Little Rann of Kutch

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Map of Gujarat showing the Little Rann of Kutch and Great Rann of Kutch
Asiatic Wild ass.jpg

Little desert of Kutch[1][2] is a salt marsh which is part of Rann of Kutch in Kutch district, Gujarat, India.

Little Rann of Kutch West Part 1896
Little Rann of Kutch East Part 1896

Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary[edit]

Indian wild ass herd in Little Rann of Kutch
Flock of Lesser Flamingo in Little Rann of Kutch

It is famous as the world's last refuge of the Indian wild ass (khur) for the conservation of which it has been declared as the Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary. Though a bleak landscape it is rich in biodiversity and is an ecologically important area for wildlife and many local and migratory waterbirds like cranes, ducks, pelicans, flamingos and land birds like sandgrouse, francolins and the Indian bustards.It is also home to various unique mammals apart from wild ass such as the Indian wolf (Canis lupus pallipes), desert fox (Vulpes vulpes pusilla) and nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus).

Biosphere reserve - world heritage site[edit]

It is nominated by the forest department to be a biosphere reserve which are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems internationally recognized within the framework of UNESCO's Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme. it will focus on conserving biological diversity, research, monitoring and providing sustainable development models, the proposal has been sent to and listed at UNESCO.[3][4][5]

Economy[edit]

Salt well in Kutch in 1891

Salt panning[edit]

Salt pane worker

There is traditional commercial salt panning[6] activity in the region which the state of Gujarat's Forest Department wants to discourage as it is considered a threat to ecology of the region, wildlife and to the endangered Indian wild ass.

Shrimp farming[edit]

The area is also being used to farm shrimp which is more profitable then salt panning, again this activity is discouraged by the forest department.

Damming Rann of Kutch[edit]

Gujarat government is studying to dam the 1.26 km stretch of Hadakiya Creek of Rann of Kutch area so that impounded monsoon water is used for recreational and fisheries purposes.[7]

Wildlife sanctuaries and reserves of Kutch[edit]

From the city of Bhuj various ecologically rich and wildlife conservation areas of the Kutch / Kachchh district can be visited such as Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary, Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary, Kutch Bustard Sanctuary, Banni Grasslands Reserve and Chari-Dhand Wetland Conservation Reserve etc.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Needed in the Little Rann of Kutch, a marketing strategy worth its salt to help the Agariyas (2 page article online); by Adam Halliday; Jul 15, 2009; Indian Express Newspaper
  2. ^ RTI revelation: govt has no data on Little Rann of Kutch (2 page article online); by Kamran Sulaimani; Feb 03, 2009; Indian Express Newspaper
  3. ^ Nomination entry - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  4. ^ Kutch gets biosphere reserve status - The Greater and Little Rann of Kutch have finally got the much-awaited status of biosphere reserve.
  5. ^ Kutch’s wild ass habitat may soon get heritage label (2 Page article online); by DP Bhattacharya; Jul 26, 2007; Indian Express Newspaper
  6. ^ The salt-panners of the little Rann; kuensel online; Nov 16, 2009; asiaone news; Singapore Press Holdings
  7. ^ "Eye on 2019 polls? Tycoon discusses with Modi, Amit Shah Asia's biggest Rann Sarovar sweet water lake in Gujarat". Retrieved 9 June 2018. 
  • "Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.  This text was originally published in the book Terrestrial ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: a conservation assessment from Island Press. Also see: World Wildlife Fund, eds. (2001). "Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh". WildWorld Ecoregion Profile. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 2010-03-08. 

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 23°18′00″N 71°12′00″E / 23.3000°N 71.2000°E / 23.3000; 71.2000