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Little Golden Books

Little Golden Books is a popular series of children's books, founded in 1942. The eighth book in the series, The Poky Little Puppy, is the top-selling children's book of all time. Many of the Little Golden Books have become bestsellers, including The Poky Little Puppy, Scuffy the Tugboat, The Little Red Hen. Several of the illustrators for the Little Golden Books became influential within the children's book industry, including Corinne Malvern, Tibor Gergely, Gustaf Tenggren, Feodor Rojankovsky, Richard Scarry, Eloise Wilkin, Garth Williams. Many books in the Little Golden Books series deal with nature, Bible stories, nursery rhymes, fairy tales. Christmas titles are published every year; some Little Golden Books and related products have featured children's characters from other media, such as Sesame Street, The Muppets, Looney Tunes, Power Rangers, others. Television and movie tie-ins have been popular. Over the years Hopalong Cassidy, Lassie, Rin Tin Tin, Captain Kangaroo, Mister Rogers, Donny and Marie Osmond have appeared in Little Golden Books.

That many old titles remain in print shows the strong nostalgia appeal of the series. The series started with Schuster. Ownership and control of the series have changed several times since. Despite the changes of detail that occurred over the years, the Little Golden Books maintains a distinctive appearance. A copy of The Poky Little Puppy bought today is the same as one printed in 1942. Both are recognizable as Little Golden Books. At the time of the series' golden anniversary in 1992, Golden Books claimed that a billion and a half Little Golden Books had been sold. Although the Little Golden Books have remained the backbone of the product line, the enterprise that produced the Little Golden Books has created a variety of children's books in various forms of media, including records, tapes and toys and games; some titles have appeared in several different formats. Georges Duplaix, who in 1940 was head of Artists and Writers Guild Inc. first came up with this idea when he created new books for children.

Meanwhile, a shared printing plant led Simon & Schuster to develop a close relationship. In 1938, Western and Simon & Schuster released A Children's History. Duplaix had the idea to produce a colorful, more durable and affordable children's book than those being published at that time which sold for $2 to $3. With the help of his fellow Guild colleague Lucile Olge, Duplaix contacted Albert Leventhal and Leon Shimkin with his idea; the group decided to publish twelve titles for simultaneous release in what was to be called the Little Golden Books Series. Each book would have 42 pages, 28 printed in two-color, 14 in four-color; the books would be staple-bound. The group first discussed a 50-cent price for the books, but Western did not want to compete with other 50-cent books on the market; the group calculated that if the print run for each title was 50,000 copies instead of 25,000, the books could affordably sell for 25 cents each. Mary Reed, Ph. D. a professor at the Teachers College, Columbia University, served as initial editor of the series.

The first 12 titles were printed in September 1942 and released to stores in October: Three Little Kittens, by Marie Simchow Stern Bedtime Stories, illus. Gustaf Tenggren Mother Goose, by Phyllis Fraser, illus. Gertrude E. Espenscheid Prayers for Children, by Rachel Taft Dixon The Little Red Hen, illus. Rudolf Freund Nursery Songs, by Leah Gale, illus. Corinne Malvern The Alphabet from A to Z, by Leah Gale, illus. Vivienne Blake and Richard Peck The Poky Little Puppy, by Janette Sebring Lowrey, illus. Gustaf Tenggren The Golden Book of Fairy Tales, by Winfield Scott Hoskins Baby's Book of Objects The Animals of Farmer Jones, by Leah Gale, illus. Richard Scarry This Little Piggy and Other Counting Rhymes, by Phyllis Cerf Wagner, illus. Roberta Harris Pfafflin PettyThree editions totaling 1.5 million books sold out within five months of publication in 1942. Simon & Schuster editor Dorothy A. Bennett worked with Duplaix on the Little Golden Books. Bennett became the editor of the franchise, producing books by such authors and illustrators as Margaret Wise Brown, Clement Hurd, Edith Thacher Hurd, Garth Williams.

Bennett authored several Golden Books, introduced some of the first recorded books for children with Little Golden Records in 1948. The series underwent an expansion. A strong supporter of realistic children's literature, Mitchell created the Bank Street Writer's Laboratory. Works coming from this institution became the new basis for the Little Golden Book series, with characters and situations inspired by the locale of the Bank School; as historian Leonard S. Marcus writes: In 1958, Simon & Schuster sold its interest in Little Golden Books to Western Publishing; the price of Little Golden Books rose to 29¢ in 1962. Western introduced a line of Big Little Golden Books for older children aged five and up; some titles from this series range from brand new stories to reprints. In the 1980s, Golden Books introduced Golden Melody Books. Titles from this series included a long-lasting

Shawne Merriman

Shawne DeAndre Merriman, nicknamed "Lights Out", is a former American football linebacker. He played college football at Maryland and was drafted 12th overall by the San Diego Chargers in the 2005 NFL Draft, he earned NFL Defensive Rookie of the Year honors in his first season and recorded ​39 1⁄2 quarterback sacks in his first three seasons making three Pro Bowls as well as two All-Pro selections. He was hampered by injuries his next three seasons, the Chargers waived Merriman midseason in 2010, he was acquired through waivers by the Buffalo Bills that season, but he only played minimally with the Bills due to continued injuries. He was released by the Bills before the 2012 season. Merriman grew up in Maryland, he earned his nickname "Lights Out" at Frederick Douglass High School, where he rendered four opposing players unconscious in one game, three in the first half and one in the second half. Merriman started three years on both basketball teams. On the hardwood, Merriman was named one of the top five basketball defenders in the D.

C. area by The Washington Post. For his football performance during his senior year, he was selected to the first team all-state and named Maryland Defensive Player of the Year by the Associated Press, he played some tight end in high school. Despite being recruited, Merriman stayed in-state for college and attended the University of Maryland, where he played for the Maryland Terrapins football team. During his freshman campaign in 2002, Merriman appeared in 13 games and finished third on the team with 5 sacks, he never missed a game. He broke onto the national scene his junior year, in which he was named to the ACC All-Conference team and earned the Iron Terp award for the "strongest pound for pound player" on the Maryland football roster, his 41.5" vertical jump in 2003 was the best by a Maryland defensive lineman to that point. Merriman was drafted in the 1st round in the 2005 NFL Draft out of the University of Maryland by the San Diego Chargers, he was selected using a pick acquired from the New York Giants as part of the Rivers-Manning trade during the 2004 NFL Draft.

The Giants traded Philip Rivers, their 1st round selection for the following year for the rights to sign Eli Manning, selected by the San Diego Chargers with the 1st overall pick that year. Manning had made it clear he was not interested in playing for the Chargers, in a similar fashion to John Elway in 1983 when selected by the Baltimore Colts; the Giants draft pick ended up being the 12th overall pick in the 2005 NFL Draft. The Chargers used that selection to take Merriman. On August 1, after a long holdout period, Merriman signed a 5-year, $11.5 million contract that included $9 million in guarantees and $4 million in incentives. Merriman started off his 2005 rookie year on the inactive list and completed a 10-day hold out from training camp, he recorded 6 sacks in his first 4 starts. He was voted into the Pro Bowl as an OLB after playing the position for the San Diego Chargers in their 3–4 defensive scheme, the same position he played at the University of Maryland. Merriman's best game of the year came in week 15 when the Chargers handed the Indianapolis Colts their first loss of the season.

Merriman recorded 2 sacks and 2 tackles for a loss, one of which stopped Peyton Manning for a 6-yard loss on 4th and goal. It was during this game that Shawne Merriman garnered much national media coverage and in the following week made the Pro Bowl; the Chargers would go 9–7 in 2005, taking down both the defending Super Bowl champion New England Patriots and the 14–0 Indianapolis Colts On January 4, 2006, Merriman was awarded with The Associated Press Defensive Rookie of the Year award. He received 28 1⁄2 votes of a panel of 50 NFL broadcasters, he beat Seattle Seahawks linebacker Lofa Tatupu, who received 16​1⁄2 votes, Cincinnati linebacker Odell Thurman, with 4, Dallas linebacker DeMarcus Ware, with one. On February 12, 2006, Merriman participated in the 2006 NFL Pro Bowl in Hawaii. Although in a losing effort, Merriman made 3 forced one fumble. "I enjoyed myself the whole entire week", said Merriman. "I topped it off today by playing the entire game with all the guys. It's going to be my first of many if I just keep working hard."

On October 22, 2006, reports were made public by CNN that Merriman would face a 4-game suspension for violating the NFL's steroid policy. ESPN's Chris Mortensen cited a source that claimed the suspension was "definitely for steroid use and not a'supplement-type' suspension." Mortenson's report came under scrutiny from Merriman's attorney, David Cornwell, who called the report "irresponsible and erroneous." Under NFL league policy, no player's suspension proceedings are to be announced before the suspension takes place. Subsequently, Cornwell stated that he believed the substance his client tested positive for was the anabolic steroid nandrolone, that Merriman claimed it must have been in a tainted nutritional supplement he took regularly. Merriman never identified the supplement; the incident led to the passage of a rule that forbids a player who tests positive for steroids from being selected to the Pro Bowl or winning any performance awards in the year in which they tested positive. The rule is referred as the "Merriman Rule".

However, NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell has tried to distance the policy from being associated with the player, stating that Merriman tested clean on 19 of 20 random tests for performance-enhancing drugs since entering the league

Jimmy Whitehouse

James Lewington Whitehouse known as Ripper Whitehouse, was an English professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper. He played in The Football League for Grimsby Town, Aston Villa, Manchester United and Manchester City, making more than 200 appearances. Born in Birmingham, Whitehouse began his career with Football Alliance side Birmingham St George's, but when the club was dissolved due to financial difficulties at the end of the 1891–92 season, he joined Grimsby Town, who had just become one of the founder members of the Football League Second Division. In four seasons on the east coast, he became a regular in the first team, making more than 100 league appearances before a move to First Division side Aston Villa in July 1896 for a fee of £200. Whitehouse began his first season with Aston Villa playing back-up to Tom Wilkes, but soon took over the number 1 jersey and ended up playing in 17 of the first 19 matches of the league season. Wilkes regained his place in the team following a 4–2 defeat away to Sunderland on 9 January 1897 for a 10-game run that included the first five matches of the FA Cup campaign.

However, Whitehouse returned to the team for the last four games of the league season, as well as the FA Cup semi-final and final. Aston Villa were confirmed as the winners of both the league and cup, the first team to win the Double since Preston North End went undefeated throughout the 1888–89 season. Whitehouse played in the first three matches of the following season, but a prolonged absence meant he missed the next two-and-a-half months, losing his place in the side first to Wilkes and to Billy George, he returned at the start of December 1897 and played through to the end of the season, but he was unable to prevent Villa from finishing in sixth place in the league, nor from exiting the FA Cup in the first round, following a 1–0 away defeat to Derby County. At the end of the season, he left Aston Villa for Southern League First Division side Bedminster, where he played for a season before returning to Grimsby Town, he played in 27 of the club's 34 league matches in the 1899–1900 season, before joining fellow Second Division side Newton Heath in September 1900.

He remained with the Heathens for three seasons, through their change of name to Manchester United in 1902. During his time there, he made 59 league appearances, including one as an emergency inside left in a 1–1 draw against Walsall on 25 February 1901. Having lost his place in the side to Herbert Birchenough for much of the first half of the 1902–03 season, Whitehouse left for Manchester City in February 1903. However, his time there lasted only seven months, he moved to Scotland to join Third Lanark in September 1903, he returned to England with Hull City a year before moving to Southend United in 1905, where he saw out the remaining two seasons of his career. He died in Hallam Hospital on 7 January 1934. Bibliography Dykes, Garth; the United Alphabet: A Complete Who's Who of Manchester United F. C. Leicester: ACL & Polar Publishing. ISBN 0-9514862-6-8. Joyce, Michael. Football League Players' Records 1888 to 1939. Nottingham: Tony Brown. ISBN 1899468676. McCartney, Iain; the Official Manchester United Players' A-Z.

London: Simon & Schuster UK. pp. 455–6. ISBN 978-1-47112-846-2. Shury, Alan; the Definitive Newton Heath F. C. SoccerData. ISBN 1899468161. Footnotes Profile at StretfordEnd.co.uk