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Liseberg is an amusement park located in Gothenburg, that opened in 1923. It is one of the most visited amusement parks in Scandinavia, attracting about three million visitors annually. Among the noteworthy attractions is the wooden roller coaster Balder, twice voted as the Best Wooden Tracked Roller Coaster in the world in a major international poll; the park itself has been chosen as one of the top ten amusement parks in the world by Forbes magazine. Additional to the summer season, the park is open during November and December, albeit with fewer rides operating, hosting a Halloween season with various house of horrors and a Christmas market with traditional Swedish cuisine such as mulled wine and specialties such as döner kebab made from reindeer meat; the official colors of Liseberg are pink and green as can be seen on the entrance and the older houses in the park, the colors were adopted for the logo, introduced in the 1980s, but changed in 2013 to the current logo. In 1752, the landowner Johan Anders Lamberg named his property Lisas berg after his wife Elisabeth Söderberg.

The area became known as Liseberg. In 1908, Gothenburg City bought the property, including the on-site buildings, for 225,000 Swedish kronor. In 1923, Gothenburg celebrated its 300-year anniversary with the Gothenburg Exhibition, which included a Leisure Park and the Congress Park; the fun park was intended as a temporary attraction for the Exhibition, but it became such a success with over 800,000 visitors in just over a month, that it was kept open. With an area of 1,500,000 m² the park had cost 2.6 million kronors to build. On 24 November 1924, the Gothenburg City Council decided to purchase the Liseberg amusement park for 1 million kronors. In 1925, the amusement park was taken over by the municipal company Liseberg AB; the park's first director and one of its initiators was the legendary "carpenter from Skåne" Herman Lindholm, who managed it 1923–42. On 13 August 1935, the functional-inspired Liseberg Bath was inaugurated, created by engineer KI Schön Anderson; the pool sported underwater Lights and artificial waves.

The Pool was able to receive 800 people at a time, entrance fee with a cabin was 50 cents. The Swedish Olympic hopeful champion from 1920, Arvid Wallman, inaugurated the facilities; the pool was closed in 1956 and the building was demolished in 1962 for the forthcoming 40th anniversary in 1963. Rotundan was one of the largest dancehalls when it opened on 10 January 1940, its architect was Axel Jonson, the construction lasted for one year at a cost of 500,000 SEK. The dance floor held 1,200 persons and on the second floor a bar with the name Uggleklubben was opened. In 1956, the facility was renovated and its name changed to the Rondo; the architect Gunnar Aspe was behind the work. In 1947, Liseberg AB opened hotel facilities. Right from the start one of the objectives of Liseberg was that it would be an opportunity for Gothenburg dwellers to experience recreation and the scenery, in 1959 it opened the Princess Birgitta, a flower exhibition. During the opening ceremony, 15,000 roses were strewn over the park by helicopter.

In 1977, Honor Place was founded, a collection of many of the world's largest celebrity hand impressions. At the time, there were 50 imprints. In 1991, the Liseberg Guest AB was formed to oversee the running of Gothenburg campsites and harbor. In the 1990s the park was expanded by 35 000 square meters and a host of new attractions was inaugurated. In 2015 Lisebergs different companies consolidated into one: Liseberg AB. In addition to the park's more than 30 different rides, Liseberg has many venues; the park has two entrances / exits. Much of the park is forested. In 1983, the green-pink bunny, Liseberg Rabbit, became the park's mascot. In 1998, That year's Sveriges Television's Christmas calendar När karusellerna sover was filmed there; the park is noted for its Lisebergs Lustgarten, landscaped and has many waterfalls, artworks and a variety of plants. Liseberg Main Stage was built in 1923 and was designed as a big music pavilion for the Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra and other large-scale concerts.

Bands such as Abba and the Rolling Stones have performed here. Right next to the Stora Scenen is the smaller Kvarnteatern which plays host to various smaller events, in particular children's theater. Polka is the dance hall, built in 1925 but has since been moved to its current location; the Taube Scene is named after Evert Taube. Adjacent to Liseberg Park are more venues: Lisebergshallen is an entertainment and sports arena, home to the local floorball team and team handball team. Rondo is the name of a show venue and Liseberg Theater is a local theater. Multifarious Swedish performers have performed at Liseberg since its opening. Among them, Zarah Leander, Maurice Chevalier, Marlene Dietrich, Evert Taube, ABBA, Lasse Dahlq

Inverurie Loco Works F.C.

Inverurie Loco Works Football Club are a part-time senior professional football club from Inverurie, Scotland, who play in the Scottish Highland Football League. The club was founded in 1903 by workmen from the Great North of Scotland Railway who had their Locomotive, Carriage and Wagon Workshops in Inverurie, hence from where the football club got its name. On National Railway Company'Grouping' in 1923, the GNSR became part of the London & North Eastern Railway, one of the UK's big four railway companies at that time, the football club lived on; the Locomotive Workshops themselves were formally closed in 1970 on the forming of British Rail Engineering Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the British Railways Board at that time. Despite the closure, Inverurie Loco Works F. C. continued to play. Having competed in the Aberdeenshire and North East Junior Leagues for many years, they became a senior club in 2001 when their application to join the SHFL was successful. Starting with the 2013–14 season, the Highland League, is a feeder league to the Scottish Professional Football League established at the same point.

Rising up from successful years in junior football, in 2001 the Locos applied for membership of the Highland League and were successful. In the 2003–04 season, the Locos came second in the league, they went a further two seasons in a row in second place. In 2005, they first got their hands on silverware by winning the Scottish Qualifying Cup repeated the feat the next year, they won the Aberdeenshire Shield after being runners up three times before winning the trophy. They won the Fosters Cup twice in two years, in 2007–08 and 2008–09, they won the SFA North Region Challenge Cup in 2008–09. In the 2008–09 Scottish Cup, the club were paired with Scottish Premier League side Motherwell at home, they reached the fourth round of the competition that season. After four postponements, the match was played at the fifth time of asking. Despite a capacity crowd watching, the Highland League outfit could not prevent a 3–0 loss to their top-flight opponents. Harlaw Park is the Inverurie Loco Works ground. Manager: Andy Low Assistant Manager: Steven Park Head of Youth Development: Gary Jamieson Chairman: Mike Macaulay Vice Chairman Graeme Hay Treasurer: James Porter Club Secretary: Billy Thomson Highland League Cup: Winners: 2007–08, 2008–09Aberdeenshire Shield: Winners: 2003–04, 2013–14, 2016–17Scottish Qualifying Cup: Winners: 2004–05, 2005–06SFA North Region Challenge Cup: Winners: 2008–09Aberdeenshire League: Winners: 2018–19 North East Junior League champions: 1992–93, 1995–96, 1997–98 Aberdeen & District League champions: 1924–25, 1925–26, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1936–37, 1942–43, 1945–46, 1954–55, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62 North East Regional Cup winners: 1995–96, 2000–01 Aberdeen & District League Cup winners: 1927–28, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1931–32, 1945–46 North East League Cup: 1986–87, 1988–89, 1991–92 McLeman Cup winners: 1928–29, 1951–52, 1968–69 Archibald Cup winners: 1928–29, 1932–33, 1937–38, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1954–55, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1968–69, 1980–81, 1999–2000 North Drybrough Cup winners: 1968–69 Duthie Cup: 1928–29, 1932–33, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1939–40, 1960–61 Aberdeen County Trophy: 1912–13, 1913–14, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1939–40, 1942–43, 1944–45, 1954–55, 1960–61, 1961–62 Jimmy Gibb Memorial Trophy: 1995–96, 1997–98 As of 16 December 2017Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Official website

Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse

Louis I of Hesse, called "the Peaceful" was Landgrave of Lower Hesse from 1413-1458. He was born at Spangenberg, the son of Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse and Margaret, the daughter of Frederick V of Nuremberg, he married Anna daughter of Frederick I, Elector of Saxony on 13 September 1436. Their children were: Louis II Henry III Hermann IV, Archbishop of Cologne Elisabeth, married John III, Count of Nassau-Weilburg Friedrich After 1425 a conflict with the Electorate of Mainz over claims to power in Hesse broke out into open conflict and Archbishop Conrad III of Mainz suffered a decisive defeat at Fulda in 1427. Ludwig I. v. Hessen Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Band 52, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1906, p. 115


Pichangatti is a broad-bladed knife of the Kodavas of Karnataka, India. The characteristic of the pichangatti is its silver hilt with bulbous-shaped pommel in the shape of a parrot's head; the pichangatti features in the traditional male dress of the Kodavas. Pichangatti is derived from a Tamil word for "hand knife". Pichangatti was invented by the Kodavas; the Kodava people are indigenous to the southwestern region of India, which corresponds with the modern state of Karnataka. During the colonial period, the British named the region "Coorgi", a corruption of the Kannada word "kodaga" or "kodagu" meaning "hilly, steep"; the word refers to the geographical condition of the region. The Kodavas were known as tough warriors, establishing many wars against the neighboring nations to protect the sovereignty of their land; when the British Empire intervened the region in 1834, a war broke up between the Kodavas and the British. In 1884, a riot broke out near Malappuram; as a result of this incident, the British punished the Kodavas by seizing their weapons, including the pichangatti.

It was recorded that "17,295 weapons of which 7,503 were guns" were confiscated by the British colonial administration. Most of these seized weapons were dumped into the sea, while the high-quality examples can still be seen in what is now the Madras Museum. Pichangatti has a heavy blade of about 7 inches to 12 inches long; the blade is single-edged. Pichangatti is decorated on the hilt and on the scabbard; these parts of the pichangatti are heavily-decorated in precious metal carvings e.g. brass, gold, or a combination of these. One of the distinctive features of the pichangatti is the carving of a parrot-head carved on the bulging base of the hilt. An uncut ruby is placed for the parrot's eyes; the hilt is inlaid with silver, but they can be made out of light-colored ivory. A brass or silver chain is attached to the scabbard; the scabbard of the pichangatti is made of wood decorated with rich carvings of brass. A silver or brass chain is attached to the scabbard. Attached to the chain are up to five implements used for cleaning and maintenance e.g. a toothpick, ear-pick, a piercer, a nail cleaner.

The multi-function of the pichangatti and its small articles made them similar with modern day's pocket knife. Pichangatti is worn by the Kodavas in front of their waist, they are slipped into the waist-belt together with the ayudha katti. Ayudha katti

Yitzhak Salkinsohn

Isaac Edward Salkinsohn, was a Lithuanian Jew who converted to Christianity, lived during the Jewish Enlightenment. He was a famous translator into Hebrew, he was noted for his loyalty to the original text, while preserving the spirit of the Hebrew language, which he characterized as a biblical and liturgical language. Salkinsohn was born as a Jew in the town of Shkloŭ, in Belarus, in 1820, his father was a scholar, well known throughout the area though he was not a rabbi. When Salkinsohn was still a small child, his mother died and his father remarried. Salkinsohn, the youngest of his mother’s children, suffered under his new stepmother, but was close with his father. At the age of 17, he decided to run away to Mahilyow. After news of an impending army conscription he moved to a nearby village, in the house of the barkeeper. In the village he helped him deal with religious issues. While there, an interest in secular studies and general enlightenment was kindled in Salkinsohn. Meanwhile, the barkeeper planned to marry his granddaughter to Salkinsohn.

When Salkinsohn learned of this, he revealed it to the hazzan, who helped him sneak away and get to Vilnius called Vilna. In Vilna Salkinsohn met the Eliashevitz family, with the father’s influence studied Hebrew grammar and German, became a great scholar. While studying in Vilna, he caught the eye of the Eliashevitz daughter, translated his first translation. In this translation, the first act of Schiller’s Kabale und Liebe, his talent was apparent. However, as the Eliashevitz daughter did not return his courtship, he left her house and began wandering, he was planning to arrive in Germany and resume his studies, but for unclear reasons changed his course and decided to go to London. In London Salkinsohn met Christian missionaries and converted in 1849, he was appointed a Presbyterian pastor in 1856 and began working as a missionary in 1864. In 1876 he was preached in the Anglican church there, he began working in earnest on his translations, frequented the salons popular at the time. There he met Peretz Smolenskin, the well known intellectual and editor of the Hebrew periodical ‘’The Dawn’’.

Smolenskin, after he realized Salkinsohn’s considerable talent for translation, encouraged him to translate the world’s great literature into Hebrew. Salkinsohn represented two opposite sides for educated Jewry of the period. On one hand, he was making the great Western novels accessible to most Jews, was a beautiful translator, but on the other hand, he had converted and was encouraging them to do the same, he had his share of enemies: not only did people warn against him and released slander against him, but there were many who egged others on against his friend, Peretz Smolenskin. For many Jews of the period though they enjoyed his translations, it was hard to praise a Jew who had converted to Christianity, one who translated not only literary works, but undoubtedly Christian works. Six years after he reached Vienna, on June 5, 1883, Isaac Salkinsohn died, aged 63, his most famous translations: 1871 - John Milton's Paradise Lost as Vaygaresh et ha-adam. The New Testament, published posthumously in 1886, although his translation is now difficult to find, as the one by Franz Delitzsch is more prevalent.

Two works by William Shakespeare: 1874 - Othello as Ithi'el ha-Kushi, in 1878 - Romeo and Juliet as Ram ve-Ya'el. This article uses translated material from the equivalent Hebrew-language Wikipedia article. Both articles are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. Encyclopaedia Judaica, 1972, Keter Publishing House, Israel. Salkinsohn, Isaac Edward in the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia

Kwanza Hall

Kwanza Hall is an American politician who served as a city councilman representing District 2 in Atlanta, GA. Hall was first elected to the Atlanta City Council in 2005 and re-elected without opposition in 2009, he opted to not run for re- election in 2017, instead chose to run for Mayor of Atlanta. He represented the neighborhoods of Atlantic Station, Castleberry Hill, Home Park, Inman Park, the Marietta Artery, Sweet Auburn and the Martin Luther King Historic District, Poncey-Highland, the Old Fourth Ward. For 2010, he serves as the vice-chair of the City Utilities Committee, he serves on the Community Development/Human Resources Committee and the Committee on Council. Kwanza Hall graduated from Benjamin E. Mays High School in Atlanta, he attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Before holding elected office, Hall worked in the Fulton County government, he served as vice president of technology for GoodWorks International, a human rights and public service consulting firm co-chaired by Andrew Young.

He moved on to become the director of business development for MACTEC Engineering and Consulting, Inc. a position he holds. In 2002, Hall was elected to the Atlanta Board of Education, where he served for three years prior to his election to the Atlanta City Council. During his time on the Atlanta Board of Education, Hall worked toward closing the achievement gap and contributed to reforms that improved the performance of Atlanta Public Schools on statewide tests. Hall represented District 2 on the Atlanta City Council, a post he was elected to in 2005, he was re-elected in 2009 and again in 2013. Among the most notable of the initiatives he has been involved in during his tenure is the Atlanta Beltline project. Hall has focused on community improvement including land use, historical preservation, sustainable development of in-town neighborhoods. Hall serves on the boards of a number of organizations, including the Atlanta Downtown Improvement District, the Midtown Improvement District, Operation HOPE, the Big Kidz Foundation, the Ferst Foundation for Childhood Literacy, Creating Pride, Midtown Bank.

Hall has been recognized by L. E. A. D Atlanta, the Regional Leadership Institute, Leadership Georgia, the German Marshall Memorial Fellowship Program. Hall filed to run in the 2017 Atlanta mayoral election in January 2017, he lost in the primary. According to the Hall campaign website, his campaign is focused on public safety and affordable housing. Hall lives in the Martin Luther King Historic District with his wife, Natalie, a Fulton County Commissioner, two sons. Kwanza Hall for Atlanta City Council Kwanza Hall "Interview with Kwanza Hall", East Atlanta Patch/Midtown Patch, February 4, 2011 City of Atlanta Online Atlanta City Council^ ^