Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley, the Porto historical Center and the Guimarães historical Center. Throughout the region the rivers, waterfalls and fertile plots combine with the ancestral monuments in urban centres; the region has a Mediterranean climate on the coast and a hot Mediterranean climate along the Douro Valley. Northwestern Portugal has temperate summers and mild winters, influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and the diurnal temperature variation reaches 10 °C, while inland northeastern Portugal has hot summers and cold longer winters, hence continental features, the diurnal temperature variation can reach 20 °C.
Rainfall is irregular as topography and distance from the sea influence precipitation levels at short distances. The inland mountainous areas in the northwest around the peaks of Peneda, Gerês and Marão have the highest rainfall in all of Portugal; the Douro valley, however, is among the driest areas in all of Portugal. Some rainy cities include Vila Real, Braga and, on the coast, Viana do Castelo; the coast tends to have balmy weather, high solar irradiance and lower rainfall in a strip from Cape Santo André to the urban area of Porto. Alto Minho Alto Tâmega Ave Cávado Douro Tâmega e Sousa Terras de Trás-os-Montes Politically, Northern Portugal is divided into 86 municipalities, which in turn are subdivi
Orders of magnitude (area)
This page is a progressive and labelled list of the SI area orders of magnitude, with certain examples appended to some list objects. Orders of magnitude
Barreiro is a town and a municipality in Setúbal District in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 78,764, in an area of 36.39 km². Barreiro has a great view of the city of Lisbon from Avenida da Praia and a beautiful riverside area called Alburrica; the present Mayor is Frederico Rosa, elected by the Socialist Party. The municipal holiday is June 28. Administratively, the municipality is divided into 4 civil parishes: Alto do Seixalinho, Santo André e Verderena Barreiro e Lavradio Palhais e Coina Santo António da Charneca F. C. Barreirense plays at Campo da Verderena. G. D. Fabril, another local team, plays at Complexo Desportivo Alfredo da Silva. José Augusto, Fernando Chalana, both Portugal international footballers were born in Barreiro. Bruno Martins Indi, footballer of Stoke City and the Netherlands national team was born in Barreiro to Bissau-Guinean parents. Leonor Andrade – represented at the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 Augusto Cabrita – photographer and film director Barreiro is twinned with: — Łódź in Poland — Stara Zagora in Bulgaria Town Hall official website Facebook Page Android App: VisitBarreiro
Alcochete is a municipality in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 17,569, in an area of 128.36 km². The municipality is located in Setúbal District; the present mayor is Luís Franco, elected by the Democratic Unity Coalition. The municipal holiday is June 24; the largest outlet mall in the Iberian Peninsula, Freeport Designer Outlet, is just outside town. Alcochete is known for its bullfighting tradition and its proximity to the longest bridge in Europe, the Vasco da Gama Bridge; the actual site of present-day Alcochete was occupied during Roman times with a clay production facility. Its name is thought to derive from the Arabic word for oven for reasons not yet understood, it became a vacation site preferred by the Portuguese royalty and the future king D. Manuel I was born in the village, it has experienced major development due to the construction of the Vasco da Gama Bridge. On January 10, 2008, Portuguese prime minister José Sócrates announced that Alcochete had been selected as the site of the new airport serving Lisbon, Portugal's capital.
The existing Portela Airport, located within the city of Lisbon itself, has become too small to handle demand. This preliminary decision will be finalised after public consultation; the location of Alcochete as the construction site of the future Lisbon Airport was confirmed by the Portuguese Government on May 8, 2008. Sporting Clube de Portugal has a football training facility, which accommodated Portugal during the Euro 2004 competition. Famous for its football youth academy system which features a range of well-equipped facilities and is one of the most renowned in the world, Sporting has continuously developed many world class footballers, such as Ballon d'Or recipients Cristiano Ronaldo and Luís Figo; the current squad for the 2015-2016 season has 11 players graduated from their youth ranks, including Rui Patrício, William Carvalho, João Mário, Adrien Silva, André Martins, Rúben Semedo, Carlos Mané, Ricardo Esgaio, Tobias Figueiredo, Gelson Martins and Matheus Pereira. Administratively, the municipality is divided into 3 civil parishes: Alcochete Samouco São Francisco Town Hall official website Photos from ALCOCHETE