click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Little Red Riding Hood

"Little Red Riding Hood" is a European fairy tale about a young girl and a Big Bad Wolf. Its origins can be traced back to the 10th century to several European folk tales, including one from Italy called The False Grandmother written among others by Italo Calvino in the Italian Folktales collection; the story has been changed in various retellings and subjected to numerous modern adaptations and readings. Other names for the story are: "Little Red Ridinghood", "Little Red Cap" or "Red Riding Hood", it is number 333 in the Aarne–Thompson classification system for folktales. The story revolves around a girl called Little Red Riding Hood. In Grimms' and Perrault's versions of the tale, she is named after her red hooded cape/cloak that she wears; the girl walks through the woods to deliver food to her sickly grandmother. In Grimms' version, her mother had ordered her to stay on the path. A Big Bad Wolf wants to eat the food in the basket, he secretly stalks her behind trees, bushes and patches of little and tall grass.

He approaches Little Red Riding Hood. He suggests. In the meantime, he goes to the grandmother's house and gains entry by pretending to be the girl, he waits for the girl, disguised as the grandma. When the girl arrives, she notices that her grandmother looks strange. Little Red says, "What a deep voice you have!", "Goodness, what big eyes you have!", "And what big hands you have!", lastly, "What a big mouth you have", at which point the wolf jumps out of the bed and eats her, too. He falls asleep. In Charles Perrault's version of the story, the tale ends here. However, in versions, the story continues as follows: A woodcutter in the French version, but a hunter in the Brothers Grimm and traditional German versions, comes to the rescue with an axe, cuts open the sleeping wolf. Little Red Riding Hood and her grandmother emerge unharmed, they fill the wolf's body with heavy stones. The wolf awakens and attempts to flee. In Grimm's version, the wolf leaves the house and tries to drink out of a well, but the stones in his stomach cause him to fall in and drown.

Sanitized versions of the story have the grandmother locked in the closet instead of being eaten and some have Little Red Riding Hood saved by the lumberjack as the wolf advances on her rather than after she gets eaten, where the woodcutter kills the wolf with his axe. The tale makes the clearest contrast between the safe world of the village and the dangers of the forest, conventional antitheses that are medieval, though no written versions are as old as that, it warns about the dangers of not obeying one's mother. The most iconic scene from the story is included in the fairytale forest in the Dutch theme park'Efteling'; the big bad wolf, dressed as a grandmother, is lying in bed. He has dressed up so. Red Riding Hood, in Dutch'Roodkapje' is a famous figure in the Dutch/Flemish cartoon'Sprookjesboom'. An old Dutch children's song is dedicated to Little Red Riding Hood, called'Little Red Riding Hood where are you going?' The story displays many similarities to stories from classical Rome. Scholar Graham Anderson has compared the story to a local legend recounted by Pausanias in which, each year, a virgin girl was offered to a malevolent spirit dressed in the skin of a wolf, who raped the girl.

One year, the boxer Euthymos came along, slew the spirit, married the girl, offered as a sacrifice. There are a number of different stories recounted by Greek authors involving a woman named Pyrrha and a man with some name meaning "wolf"; the Roman poet Horace alludes to a tale in which a male child is rescued alive from the belly of Lamia, an ogress in classical mythology. The dialogue between the Big Bad Wolf and Little Red Riding Hood has its analogies to the Norse Þrymskviða from the Elder Edda. Instead, the gods sent him; when the giants note Thor's unladylike eyes and drinking, Loki explains them as Freyja's not having slept, eaten, or drunk, out of longing for the wedding. A parallel to another Norse myth, the chase and eventual murder of the sun goddess by the wolf Sköll, has been drawn. A similar story belongs to the North African tradition, namely in Kabylia, where a number of versions are attested; the theme of the little girl who visits her dad in his cabin and is recognized by the sound of her bracelets constitutes the refrain of a well-known song by the modern singer Idir, A Vava Inouva: The theme of the ravening wolf and of the creature released unharmed from its belly is reflected in the Russian tale Peter and the Wolf and another Grimm tale The Wolf and the Seven Young Kids, but its general theme of restoration is at least as old as the biblical story and the Whale.

The theme appears in the story of the life of Saint Margaret, wherein the saint emerges unharmed from the belly of a dragon, in the epic "The Red Path" by Jim C. Hines. A Taiwanese

BBC News at One

The BBC News at One is the afternoon/lunchtime news bulletin from the BBC. Produced by BBC News, the programme is broadcast on BBC One and the BBC News channel every Monday to Sunday at 1:00pm; the programme is presented by Sophie Raworth on Monday to Thursday. Various BBC News presenters including Jane Hill, Ben Brown, Reeta Chakrabarti and Simon McCoy appear on Fridays and in Raworth's absence; the BBC News at One achieved an average reach of 2.7 million viewers per bulletin in 2007, making it the most watched programme on UK daytime television. The One O'Clock News launched on 27 October 1986 together with the daytime television service on BBC1, serving as a replacement to the BBC's News After Noon programme, which had a two-person presentation team of Richard Whitmore and either Moira Stuart or Frances Coverdale. Martyn Lewis, who had joined the BBC from rival ITN, was the original presenter of the new One O'Clock News, in a single-presenter format. Philip Hayton acted as the main relief presenter, took over as main anchor in 1987 when Lewis left to present the Nine O'Clock News.

Lewis and Michael Buerk, the main anchors of the Nine, acted as relief presenters during this period. A unified look across BBC news output was introduced in 13 April 1993 from N2, the programme, while retaining the One O'Clock News title, adopted the Silicone graphics computer look, which distorted the image into Virtual Reality, a real studio did exist with changeable panels behind the newsreaders, dependent upon the bulletins, made up of three one metre, three 1.5 metre, three x three metre panels, these being kept in storage racks in N2. The programme still kept some of its individuality, such as a reworked version of the theme music, again by George Fenton, with the newer version being performed by the BBC Concert Orchestra at Abbey Road studios. John Tusa and Edward Stourton took over as main presenters at this tim. Tusa left the bulletin in 1996, with Stourton taking over as main presenter, Justin Webb becoming deputy presenter a year later. Anna Ford, who would become lead anchor of the programme, would occasionally stand in as presenter.

According to the TV studio history website, N1, was the former World Service studio next door to N2, were both closed around 1998/1999 when the new News Centre opened in Stage 6, understanding - becoming the'property' of BBC Resources, who renamed them N1 to TC10 and N2 to TC11, that Recourses could not afford to refurbish them. Both studios were unused for a couple of years. A new look across all of BBC News television output on 10 May 1999 meant that for the first time all the main bulletins on BBC One had the same look, the only exception being the title of the programme. At this time Anna Ford took over as the main presenter of the bulletin in 1999, staying until her retirement from news reading in April 2006. George Alagiah became deputy presenter at the same time, with Darren Jordon taking over this role in 2003 when Alagiah became main anchor of the Six O'Clock News. Following Ford's retirement, Sophie Raworth became lead anchor. On 22 January 2007 the programme titles were relaunched, along with the rest of the BBC television output, to give an identical series of titles across news programming on all BBC channels.

On 4 February 2008, the programme temporarily moved studios, from N6 to N8, as part of restructuring across BBC News. On 21 April 2008 the programme underwent a graphical refresh and returned to the refurbished N6 as well as changing its name to the BBC News at One. On 5 November 2010, during the National Union of Journalists strike action, former Sky News and GMTV presenter Emma Crosby presented the programme whilst the regular presenters were absent. Further strike dates occurred on 15 July 2011 and 1 August 2011 plus on the 28 March 2013. Gavin Grey presented on these days in addition to BBC News Channel. On 18 March 2013, the programme moved to Broadcasting House, along with the BBC News channel and the other BBC One bulletins, began broadcasting in high-definition; the programme was the first to be broadcast from the new studio. Between January and June 2015, the bulletin was extended to 40 minutes due to the length of the English regional bulletins being reduced to 5 minutes during the general election campaign period.

Scotland and Northern Ireland retained the original 30 minute broadcast length and aired their regular 15 minute bulletins. In addition, Huw Edwards presents in the event of a major news story. Presenters below are occasional or relief presenters. Martyn Lewis Philip Hayton John Tusa Edward Stourton Justin Webb Anna Ford George Alagiah Darren Jordon Louise Minchin Michael Buerk Laurie Mayer John Humphrys Jennie Bond Jill Dando Sian Williams Emily Maitlis Jon Sopel Matthew Amroliwala Within the last few minutes of each programme, a full national weather forecast is presented within the studio; the BBC News at One has been shown on the BBC News channel since April 2006, making up the first half-hour of the BBC News at One. During the headlines and'coming up' section, BBC One viewers see a preview of the stories to come from their region, while BBC News viewers see sports headlines. Between 12:45 and 13:30 BBC News has a service providing in-vision British Sign Language for viewers with hearing difficulties.

Between 2006 and 2017, significant differences could be seen between the two halves of the programme, as the second half was presen

Catholic Church in the Falkland Islands

There are over 230 Catholics in the Falkland Islands 10% of the total population. There are no dioceses in the islands, instead they form an apostolic prefecture, erected in January 1952, it is subject to the Holy See and separate from any Argentine or UK dioceses. The spiritual leader of the prefecture is Father Hugh Allan, appointed in 2016; the Eucharist is celebrated at RAF Mount Pleasant. St Mary's Catholic Church in Ross Road in Stanley is the sole Catholic Church on the Falkland Islands, it was blessed in 1899. On the west wall is a "pictorial history" of the Catholic Church in the Falkland Islands. Statistics relating to the Apostolic Prefecture of the Falkland Islands Statistics relating to the Major Religions of the Falkland Islands Original Source of Information used by the Major Religions of the Falkland Islands website

Sanjiang Church

Sanjiang Church was a Christian church located in Yongjia County, near Wenzhou, in Zhejiang Province, China. The church was completed in December 2013; the city of Wenzhou is a port city believed to have China's largest Christian community. Local Christians claim as many as 15 percent of the residents Christians with the majority being Protestant. British missionary George Stott had set up churches in this area towards the end of the 19th century; the Sanjiang Church was completed in 2013 after six years and after local Christians pooled together between 3.2-4.9 million US dollars for the construction costs. The building was large enough to hold up to 2,000 people with the church complex occupying more than 100,000 square feet of land; the building was only approved for around 20,000 square feet, but such regulation skirting is common in Zhejiang province according to the Global Times. The church had been registered with the government authorities; the demolition was preceded by a petition by local believers of the Chinese folk faith accusing the church to disrupt the area's feng shui, highlighting the tensions between indigenous religious groups and Christianity.

In April 2014, thousands of Chinese Christians camped around a church to prevent it from being demolished after several crosses had been torn down. In February 2014, local officials began an antireligious campaign to demolish any church buildings that violated local regulations. Local Christians claim that Communist Party officials object to the bright, prominent crosses that some churches use to advertise their presence and want these crosses to be replaced with smaller crosses inside. Government officials claim; as of April 28, 2014, the entire church had been toppled over

Buttermilk (ski area)

Buttermilk Ski Area refers to a ski hill and an unincorporated community surrounding it in Pitkin County, Colorado. It is considered the easiest skiing mountain in the Aspen area. Buttermilk has been the host to the ESPN Winter X Games multiple times, it contains three ski areas: Tiehack, Main Buttermilk, West Buttermilk. Art Pfister developed Buttermilk Mountain ski area in 1958. It was part of the original Aspen trio of 1960s: Aspen Mountain, Aspen Highlands, Aspen Buttermilk. Buttermilk is anchored by three high speed quads; the Summit Express services trails in the Main Buttermilk section of the mountain. The West Buttermilk Express, built in 2004, services beginner terrain on the west face of the mountain; the Tiehack Express, built in 2011, services advanced and intermediate terrain on the west face of Buttermilk Mountain. Buttermilk is known as one of the best beginner mountains in North America, to learn ski or snowboard, its base includes The Hideout — an integrated play-and-learning area for children in ski school ages 2 ½ to 6 years old.

In February 2014, Nancy Pfister was found brutally murdered in a walk-in closet of her home in Buttermilk. The case made headlines across the country, has been featured on Dateline and Snapped

Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield

Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield is a mutual insurance in the United States with more than two million members in Iowa and South Dakota. It is the dominant health insurance in Iowa, it is an independent licensee of the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association. Founded in 1939, Wellmark offers dental and health insurance as well as life insurance, it will begin participating in the health care exchange for 2017. In 1939, ` Hospital Service Incorporated of Iowa' began business in Iowa; that same year, ` Associated Hospital Services Incorporated' was established in Iowa. In 1945, Iowa Medical Service was formed. In 1948, Associated Hospital Services began doing business in South Dakota and marketing activities as Blue Cross. In 1956'South Dakota Medical Service' began doing business in South Dakota as South Dakota Blue Shield. In 1986, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Iowa purchased Benefit Administrators of America, Inc. a third-party administrator, the plans' first for-profit venture. Benefit Administrators of America was renamed Wellmark Administrators, Inc. in 1997.

In 1989, Blue Cross of Iowa, Blue Shield of Iowa and Blue Cross of Western Iowa and South Dakota merged to form'IASD Health Services Corporation'. In 1991, IASD Health Services Corporation became a mutual insurance. In 1994, Blue Cross Blue Shield allowed its licensees to be for-profit corporations, the joint service agreement of Blue Cross of South Dakota and South Dakota Blue Shield expired, putting the two plans in competition with one another. In 1996, Blue Shield of South Dakota merged into IASD to form a single company. Blue Cross of South Dakota and South Dakota Blue Shield merged into'South Dakota Health Services Company' doing business as Blue Cross Blue Shield of South Dakota. In 1997, the companies were branded as Wellmark Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Iowa and Wellmark Blue Cross and Blue Shield of South Dakota. Wellmark is headquartered in downtown Des Sioux Falls, it has 1707 employees in 171 in South Dakota. It consists of Wellmark Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Iowa, Wellmark of South Dakota, Inc. and Wellmark Health Plan of Iowa, Inc.

The Wellmark Foundation is a private foundation to support health improvement initiatives in Iowa and South Dakota. Wellmark insures 1.8 million Iowans and more than 300,000 South Dakotans. It is Iowa's largest and dominant insurer but has not participated in the government's health care exchange for two years in a row. During its open enrollment period from October 1, 2013 to March 31, 2014 more than 41,000 people in Iowa and South Dakota enrolled in 24,000 "Affordable Care Act-compliant health plans" by Wellmark. Cliff Gold, former Wellmark employee chief operating officer of Iowa's CoOportunity, said that "they have denied that they push bad risk into the exchanges." As of 2016 the Board of Directors consists of 11 members, namely Thomas M. Cink, Melanie C. Dreher, John D. Forsyth, Daryl K. Henze, William C. Hunter, Paul E. Larson, Angeline M. Lavin, Terrence J. Mulligan, Dave Neil, Timothy J. Theriault, Terri M. Vaughan; the CEO is John D. Forsyth. Wellmark's credit rating from Standard and Poor's was "A+".

According to Wellmark's 2013 balance sheet its assets were $2,357,637, its liabilities $1,003,329 and its reserves were $1,354,308. As of 2014, Wellmark explains that premiums are spent as follows: 86.6% on payment for health care services, 7.6% for administrative services, 3.9% on commissions, 1.3% for earnings on premiums, 0.4% on premium tax. As of 2014 Wellmark Health Plan of Iowa had to refund $651,895 to customers, because it did not meet specifications of the 80/20 rule in the Affordable Care Act, which requires insurers to spend at least 80 percent of premium dollars on patient care and quality improvement activities. Most rebates in Iowa were owed by Coventry Healthcare of Iowa Inc. Wellmark raised premiums on individual policy holders by between 12 and 13 percent in 2013, 9.4 percent in 2012, 8.5 percent in 2011 and 18 percent in 2010. As of June 2014 Wellmark is seeking to increase rates again by less than 5.9 percent for the majority of insured, by 11.9 percent and 14.5 percent for people enrolled after the Affordable Care Act went into effect.

Rate increases above average per CSA require a public hearing in front of the Iowa Commissioner of Insurance. The second most common comment had to do with affordability, the third highest reoccurring comment was Wellmark's discretionary spending. Individual comments criticized the chairman's salary of $3.1 million The Insurance Division's actuary and an independent actuary reviewed Wellmark's data and both found the rate request was not discriminatory, but was supported by the data. In 2010, Wellmark opened its $250 million headquarters, at the same time raising premiums by double-digit percentages annually; the CEO justified the reserves, or found them even a bit too low, considering that Wellmark pays out more than $5 billion per year in claims. Official website