Little Orphan Annie is a daily American comic strip created by Harold Gray and syndicated by the Tribune Media Services. The strip took its name from the 1885 poem "Little Orphant Annie" by James Whitcomb Riley, made its debut on August 5, 1924, in the New York Daily News; the plot follows the wide-ranging adventures of Annie, her dog Sandy and her benefactor Oliver "Daddy" Warbucks. Secondary characters include the Asp and Mr. Am; the strip attracted adult readers with political commentary that targeted organized labor, the New Deal and communism. Following Gray's death in 1968, several artists drew the strip and, for a time, "classic" strips were reruns. Little Orphan Annie inspired a radio show in 1930, film adaptations by RKO in 1932 and Paramount in 1938 and a Broadway musical Annie in 1977; the strip's popularity declined over the years. The characters now appear as supporting ones in Dick Tracy. Little Orphan Annie displays literary kinship with the picaresque novel in its endless string of episodic and unrelated adventures in the life of a character who wanders like an innocent vagabond through a corrupt world.
In Annie's first year, the picaresque pattern that characterizes her story is set, with the major players – Annie, Sandy and "Daddy" Warbucks – introduced within the strip's first several weeks. The story opens in a dreary and Dickensian orphanage where Annie is abused by the cold and sarcastic matron Miss Asthma, replaced by the mean Miss Treat. One day, the wealthy but mean-spirited Mrs. Warbucks takes Annie into her home "on trial", she makes it clear that she does not like Annie and tries to send her back to "the Home", but one of her society friends catches her in the act, to her disgust, she changes her mind. Her husband Oliver, who returned from a business trip develops a paternal affection for Annie and instructs her to address him as "Daddy"; the Warbucks had a dog named One-Lung, who liked Annie. Their household staff takes to Annie and they like her. However, the staff despises the daughter of a nouveau riche plumber's assistant. Cold-hearted Mrs. Warbucks sends Annie back to "the Home" numerous times, the staff hates her for that.
"Daddy" keeps thinking of her as his daughter. Mrs. Warbucks argues with Oliver over how much he "mortifies her when company comes" and his affection for Annie. A status-conscious woman, she feels that Oliver and Annie are ruining her socially. However, Oliver is able to put her in her place when she criticizes Annie; the strip developed a series of formulas that ran over its course to facilitate a wide range of stories. The earlier strips relied on a formula by which Daddy Warbucks is called away on business and through a variety of contrivances, Annie is cast out of the Warbucks mansion by her enemy, the nasty Mrs. Warbucks. Annie wanders the countryside and has adventures meeting and helping new people in their daily struggles. Early stories dealt with political corruption, criminal gangs and corrupt institutions, which Annie would confront. Annie would encounter troubles with the villain, who would be vanquished by the returning Daddy Warbucks. Annie and Daddy would be reunited, at which point, after several weeks, the formula would play out again.
In the series, each strip represented a single day in the life of the characters. This device was dropped by the end of the'20s. By the 1930s, during the Great Depression, the formula was tweaked: Daddy Warbucks lost his fortune due to a corrupt rival and died from despair at the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Annie remained an orphan, for several years had adventures that involved more internationally based enemies; the contemporary events taking place in Europe were reflected in the strips during the 1940s and World War II. Daddy Warbucks was reunited with Annie, as his death was changed to coma, from which he woke in 1945. By this time, the series enlarged its world with the addition of characters such as Asp and Punjab and servants to Annie and Daddy Warbucks, they traveled the world, with Annie having adventures with her adopted family. Annie is an eleven-year-old orphan, her distinguishing physical characteristics are a mop of red, curly hair, a red dress and vacant circles for eyes. Her catchphrases are "Gee whiskers" and "Leapin' lizards!"
Annie attributes her lasting youthfulness to her birthday being on February 29 in a leap year, ages only one year in appearance for every four years that pass. Annie is a plucky, generous and optimistic youngster who can hold her own against bullies, has a strong and intuitive sense of right and wrong. Sandy enters the story in a January 1925 strip as a puppy of no particular breed which Annie rescues from a gang of abusive boys; the girl is working as a drudge in Mrs. Bottle's grocery store at the time and manages to keep the puppy concealed, she gives him to Paddy Lynch, a gentle man who owns a "steak joint" and can give Sandy a good home. Sandy is a mature dog when he reappears in a May 1925 strip to rescue Annie from gypsy kidnappers. Annie and Sandy remain together thereafter. Oliver "Daddy" Warbucks first appears in a September 1924 strip and reveals a month he was a small machine shop owner who acquired his enormous wealth producing munitions during World War I, he is a large, powerfully-built bald man, the idealized capitalist, who wears a tuxedo and diamond stickpin in
Cool Springs is a historic home located near Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina. It was built about 1832, is a two-story Greek Revival style house on a raise brick basement; the original house was remodeled in the 1850s. It features verandahs, supported by 64 Doric order columns. A two-story kitchen addition was attached to the house about 1935. On the property are the contributing two horse stables, a concrete piscatory, an old stone spring, a brick basin, a dam, granite gate posts, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989. Historic American Buildings Survey No. SC-342, "Coolspring, U. S. Routes 521 & 601, Kershaw County, SC", 3 photos, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page
Sprucedale Secondary School is part of the Sprucedale Youth Centre. This youth center is a secure custody prison for young people aged 13 to 18 years old. Young persons older than 18 are moved to adult prisons. Sprucedale has the highest level of security for a correctional facility, young people convicted of serious offences under the Youth Criminal Justice Act, up to and including murder are found within the prison; until the 1990s, the school was not part of the Grand Erie District School Board, or any public school board. The province of Ontario which runs the facility ran the high school as an independent unit within the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services; the teachers that worked in the prison became employees of the Grand Erie District School Board upon this shift. The school is designed to provide Ontario Academic Credits and allow young persons in custody to complete their high school or upgrade functional literacy and work related skills. There are extracurricular activities.
The teachers are not expected to be involved in correctional activities, rather they are dedicated to providing education like in any other high school environment and are unaware of the prisoner's case history or criminal background. In 2002 when the prison staff went on strike, the school closed dispersing GEDSB teachers to other schools in the board for the length of the labour unrest. List of high schools in Ontario Sprucedale Secondary School Sprucedale Youth Centre